Remove some unnecessary casts.
[dragonfly.git] / sbin / route / route.c
CommitLineData
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1/*
2 * Copyright (c) 1983, 1989, 1991, 1993
3 * The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
4 *
5 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
6 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
7 * are met:
8 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
9 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
10 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
11 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
12 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
13 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
14 * must display the following acknowledgement:
15 * This product includes software developed by the University of
16 * California, Berkeley and its contributors.
17 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
18 * may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
19 * without specific prior written permission.
20 *
21 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
22 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
23 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
24 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
25 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
26 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
27 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
28 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
29 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
30 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
31 * SUCH DAMAGE.
1de703da
MD
32 *
33 * @(#) Copyright (c) 1983, 1989, 1991, 1993 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
34 * @(#)route.c 8.6 (Berkeley) 4/28/95
35 * $FreeBSD: src/sbin/route/route.c,v 1.40.2.11 2003/02/27 23:10:10 ru Exp $
9b42cabe 36 * $DragonFly: src/sbin/route/route.c,v 1.17 2008/07/07 22:02:09 nant Exp $
984263bc
MD
37 */
38
984263bc
MD
39#include <sys/param.h>
40#include <sys/file.h>
41#include <sys/socket.h>
42#include <sys/ioctl.h>
43#include <sys/sysctl.h>
44#include <sys/types.h>
45
46#include <net/if.h>
47#include <net/route.h>
48#include <net/if_dl.h>
49#include <netinet/in.h>
50#include <netinet/if_ether.h>
51#include <netatalk/at.h>
52#ifdef NS
53#include <netns/ns.h>
54#endif
55#include <arpa/inet.h>
56#include <netdb.h>
57
9b42cabe
NA
58#include <netproto/mpls/mpls.h>
59
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MD
60#include <ctype.h>
61#include <err.h>
62#include <errno.h>
63#include <paths.h>
64#include <stdio.h>
65#include <stdlib.h>
66#include <string.h>
67#include <sysexits.h>
68#include <unistd.h>
69#include <ifaddrs.h>
70
147a7be0 71#include "extern.h"
984263bc 72#include "keywords.h"
984263bc 73
984263bc
MD
74union sockunion {
75 struct sockaddr sa;
76 struct sockaddr_in sin;
77#ifdef INET6
78 struct sockaddr_in6 sin6;
79#endif
80 struct sockaddr_at sat;
81#ifdef NS
82 struct sockaddr_ns sns;
83#endif
9b42cabe 84 struct sockaddr_mpls smpls;
984263bc
MD
85 struct sockaddr_dl sdl;
86 struct sockaddr_inarp sinarp;
87 struct sockaddr_storage ss; /* added to avoid memory overrun */
9b42cabe
NA
88} so_dst, so_gate, so_mask, so_genmask, so_ifa, so_ifp, so_mpls1,
89 so_mpls2, so_mpls3;
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MD
90
91typedef union sockunion *sup;
147a7be0 92
5af3bab0 93int nflag, wflag;
b06a5e2a 94int cpuflag = -1;
5af3bab0
CP
95
96static struct ortentry route;
97static struct rt_metrics rt_metrics;
98static int pid, rtm_addrs;
99static int s;
100static int forcehost, forcenet, af, qflag, tflag;
101static int iflag, verbose, aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
102static int locking, lockrest, debugonly;
9b42cabe 103static int mplsop, popcount, pushcount, swapcount;
5af3bab0
CP
104static u_long rtm_inits;
105static uid_t uid;
106#ifdef NS
107static short ns_bh[] = {-1,-1,-1};
984263bc 108#endif
984263bc 109
5af3bab0
CP
110static int atalk_aton(const char *, struct at_addr *);
111static char *atalk_ntoa(struct at_addr);
112static void flushroutes(int, char **);
113static void set_metric(char *, int);
114static void newroute(int, char **);
115static void inet_makenetandmask(u_long, struct sockaddr_in *, u_long);
116static void interfaces(void);
117static void monitor(void);
118static void sockaddr(char *, struct sockaddr *);
119static void sodump(sup, const char *);
120static void bprintf(FILE *, int, u_char *);
121static void print_getmsg(struct rt_msghdr *, int);
122static void print_rtmsg(struct rt_msghdr *, int);
123static void pmsg_common(struct rt_msghdr *);
124static void pmsg_addrs(char *, int);
125static void mask_addr(void);
126static int getaddr(int, char *, struct hostent **);
127static int rtmsg(int, int);
128static int prefixlen(const char *);
129#ifdef INET6
130static int inet6_makenetandmask(struct sockaddr_in6 *, const char *);
131#endif
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MD
132
133void
b5744197 134usage(const char *cp)
984263bc 135{
bc82d1bc 136 if (cp != NULL)
984263bc 137 warnx("bad keyword: %s", cp);
147a7be0 138 fprintf(stderr, "usage: route [-dnqtv] command [[modifiers] args]\n");
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MD
139 exit(EX_USAGE);
140 /* NOTREACHED */
141}
142
143#define ROUNDUP(a) \
144 ((a) > 0 ? (1 + (((a) - 1) | (sizeof(long) - 1))) : sizeof(long))
145#define ADVANCE(x, n) (x += ROUNDUP((n)->sa_len))
146
147int
b5744197 148main(int argc, char **argv)
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MD
149{
150 int ch;
151
152 if (argc < 2)
153 usage((char *)NULL);
154
b06a5e2a 155 while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "c:wnqdtv")) != -1)
984263bc 156 switch(ch) {
b06a5e2a
MD
157 case 'c':
158 cpuflag = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
159 break;
9ddb32ba
MD
160 case 'w':
161 wflag = 1;
162 break;
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MD
163 case 'n':
164 nflag = 1;
165 break;
166 case 'q':
167 qflag = 1;
168 break;
169 case 'v':
170 verbose = 1;
171 break;
172 case 't':
173 tflag = 1;
174 break;
175 case 'd':
176 debugonly = 1;
177 break;
178 case '?':
179 default:
180 usage((char *)NULL);
181 }
182 argc -= optind;
183 argv += optind;
184
185 pid = getpid();
186 uid = geteuid();
187 if (tflag)
188 s = open(_PATH_DEVNULL, O_WRONLY, 0);
189 else
190 s = socket(PF_ROUTE, SOCK_RAW, 0);
191 if (s < 0)
192 err(EX_OSERR, "socket");
bc82d1bc 193 if (*argv != NULL)
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MD
194 switch (keyword(*argv)) {
195 case K_GET:
196 uid = 0;
197 /* FALLTHROUGH */
198
199 case K_CHANGE:
200 case K_ADD:
201 case K_DELETE:
202 newroute(argc, argv);
203 /* NOTREACHED */
204
147a7be0
MD
205 case K_SHOW:
206 show(argc, argv);
207 return(0);
208
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MD
209 case K_MONITOR:
210 monitor();
211 /* NOTREACHED */
212
213 case K_FLUSH:
214 flushroutes(argc, argv);
215 exit(0);
216 /* NOTREACHED */
217 }
218 usage(*argv);
219 /* NOTREACHED */
220}
221
222/*
223 * Purge all entries in the routing tables not
224 * associated with network interfaces.
