Add updated Lithuanian locale (lt_LT-ISO8859-13).
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MD
1# @(#)asia 7.71
2
3# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
4# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
5# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
6
7# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22):
8#
9# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
10# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
11# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
12#
13# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
14# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
15# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
16# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
17# of the IATA's data after 1990.
18#
19# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
20# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
21#
22# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
23# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
24# I found in the UCLA library.
25#
26# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
27# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
28#
29# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
30# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
31# Corrections are welcome!
32# std dst
33# LMT Local Mean Time
34# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time
35# 2:00 IST IDT Israel
36# 3:00 AST ADT Arabia*
37# 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran
38# 4:00 GST Gulf*
39# 5:30 IST India
40# 7:00 ICT Indochina*
41# 7:00 WIT west Indonesia
42# 8:00 CIT central Indonesia
43# 8:00 CST China
44# 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)*
45# 9:00 EIT east Indonesia
46# 9:00 JST Japan
47# 9:00 KST Korea
48# 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time
49#
50# See the `europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.
51
52# From Guy Harris:
53# Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as
54# additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental
55# Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide -
56# Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses.
57
58###############################################################################
59
60# These rules are stolen from the `europe' file.
61# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
62Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S
63Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
64Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
65Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
66Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
67Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
68Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
69Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
70Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
71Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
72Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
73Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
74Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
75Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
76
77# Afghanistan
78# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
79Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
80 4:00 - AFT 1945
81 4:30 - AFT
82
83# Armenia
84# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
85# Shanks has Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) in spring 1991,
86# then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then readopting Russian DST in 1997.
87# Go with Shanks, even when he disagrees with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz
88# <edd@AIC.NET> reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST
89# in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that
90# Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
91# but started switching at 3:00s in 1998.
92# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
93Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
94 3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
95 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
96 3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
97 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
98 4:00 - AMT 1997
99 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT
100
101# Azerbaijan
102# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
103Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 1:00 1:00 S
104Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 1:00 0 -
105# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
106Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
107 3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
108 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
109 3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
110 3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s
111 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time
112 4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
113 4:00 Azer AZ%sT
114
115# Bahrain
116# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
117Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Al Manamah
118 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
119 3:00 - AST
120
121# Bangladesh
122# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
123Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890
124 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
125 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
126 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
127 6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30
128 6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time
129 6:00 - BDT # Bangladesh Time
130
131# Bhutan
132# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
133Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu
134 5:30 - IST 1987 Oct
135 6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time
136
137# British Indian Ocean Territory
138# Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the
139# 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996.
140# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
141Zone Indian/Chagos 5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time
142 6:00 - IOT
143
144# Brunei
145# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
146Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
147 7:30 - BNT 1933
148 8:00 - BNT
149
150# Burma / Myanmar
151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
152Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
153 6:24:36 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
154 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
155 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
156 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
157
158# Cambodia
159# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
160Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
161 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
162 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
163 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
164 7:00 - ICT
165
166# China
167
168# From Guy Harris:
169# People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.
170
171# From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):
172# No they don't. See TIME mag, 1986-02-17 p.52. Even though
173# China is across 4 physical time zones, before Feb 1, 1986 only the
174# Peking (Bejing) time zone was recognized. Since that date, China
175# has two of 'em -- Peking's and Urumqi (named after the capital of
176# the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it.
177#
178# . . .I just deleted the DST table and this editor makes it too
179# painful to suck in another copy.. So, here is what I have for
180# DST start/end dates for Peking's time zone (info from AP):
181#
182# 1986 May 4 - Sept 14
183# 1987 mid-April - ??
184
185# From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):
186# CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN
187# CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10
188
189# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-12-19):
190# Shanks writes that China has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1,
191# observing summer DST from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's
192# note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986.
193# Go with Shanks for now. I made up names for the other pre-1980 time zones.
194
195# From Shanks:
196# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
197Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
198Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
199Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D
200Rule PRC 1949 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S
201Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D
202Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S
203Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
204#
205# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
206#
207# From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):
208# BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five
209# historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official
210# Chinese names for these locales (before 1949):
211# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)
212Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin
213 8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time
214 8:00 - CST 1940
215 9:00 - CHAT 1966 May
216 8:30 - CHAT 1980 May
217 8:00 PRC C%sT
218# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time")
219Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:52 - LMT 1928
220 8:00 Shang C%sT 1949
221 8:00 PRC C%sT
222# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
223Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking
224 7:00 - LONT 1980 May # Long-shu Time
225 8:00 PRC C%sT
226# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time")
227Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 # or Urumchi
228 6:00 - URUT 1980 May # Urumqi Time
229 8:00 PRC C%sT
230# Kunlun Time
231Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar
232 5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time
233 5:00 - KAST 1980 May
234 8:00 PRC C%sT
235
236# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
237# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
238Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S
239Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 -
240Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S
241Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 -
242Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S
243Rule HK 1948 1952 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 -
244Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S
245Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 -
246Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S
247Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 -
248Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
249Rule HK 1965 1977 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
250Rule HK 1965 1977 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
251Rule HK 1979 1980 - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S
252Rule HK 1979 1980 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
253# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
254Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
255 8:00 HK HK%sT
256
257
258###############################################################################
259
260# Taiwan
261
262# Shanks writes that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it
263# was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't
264# have any other information.
