Move tcpdump-3.9/ to tcpdump/. No need for a versioned dir.
[dragonfly.git] / contrib / tcpdump / util.c
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1/*
2 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
3 * The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
4 *
5 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
6 * modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code distributions
7 * retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety, (2)
8 * distributions including binary code include the above copyright notice and
9 * this paragraph in its entirety in the documentation or other materials
10 * provided with the distribution, and (3) all advertising materials mentioning
11 * features or use of this software display the following acknowledgement:
12 * ``This product includes software developed by the University of California,
13 * Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its contributors.'' Neither the name of
14 * the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
15 * or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
16 * written permission.
17 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
18 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
19 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
20 */
21
22#ifndef lint
23static const char rcsid[] _U_ =
24 "@(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/tcpdump/util.c,v 1.95.2.6 2006/02/08 01:40:09 hannes Exp $ (LBL)";
25#endif
26
27#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
28#include "config.h"
29#endif
30
31#include <tcpdump-stdinc.h>
32
33#include <sys/stat.h>
34
35#include <errno.h>
36#ifdef HAVE_FCNTL_H
37#include <fcntl.h>
38#endif
39#include <pcap.h>
40#include <stdio.h>
41#include <stdarg.h>
42#include <stdlib.h>
43#include <string.h>
44
45#include "interface.h"
46
47/*
48 * Print out a null-terminated filename (or other ascii string).
49 * If ep is NULL, assume no truncation check is needed.
50 * Return true if truncated.
51 */
52int
53fn_print(register const u_char *s, register const u_char *ep)
54{
55 register int ret;
56 register u_char c;
57
58 ret = 1; /* assume truncated */
59 while (ep == NULL || s < ep) {
60 c = *s++;
61 if (c == '\0') {
62 ret = 0;
63 break;
64 }
65 if (!isascii(c)) {
66 c = toascii(c);
67 putchar('M');
68 putchar('-');
69 }
70 if (!isprint(c)) {
71 c ^= 0x40; /* DEL to ?, others to alpha */
72 putchar('^');
73 }
74 putchar(c);
75 }
76 return(ret);
77}
78
79/*
80 * Print out a counted filename (or other ascii string).
81 * If ep is NULL, assume no truncation check is needed.
82 * Return true if truncated.
83 */
84int
85fn_printn(register const u_char *s, register u_int n,
86 register const u_char *ep)
87{
88 register u_char c;
89
90 while (n > 0 && (ep == NULL || s < ep)) {
91 n--;
92 c = *s++;
93 if (!isascii(c)) {
94 c = toascii(c);
95 putchar('M');
96 putchar('-');
97 }
98 if (!isprint(c)) {
99 c ^= 0x40; /* DEL to ?, others to alpha */
100 putchar('^');
101 }
102 putchar(c);
103 }
104 return (n == 0) ? 0 : 1;
105}
106
107/*
108 * Print out a null-padded filename (or other ascii string).
109 * If ep is NULL, assume no truncation check is needed.
110 * Return true if truncated.
111 */
112int
113fn_printzp(register const u_char *s, register u_int n,
114 register const u_char *ep)
115{
116 register int ret;
117 register u_char c;
118
119 ret = 1; /* assume truncated */
120 while (n > 0 && (ep == NULL || s < ep)) {
121 n--;
122 c = *s++;
123 if (c == '\0') {
124 ret = 0;
125 break;
126 }
127 if (!isascii(c)) {
128 c = toascii(c);
129 putchar('M');
130 putchar('-');
131 }
132 if (!isprint(c)) {
133 c ^= 0x40; /* DEL to ?, others to alpha */
134 putchar('^');
135 }
136 putchar(c);
137 }
138 return (n == 0) ? 0 : ret;
139}
140
141/*
142 * Print the timestamp
143 */
144void
145ts_print(register const struct timeval *tvp)
146{
147 register int s;
148 struct tm *tm;
149 time_t Time;
150 static unsigned b_sec;
151 static unsigned b_usec;
152
153 switch (tflag) {
154
155 case 0: /* Default */
156 s = (tvp->tv_sec + thiszone) % 86400;
157 (void)printf("%02d:%02d:%02d.%06u ",
158 s / 3600, (s % 3600) / 60, s % 60,
159 (unsigned)tvp->tv_usec);
160 break;
161
162 case 1: /* No time stamp */
163 break;
164
165 case 2: /* Unix timeval style */
166 (void)printf("%u.%06u ",
167 (unsigned)tvp->tv_sec,
168 (unsigned)tvp->tv_usec);
169 break;
170
171 case 3: /* Microseconds since previous packet */
172 if (b_sec == 0) {
173 printf("000000 ");
174 } else {
175 int d_usec = tvp->tv_usec - b_usec;
176 int d_sec = tvp->tv_sec - b_sec;
177
178 while (d_usec < 0) {
179 d_usec += 1000000;
180 d_sec--;
181 }
182 if (d_sec)
183 printf("%d. ", d_sec);
184 printf("%06d ", d_usec);
185 }
186 b_sec = tvp->tv_sec;
187 b_usec = tvp->tv_usec;
188 break;
189
190 case 4: /* Default + Date*/
191 s = (tvp->tv_sec + thiszone) % 86400;
192 Time = (tvp->tv_sec + thiszone) - s;
193 tm = gmtime (&Time);
194 if (!tm)
195 printf("Date fail ");
196 else
197 printf("%04d-%02d-%02d ",
198 tm->tm_year+1900, tm->tm_mon+1, tm->tm_mday);
199 printf("%02d:%02d:%02d.%06u ",
200 s / 3600, (s % 3600) / 60, s % 60, (unsigned)tvp->tv_usec);
201 break;
202 }
203}
204
205/*
206 * Print a relative number of seconds (e.g. hold time, prune timer)
207 * in the form 5m1s. This does no truncation, so 32230861 seconds
208 * is represented as 1y1w1d1h1m1s.