225 */
5af3bab0 226static void
b5744197 227flushroutes(int argc, char **argv)
984263bc
MD
228{
229 size_t needed;
b06a5e2a
MD
230 int mib[7], rlen, seqno;
231 int miblen;
984263bc 232 char *buf, *next, *lim;
147a7be0 233 struct rt_msghdr *rtm;
984263bc 234
bc82d1bc 235 if (uid != 0) {
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MD
236 errx(EX_NOPERM, "must be root to alter routing table");
237 }
e70afae7 238 shutdown(s, SHUT_RD); /* Don't want to read back our messages */
984263bc
MD
239 if (argc > 1) {
240 argv++;
241 if (argc == 2 && **argv == '-')
242 switch (keyword(*argv + 1)) {
243 case K_INET:
244 af = AF_INET;
245 break;
246#ifdef INET6
247 case K_INET6:
248 af = AF_INET6;
249 break;
250#endif
251 case K_ATALK:
252 af = AF_APPLETALK;
253 break;
254#ifdef NS
255 case K_XNS:
256 af = AF_NS;
257 break;
258#endif
259 case K_LINK:
260 af = AF_LINK;
261 break;
9b42cabe
NA
262 case K_MPLS:
263 af = AF_MPLS;
264 break;
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MD
265 default:
266 goto bad;
267 } else
268bad: usage(*argv);
269 }
270 mib[0] = CTL_NET;
271 mib[1] = PF_ROUTE;
272 mib[2] = 0; /* protocol */
273 mib[3] = 0; /* wildcard address family */
274 mib[4] = NET_RT_DUMP;
275 mib[5] = 0; /* no flags */
b06a5e2a
MD
276 if (cpuflag >= 0) {
277 mib[6] = cpuflag;
278 miblen = 7;
279 } else {
280 miblen = 6;
281 }
282 if (sysctl(mib, miblen, NULL, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
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MD
283 err(EX_OSERR, "route-sysctl-estimate");
284 if ((buf = malloc(needed)) == NULL)
285 errx(EX_OSERR, "malloc failed");
b06a5e2a 286 if (sysctl(mib, miblen, buf, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
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MD
287 err(EX_OSERR, "route-sysctl-get");
288 lim = buf + needed;
289 if (verbose)
147a7be0 290 printf("Examining routing table from sysctl\n");
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MD
291 seqno = 0; /* ??? */
292 for (next = buf; next < lim; next += rtm->rtm_msglen) {
293 rtm = (struct rt_msghdr *)next;
294 if (verbose)
295 print_rtmsg(rtm, rtm->rtm_msglen);
296 if ((rtm->rtm_flags & RTF_GATEWAY) == 0)
297 continue;
bc82d1bc 298 if (af != 0) {
984263bc
MD
299 struct sockaddr *sa = (struct sockaddr *)(rtm + 1);
300
301 if (sa->sa_family != af)
302 continue;
303 }
304 if (debugonly)
305 continue;
306 rtm->rtm_type = RTM_DELETE;
307 rtm->rtm_seq = seqno;
308 rlen = write(s, next, rtm->rtm_msglen);
309 if (rlen < (int)rtm->rtm_msglen) {
310 warn("write to routing socket");
147a7be0 311 printf("got only %d for rlen\n", rlen);
984263bc
MD
312 break;
313 }
314 seqno++;
315 if (qflag)
316 continue;
9ddb32ba 317 if (verbose) {
984263bc 318 print_rtmsg(rtm, rlen);
9ddb32ba 319 } else {
984263bc 320 struct sockaddr *sa = (struct sockaddr *)(rtm + 1);
9ddb32ba
MD
321 if (wflag) {
322 printf("%-20s ", rtm->rtm_flags & RTF_HOST ?
323 routename(sa) : netname(sa));
324 } else {
325 printf("%-20.20s ", rtm->rtm_flags & RTF_HOST ?
326 routename(sa) : netname(sa));
327 }
147a7be0
MD
328 sa = (struct sockaddr *)(ROUNDUP(sa->sa_len) +
329 (char *)sa);
9ddb32ba
MD
330 if (wflag) {
331 printf("%-20s ", routename(sa));
332 } else {
333 printf("%-20.20s ", routename(sa));
334 }
147a7be0 335 printf("done\n");
984263bc
MD
336 }
337 }
338}
339
147a7be0 340char *
b5744197 341routename(struct sockaddr *sa)
984263bc 342{
5af3bab0 343 const char *cp;
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MD
344 static char line[MAXHOSTNAMELEN + 1];
345 struct hostent *hp;
346 static char domain[MAXHOSTNAMELEN + 1];
347 static int first = 1;
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MD
348
349 if (first) {
350 first = 0;
351 if (gethostname(domain, MAXHOSTNAMELEN) == 0 &&
352 (cp = strchr(domain, '.'))) {
353 domain[MAXHOSTNAMELEN] = '\0';
147a7be0 354 strcpy(domain, cp + 1);
984263bc
MD
355 } else
356 domain[0] = 0;
357 }
358
359 if (sa->sa_len == 0)
360 strcpy(line, "default");
361 else switch (sa->sa_family) {
362
363 case AF_INET:
364 { struct in_addr in;
365 in = ((struct sockaddr_in *)sa)->sin_addr;
366
bc82d1bc 367 cp = NULL;
984263bc
MD
368 if (in.s_addr == INADDR_ANY || sa->sa_len < 4)
369 cp = "default";
bc82d1bc 370 if (cp == NULL && !nflag) {
15b85273 371 hp = gethostbyaddr(&in, sizeof(struct in_addr),
984263bc 372 AF_INET);
bc82d1bc 373 if (hp != NULL) {
5af3bab0
CP
374 char *cptr;
375 cptr = strchr(hp->h_name, '.');
376 if (cptr != NULL && !wflag &&
377 strcmp(cptr + 1, domain) == 0)
378 *cptr = '\0';
984263bc
MD
379 cp = hp->h_name;
380 }
381 }
bc82d1bc 382 if (cp != NULL) {
984263bc
MD
383 strncpy(line, cp, sizeof(line) - 1);
384 line[sizeof(line) - 1] = '\0';
385 } else
147a7be0 386 sprintf(line, "%s", inet_ntoa(in));
984263bc
MD
387 break;
388 }
389
390#ifdef INET6
391 case AF_INET6:
392 {
393 struct sockaddr_in6 sin6; /* use static var for safety */
394 int niflags = 0;
395#ifdef NI_WITHSCOPEID
396 niflags = NI_WITHSCOPEID;
397#endif
398
399 memset(&sin6, 0, sizeof(sin6));
400 memcpy(&sin6, sa, sa->sa_len);
401 sin6.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
402 sin6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
403#ifdef __KAME__
404 if (sa->sa_len == sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6) &&
405 (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&sin6.sin6_addr) ||
406 IN6_IS_ADDR_MC_LINKLOCAL(&sin6.sin6_addr)) &&
407 sin6.sin6_scope_id == 0) {
408 sin6.sin6_scope_id =
409 ntohs(*(u_int16_t *)&sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[2]);
410 sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[2] = 0;
411 sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[3] = 0;
412 }
413#endif
414 if (nflag)
415 niflags |= NI_NUMERICHOST;
416 if (getnameinfo((struct sockaddr *)&sin6, sin6.sin6_len,
417 line, sizeof(line), NULL, 0, niflags) != 0)
418 strncpy(line, "invalid", sizeof(line));
419
420 return(line);
421 }
422#endif
423
424 case AF_APPLETALK:
147a7be0 425 snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "atalk %s",
984263bc
MD
426 atalk_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_at *)sa)->sat_addr));
427 break;
428
429#ifdef NS
430 case AF_NS:
147a7be0 431 return(ns_print((struct sockaddr_ns *)sa));
984263bc
MD
432#endif
433
434 case AF_LINK:
147a7be0 435 return(link_ntoa((struct sockaddr_dl *)sa));
984263bc
MD
436
437 default:
00e3c552
CP
438 {
439 /*
440 * Unknown address family; just render the raw
441 * data in sa->sa_data as hex values.
442 */
fd07f7dc
CP
443 uint8_t *sp = (uint8_t *)sa->sa_data;
444 uint8_t *splim = (uint8_t *)sa + sa->sa_len;
5af3bab0 445 char *cps = line + sprintf(line, "(%d)", sa->sa_family);
984263bc
MD
446 char *cpe = line + sizeof(line);
447
00e3c552 448 while (sp < splim && cps < cpe)
fd28efc5 449 cps += snprintf(cps, cpe - cps, " %02x", *sp++);
984263bc
MD
450 break;
451 }
452 }
147a7be0 453 return(line);
984263bc
MD
454}
455
456/*
457 * Return the name of the network whose address is given.
458 * The address is assumed to be that of a net or subnet, not a host.
459 */
147a7be0 460char *
b5744197 461netname(struct sockaddr *sa)
984263bc 462{
5af3bab0 463 const char *cp = 0;
984263bc
MD
464 static char line[MAXHOSTNAMELEN + 1];
465 struct netent *np = 0;
466 u_long net, mask;
147a7be0 467 u_long i;
984263bc 468 int subnetshift;
984263bc
MD
469
470 switch (sa->sa_family) {
471
472 case AF_INET:
473 { struct in_addr in;
474 in = ((struct sockaddr_in *)sa)->sin_addr;
475
476 i = in.s_addr = ntohl(in.s_addr);
477 if (in.s_addr == 0)
478 cp = "default";
479 else if (!nflag) {
480 if (IN_CLASSA(i)) {
481 mask = IN_CLASSA_NET;
482 subnetshift = 8;
483 } else if (IN_CLASSB(i)) {
484 mask = IN_CLASSB_NET;
485 subnetshift = 8;
486 } else {
487 mask = IN_CLASSC_NET;
488 subnetshift = 4;
489 }
490 /*
491 * If there are more bits than the standard mask
492 * would suggest, subnets must be in use.
493 * Guess at the subnet mask, assuming reasonable
494 * width subnet fields.