265
266# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
267Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
268Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
269Rule Taiwan 1952 only - Mar 1 0:00 1:00 D
270Rule Taiwan 1952 1954 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
271Rule Taiwan 1953 1959 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
272Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
273Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
274Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
275Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
276Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D
277Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
278# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
279Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 # or Taibei or T'ai-pei
280 8:00 Taiwan C%sT
281
282# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
283# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
284Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
285Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
286Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
287Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
288Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
289Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 -
290Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
291Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
292Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
293Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
294Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 -
295Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S
296Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
297Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
298# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
299Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912
300 8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China
301 8:00 PRC C%sT
302
303
304###############################################################################
305
306# Cyprus
307# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
308Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S
309Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -
310Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S
311Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -
312Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
313Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
314Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -
315Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
316Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
317# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
318Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14
319 2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep
320 2:00 EUAsia EE%sT
321# IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.
322
323# Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.
324# However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.
325Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
326
327# Georgia
328# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1994-11-19):
329# Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward
330# an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,
331# an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!
332# We have no details, but we'll guess they didn't move the clocks back in fall.
333#
334# From Mathew Englander <mathew@io.org>, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04):
335# Instead of putting back clocks at the end of October, Georgia
336# will stay on daylight savings time this winter to save energy,
337# President Eduard Shevardnadze decreed Wednesday.
338# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
339Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:16 - LMT 1880
340 2:59:16 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
341 3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
342 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
343 3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
344 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
345 3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
346 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
347 4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
348 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT
349
350# East Timor
351
352# From Joao Carrascalao, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in
353# <a href="http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm">
354# East Timor may be late for its millennium
355# </a> (1999-12-26/31):
356# Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun
357# rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the
358# Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it
359# conflicts with their way of life.
360
361# From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):
362# We don't have any record of the above attempt.
363# Most likely our records are incomplete, but we have no better data.
364
365# <a href="http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/last/00-08-16.undh.html">
366# From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General
367# (2000-08-16)</a>:
368# The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided
369# today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,
370# which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at
371# midnight on Saturday, September 16.
372
373# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
374Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912
375 8:00 - TPT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
376 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
377 9:00 - TPT 1976 May 3
378 8:00 - CIT 2000 Sep 17 00:00
379 9:00 - TPT
380
381# India
382# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
383Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880
384 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
385 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
386 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
387 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
388 5:30 - IST
389# The following are like Asia/Calcutta:
390# Andaman Is
391# Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)
392# Nicobar Is
393
394# Indonesia
395#
396# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks:
397# <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>
398# says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some
399# time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
400# and Kalimantan Tengah) switching from UTC+8 to UTC+7.
401#
402# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
403Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
404# Shanks says the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
405# but this must be a typo.
406 7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta
407 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
408 7:30 - WIT 1942 Mar 23
409 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
410 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
411 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
412 7:30 - WIT 1964
413 7:00 - WIT
414Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May
415 7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT
416 7:30 - WIT 1942 Jan 29
417 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
418 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
419 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
420 7:30 - WIT 1964
421 8:00 - CIT 1988 Jan 1
422 7:00 - WIT
423Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920
424 7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT
425 8:00 - CIT 1942 Feb 9
426 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
427 8:00 - CIT
428Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
429 9:00 - EIT 1944
430 9:30 - CST 1964
431 9:00 - EIT
432
433# Iran
434
435# From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15):
436# This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian).
437# The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:
438#
439# Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16]
440# No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]
441#
442# The Rule About Change of the Official Time of the Country
443#
444# The Board of Ministers, in the meeting dated 1370/5/23 [1991-08-14],
445# based on the suggestion number 2221/D dated 1370/4/22 [1991-07-13]
446# of the Country's Organization for Official and Employment Affairs,
447# and referring to the law for equating the working hours of workers
448# and officers in the whole country dated 1359/4/23 [1980-07-14], and
449# for synchronizing the official times of the country, agreed that:
450#
451# The official time of the country will should move forward one hour
452# at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return
453# to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of
454# Shahrivar.
455#
456# First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi
457#
458# From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed
459# for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the
460# date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last
461# Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates....
462# I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct
463# here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time.
464
465# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-15)
466# Go with Shanks before September 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
467# I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates.
468# The Persian calendar is based on the sun, and dates after around 2050
469# are approximate; stop after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow.
