Switch from OpenSSL 0.9.7d to 0.9.7e.
[dragonfly.git] / secure / lib / libcrypto / man / rc4.3
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1.rn '' }`
2''' $RCSfile$$Revision$$Date$
3'''
4''' $Log$
5'''
6.de Sh
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7.br
8.if t .Sp
9.ne 5
10.PP
11\fB\\$1\fR
12.PP
13..
74dab6c2 14.de Sp
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15.if t .sp .5v
16.if n .sp
17..
74dab6c2 18.de Ip
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19.br
20.ie \\n(.$>=3 .ne \\$3
21.el .ne 3
22.IP "\\$1" \\$2
23..
74dab6c2 24.de Vb
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25.ft CW
26.nf
27.ne \\$1
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74dab6c2 29.de Ve
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30.ft R
31
32.fi
33..
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34'''
35'''
36''' Set up \*(-- to give an unbreakable dash;
37''' string Tr holds user defined translation string.
38''' Bell System Logo is used as a dummy character.
39'''
984263bc 40.tr \(*W-|\(bv\*(Tr
984263bc 41.ie n \{\
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42.ds -- \(*W-
43.ds PI pi
44.if (\n(.H=4u)&(1m=24u) .ds -- \(*W\h'-12u'\(*W\h'-12u'-\" diablo 10 pitch
45.if (\n(.H=4u)&(1m=20u) .ds -- \(*W\h'-12u'\(*W\h'-8u'-\" diablo 12 pitch
46.ds L" ""
47.ds R" ""
48''' \*(M", \*(S", \*(N" and \*(T" are the equivalent of
49''' \*(L" and \*(R", except that they are used on ".xx" lines,
50''' such as .IP and .SH, which do another additional levels of
51''' double-quote interpretation
52.ds M" """
53.ds S" """
54.ds N" """""
55.ds T" """""
56.ds L' '
57.ds R' '
58.ds M' '
59.ds S' '
60.ds N' '
61.ds T' '
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62'br\}
63.el\{\
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64.ds -- \(em\|
65.tr \*(Tr
66.ds L" ``
67.ds R" ''
68.ds M" ``
69.ds S" ''
70.ds N" ``
71.ds T" ''
72.ds L' `
73.ds R' '
74.ds M' `
75.ds S' '
76.ds N' `
77.ds T' '
78.ds PI \(*p
984263bc 79'br\}
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80.\" If the F register is turned on, we'll generate
81.\" index entries out stderr for the following things:
82.\" TH Title
83.\" SH Header
84.\" Sh Subsection
85.\" Ip Item
86.\" X<> Xref (embedded
87.\" Of course, you have to process the output yourself
88.\" in some meaninful fashion.
89.if \nF \{
90.de IX
91.tm Index:\\$1\t\\n%\t"\\$2"
984263bc 92..
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93.nr % 0
94.rr F
984263bc 95.\}
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96.TH rc4 3 "0.9.7d" "2/Sep/2004" "OpenSSL"
97.UC
98.if n .hy 0
984263bc 99.if n .na
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100.ds C+ C\v'-.1v'\h'-1p'\s-2+\h'-1p'+\s0\v'.1v'\h'-1p'
101.de CQ \" put $1 in typewriter font
102.ft CW
103'if n "\c
104'if t \\&\\$1\c
105'if n \\&\\$1\c
106'if n \&"
107\\&\\$2 \\$3 \\$4 \\$5 \\$6 \\$7
108'.ft R
109..
110.\" @(#)ms.acc 1.5 88/02/08 SMI; from UCB 4.2
111. \" AM - accent mark definitions
984263bc 112.bd B 3
74dab6c2 113. \" fudge factors for nroff and troff
984263bc 114.if n \{\
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115. ds #H 0
116. ds #V .8m
117. ds #F .3m
118. ds #[ \f1
119. ds #] \fP
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120.\}
121.if t \{\
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122. ds #H ((1u-(\\\\n(.fu%2u))*.13m)
123. ds #V .6m
124. ds #F 0
125. ds #[ \&
126. ds #] \&
984263bc 127.\}
74dab6c2 128. \" simple accents for nroff and troff
984263bc 129.if n \{\
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130. ds ' \&
131. ds ` \&
132. ds ^ \&
133. ds , \&
134. ds ~ ~
135. ds ? ?
136. ds ! !