495 */
496 while (in.s_addr &~ mask)
497 mask = (long)mask >> subnetshift;
498 net = in.s_addr & mask;
499 while ((mask & 1) == 0)
500 mask >>= 1, net >>= 1;
501 np = getnetbyaddr(net, AF_INET);
bc82d1bc 502 if (np != NULL)
984263bc
MD
503 cp = np->n_name;
504 }
505#define C(x) (unsigned)((x) & 0xff)
bc82d1bc 506 if (cp != NULL)
984263bc
MD
507 strncpy(line, cp, sizeof(line));
508 else if ((in.s_addr & 0xffffff) == 0)
147a7be0 509 sprintf(line, "%u", C(in.s_addr >> 24));
984263bc 510 else if ((in.s_addr & 0xffff) == 0)
147a7be0 511 sprintf(line, "%u.%u", C(in.s_addr >> 24),
984263bc
MD
512 C(in.s_addr >> 16));
513 else if ((in.s_addr & 0xff) == 0)
147a7be0 514 sprintf(line, "%u.%u.%u", C(in.s_addr >> 24),
984263bc
MD
515 C(in.s_addr >> 16), C(in.s_addr >> 8));
516 else
147a7be0 517 sprintf(line, "%u.%u.%u.%u", C(in.s_addr >> 24),
984263bc
MD
518 C(in.s_addr >> 16), C(in.s_addr >> 8),
519 C(in.s_addr));
520#undef C
521 break;
522 }
523
524#ifdef INET6
525 case AF_INET6:
526 {
527 struct sockaddr_in6 sin6; /* use static var for safety */
528 int niflags = 0;
529#ifdef NI_WITHSCOPEID
530 niflags = NI_WITHSCOPEID;
531#endif
532
533 memset(&sin6, 0, sizeof(sin6));
534 memcpy(&sin6, sa, sa->sa_len);
535 sin6.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
536 sin6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
537#ifdef __KAME__
538 if (sa->sa_len == sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6) &&
539 (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&sin6.sin6_addr) ||
540 IN6_IS_ADDR_MC_LINKLOCAL(&sin6.sin6_addr)) &&
541 sin6.sin6_scope_id == 0) {
542 sin6.sin6_scope_id =
543 ntohs(*(u_int16_t *)&sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[2]);
544 sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[2] = 0;
545 sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[3] = 0;
546 }
547#endif
548 if (nflag)
549 niflags |= NI_NUMERICHOST;
550 if (getnameinfo((struct sockaddr *)&sin6, sin6.sin6_len,
551 line, sizeof(line), NULL, 0, niflags) != 0)
552 strncpy(line, "invalid", sizeof(line));
553
554 return(line);
555 }
556#endif
557
558 case AF_APPLETALK:
147a7be0 559 snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "atalk %s",
984263bc
MD
560 atalk_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_at *)sa)->sat_addr));
561 break;
562
563#ifdef NS
564 case AF_NS:
147a7be0 565 return(ns_print((struct sockaddr_ns *)sa));
984263bc
MD
566 break;
567#endif
568
569 case AF_LINK:
147a7be0 570 return(link_ntoa((struct sockaddr_dl *)sa));
984263bc
MD
571
572
573 default:
00e3c552
CP
574 {
575 /*
576 * Unknown address family; just render the raw
577 * data in sa->sa_data as hex values.
578 */
fd07f7dc
CP
579 uint8_t *sp = (uint8_t *)sa->sa_data;
580 uint8_t *splim = (uint8_t *)sa + sa->sa_len;
5af3bab0 581 char *cps = line + sprintf(line, "af %d:", sa->sa_family);
984263bc
MD
582 char *cpe = line + sizeof(line);
583
5af3bab0 584 while (sp < splim && cps < cpe)
fd28efc5 585 cps += snprintf(cps, cpe - cps, " %02x", *sp++);
984263bc
MD
586 break;
587 }
588 }
147a7be0 589 return(line);
984263bc
MD
590}
591
5af3bab0 592static void
b5744197 593set_metric(char *value, int key)
984263bc
MD
594{
595 int flag = 0;
596 u_long noval, *valp = &noval;
597
598 switch (key) {
599#define caseof(x, y, z) case x: valp = &rt_metrics.z; flag = y; break
600 caseof(K_MTU, RTV_MTU, rmx_mtu);
601 caseof(K_HOPCOUNT, RTV_HOPCOUNT, rmx_hopcount);
602 caseof(K_EXPIRE, RTV_EXPIRE, rmx_expire);
603 caseof(K_RECVPIPE, RTV_RPIPE, rmx_recvpipe);
604 caseof(K_SENDPIPE, RTV_SPIPE, rmx_sendpipe);
605 caseof(K_SSTHRESH, RTV_SSTHRESH, rmx_ssthresh);
606 caseof(K_RTT, RTV_RTT, rmx_rtt);
607 caseof(K_RTTVAR, RTV_RTTVAR, rmx_rttvar);
608 }
609 rtm_inits |= flag;
610 if (lockrest || locking)
611 rt_metrics.rmx_locks |= flag;
612 if (locking)
613 locking = 0;
614 *valp = atoi(value);
615}
616
5af3bab0 617static void
b5744197 618newroute(int argc, char **argv)
984263bc 619{
5af3bab0
CP
620 char *cmd;
621 const char *err_str, *dest = "", *gateway = "";
984263bc
MD
622 int ishost = 0, proxy = 0, ret, attempts, oerrno, flags = RTF_STATIC;
623 int key;
624 struct hostent *hp = 0;
625
bc82d1bc 626 if (uid != 0) {
984263bc
MD
627 errx(EX_NOPERM, "must be root to alter routing table");
628 }
629 cmd = argv[0];
630 if (*cmd != 'g')
e70afae7 631 shutdown(s, SHUT_RD); /* Don't want to read back our messages */
984263bc
MD
632 while (--argc > 0) {
633 if (**(++argv)== '-') {
634 switch (key = keyword(1 + *argv)) {
635 case K_LINK:
636 af = AF_LINK;
637 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_dl);
638 break;
639 case K_INET:
640 af = AF_INET;
641 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
642 break;
643#ifdef INET6
644 case K_INET6:
645 af = AF_INET6;
646 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
647 break;
648#endif
649 case K_ATALK:
650 af = AF_APPLETALK;
651 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_at);
652 break;
653 case K_SA:
654 af = PF_ROUTE;
655 aflen = sizeof(union sockunion);
656 break;
657#ifdef NS
658 case K_XNS:
659 af = AF_NS;
660 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_ns);
661 break;
662#endif
663 case K_IFACE:
664 case K_INTERFACE:
665 iflag++;
666 break;
667 case K_NOSTATIC:
668 flags &= ~RTF_STATIC;
669 break;
670 case K_LLINFO:
671 flags |= RTF_LLINFO;
672 break;
673 case K_LOCK:
674 locking = 1;
675 break;
676 case K_LOCKREST:
677 lockrest = 1;
678 break;
679 case K_HOST:
680 forcehost++;
681 break;
682 case K_REJECT:
683 flags |= RTF_REJECT;
684 break;
685 case K_BLACKHOLE:
686 flags |= RTF_BLACKHOLE;
687 break;
688 case K_PROTO1:
689 flags |= RTF_PROTO1;
690 break;
691 case K_PROTO2:
692 flags |= RTF_PROTO2;
693 break;
694 case K_PROXY:
695 proxy = 1;
696 break;
697 case K_CLONING:
698 flags |= RTF_CLONING;
699 break;
700 case K_XRESOLVE:
701 flags |= RTF_XRESOLVE;
702 break;
703 case K_STATIC:
704 flags |= RTF_STATIC;
705 break;
706 case K_IFA:
bc82d1bc 707 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc 708 usage((char *)NULL);
147a7be0 709 getaddr(RTA_IFA, *++argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
710 break;
711 case K_IFP:
bc82d1bc 712 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc 713 usage((char *)NULL);
147a7be0 714 getaddr(RTA_IFP, *++argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
715 break;
716 case K_GENMASK:
bc82d1bc 717 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc 718 usage((char *)NULL);
147a7be0 719 getaddr(RTA_GENMASK, *++argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
720 break;
721 case K_GATEWAY:
bc82d1bc 722 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc 723 usage((char *)NULL);
147a7be0 724 getaddr(RTA_GATEWAY, *++argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
725 break;
726 case K_DST:
bc82d1bc 727 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc
MD
728 usage((char *)NULL);
729 ishost = getaddr(RTA_DST, *++argv, &hp);
730 dest = *argv;
731 break;
732 case K_NETMASK:
bc82d1bc 733 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc 734 usage((char *)NULL);
147a7be0 735 getaddr(RTA_NETMASK, *++argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
736 /* FALLTHROUGH */
737 case K_NET:
738 forcenet++;
739 break;
740 case K_PREFIXLEN:
bc82d1bc 741 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc
MD
742 usage((char *)NULL);
743 if (prefixlen(*++argv) == -1) {
744 forcenet = 0;
745 ishost = 1;