470#
471# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
472Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
473Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S
474Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 S
475Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 S
476Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 D
477Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
478Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
479Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
480Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
481Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
482Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
483Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
484Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
485Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
486Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
487Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
488Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
489Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
490Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
491Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
492Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
493Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
494Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
495Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
496Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
497Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
498Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
499Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
500Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
501Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
502Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
503Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
504Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
505Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
506Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
507Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
508Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
509Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
510Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
511Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
512Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
513Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
514Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
515Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
516Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
517Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
518Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
519Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
520Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
521# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
522Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
523 3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
524 3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov
525 4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979
526 3:30 Iran IR%sT
527
528
529# Iraq
530#
531# From Jonathan Lennox <lennox@cs.columbia.edu> (2000-06-12):
532# An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in
533# the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:
534# "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and
535# are an hour ahead of Baghdad."
536#
537# But Rives McDow (2000-06-18) quotes a contact in Iraqi-Kurdistan as follows:
538# In the past, some Kurdish nationalists, as a protest to the Iraqi
539# Government, did not adhere to daylight saving time. They referred
540# to daylight saving as Saddam time. But, as of today, the time zone
541# in Iraqi-Kurdistan is on standard time with Baghdad, Iraq.
542#
543# So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.
544
545# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
546Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
547Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
548Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
549Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
550Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S
551Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D
552# IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo.
553# Shanks says Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997 or 1999 on; ignore this.
554Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D
555Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
556# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
557Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
558 2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
559 3:00 - AST 1982 May
560 3:00 Iraq A%sT
561
562
563###############################################################################
564
565# Israel
566
567# From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11):
568#
569# I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three
570# different abbreviations in use:
571#
572# JST Jerusalem Standard Time [Danny Braniss, Hebrew University]
573# IZT Israel Zonal (sic) Time [Prof. Haim Papo, Technion]
574# EEST Eastern Europe Standard Time [used by almost everyone else]
575#
576# Since timezones should be called by country and not capital cities,
577# I ruled out JST. As Israel is in Asia Minor and not Eastern Europe,
578# EEST was equally unacceptable. Since "zonal" was not compatible with
579# any other timezone abbreviation, I felt that 'IST' was the way to go
580# and, indeed, it has received almost universal acceptance in timezone
581# settings in Israeli computers.
582#
583# In any case, I am happy to share timezone abbreviations with India,
584# high on my favorite-country list (and not only because my wife's
585# family is from India).
586
587# From Shanks:
588# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
589Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
590Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
591Rule Zion 1943 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
592Rule Zion 1944 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
593Rule Zion 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
594Rule Zion 1945 only - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
595Rule Zion 1946 only - Apr 16 2:00 1:00 D
596Rule Zion 1946 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
597Rule Zion 1948 only - May 23 0:00 2:00 DD
598Rule Zion 1948 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 D
599Rule Zion 1948 1949 - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
600Rule Zion 1949 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
601Rule Zion 1950 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
602Rule Zion 1950 only - Sep 15 3:00 0 S
603Rule Zion 1951 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
604Rule Zion 1951 only - Nov 11 3:00 0 S
605Rule Zion 1952 only - Apr 20 2:00 1:00 D
606Rule Zion 1952 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 S
607Rule Zion 1953 only - Apr 12 2:00 1:00 D
608Rule Zion 1953 only - Sep 13 3:00 0 S
609Rule Zion 1954 only - Jun 13 0:00 1:00 D
610Rule Zion 1954 only - Sep 12 0:00 0 S
611Rule Zion 1955 only - Jun 11 2:00 1:00 D
612Rule Zion 1955 only - Sep 11 0:00 0 S
613Rule Zion 1956 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
614Rule Zion 1956 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 S
615Rule Zion 1957 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 D
616Rule Zion 1957 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
617Rule Zion 1974 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 D
618Rule Zion 1974 only - Oct 13 0:00 0 S
619Rule Zion 1975 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 D
620Rule Zion 1975 only - Aug 31 0:00 0 S
621Rule Zion 1985 only - Apr 14 0:00 1:00 D
622Rule Zion 1985 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
623Rule Zion 1986 only - May 18 0:00 1:00 D
624Rule Zion 1986 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S
625Rule Zion 1987 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D
626Rule Zion 1987 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
627Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 9 0:00 1:00 D
628Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
629
630# From Ephraim Silverberg <ephraim@cs.huji.ac.il>
631# (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, 2000-01-17 and 2000-07-25):
632
633# According to the Office of the Secretary General of the Ministry of
634# Interior, there is NO set rule for Daylight-Savings/Standard time changes.