209 */
210void
211relts_print(int secs)
212{
213 static const char *lengths[] = {"y", "w", "d", "h", "m", "s"};
214 static const int seconds[] = {31536000, 604800, 86400, 3600, 60, 1};
215 const char **l = lengths;
216 const int *s = seconds;
217
218 if (secs == 0) {
219 (void)printf("0s");
220 return;
221 }
222 if (secs < 0) {
223 (void)printf("-");
224 secs = -secs;
225 }
226 while (secs > 0) {
227 if (secs >= *s) {
228 (void)printf("%d%s", secs / *s, *l);
229 secs -= (secs / *s) * *s;
230 }
231 s++;
232 l++;
233 }
234}
235
236/*
237 * this is a generic routine for printing unknown data;
238 * we pass on the linefeed plus indentation string to
239 * get a proper output - returns 0 on error
240 */
241
242int
243print_unknown_data(const u_char *cp,const char *ident,int len)
244{
245 if (len < 0) {
246 printf("%sDissector error: print_unknown_data called with negative length",
247 ident);
248 return(0);
249 }
250 if (snapend - cp < len)
251 len = snapend - cp;
252 if (len < 0) {
253 printf("%sDissector error: print_unknown_data called with pointer past end of packet",
254 ident);
255 return(0);
256 }
257 hex_print(ident,cp,len);
258 return(1); /* everything is ok */
259}
260
261/*
262 * Convert a token value to a string; use "fmt" if not found.
263 */
264const char *
265tok2strbuf(register const struct tok *lp, register const char *fmt,
266 register int v, char *buf, size_t bufsize)
267{
268 if (lp != NULL) {
269 while (lp->s != NULL) {
270 if (lp->v == v)
271 return (lp->s);
272 ++lp;
273 }
274 }
275 if (fmt == NULL)
276 fmt = "#%d";
277
278 (void)snprintf(buf, bufsize, fmt, v);
279 return (const char *)buf;
280}
281
282/*
283 * Convert a token value to a string; use "fmt" if not found.
284 */
285const char *
286tok2str(register const struct tok *lp, register const char *fmt,
287 register int v)
288{
289 static char buf[4][128];
290 static int idx = 0;
291 char *ret;
292
293 ret = buf[idx];
294 idx = (idx+1) & 3;
295 return tok2strbuf(lp, fmt, v, ret, sizeof(buf[0]));
296}
297
298/*
299 * Convert a bit token value to a string; use "fmt" if not found.
300 * this is useful for parsing bitfields, the output strings are comma seperated
301 */
302char *
303bittok2str(register const struct tok *lp, register const char *fmt,
304 register int v)
305{
306 static char buf[256]; /* our stringbuffer */
307 int buflen=0;
308 register int rotbit; /* this is the bit we rotate through all bitpositions */
309 register int tokval;
310
311 while (lp->s != NULL && lp != NULL) {
312 tokval=lp->v; /* load our first value */
313 rotbit=1;
314 while (rotbit != 0) {
315 /*
316 * lets AND the rotating bit with our token value
317 * and see if we have got a match
318 */
319 if (tokval == (v&rotbit)) {
320 /* ok we have found something */
321 buflen+=snprintf(buf+buflen, sizeof(buf)-buflen, "%s, ",lp->s);
322 break;
323 }
324 rotbit=rotbit<<1; /* no match - lets shift and try again */
325 }
326 lp++;
327 }
328
329 if (buflen != 0) { /* did we find anything */
330 /* yep, set the the trailing zero 2 bytes before to eliminate the last comma & whitespace */
331 buf[buflen-2] = '\0';
332 return (buf);
333 }
334 else {
335 /* bummer - lets print the "unknown" message as advised in the fmt string if we got one */
336 if (fmt == NULL)
337 fmt = "#%d";
338 (void)snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, v);
339 return (buf);
340 }
341}
342
343/*
344 * Convert a value to a string using an array; the macro
345 * tok2strary() in <interface.h> is the public interface to
346 * this function and ensures that the second argument is
347 * correct for bounds-checking.