746 } else {
747 forcenet = 1;
748 ishost = 0;
749 }
750 break;
9b42cabe
NA
751 case K_MPLS:
752 af = AF_MPLS;
753 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_mpls);
754 break;
755 case K_POP:
756 flags |= RTF_MPLSOPS;
757 af = AF_MPLS;
758 mplsop = MPLSLOP_POP;
759 switch(++popcount){
760 case 1:
761 getaddr(RTA_MPLS1, "", 0);
762 break;
763 case 2:
764 getaddr(RTA_MPLS2, "", 0);
765 break;
766 case 3:
767 getaddr(RTA_MPLS3, "", 0);
768 break;
769 }
770 break;
771 case K_PUSH:
772 case K_SWAP:
773 if (popcount > 0) {
774 warnx("Push or swap after pop. Ignoring.");
775 break;
776 }
777 if (key == K_PUSH) {
778 mplsop = MPLSLOP_PUSH;
779 ++pushcount;
780 } else {
781 if (pushcount > 0) {
782 warnx("Swap after push. Ignoring.");
783 break;
784 }
785 if (swapcount > 0) {
786 warnx("Too many swaps. Ignoring.");
787 break;
788 }
789 mplsop = MPLSLOP_SWAP;
790 ++swapcount;
791 }
792 flags |= RTF_MPLSOPS;
793 af = AF_MPLS;
794 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_mpls);
795 if (--argc == 0)
796 usage((char *)NULL);
797 switch(pushcount + swapcount){
798 case 1:
799 getaddr(RTA_MPLS1, *++argv, 0);
800 break;
801 case 2:
802 getaddr(RTA_MPLS2, *++argv, 0);
803 break;
804 case 3:
805 getaddr(RTA_MPLS3, *++argv, 0);
806 break;
807 }
808 break;
984263bc
MD
809 case K_MTU:
810 case K_HOPCOUNT:
811 case K_EXPIRE:
812 case K_RECVPIPE:
813 case K_SENDPIPE:
814 case K_SSTHRESH:
815 case K_RTT:
816 case K_RTTVAR:
bc82d1bc 817 if (--argc == 0)
984263bc
MD
818 usage((char *)NULL);
819 set_metric(*++argv, key);
820 break;
821 default:
822 usage(1+*argv);
823 }
824 } else {
825 if ((rtm_addrs & RTA_DST) == 0) {
826 dest = *argv;
827 ishost = getaddr(RTA_DST, *argv, &hp);
828 } else if ((rtm_addrs & RTA_GATEWAY) == 0) {
829 gateway = *argv;
147a7be0 830 getaddr(RTA_GATEWAY, *argv, &hp);
984263bc 831 } else {
147a7be0 832 getaddr(RTA_NETMASK, *argv, 0);
984263bc
MD
833 forcenet = 1;
834 }
835 }
836 }
837 if (forcehost) {
838 ishost = 1;
839#ifdef INET6
840 if (af == AF_INET6) {
841 rtm_addrs &= ~RTA_NETMASK;
842 memset((void *)&so_mask, 0, sizeof(so_mask));
843 }
147a7be0 844#endif
984263bc
MD
845 }
846 if (forcenet)
847 ishost = 0;
848 flags |= RTF_UP;
849 if (ishost)
850 flags |= RTF_HOST;
851 if (iflag == 0)
852 flags |= RTF_GATEWAY;
853 if (proxy) {
854 so_dst.sinarp.sin_other = SIN_PROXY;
855 flags |= RTF_ANNOUNCE;
856 }
857 for (attempts = 1; ; attempts++) {
858 errno = 0;
859 if ((ret = rtmsg(*cmd, flags)) == 0)
860 break;
861 if (errno != ENETUNREACH && errno != ESRCH)
862 break;
bc82d1bc
CP
863 if (af == AF_INET && *gateway != '\0' &&
864 hp != NULL && hp->h_addr_list[1] != NULL) {
984263bc 865 hp->h_addr_list++;
5af3bab0
CP
866 memmove(&so_gate.sin.sin_addr,
867 hp->h_addr_list[0],
868 MIN((size_t)hp->h_length,
869 sizeof(so_gate.sin.sin_addr)));
984263bc
MD
870 } else
871 break;
872 }
873 if (*cmd == 'g')
874 exit(0);
875 if (!qflag) {
876 oerrno = errno;
147a7be0 877 printf("%s %s %s", cmd, ishost? "host" : "net", dest);
bc82d1bc 878 if (*gateway != '\0') {
147a7be0 879 printf(": gateway %s", gateway);
984263bc 880 if (attempts > 1 && ret == 0 && af == AF_INET)
147a7be0 881 printf(" (%s)",
984263bc
MD
882 inet_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_in *)&route.rt_gateway)->sin_addr));
883 }
884 if (ret == 0) {
147a7be0 885 printf("\n");
984263bc
MD
886 } else {
887 switch (oerrno) {
888 case ESRCH:
5af3bab0 889 err_str = "not in table";
984263bc
MD
890 break;
891 case EBUSY:
5af3bab0 892 err_str = "entry in use";
984263bc
MD
893 break;
894 case ENOBUFS:
5af3bab0 895 err_str = "routing table overflow";
984263bc 896 break;
147a7be0
MD
897 case EDQUOT: /* handle recursion avoidance in
898 rt_setgate() */
5af3bab0 899 err_str = "gateway uses the same route";
984263bc
MD
900 break;
901 default:
5af3bab0 902 err_str = strerror(oerrno);
984263bc
MD
903 break;
904 }
5af3bab0 905 printf(": %s\n", err_str);
984263bc
MD
906 }
907 }
908 exit(ret != 0);
909}
910
5af3bab0
CP
911static void
912inet_makenetandmask(u_long net, struct sockaddr_in *in, u_long bits)
984263bc
MD
913{
914 u_long addr, mask = 0;
147a7be0 915 char *cp;
984263bc
MD
916
917 rtm_addrs |= RTA_NETMASK;
918 if (net == 0)
919 mask = addr = 0;
a7c98c34
MD
920 else {
921 if (net <= 0xff)
922 addr = net << 24;
923 else if (net <= 0xffff)
924 addr = net << 16;
925 else if (net <= 0xffffff)
926 addr = net << 8;
984263bc 927 else
a7c98c34
MD
928 addr = net;
929
930 if (bits)
931 mask = 0xffffffff << (32 - bits);
932 else {
933 if (IN_CLASSA(addr)) {
934 mask = IN_CLASSA_NET;
935 } else if (IN_CLASSB(addr)) {
936 mask = IN_CLASSB_NET;
937 } else if (IN_CLASSC(addr)) {
938 mask = IN_CLASSC_NET;
939 } else
940 mask = 0xffffffff;
941 }
984263bc 942 }
5af3bab0
CP
943 in->sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(addr);
944 in = &so_mask.sin;
945 in->sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(mask);
946 in->sin_len = 0;
947 in->sin_family = 0;
948 cp = (char *)(&in->sin_addr + 1);
949 while (*--cp == 0 && cp > (char *)in)
984263bc 950 ;
5af3bab0 951 in->sin_len = 1 + cp - (char *)in;
984263bc
MD
952}
953
954#ifdef INET6
955/*
956 * XXX the function may need more improvement...
957 */
958static int
5af3bab0 959inet6_makenetandmask(struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6, const char *plen)
984263bc
MD
960{
961 struct in6_addr in6;
962
bc82d1bc 963 if (plen == NULL) {
984263bc
MD
964 if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&sin6->sin6_addr) &&
965 sin6->sin6_scope_id == 0) {
966 plen = "0";
967 } else if ((sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr[0] & 0xe0) == 0x20) {
968 /* aggregatable global unicast - RFC2374 */
969 memset(&in6, 0, sizeof(in6));
bc82d1bc
CP
970 if (memcmp(&sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr[8],
971 &in6.s6_addr[8], 8) == 0)
984263bc
MD
972 plen = "64";
973 }
974 }
975
bc82d1bc 976 if (plen == NULL || strcmp(plen, "128") == 0)
147a7be0 977 return(1);
984263bc 978 rtm_addrs |= RTA_NETMASK;
147a7be0
MD
979 prefixlen(plen);
980 return(0);
984263bc
MD
981}
982#endif
983
984/*
985 * Interpret an argument as a network address of some kind,
986 * returning 1 if a host address, 0 if a network address.
987 */
5af3bab0
CP
988static int
989getaddr(int which, char *str, struct hostent **hpp)
984263bc 990{
147a7be0 991 sup su;
984263bc
MD
992 struct hostent *hp;
993 struct netent *np;
994 u_long val;
995 char *q;
996 int afamily; /* local copy of af so we can change it */
997
998 if (af == 0) {
999 af = AF_INET;
1000 aflen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
1001 }
1002 afamily = af;
1003 rtm_addrs |= which;
1004 switch (which) {
1005 case RTA_DST:
1006 su = &so_dst;
1007 break;
1008 case RTA_GATEWAY:
1009 su = &so_gate;
1010 if (iflag) {
1011 struct ifaddrs *ifap, *ifa;
1012 struct sockaddr_dl *sdl = NULL;
1013
1014 if (getifaddrs(&ifap))
1015 err(1, "getifaddrs");
1016
bc82d1bc 1017 for (ifa = ifap; ifa != NULL; ifa = ifa->ifa_next) {
984263bc
MD
1018 if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family != AF_LINK)
1019 continue;
1020
bc82d1bc 1021 if (strcmp(str, ifa->ifa_name) != 0)
984263bc
MD
1022 continue;
1023
1024 sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *)ifa->ifa_addr;
1025 }
1026 /* If we found it, then use it */
bc82d1bc 1027 if (sdl != NULL) {
984263bc
MD
1028 /*
1029 * Copy is safe since we have a
1030 * sockaddr_storage member in sockunion{}.