635# One thing is entrenched in law, however: that there must be at least 150
636# days of daylight savings time annually. From 1993-1998, the change to
637# daylight savings time was on a Friday morning from midnight IST to
638# 1 a.m IDT; up until 1998, the change back to standard time was on a
639# Saturday night from midnight daylight savings time to 11 p.m. standard
640# time. 1996 is an exception to this rule where the change back to standard
641# time took place on Sunday night instead of Saturday night to avoid
642# conflicts with the Jewish New Year. In 1999, the change to
643# daylight savings time was still on a Friday morning but from
644# 2 a.m. IST to 3 a.m. IDT; furthermore, the change back to standard time
645# was also on a Friday morning from 2 a.m. IDT to 1 a.m. IST for
646# 1999 only. In the year 2000, the change to daylight savings time was
647# similar to 1999, but although the change back will be on a Friday, it
648# will take place from 1 a.m. IDT to midnight IST. Starting in 2001, all
649# changes to/from will take place at 1 a.m. old time, but now there is no
650# rule as to what day of the week it will take place in as the start date
651# (except in 2003) is the night after the Passover Seder (i.e. the eve
652# of the 16th of Nisan in the lunar Hebrew calendar) and the end date
653# (except in 2002) is three nights before Yom Kippur [Day of Atonement]
654# (the eve of the 7th of Tishrei in the lunar Hebrew calendar).
655
656# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
657Rule Zion 1989 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
658Rule Zion 1989 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
659Rule Zion 1990 only - Mar 25 0:00 1:00 D
660Rule Zion 1990 only - Aug 26 0:00 0 S
661Rule Zion 1991 only - Mar 24 0:00 1:00 D
662Rule Zion 1991 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 S
663Rule Zion 1992 only - Mar 29 0:00 1:00 D
664Rule Zion 1992 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
665Rule Zion 1993 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 D
666Rule Zion 1993 only - Sep 5 0:00 0 S
667
668# The dates for 1994-1995 were obtained from Office of the Spokeswoman for the
669# Ministry of Interior, Jerusalem, Israel. The spokeswoman can be reached by
670# calling the office directly at 972-2-6701447 or 972-2-6701448.
671
672# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
673Rule Zion 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
674Rule Zion 1994 only - Aug 28 0:00 0 S
675Rule Zion 1995 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
676Rule Zion 1995 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
677
678# The dates for 1996 were determined by the Minister of Interior of the
679# time, Haim Ramon. The official announcement regarding 1996-1998
680# (with the dates for 1997-1998 no longer being relevant) can be viewed at:
681#
682# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz
683#
684# The dates for 1997-1998 were altered by his successor, Rabbi Eli Suissa.
685#
686# The official announcements for the years 1997-1999 can be viewed at:
687#
688# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz
689#
690# where YYYY is the relevant year.
691
692# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
693Rule Zion 1996 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D
694Rule Zion 1996 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S
695Rule Zion 1997 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
696Rule Zion 1997 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S
697Rule Zion 1998 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 D
698Rule Zion 1998 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
699Rule Zion 1999 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 D
700Rule Zion 1999 only - Sep 3 2:00 0 S
701
702# The Knesset Interior Committee has changed the dates for 2000 for
703# the third time in just over a year and have set new dates for the
704# years 2001-2004 as well.
705#
706# The official announcement for the start date of 2000 can be viewed at:
707#
708# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-start.ps.gz
709#
710# The official announcement for the end date of 2000 and the dates
711# for the years 2001-2004 can be viewed at:
712#
713# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2004.ps.gz
714
715# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
716Rule Zion 2000 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
717Rule Zion 2000 only - Oct 6 1:00 0 S
718Rule Zion 2001 only - Apr 9 1:00 1:00 D
719Rule Zion 2001 only - Sep 24 1:00 0 S
720Rule Zion 2002 only - Mar 29 1:00 1:00 D
721Rule Zion 2002 only - Oct 7 1:00 0 S
722Rule Zion 2003 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 D
723Rule Zion 2003 only - Oct 3 1:00 0 S
724Rule Zion 2004 only - Apr 7 1:00 1:00 D
725Rule Zion 2004 only - Sep 22 1:00 0 S
726
727# From Paul Eggert (2000-07-25):
728# Here are guesses for rules after 2004.
729# They are probably wrong, but they are more likely than no DST at all.
730# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
731Rule Zion 2005 max - Apr 1 1:00 1:00 D
732Rule Zion 2005 max - Oct 1 1:00 0 S
733
734# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
735Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880
736 2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?
737 2:00 Zion I%sT
738
739# From Ephraim Silverberg (2002-07-07):
740#
741# The Israeli government today adopted a proposal by Minister of Interior
742# Eli Yishai to shorten the period of Daylight Savings Time for the year
743# 2002 (only -- the dates for 2003 and 2004 are, so far, unaffected).
744#
745# The proposed date to Daylight Savings Time is September 13, 2002 instead
746# of the current date: October 7, 2002. The hour of changeover has not
747# yet been decided.
748#
749# (2002-07-10):
750# While today the Knesset passed the initial proposal to reduce DST by
751# some three weeks, a new compromise is being worked out between
752# Minister of Justice Meir Sheetrit and Minister of Interior Eli
753# Yishai to revert to standard time for a period of 48-96 _hours_
754# (sic) around the Yom Kippur fast day (September 15-16) and then go
755# *back* to DST until the end of October. The details of the proposal
756# have yet to be worked out, but the second and final readings of the
757# bill have until July 24 to pass.