348 */
349const char *
350tok2strary_internal(register const char **lp, int n, register const char *fmt,
351 register int v)
352{
353 static char buf[128];
354
355 if (v >= 0 && v < n && lp[v] != NULL)
356 return lp[v];
357 if (fmt == NULL)
358 fmt = "#%d";
359 (void)snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, v);
360 return (buf);
361}
362
363/*
364 * Convert a 32-bit netmask to prefixlen if possible
365 * the function returns the prefix-len; if plen == -1
366 * then conversion was not possible;
367 */
368
369int
370mask2plen (u_int32_t mask)
371{
372 u_int32_t bitmasks[33] = {
373 0x00000000,
374 0x80000000, 0xc0000000, 0xe0000000, 0xf0000000,
375 0xf8000000, 0xfc000000, 0xfe000000, 0xff000000,
376 0xff800000, 0xffc00000, 0xffe00000, 0xfff00000,
377 0xfff80000, 0xfffc0000, 0xfffe0000, 0xffff0000,
378 0xffff8000, 0xffffc000, 0xffffe000, 0xfffff000,
379 0xfffff800, 0xfffffc00, 0xfffffe00, 0xffffff00,
380 0xffffff80, 0xffffffc0, 0xffffffe0, 0xfffffff0,
381 0xfffffff8, 0xfffffffc, 0xfffffffe, 0xffffffff
382 };
383 int prefix_len = 32;
384
385 /* let's see if we can transform the mask into a prefixlen */
386 while (prefix_len >= 0) {
387 if (bitmasks[prefix_len] == mask)
388 break;
389 prefix_len--;
390 }
391 return (prefix_len);
392}
393
394/* VARARGS */
395void
396error(const char *fmt, ...)
397{
398 va_list ap;
399
400 (void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", program_name);
401 va_start(ap, fmt);
402 (void)vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
403 va_end(ap);
404 if (*fmt) {
405 fmt += strlen(fmt);
406 if (fmt[-1] != '\n')
407 (void)fputc('\n', stderr);
408 }
409 exit(1);
410 /* NOTREACHED */
411}
412
413/* VARARGS */
414void
415warning(const char *fmt, ...)
416{
417 va_list ap;
418
419 (void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: WARNING: ", program_name);
420 va_start(ap, fmt);
421 (void)vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
422 va_end(ap);
423 if (*fmt) {
424 fmt += strlen(fmt);
425 if (fmt[-1] != '\n')
426 (void)fputc('\n', stderr);
427 }
428}
429
430/*
431 * Copy arg vector into a new buffer, concatenating arguments with spaces.
432 */
433char *
434copy_argv(register char **argv)
435{
436 register char **p;
437 register u_int len = 0;
438 char *buf;
439 char *src, *dst;
440
441 p = argv;
442 if (*p == 0)
443 return 0;
444
445 while (*p)
446 len += strlen(*p++) + 1;
447
448 buf = (char *)malloc(len);
449 if (buf == NULL)
450 error("copy_argv: malloc");
451
452 p = argv;
453 dst = buf;
454 while ((src = *p++) != NULL) {
455 while ((*dst++ = *src++) != '\0')
456 ;
457 dst[-1] = ' ';
458 }
459 dst[-1] = '\0';
460
461 return buf;
462}
463
464/*
465 * On Windows, we need to open the file in binary mode, so that
466 * we get all the bytes specified by the size we get from "fstat()".
467 * On UNIX, that's not necessary. O_BINARY is defined on Windows;
468 * we define it as 0 if it's not defined, so it does nothing.
469 */
470#ifndef O_BINARY
471#define O_BINARY 0
472#endif
473
474char *
475read_infile(char *fname)
476{
477 register int i, fd, cc;
478 register char *cp;
479 struct stat buf;
480
481 fd = open(fname, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY);
482 if (fd < 0)
483 error("can't open %s: %s", fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
484
485 if (fstat(fd, &buf) < 0)
486 error("can't stat %s: %s", fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
487
488 cp = malloc((u_int)buf.st_size + 1);
489 if (cp == NULL)
490 error("malloc(%d) for %s: %s", (u_int)buf.st_size + 1,
491 fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
492 cc = read(fd, cp, (u_int)buf.st_size);
493 if (cc < 0)
494 error("read %s: %s", fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
495 if (cc != buf.st_size)
496 error("short read %s (%d != %d)", fname, cc, (int)buf.st_size);
497
498 close(fd);
499 /* replace "# comment" with spaces */
500 for (i = 0; i < cc; i++) {
501 if (cp[i] == '#')
502 while (i < cc && cp[i] != '\n')
503 cp[i++] = ' ';
504 }
505 cp[cc] = '\0';
506 return (cp);
507}
508
509void
510safeputs(const char *s, int maxlen)
511{
512 int idx = 0;
513 while (*s && idx < maxlen) {
514 safeputchar(*s);
515 idx++;
516 s++;
517 }
518}
519
520void
521safeputchar(int c)
522{
523 unsigned char ch;
524
525 ch = (unsigned char)(c & 0xff);
526 if (ch < 0x80 && isprint(ch))
527 printf("%c", ch);
528 else
529 printf("\\%03o", ch);
530}