1031 * Note that we need to copy before calling
1032 * freeifaddrs().
03f869ef
MD
1033 *
1034 * Interface routes are routed only by their
1035 * sdl_index or interface name (we provide
1036 * both here), not by the ARP address of the
1037 * local interface (alen, slen = 0).
984263bc
MD
1038 */
1039 memcpy(&su->sdl, sdl, sdl->sdl_len);
03f869ef
MD
1040 su->sdl.sdl_alen = 0;
1041 su->sdl.sdl_slen = 0;
984263bc
MD
1042 }
1043 freeifaddrs(ifap);
bc82d1bc 1044 if (sdl != NULL)
984263bc
MD
1045 return(1);
1046 }
1047 break;
1048 case RTA_NETMASK:
1049 su = &so_mask;
1050 break;
1051 case RTA_GENMASK:
1052 su = &so_genmask;
1053 break;
1054 case RTA_IFP:
1055 su = &so_ifp;
1056 afamily = AF_LINK;
1057 break;
1058 case RTA_IFA:
1059 su = &so_ifa;
1060 break;
9b42cabe
NA
1061 case RTA_MPLS1:
1062 su = &so_mpls1;
1063 break;
1064 case RTA_MPLS2:
1065 su = &so_mpls2;
1066 break;
1067 case RTA_MPLS3:
1068 su = &so_mpls3;
1069 break;
984263bc
MD
1070 default:
1071 usage("internal error");
1072 /*NOTREACHED*/
1073 }
1074 su->sa.sa_len = aflen;
147a7be0
MD
1075 su->sa.sa_family = afamily; /* cases that don't want it have left
1076 already */
5af3bab0 1077 if (strcmp(str, "default") == 0) {
984263bc 1078 /*
147a7be0 1079 * Default is net 0.0.0.0/0
984263bc
MD
1080 */
1081 switch (which) {
1082 case RTA_DST:
1083 forcenet++;
1084 /* bzero(su, sizeof(*su)); *//* for readability */
5af3bab0 1085 getaddr(RTA_NETMASK, str, 0);
984263bc
MD
1086 break;
1087 case RTA_NETMASK:
1088 case RTA_GENMASK:
1089 /* bzero(su, sizeof(*su)); *//* for readability */
8af0d623 1090 break;
984263bc 1091 }
147a7be0 1092 return(0);
984263bc
MD
1093 }
1094 switch (afamily) {
1095#ifdef INET6
1096 case AF_INET6:
1097 {
1098 struct addrinfo hints, *res;
1099
1100 q = NULL;
5af3bab0 1101 if (which == RTA_DST && (q = strchr(str, '/')) != NULL)
984263bc
MD
1102 *q = '\0';
1103 memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(hints));
1104 hints.ai_family = afamily; /*AF_INET6*/
1105 hints.ai_flags = AI_NUMERICHOST;
1106 hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM; /*dummy*/
5af3bab0 1107 if (getaddrinfo(str, "0", &hints, &res) != 0 ||
984263bc
MD
1108 res->ai_family != AF_INET6 ||
1109 res->ai_addrlen != sizeof(su->sin6)) {
5af3bab0 1110 fprintf(stderr, "%s: bad value\n", str);
984263bc
MD
1111 exit(1);
1112 }
1113 memcpy(&su->sin6, res->ai_addr, sizeof(su->sin6));
1114#ifdef __KAME__
1115 if ((IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&su->sin6.sin6_addr) ||
1116 IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&su->sin6.sin6_addr)) &&
1117 su->sin6.sin6_scope_id) {
1118 *(u_int16_t *)&su->sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr[2] =
1119 htons(su->sin6.sin6_scope_id);
1120 su->sin6.sin6_scope_id = 0;
1121 }
1122#endif
1123 freeaddrinfo(res);
1124 if (q != NULL)
1125 *q++ = '/';
1126 if (which == RTA_DST)
147a7be0
MD
1127 return(inet6_makenetandmask(&su->sin6, q));
1128 return(0);
984263bc
MD
1129 }
1130#endif /* INET6 */
1131
1132#ifdef NS
1133 case AF_NS:
1134 if (which == RTA_DST) {
984263bc
MD
1135 struct sockaddr_ns *sms = &(so_mask.sns);
1136 memset(sms, 0, sizeof(*sms));
1137 sms->sns_family = 0;
1138 sms->sns_len = 6;
1139 sms->sns_addr.x_net = *(union ns_net *)ns_bh;
1140 rtm_addrs |= RTA_NETMASK;
1141 }
5af3bab0 1142 su->sns.sns_addr = ns_addr(str);
147a7be0 1143 return(!ns_nullhost(su->sns.sns_addr));
984263bc
MD
1144#endif
1145
984263bc 1146 case AF_APPLETALK:
5af3bab0
CP
1147 if (!atalk_aton(str, &su->sat.sat_addr))
1148 errx(EX_NOHOST, "bad address: %s", str);
984263bc
MD
1149 rtm_addrs |= RTA_NETMASK;
1150 return(forcehost || su->sat.sat_addr.s_node != 0);
1151
1152 case AF_LINK:
5af3bab0 1153 link_addr(str, &su->sdl);
147a7be0 1154 return(1);
984263bc 1155
984263bc
MD
1156 case PF_ROUTE:
1157 su->sa.sa_len = sizeof(*su);
5af3bab0 1158 sockaddr(str, &su->sa);
147a7be0 1159 return(1);
984263bc 1160
9b42cabe
NA
1161 case AF_MPLS:
1162 {
1163 mpls_label_t label;
1164
1165 bzero(su, sizeof(*su));
1166 su->sa.sa_len = sizeof(*su);
1167 su->sa.sa_family = AF_MPLS;
1168 su->smpls.smpls_op = mplsop;
1169 if (mplsop != MPLSLOP_POP && mplsop != MPLSLOP_POPALL &&
1170 *str != '\0') {
1171 if (sscanf(str, "%u", &label) != 1)
1172 errx(EX_NOHOST, "bad address: %s", str);
1173 su->smpls.smpls_label = htonl(label);
1174 }
1175 return(1);
1176 }
1177
984263bc
MD
1178 case AF_INET:
1179 default:
1180 break;
1181 }
1182
1183 if (hpp == NULL)
1184 hpp = &hp;
1185 *hpp = NULL;
1186
5af3bab0 1187 q = strchr(str,'/');
bc82d1bc 1188 if (q != NULL && which == RTA_DST) {
984263bc 1189 *q = '\0';
5af3bab0 1190 if ((val = inet_network(str)) != INADDR_NONE) {
984263bc
MD
1191 inet_makenetandmask(
1192 val, &su->sin, strtoul(q+1, 0, 0));
147a7be0 1193 return(0);
984263bc
MD
1194 }
1195 *q = '/';
1196 }
1197 if ((which != RTA_DST || forcenet == 0) &&
5af3bab0 1198 inet_aton(str, &su->sin.sin_addr)) {
984263bc
MD
1199 val = su->sin.sin_addr.s_addr;
1200 if (which != RTA_DST ||
1201 inet_lnaof(su->sin.sin_addr) != INADDR_ANY)
147a7be0 1202 return(1);
984263bc
MD
1203 else {
1204 val = ntohl(val);
1205 goto netdone;
1206 }
1207 }
1208 if (which == RTA_DST && forcehost == 0 &&
5af3bab0
CP
1209 ((val = inet_network(str)) != INADDR_NONE ||
1210 ((np = getnetbyname(str)) != NULL && (val = np->n_net) != 0))) {
984263bc
MD
1211netdone:
1212 inet_makenetandmask(val, &su->sin, 0);
147a7be0 1213 return(0);
984263bc 1214 }
5af3bab0 1215 hp = gethostbyname(str);
bc82d1bc 1216 if (hp != NULL) {
984263bc
MD
1217 *hpp = hp;
1218 su->sin.sin_family = hp->h_addrtype;
1219 memmove((char *)&su->sin.sin_addr, hp->h_addr,
5af3bab0 1220 MIN((size_t)hp->h_length, sizeof(su->sin.sin_addr)));
147a7be0 1221 return(1);
984263bc 1222 }
5af3bab0 1223 errx(EX_NOHOST, "bad address: %s", str);
984263bc
MD
1224}
1225
5af3bab0
CP
1226static int
1227prefixlen(const char *len_str)
984263bc 1228{
5af3bab0 1229 int len = atoi(len_str), q, r;
984263bc
MD
1230 int max;
1231 char *p;
1232
1233 rtm_addrs |= RTA_NETMASK;
1234 switch (af) {
1235#ifdef INET6
1236 case AF_INET6:
1237 max = 128;
1238 p = (char *)&so_mask.sin6.sin6_addr;
1239 break;
1240#endif