758#
759# (2002-07-25):
760# Thanks go to Yitschak Goldberg from E&M for bringing this (Hebrew) article
761# to my attention:
762#
763# http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-2019315,00.html
764#
765# Hence, the proposal to shorten DST was withdrawn yesterday and the timezone
766# files that have been in effect since July 2000 are still valid for all of
767# 2002.
768#
769# Please note that the article mentions that the Shas MK's intend to
770# bring up their amendment for future years (2003 and beyond). What this
771# means exactly is anyone's guess since there are no set dates yet beyond
772# 2004 and the end day set for 2003 and 2004 is already the 7th of Tishrei
773# (i.e. before the fast of Yom Kippur). The only thing they may want to
774# change is the start date of DST in 2003 from Mar.28.03 (24th of Adar II)
775# to Apr.18.03 (16th of Nisan) so that the Passover Seder will take place
776# during Standard Time. The start date for 2004 is already Nisan 16th.
777
778
779
780###############################################################################
781
782# Japan
783
784# `9:00' and `JST' is from Guy Harris.
785
786# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-03-06):
787# Today's _Asahi Evening News_ (page 4) reports that Japan had
788# daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but ``the system was discontinued
789# because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours.''
790# Shanks writes that daylight saving in Japan during those years was as follows:
791# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
792#Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
793#Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S
794#Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
795#Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
796# but the only locations using it were US military bases.
797# We go with Shanks and omit daylight saving in those years for Asia/Tokyo.
798
799# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):
800# 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical
801# Observatory: E 139 44' 40".90 (9h 18m 58s.727), N 35 39' 16".0.
802# This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'
803# edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....
804# JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).
805# The law is enacted on 1886-07-07.
806
807# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16):
808# The ordinance No. 51 (1886) established "standard time" in Japan,
809# which stands for the time on E 135 degree.
810# In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central
811# standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard
812# time", which stands for the time on E 120 degree.... But "western standard
813# time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.
814# 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is
815# standard....
816#
817# I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.
818# In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.
819
820# Shanks claims JST in use since 1896, and that a few places (e.g. Ishigaki)
821# use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all ordinances took effect on Jan 1.
822
823# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
824Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
825 9:00 - JST 1896
826 9:00 - CJT 1938
827 9:00 - JST
828# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.
829
830# Jordan
831#
832# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html">
833# Jordan Week (1999-07-01) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
834# Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,
835# in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time
836# all year round.
837#
838# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990930/JO9.html">
839# Jordan Week (1999-09-30) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-11-09):
840# Winter time starts today Thursday, 30 September. Clocks will be turned back
841# by one hour. This is the latest government decision and it's final!
842# The decision was taken because of the increase in working hours in
843# government's departments from six to seven hours.
844#
845# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
846Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
847Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
848Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
849Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
850Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
851Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
852Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
853Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
854Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
855Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
856Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
857Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S
858Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S
859Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S
860Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 -
861Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S
862Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
863Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
864Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
865Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 -
866Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S
867Rule Jordan 1999 max - Sep lastThu 0:00s 0 -
868Rule Jordan 2000 max - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S
869# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
870Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
871 2:00 Jordan EE%sT
872
873# Kazakhstan
874# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
875# Andrew Evtichov <evti@chevron.com> (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
876# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
877# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
878# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
879# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
880#
881# From Paul Eggert (2001-10-18):
882# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
883# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
884# Go with Shanks, who has them always using RussiaAsia rules.
885# Also go with the following claims of Shanks:
886#
887# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
888# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
889# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
890#
891#
892# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
893#
894# Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
895Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
896 5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
897 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991
898 6:00 - ALMT 1992
899 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT
900# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
901Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
902 4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
903 5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1
904 5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1
905 6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
906 5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
907 5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
908 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
909 6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT
910# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Akt'ubinsk)
911Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
912 4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
913 5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
914 5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1
915 6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1
916 5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991
917 5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
918 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT # Aqtobe Time
919# Mangghystau
920# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
921# so include time stamps before 1963.
922Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
923 4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
924 5:00 - FORT 1963
925 5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time
926 6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
927 5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
928 5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
929 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Sep lastSun # Aqtau Time
930 4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT
931# West Kazakhstan
932Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
933 4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
934 5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
935 5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
936 6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
937 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
938 4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
939 4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
940 4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT # Oral Time
941
942# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
943# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks.
944# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
945Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 S
946Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
947Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S
948Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
949# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
950Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
951 5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
952 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
953 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
954 5:00 Kirgiz KG%sT # Kirgizstan Time
955
956###############################################################################
957
958# Korea (North and South)
959
960# From Guy Harris:
961# According to someone at the Korean Times in San Francisco,
962# Daylight Savings Time was not observed until 1987. He did not know
963# at what time of day DST starts or ends.