137. ds /
138. ds q
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139.\}
140.if t \{\
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141. ds ' \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10-\*(#H)'\'\h"|\\n:u"
142. ds ` \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10-\*(#H)'\`\h'|\\n:u'
143. ds ^ \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*10/11-\*(#H)'^\h'|\\n:u'
144. ds , \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10)',\h'|\\n:u'
145. ds ~ \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu-\*(#H-.1m)'~\h'|\\n:u'
146. ds ? \s-2c\h'-\w'c'u*7/10'\u\h'\*(#H'\zi\d\s+2\h'\w'c'u*8/10'
147. ds ! \s-2\(or\s+2\h'-\w'\(or'u'\v'-.8m'.\v'.8m'
148. ds / \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10-\*(#H)'\z\(sl\h'|\\n:u'
149. ds q o\h'-\w'o'u*8/10'\s-4\v'.4m'\z\(*i\v'-.4m'\s+4\h'\w'o'u*8/10'
984263bc 150.\}
74dab6c2 151. \" troff and (daisy-wheel) nroff accents
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152.ds : \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10-\*(#H+.1m+\*(#F)'\v'-\*(#V'\z.\h'.2m+\*(#F'.\h'|\\n:u'\v'\*(#V'
153.ds 8 \h'\*(#H'\(*b\h'-\*(#H'
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154.ds v \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*9/10-\*(#H)'\v'-\*(#V'\*(#[\s-4v\s0\v'\*(#V'\h'|\\n:u'\*(#]
155.ds _ \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*9/10-\*(#H+(\*(#F*2/3))'\v'-.4m'\z\(hy\v'.4m'\h'|\\n:u'
156.ds . \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*8/10)'\v'\*(#V*4/10'\z.\v'-\*(#V*4/10'\h'|\\n:u'
157.ds 3 \*(#[\v'.2m'\s-2\&3\s0\v'-.2m'\*(#]
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158.ds o \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu+\w'\(de'u-\*(#H)/2u'\v'-.3n'\*(#[\z\(de\v'.3n'\h'|\\n:u'\*(#]
159.ds d- \h'\*(#H'\(pd\h'-\w'~'u'\v'-.25m'\f2\(hy\fP\v'.25m'\h'-\*(#H'
160.ds D- D\\k:\h'-\w'D'u'\v'-.11m'\z\(hy\v'.11m'\h'|\\n:u'
161.ds th \*(#[\v'.3m'\s+1I\s-1\v'-.3m'\h'-(\w'I'u*2/3)'\s-1o\s+1\*(#]
162.ds Th \*(#[\s+2I\s-2\h'-\w'I'u*3/5'\v'-.3m'o\v'.3m'\*(#]
163.ds ae a\h'-(\w'a'u*4/10)'e
164.ds Ae A\h'-(\w'A'u*4/10)'E
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165.ds oe o\h'-(\w'o'u*4/10)'e
166.ds Oe O\h'-(\w'O'u*4/10)'E
167. \" corrections for vroff
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168.if v .ds ~ \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*9/10-\*(#H)'\s-2\u~\d\s+2\h'|\\n:u'
169.if v .ds ^ \\k:\h'-(\\n(.wu*10/11-\*(#H)'\v'-.4m'^\v'.4m'\h'|\\n:u'
74dab6c2 170. \" for low resolution devices (crt and lpr)
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171.if \n(.H>23 .if \n(.V>19 \
172\{\
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173. ds : e
174. ds 8 ss
175. ds v \h'-1'\o'\(aa\(ga'
176. ds _ \h'-1'^
177. ds . \h'-1'.
178. ds 3 3
179. ds o a
180. ds d- d\h'-1'\(ga
181. ds D- D\h'-1'\(hy
182. ds th \o'bp'
183. ds Th \o'LP'
184. ds ae ae
185. ds Ae AE
186. ds oe oe
187. ds Oe OE
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188.\}
189.rm #[ #] #H #V #F C
984263bc 190.SH "NAME"
74dab6c2 191RC4_set_key, RC4 \- RC4 encryption
984263bc 192.SH "SYNOPSIS"
74dab6c2 193.PP
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194.Vb 1
195\& #include <openssl/rc4.h>
196.Ve
197.Vb 1
198\& void RC4_set_key(RC4_KEY *key, int len, const unsigned char *data);
199.Ve
200.Vb 2
201\& void RC4(RC4_KEY *key, unsigned long len, const unsigned char *indata,
202\& unsigned char *outdata);
203.Ve
204.SH "DESCRIPTION"
74dab6c2 205This library implements the Alleged RC4 cipher, which is described for
984263bc 206example in \fIApplied Cryptography\fR. It is believed to be compatible
74dab6c2 207with RC4[TM], a proprietary cipher of RSA Security Inc.
984263bc 208.PP
74dab6c2 209RC4 is a stream cipher with variable key length. Typically, 128 bit
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210(16 byte) keys are used for strong encryption, but shorter insecure
211key sizes have been widely used due to export restrictions.
212.PP
74dab6c2 213RC4 consists of a key setup phase and the actual encryption or
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214decryption phase.
215.PP
74dab6c2 216\fIRC4_set_key()\fR sets up the \fBRC4_KEY\fR \fBkey\fR using the \fBlen\fR bytes long
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217key at \fBdata\fR.
218.PP
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219\fIRC4()\fR encrypts or decrypts the \fBlen\fR bytes of data at \fBindata\fR using
220\fBkey\fR and places the result at \fBoutdata\fR. Repeated \fIRC4()\fR calls with
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221the same \fBkey\fR yield a continuous key stream.
222.PP
74dab6c2 223Since RC4 is a stream cipher (the input is XORed with a pseudo-random
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224key stream to produce the output), decryption uses the same function
225calls as encryption.
226.PP
227Applications should use the higher level functions
228EVP_EncryptInit(3)
74dab6c2 229etc. instead of calling the RC4 functions directly.
984263bc 230.SH "RETURN VALUES"
74dab6c2 231\fIRC4_set_key()\fR and \fIRC4()\fR do not return values.
984263bc 232.SH "NOTE"
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233Certain conditions have to be observed to securely use stream ciphers.
234It is not permissible to perform multiple encryptions using the same
235key stream.
236.SH "SEE ALSO"
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237blowfish(3), des(3), rc2(3)
238.SH "HISTORY"
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239\fIRC4_set_key()\fR and \fIRC4()\fR are available in all versions of SSLeay and OpenSSL.
240
241.rn }` ''
242.IX Title "rc4 3"
243.IX Name "RC4_set_key, RC4 - RC4 encryption"
244
245.IX Header "NAME"
246
247.IX Header "SYNOPSIS"
248
249.IX Header "DESCRIPTION"
250
251.IX Header "RETURN VALUES"
252
253.IX Header "NOTE"
254
255.IX Header "SEE ALSO"
256
984263bc 257.IX Header "HISTORY"
74dab6c2 258