1241 case AF_INET:
1242 max = 32;
1243 p = (char *)&so_mask.sin.sin_addr;
1244 break;
1245 default:
147a7be0 1246 fprintf(stderr, "prefixlen not supported in this af\n");
984263bc
MD
1247 exit(1);
1248 /*NOTREACHED*/
1249 }
1250
1251 if (len < 0 || max < len) {
5af3bab0 1252 fprintf(stderr, "%s: bad value\n", len_str);
984263bc
MD
1253 exit(1);
1254 }
1255
1256 q = len >> 3;
1257 r = len & 7;
1258 so_mask.sa.sa_family = af;
1259 so_mask.sa.sa_len = aflen;
1260 memset((void *)p, 0, max / 8);
1261 if (q > 0)
1262 memset((void *)p, 0xff, q);
1263 if (r > 0)
1264 *((u_char *)p + q) = (0xff00 >> r) & 0xff;
1265 if (len == max)
147a7be0 1266 return(-1);
984263bc 1267 else
147a7be0 1268 return(len);
984263bc
MD
1269}
1270
1271#ifdef NS
1272short ns_nullh[] = {0,0,0};
984263bc
MD
1273
1274char *
b5744197 1275ns_print(struct sockaddr_ns *sns)
984263bc
MD
1276{
1277 struct ns_addr work;
1278 union { union ns_net net_e; u_long long_e; } net;
1279 u_short port;
1280 static char mybuf[50+MAXHOSTNAMELEN], cport[10], chost[25];
5af3bab0 1281 const char *host = "";
147a7be0
MD
1282 char *p;
1283 u_char *q;
984263bc
MD
1284
1285 work = sns->sns_addr;
1286 port = ntohs(work.x_port);
1287 work.x_port = 0;
1288 net.net_e = work.x_net;
1289 if (ns_nullhost(work) && net.long_e == 0) {
bc82d1bc 1290 if (port == 0)
5af3bab0
CP
1291 strncpy(mybuf, "*.*", sizeof(mybuf));
1292 else
1293 sprintf(mybuf, "*.%XH", port);
147a7be0 1294 return(mybuf);
984263bc
MD
1295 }
1296
1297 if (memcmp(ns_bh, work.x_host.c_host, 6) == 0)
1298 host = "any";
1299 else if (memcmp(ns_nullh, work.x_host.c_host, 6) == 0)
1300 host = "*";
1301 else {
1302 q = work.x_host.c_host;
147a7be0 1303 sprintf(chost, "%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X%02XH",
984263bc
MD
1304 q[0], q[1], q[2], q[3], q[4], q[5]);
1305 for (p = chost; *p == '0' && p < chost + 12; p++)
1306 /* void */;
1307 host = p;
1308 }
bc82d1bc 1309 if (port != 0)
147a7be0 1310 sprintf(cport, ".%XH", htons(port));
984263bc
MD
1311 else
1312 *cport = 0;
1313
147a7be0 1314 snprintf(mybuf, sizeof(mybuf), "%lxH.%s%s",
984263bc
MD
1315 (unsigned long)ntohl(net.long_e),
1316 host, cport);
147a7be0 1317 return(mybuf);
984263bc
MD
1318}
1319#endif
1320
5af3bab0 1321static void
b5744197 1322interfaces(void)
984263bc
MD
1323{
1324 size_t needed;
1325 int mib[6];
1326 char *buf, *lim, *next;
147a7be0 1327 struct rt_msghdr *rtm;
984263bc
MD
1328
1329 mib[0] = CTL_NET;
1330 mib[1] = PF_ROUTE;
1331 mib[2] = 0; /* protocol */
1332 mib[3] = 0; /* wildcard address family */
1333 mib[4] = NET_RT_IFLIST;
1334 mib[5] = 0; /* no flags */
1335 if (sysctl(mib, 6, NULL, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
1336 err(EX_OSERR, "route-sysctl-estimate");
1337 if ((buf = malloc(needed)) == NULL)
1338 errx(EX_OSERR, "malloc failed");
1339 if (sysctl(mib, 6, buf, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
1340 err(EX_OSERR, "actual retrieval of interface table");
1341 lim = buf + needed;
1342 for (next = buf; next < lim; next += rtm->rtm_msglen) {
1343 rtm = (struct rt_msghdr *)next;
1344 print_rtmsg(rtm, rtm->rtm_msglen);
1345 }
1346}
1347
5af3bab0 1348static void
b5744197 1349monitor(void)
984263bc
MD
1350{
1351 int n;
1352 char msg[2048];
1353
1354 verbose = 1;
1355 if (debugonly) {
1356 interfaces();
1357 exit(0);
1358 }
147a7be0 1359 for (;;) {
984263bc
MD
1360 time_t now;
1361 n = read(s, msg, 2048);
1362 now = time(NULL);
147a7be0 1363 printf("\ngot message of size %d on %s", n, ctime(&now));
984263bc
MD
1364 print_rtmsg((struct rt_msghdr *)msg, n);
1365 }
1366}
1367
1368struct {
1369 struct rt_msghdr m_rtm;
1370 char m_space[512];
1371} m_rtmsg;
1372
5af3bab0 1373static int
b5744197 1374rtmsg(int cmd, int flags)
984263bc
MD
1375{
1376 static int seq;
1377 int rlen;
147a7be0
MD
1378 char *cp = m_rtmsg.m_space;
1379 int l;
984263bc
MD
1380
1381#define NEXTADDR(w, u) \
1382 if (rtm_addrs & (w)) {\
1383 l = ROUNDUP(u.sa.sa_len); memmove(cp, &(u), l); cp += l;\
1384 if (verbose) sodump(&(u),"u");\
1385 }
1386
1387 errno = 0;
1388 memset(&m_rtmsg, 0, sizeof(m_rtmsg));
1389 if (cmd == 'a')
1390 cmd = RTM_ADD;
1391 else if (cmd == 'c')
1392 cmd = RTM_CHANGE;
1393 else if (cmd == 'g') {
1394 cmd = RTM_GET;
1395 if (so_ifp.sa.sa_family == 0) {
1396 so_ifp.sa.sa_family = AF_LINK;
1397 so_ifp.sa.sa_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_dl);
1398 rtm_addrs |= RTA_IFP;
1399 }
1400 } else
1401 cmd = RTM_DELETE;
1402#define rtm m_rtmsg.m_rtm
1403 rtm.rtm_type = cmd;
1404 rtm.rtm_flags = flags;
1405 rtm.rtm_version = RTM_VERSION;
1406 rtm.rtm_seq = ++seq;
1407 rtm.rtm_addrs = rtm_addrs;
1408 rtm.rtm_rmx = rt_metrics;
1409 rtm.rtm_inits = rtm_inits;
1410
1411 if (rtm_addrs & RTA_NETMASK)
1412 mask_addr();
1413 NEXTADDR(RTA_DST, so_dst);
1414 NEXTADDR(RTA_GATEWAY, so_gate);
1415 NEXTADDR(RTA_NETMASK, so_mask);
1416 NEXTADDR(RTA_GENMASK, so_genmask);
1417 NEXTADDR(RTA_IFP, so_ifp);
1418 NEXTADDR(RTA_IFA, so_ifa);
9b42cabe
NA
1419 NEXTADDR(RTA_MPLS1, so_mpls1);
1420 NEXTADDR(RTA_MPLS2, so_mpls2);
1421 NEXTADDR(RTA_MPLS3, so_mpls3);
984263bc
MD
1422 rtm.rtm_msglen = l = cp - (char *)&m_rtmsg;
1423 if (verbose)
1424 print_rtmsg(&rtm, l);
1425 if (debugonly)
147a7be0 1426 return(0);
984263bc
MD
1427 if ((rlen = write(s, (char *)&m_rtmsg, l)) < 0) {
1428 warn("writing to routing socket");
147a7be0 1429 return(-1);
984263bc
MD
1430 }
1431 if (cmd == RTM_GET) {
1432 do {
1433 l = read(s, (char *)&m_rtmsg, sizeof(m_rtmsg));
1434 } while (l > 0 && (rtm.rtm_seq != seq || rtm.rtm_pid != pid));
1435 if (l < 0)
1436 warn("read from routing socket");
1437 else
1438 print_getmsg(&rtm, l);
1439 }
1440#undef rtm
147a7be0 1441 return(0);
984263bc
MD
1442}
1443
5af3bab0 1444static void
b5744197 1445mask_addr(void)
984263bc
MD
1446{
1447 int olen = so_mask.sa.sa_len;
147a7be0 1448 char *cp1 = olen + (char *)&so_mask, *cp2;
984263bc
MD
1449
1450 for (so_mask.sa.sa_len = 0; cp1 > (char *)&so_mask; )
1451 if (*--cp1 != 0) {
1452 so_mask.sa.sa_len = 1 + cp1 - (char *)&so_mask;
1453 break;
1454 }
1455 if ((rtm_addrs & RTA_DST) == 0)
1456 return;
1457 switch (so_dst.sa.sa_family) {
1458#ifdef NS
1459 case AF_NS:
1460#endif