964
965# From Shanks:
966# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
967Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D
968Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
969Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun<=14 0:00 1:00 D
970Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun<=14 0:00 0 S
971
972# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
973Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890
974 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
975 9:00 - KST 1928
976 8:30 - KST 1932
977 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
978 8:00 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10
979 8:30 - KST 1968 Oct
980 9:00 ROK K%sT
981Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1890
982 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
983 9:00 - KST 1928
984 8:30 - KST 1932
985 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
986 8:00 - KST 1961 Aug 10
987 9:00 - KST
988
989###############################################################################
990
991# Kuwait
992# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
993Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
994 3:00 - AST
995
996# Laos
997# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
998Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 # or Viangchan
999 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
1000 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
1001 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
1002 7:00 - ICT
1003
1004# Lebanon
1005# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1006Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S
1007Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -
1008Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
1009Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
1010Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
1011Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1012Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Apr 22 0:00 1:00 S
1013Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1014Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1015Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1016Rule Lebanon 1972 only - Jun 22 0:00 1:00 S
1017Rule Lebanon 1972 1977 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1018Rule Lebanon 1973 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1019Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1020Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
1021Rule Lebanon 1984 1987 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1022Rule Lebanon 1984 1991 - Oct 16 0:00 0 -
1023Rule Lebanon 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
1024Rule Lebanon 1989 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1025Rule Lebanon 1990 1992 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1026Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
1027Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1028Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
1029Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
1030# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1031Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880
1032 2:00 Lebanon EE%sT
1033
1034# Malaysia
1035# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1036Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer
1037Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -
1038#
1039# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1040# peninsular Malaysia
1041Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:48 - LMT 1880
1042 6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time
1043 7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time
1044 7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15
1045 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
1046 7:20 - MALT 1950
1047 7:30 - MALT 1982 May
1048 8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
1049# Sabah & Sarawak
1050Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
1051 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
1052 8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942
1053 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
1054 8:00 - BORT 1982 May
1055 8:00 - MYT
1056
1057# Maldives
1058# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1059Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
1060 4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
1061 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
1062
1063# Mongolia
1064
1065# Shanks says that Mongolia has three time zones, but usno1995 and the CIA map
1066# Standard Time Zones of the World (1997-01)
1067# both say that it has just one.
1068
1069# From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):
1070# <a href="http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm">
1071# General Information Mongolia
1072# </a> (1999-09)
1073# "Time: Mongolia has two time zones. Three westernmost provinces of
1074# Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, and Hovd are one hour earlier than the capital city, and
1075# the rest of the country follows the Ulaanbaatar time, which is UTC/GMT plus
1076# eight hours."
1077
1078# From Rives McDow (1999-12-13):
1079# Mongolia discontinued the use of daylight savings time in 1999; 1998
1080# being the last year it was implemented. The dates of implementation I am
1081# unsure of, but most probably it was similar to Russia, except for the time
1082# of implementation may have been different....
1083# Some maps in the past have indicated that there was an additional time
1084# zone in the eastern part of Mongolia, including the provinces of Dornod,
1085# Suhbaatar, and possibly Khentij.
1086
1087# From Paul Eggert (1999-12-15):
1088# Naming and spelling is tricky in Mongolia.
1089# We'll use Hovd (also spelled Chovd and Khovd) to represent the west zone;
1090# the capital of the Hovd province is sometimes called Hovd, sometimes Dund-Us,
1091# and sometimes Jirgalanta (with variant spellings), but the name Hovd
1092# is good enough for our purposes.
1093
1094# From Rives McDow (2001-05-13):
1095# In addition to Mongolia starting daylight savings as reported earlier
1096# (adopted DST on 2001-04-27 02:00 local time, ending 2001-09-28),
1097# there are three time zones.
1098#
1099# Provinces [at 7:00]: Bayan-ulgii, Uvs, Khovd, Zavkhan, Govi-Altai
1100# Provinces [at 8:00]: Khovsgol, Bulgan, Arkhangai, Khentii, Tov,
1101# Bayankhongor, Ovorkhangai, Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Omnogovi
1102# Provinces [at 9:00]: Dornod, Sukhbaatar
1103#
1104# [The province of Selenge is omitted from the above lists.]
1105
1106# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1107Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1108Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1109# IATA SSIM says 1990s switches occurred at 00:00, but Shanks (1995) lists
1110# them at 02:00s, and McDow says the 2001 switches also occurred at 02:00.
1111# Also, IATA SSIM (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks through 1998.
1112Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1113Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
1114# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.
1115Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr 27 2:00s 1:00 S
1116Rule Mongol 2001 only - Sep 28 2:00s 0 -
1117
1118# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1119# Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta
1120Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug
1121 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
1122 7:00 Mongol HOV%sT
1123# Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga
1124Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug
1125 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
1126 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT
1127# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
1128# Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan
1129Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug
1130 7:00 - ULAT 1978
1131 8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr
1132 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT # Choibalsan Time
1133
1134# Nepal
1135# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1136Zone Asia/Katmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
1137 5:30 - IST 1986
1138 5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time
1139
1140# Oman
1141# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1142Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920
1143 4:00 - GST
1144
1145# Pakistan
1146
1147# From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):
1148# I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a
1149# TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002
1150# and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was
1151# told, but I believe that the actual time of change may be 00:00; the
1152# 00:01 was to make it clear which day it was on.
1153
1154# From Paul Eggert (2002-03-15):
1155# Jesper Norgaard found this URL:
1156# http://www.pak.gov.pk/public/news/app/app06_dec.htm
1157# (dated 2001-12-06) which says that the Cabinet adopted a scheme "to
1158# advance the clocks by one hour on the night between the first
1159# Saturday and Sunday of April and revert to the original position on
1160# 15th October each year". This agrees with McDow's 04-07 at 00:00,
1161# but disagrees about the October transition, and makes it sound like
1162# it's not on a trial basis. Also, the "between the first Saturday
1163# and Sunday of April" phrase, if taken literally, means that the
1164# transition takes place at 00:00 on the first Sunday on or after 04-02.
1165
1166# From Paul Eggert (2003-02-09):
1167# DAWN <http://www.dawn.com/2002/10/06/top13.htm> reported on 2002-10-05
1168# that 2002 DST ended that day at midnight. Go with McDow for now.
1169
1170# From Steffen Thorsen (2003-03-14):
1171# According to http://www.dawn.com/2003/03/07/top15.htm
1172# there will be no DST in Pakistan this year:
1173#
1174# ISLAMABAD, March 6: Information and Media Development Minister Sheikh
1175# Rashid Ahmed on Thursday said the cabinet had reversed a previous
1176# decision to advance clocks by one hour in summer and put them back by
1177# one hour in winter with the aim of saving light hours and energy.
1178#
1179# The minister told a news conference that the experiment had rather
1180# shown 8 per cent higher consumption of electricity.
1181
1182
1183# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1184Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
1185Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
1186# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1187Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
1188 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
1189 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
1190 5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30
1191 5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time
1192 5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time
1193
1194# Palestine
1195
1196# From Amos Shapir <amos@nsof.co.il> (1998-02-15):
1197#
1198# From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now
1199# known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.
1200# Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...
1201#
1202# The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian rule between 1948-05-15 until 1967-06-05
1203# (except a short occupation by Israel from 1956-11 till 1957-03, but no
1204# time zone was affected then). It was never formally annexed to Egypt,
1205# though.
1206#
1207# The rest of Palestine was under Jordanian rule at that time, formally
1208# annexed in 1950 as the West Bank (and the word "Trans" was dropped from
1209# the country's previous name of "the Hashemite Kingdom of the
1210# Trans-Jordan"). So the rules for Jordan for that time apply. Major
1211# towns in that area are Nablus (Shchem), El-Halil (Hebron), Ramallah, and
1212# East Jerusalem.
1213#
1214# Both areas were occupied by Israel in June 1967, but not annexed (except
1215# for East Jerusalem). They were on Israel time since then; there might
1216# have been a Military Governor's order about time zones, but I'm not aware
1217# of any (such orders may have been issued semi-annually whenever summer
1218# time was in effect, but maybe the legal aspect of time was just neglected).
1219#
1220# The Palestinian Authority was established in 1993, and got hold of most
1221# towns in the West Bank and Gaza by 1995. I know that in order to
1222# demonstrate...independence, they have been switching to
1223# summer time and back on a different schedule than Israel's, but I don't
1224# know when this was started, or what algorithm is used (most likely the
1225# Jordanian one).
1226#
1227# To summarize, the table should probably look something like that:
1228#
1229# Area \ when | 1918-1947 | 1948-1967 | 1967-1995 | 1996-
1230# ------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------
1231# Israel | Zion | Zion | Zion | Zion
1232# West bank | Zion | Jordan | Zion | Jordan
1233# Gaza | Zion | Egypt | Zion | Jordan
1234#
1235# I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they
1236# have one).
1237
1238# From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25):
1239# Shanks writes that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but we'll go
1240# with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947,
1241# and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996.
1242# We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since
1243# the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about
1244# occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.
1245# However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries
1246# for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules
1247# to Palestine's rules. If you have more info about this, please
1248# send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions.
1249
1250# From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time,
1251# forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg:
1252#
1253# Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time
1254# last week, the PLO Authority (PA) has decided not to turn its clocks
1255# one-hour forward at this time. As a sign of independence from Israeli rule,
1256# the PA has decided to implement DST in April.
1257
1258# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):
1259# Daoud Kuttab writes in
1260# <a href="http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html">
1261# Holiday havoc
1262# </a> (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that
1263# the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15.
1264# I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source).