1461 case AF_INET:
1462#ifdef INET6
1463 case AF_INET6:
1464#endif
1465 case AF_APPLETALK:
1466 case 0:
1467 return;
1468 }
1469 cp1 = so_mask.sa.sa_len + 1 + (char *)&so_dst;
1470 cp2 = so_dst.sa.sa_len + 1 + (char *)&so_dst;
1471 while (cp2 > cp1)
1472 *--cp2 = 0;
1473 cp2 = so_mask.sa.sa_len + 1 + (char *)&so_mask;
1474 while (cp1 > so_dst.sa.sa_data)
1475 *--cp1 &= *--cp2;
1476}
1477
5af3bab0 1478const char *msgtypes[] = {
984263bc
MD
1479 "",
1480 "RTM_ADD: Add Route",
1481 "RTM_DELETE: Delete Route",
1482 "RTM_CHANGE: Change Metrics or flags",
1483 "RTM_GET: Report Metrics",
1484 "RTM_LOSING: Kernel Suspects Partitioning",
1485 "RTM_REDIRECT: Told to use different route",
1486 "RTM_MISS: Lookup failed on this address",
1487 "RTM_LOCK: fix specified metrics",
1488 "RTM_OLDADD: caused by SIOCADDRT",
1489 "RTM_OLDDEL: caused by SIOCDELRT",
1490 "RTM_RESOLVE: Route created by cloning",
1491 "RTM_NEWADDR: address being added to iface",
1492 "RTM_DELADDR: address being removed from iface",
1493 "RTM_IFINFO: iface status change",
1494 "RTM_NEWMADDR: new multicast group membership on iface",
1495 "RTM_DELMADDR: multicast group membership removed from iface",
1496 "RTM_IFANNOUNCE: interface arrival/departure",
1497 0,
1498};
1499
1500char metricnames[] =
1501"\011pksent\010rttvar\7rtt\6ssthresh\5sendpipe\4recvpipe\3expire\2hopcount"
1502"\1mtu";
1503char routeflags[] =
1504"\1UP\2GATEWAY\3HOST\4REJECT\5DYNAMIC\6MODIFIED\7DONE\010MASK_PRESENT"
1505"\011CLONING\012XRESOLVE\013LLINFO\014STATIC\015BLACKHOLE\016b016"
1506"\017PROTO2\020PROTO1\021PRCLONING\022WASCLONED\023PROTO3\024CHAINDELETE"
1507"\025PINNED\026LOCAL\027BROADCAST\030MULTICAST";
1508char ifnetflags[] =
1509"\1UP\2BROADCAST\3DEBUG\4LOOPBACK\5PTP\6b6\7RUNNING\010NOARP"
1510"\011PPROMISC\012ALLMULTI\013OACTIVE\014SIMPLEX\015LINK0\016LINK1"
1511"\017LINK2\020MULTICAST";
1512char addrnames[] =
9b42cabe
NA
1513"\1DST\2GATEWAY\3NETMASK\4GENMASK\5IFP\6IFA\7AUTHOR\010BRD"
1514"\011MPLS1\012MPLS2\013MPLS3";
984263bc 1515
5af3bab0
CP
1516static void
1517print_rtmsg(struct rt_msghdr *rtm, int msglen __unused)
984263bc
MD
1518{
1519 struct if_msghdr *ifm;
1520 struct ifa_msghdr *ifam;
1521#ifdef RTM_NEWMADDR
1522 struct ifma_msghdr *ifmam;
1523#endif
1524 struct if_announcemsghdr *ifan;
1525
1526 if (verbose == 0)
1527 return;
1528 if (rtm->rtm_version != RTM_VERSION) {
147a7be0 1529 printf("routing message version %d not understood\n",
984263bc
MD
1530 rtm->rtm_version);
1531 return;
1532 }
1533 if (msgtypes[rtm->rtm_type] != NULL)
147a7be0 1534 printf("%s: ", msgtypes[rtm->rtm_type]);
984263bc 1535 else
147a7be0
MD
1536 printf("#%d: ", rtm->rtm_type);
1537 printf("len %d, ", rtm->rtm_msglen);
984263bc
MD
1538 switch (rtm->rtm_type) {
1539 case RTM_IFINFO:
1540 ifm = (struct if_msghdr *)rtm;
147a7be0 1541 printf("if# %d, flags:", ifm->ifm_index);
984263bc
MD
1542 bprintf(stdout, ifm->ifm_flags, ifnetflags);
1543 pmsg_addrs((char *)(ifm + 1), ifm->ifm_addrs);
1544 break;
1545 case RTM_NEWADDR:
1546 case RTM_DELADDR:
1547 ifam = (struct ifa_msghdr *)rtm;
147a7be0 1548 printf("metric %d, flags:", ifam->ifam_metric);
984263bc
MD
1549 bprintf(stdout, ifam->ifam_flags, routeflags);
1550 pmsg_addrs((char *)(ifam + 1), ifam->ifam_addrs);
1551 break;
1552#ifdef RTM_NEWMADDR
1553 case RTM_NEWMADDR:
1554 case RTM_DELMADDR:
1555 ifmam = (struct ifma_msghdr *)rtm;
1556 pmsg_addrs((char *)(ifmam + 1), ifmam->ifmam_addrs);
1557 break;
1558#endif
1559 case RTM_IFANNOUNCE:
1560 ifan = (struct if_announcemsghdr *)rtm;
147a7be0 1561 printf("if# %d, what: ", ifan->ifan_index);
984263bc
MD
1562 switch (ifan->ifan_what) {
1563 case IFAN_ARRIVAL:
1564 printf("arrival");
1565 break;
1566 case IFAN_DEPARTURE:
1567 printf("departure");
1568 break;
1569 default:
1570 printf("#%d", ifan->ifan_what);
1571 break;
1572 }
1573 printf("\n");
1574 break;
1575
1576 default:
147a7be0 1577 printf("pid: %ld, seq %d, errno %d, flags:",
984263bc
MD
1578 (long)rtm->rtm_pid, rtm->rtm_seq, rtm->rtm_errno);
1579 bprintf(stdout, rtm->rtm_flags, routeflags);
1580 pmsg_common(rtm);
1581 }
1582}
1583
5af3bab0 1584static void
147a7be0 1585print_getmsg(struct rt_msghdr *rtm, int msglen)
984263bc
MD
1586{
1587 struct sockaddr *dst = NULL, *gate = NULL, *mask = NULL;
1588 struct sockaddr_dl *ifp = NULL;
147a7be0
MD
1589 struct sockaddr *sa;
1590 char *cp;
1591 int i;
984263bc 1592
147a7be0 1593 printf(" route to: %s\n", routename(&so_dst.sa));
984263bc
MD
1594 if (rtm->rtm_version != RTM_VERSION) {
1595 warnx("routing message version %d not understood",
1596 rtm->rtm_version);
1597 return;
1598 }
1599 if (rtm->rtm_msglen > msglen) {
1600 warnx("message length mismatch, in packet %d, returned %d",
1601 rtm->rtm_msglen, msglen);
1602 }
bc82d1bc 1603 if (rtm->rtm_errno != 0) {
984263bc
MD
1604 errno = rtm->rtm_errno;
1605 warn("message indicates error %d", errno);
1606 return;
1607 }
1608 cp = ((char *)(rtm + 1));
1609 if (rtm->rtm_addrs)
bc82d1bc 1610 for (i = 1; i != 0; i <<= 1)
984263bc
MD
1611 if (i & rtm->rtm_addrs) {
1612 sa = (struct sockaddr *)cp;
1613 switch (i) {
1614 case RTA_DST:
1615 dst = sa;
1616 break;
1617 case RTA_GATEWAY:
1618 gate = sa;
1619 break;
1620 case RTA_NETMASK:
1621 mask = sa;
1622 break;
1623 case RTA_IFP:
1624 if (sa->sa_family == AF_LINK &&
1625 ((struct sockaddr_dl *)sa)->sdl_nlen)
1626 ifp = (struct sockaddr_dl *)sa;
1627 break;
1628 }
1629 ADVANCE(cp, sa);
1630 }
bc82d1bc 1631 if (dst != NULL && mask != NULL)
984263bc 1632 mask->sa_family = dst->sa_family; /* XXX */
bc82d1bc 1633 if (dst != NULL)
147a7be0 1634 printf("destination: %s\n", routename(dst));
bc82d1bc 1635 if (mask != NULL) {
984263bc
MD
1636 int savenflag = nflag;
1637
1638 nflag = 1;
147a7be0 1639 printf(" mask: %s\n", routename(mask));
984263bc
MD
1640 nflag = savenflag;
1641 }
bc82d1bc 1642 if (gate != NULL && rtm->rtm_flags & RTF_GATEWAY)
147a7be0 1643 printf(" gateway: %s\n", routename(gate));
bc82d1bc 1644 if (ifp != NULL)
147a7be0 1645 printf(" interface: %.*s\n",
984263bc 1646 ifp->sdl_nlen, ifp->sdl_data);
147a7be0 1647 printf(" flags: ");
984263bc
MD
1648 bprintf(stdout, rtm->rtm_flags, routeflags);
1649
1650#define lock(f) ((rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_locks & __CONCAT(RTV_,f)) ? 'L' : ' ')
1651#define msec(u) (((u) + 500) / 1000) /* usec to msec */
1652
147a7be0 1653 printf("\n%s\n", "\
984263bc
MD
1654 recvpipe sendpipe ssthresh rtt,msec rttvar hopcount mtu expire");
1655 printf("%8ld%c ", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_recvpipe, lock(RPIPE));
1656 printf("%8ld%c ", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_sendpipe, lock(SPIPE));
1657 printf("%8ld%c ", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_ssthresh, lock(SSTHRESH));
1658 printf("%8ld%c ", msec(rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_rtt), lock(RTT));
1659 printf("%8ld%c ", msec(rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_rttvar), lock(RTTVAR));
1660 printf("%8ld%c ", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_hopcount, lock(HOPCOUNT));
1661 printf("%8ld%c ", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_mtu, lock(MTU));
bc82d1bc 1662 if (rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_expire != 0)
984263bc
MD
1663 rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_expire -= time(0);
1664 printf("%8ld%c\n", rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_expire, lock(EXPIRE));
1665#undef lock
1666#undef msec
1667#define RTA_IGN (RTA_DST|RTA_GATEWAY|RTA_NETMASK|RTA_IFP|RTA_IFA|RTA_BRD)
1668 if (verbose)
1669 pmsg_common(rtm);
1670 else if (rtm->rtm_addrs &~ RTA_IGN) {
147a7be0 1671 printf("sockaddrs: ");
984263bc
MD
1672 bprintf(stdout, rtm->rtm_addrs, addrnames);
1673 putchar('\n');
1674 }
1675#undef RTA_IGN
1676}
1677
5af3bab0 1678static void
147a7be0 1679pmsg_common(struct rt_msghdr *rtm)
984263bc 1680{
147a7be0 1681 printf("\nlocks: ");
984263bc 1682 bprintf(stdout, rtm->rtm_rmx.rmx_locks, metricnames);
147a7be0 1683 printf(" inits: ");
984263bc
MD
1684 bprintf(stdout, rtm->rtm_inits, metricnames);
1685 pmsg_addrs(((char *)(rtm + 1)), rtm->rtm_addrs);
1686}
1687
5af3bab0 1688static void
b5744197 1689pmsg_addrs(char *cp, int addrs)
984263bc 1690{
147a7be0 1691 struct sockaddr *sa;
984263bc
MD
1692 int i;
1693
1694 if (addrs == 0) {
147a7be0 1695 putchar('\n');
984263bc
MD
1696 return;
1697 }
147a7be0 1698 printf("\nsockaddrs: ");
984263bc 1699 bprintf(stdout, addrs, addrnames);
147a7be0 1700 putchar('\n');
bc82d1bc 1701 for (i = 1; i != 0; i <<= 1)
984263bc
MD
1702 if (i & addrs) {
1703 sa = (struct sockaddr *)cp;
147a7be0 1704 printf(" %s", routename(sa));
984263bc
MD
1705 ADVANCE(cp, sa);
1706 }
147a7be0
MD
1707 putchar('\n');
1708 fflush(stdout);
984263bc
MD
1709}
1710
5af3bab0
CP
1711static void
1712bprintf(FILE *fp, int b, u_char *str)
984263bc 1713{
147a7be0 1714 int i;
984263bc
MD
1715 int gotsome = 0;
1716
1717 if (b == 0)
1718 return;
5af3bab0 1719 while ((i = *str++) != 0) {
984263bc 1720 if (b & (1 << (i-1))) {
bc82d1bc 1721 if (!gotsome)
984263bc
MD
1722 i = '<';
1723 else
1724 i = ',';
147a7be0 1725 putc(i, fp);
984263bc 1726 gotsome = 1;
5af3bab0 1727 for (; (i = *str) > 32; str++)
147a7be0 1728 putc(i, fp);
984263bc 1729 } else
5af3bab0
CP
1730 while (*str > 32)
1731 str++;
984263bc
MD
1732 }
1733 if (gotsome)
147a7be0 1734 putc('>', fp);
984263bc
MD
1735}
1736
1737int
5af3bab0 1738keyword(const char *cp)
984263bc 1739{
147a7be0 1740 struct keytab *kt = keywords;
984263bc 1741
bc82d1bc 1742 while (kt->kt_cp != NULL && strcmp(kt->kt_cp, cp) != 0)
984263bc 1743 kt++;
147a7be0 1744 return(kt->kt_i);
984263bc
MD
1745}
1746
5af3bab0
CP
1747static void
1748sodump(sup su, const char *which)
984263bc
MD
1749{
1750 switch (su->sa.sa_family) {
1751 case AF_LINK:
147a7be0 1752 printf("%s: link %s; ",
984263bc
MD
1753 which, link_ntoa(&su->sdl));
1754 break;
1755 case AF_INET:
147a7be0 1756 printf("%s: inet %s; ",
984263bc
MD
1757 which, inet_ntoa(su->sin.sin_addr));
1758 break;
1759 case AF_APPLETALK:
147a7be0 1760 printf("%s: atalk %s; ",
984263bc
MD
1761 which, atalk_ntoa(su->sat.sat_addr));
1762 break;
1763#ifdef NS
1764 case AF_NS:
147a7be0 1765 printf("%s: xns %s; ",
984263bc
MD
1766 which, ns_ntoa(su->sns.sns_addr));
1767 break;
1768#endif
1769 }
147a7be0 1770 fflush(stdout);
984263bc
MD
1771}
1772
1773/* States*/
1774#define VIRGIN 0
1775#define GOTONE 1
1776#define GOTTWO 2
1777/* Inputs */
1778#define DIGIT (4*0)
1779#define END (4*1)
1780#define DELIM (4*2)
1781
5af3bab0 1782static void
147a7be0 1783sockaddr(char *addr, struct sockaddr *sa)
984263bc 1784{
147a7be0 1785 char *cp = (char *)sa;
984263bc
MD
1786 int size = sa->sa_len;
1787 char *cplim = cp + size;
147a7be0 1788 int byte = 0, state = VIRGIN, new = 0 /* foil gcc */;
984263bc
MD
1789
1790 memset(cp, 0, size);
1791 cp++;
1792 do {
1793 if ((*addr >= '0') && (*addr <= '9')) {
1794 new = *addr - '0';
1795 } else if ((*addr >= 'a') && (*addr <= 'f')) {
1796 new = *addr - 'a' + 10;
1797 } else if ((*addr >= 'A') && (*addr <= 'F')) {
1798 new = *addr - 'A' + 10;
bc82d1bc 1799 } else if (*addr == '\0')
984263bc
MD
1800 state |= END;
1801 else
1802 state |= DELIM;
1803 addr++;
1804 switch (state /* | INPUT */) {
1805 case GOTTWO | DIGIT:
1806 *cp++ = byte; /*FALLTHROUGH*/
1807 case VIRGIN | DIGIT:
1808 state = GOTONE; byte = new; continue;
1809 case GOTONE | DIGIT:
1810 state = GOTTWO; byte = new + (byte << 4); continue;
1811 default: /* | DELIM */
1812 state = VIRGIN; *cp++ = byte; byte = 0; continue;
1813 case GOTONE | END:
1814 case GOTTWO | END:
1815 *cp++ = byte; /* FALLTHROUGH */
1816 case VIRGIN | END:
1817 break;
1818 }
1819 break;
1820 } while (cp < cplim);
1821 sa->sa_len = cp - (char *)sa;
1822}
1823
5af3bab0 1824static int
984263bc
MD
1825atalk_aton(const char *text, struct at_addr *addr)
1826{
1827 u_int net, node;
1828
1829 if (sscanf(text, "%u.%u", &net, &node) != 2
1830 || net > 0xffff || node > 0xff)
1831 return(0);
1832 addr->s_net = htons(net);
1833 addr->s_node = node;
1834 return(1);
1835}
1836
5af3bab0 1837static char *
984263bc
MD
1838atalk_ntoa(struct at_addr at)
1839{
1840 static char buf[20];
1841
147a7be0 1842 snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u.%u", ntohs(at.s_net), at.s_node);
984263bc
MD
1843 return(buf);
1844}