1265# For now, let's assume that the spring switch was at 24:00,
1266# and that they switch at 0:00 on the 3rd Fridays of April and October.
1267
1268# The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file.
1269# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1270Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1271Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1272Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1273Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
1274Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1275Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
1276
1277Rule Palestine 1999 max - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S
1278Rule Palestine 1999 max - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
1279
1280# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1281Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
1282 2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15
1283 2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5
1284 2:00 Zion I%sT 1996
1285 2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999
1286 2:00 Palestine EE%sT
1287
1288# Paracel Is
1289# no information
1290
1291# Philippines
1292# On 1844-08-16, Narciso Claveria, governor-general of the
1293# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
1294# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01. Robert H. van Gent has a
1295# transcript of the decree in <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/idl/idl.htm>.
1296# The rest of this data is from Shanks.
1297# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1298Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S
1299Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
1300Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S
1301Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -
1302Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S
1303Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
1304# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1305Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
1306 8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11
1307 8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May
1308 9:00 - JST 1944 Nov
1309 8:00 Phil PH%sT
1310
1311# Qatar
1312# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1313Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
1314 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
1315 3:00 - AST
1316
1317# Saudi Arabia
1318# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1319Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1950
1320 3:00 - AST
1321
1322# Singapore
1323# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1324Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:24 - LMT 1880
1325 6:55:24 - SMT 1905 Jun # Singapore Mean Time
1326 7:00 - MALT 1933 # Malaya Time
1327 7:20 - MALT 1942 Feb 15
1328 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
1329 7:20 - MALT 1950
1330 7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence
1331 7:30 - SGT 1982 May # Singapore Time
1332 8:00 - SGT
1333
1334# Spratly Is
1335# no information
1336
1337# Sri Lanka
1338# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
1339# "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"
1340# (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,
1341# no longer available as of 1999-08-17)
1342# reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at
1343# midnight Friday (1830 GMT) `in the light of the present power crisis'.''
1344#
1345# From Dharmasiri Senanayake, Sri Lanka Media Minister (1996-10-24), as quoted
1346# by Shamindra in
1347# <a href="news:54rka5$m5h@mtinsc01-mgt.ops.worldnet.att.net">
1348# Daily News - Hot News Section (1996-10-26)
1349# </a>:
1350# With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996
1351# Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT.
1352
1353# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1354Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
1355 5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
1356 5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5
1357 5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep
1358 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
1359 5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
1360 6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
1361 6:00 - LKT
1362
1363# Syria
1364# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1365Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S
1366Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
1367Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S
1368Rule Syria 1962 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1369Rule Syria 1963 1965 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1370Rule Syria 1963 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1371Rule Syria 1964 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1372Rule Syria 1965 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1373Rule Syria 1966 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 S
1374Rule Syria 1966 1976 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1375Rule Syria 1967 1978 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1376Rule Syria 1977 1978 - Sep 1 2:00 0 -
1377Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Apr 9 2:00 1:00 S
1378Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1379Rule Syria 1986 only - Feb 16 2:00 1:00 S
1380Rule Syria 1986 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 -
1381Rule Syria 1987 only - Mar 1 2:00 1:00 S
1382Rule Syria 1987 1988 - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
1383Rule Syria 1988 only - Mar 15 2:00 1:00 S
1384Rule Syria 1989 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
1385Rule Syria 1989 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1386Rule Syria 1990 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 S
1387Rule Syria 1990 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1388Rule Syria 1991 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1389Rule Syria 1991 1992 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1390Rule Syria 1992 only - Apr 8 0:00 1:00 S
1391Rule Syria 1993 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
1392Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
1393# IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02;
1394# (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02,
1395# 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31;
1396# ignore all these claims and go with Shanks.
1397Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1398Rule Syria 1994 max - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1399Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S
1400Rule Syria 1999 max - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1401# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1402Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
1403 2:00 Syria EE%sT
1404
1405# Tajikistan
1406# From Shanks.
1407# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1408Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1409 5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
1410 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
1411 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
1412 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
1413
1414# Thailand
1415# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1416Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
1417 6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time
1418 7:00 - ICT
1419
1420# Turkmenistan
1421# From Shanks.
1422# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1423Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
1424 4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
1425 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
1426 4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
1427 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
1428 5:00 - TMT
1429
1430# United Arab Emirates
1431# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1432Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920
1433 4:00 - GST
1434
1435# Uzbekistan
1436# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1437Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1438 4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
1439 5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
1440 5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
1441 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 # Tashkent Time
1442 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
1443 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
1444 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
1445 5:00 - UZT
1446Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1447 5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
1448 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
1449 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
1450 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
1451 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
1452 5:00 - UZT
1453
1454# Vietnam
1455# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18):
1456# Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long.
1457# We'll stick with the traditional name for now.
1458# From Shanks:
1459# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1460Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
1461 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
1462 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
1463 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
1464 7:00 - ICT
1465
1466# Yemen
1467# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1468Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950
1469 3:00 - AST