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[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
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bbe9957d 1# @(#)africa 8.10
34850bd5 2# <pre>
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3
4# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
5# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
6# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
7
bd7414aa 8# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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9#
10# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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11# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
12# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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13#
14# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
15# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
16# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
17# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
18# of the IATA's data after 1990.
19#
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20# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
21# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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22#
23# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
24# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
25# I found in the UCLA library.
26#
27# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
28# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
29#
30# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
31# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
9ffe4b14 32# but Mark R V Murray reports that
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33# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
34# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
35# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
36# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
37# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
38#
39# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
40# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
41# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
42# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
43# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
44#
45# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
46# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
47# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
48# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
49# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
50# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
51# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
52# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
53# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
54# until we get more information.
55#
56# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
57# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
58# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
59# 2:44:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
60# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
61# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
62# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
63# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
64
65# Algeria
66# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
67Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 68Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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69Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
70Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
71Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
74Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
75Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
76Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
77Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 78Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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79Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
80Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
81Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
82Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
83Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
84Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
85Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
86Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
87Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
88Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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89# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
90# more precise 0:09:21.
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91# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
92Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
93 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
94 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
95 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
96 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
97 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
98 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
99 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
100 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
101 1:00 - CET
102
103# Angola
104# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
105Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
106 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
107 1:00 - WAT
108
109# Benin
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110# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
111# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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112# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
113Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
114 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
115 1:00 - WAT
116
117# Botswana
118# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
119Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
120 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
121 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
122 2:00 - CAT
123
124# Burkina Faso
125# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
126Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
127 0:00 - GMT
128
129# Burundi
130# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
131Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
132 2:00 - CAT
133
134# Cameroon
bd7414aa 135# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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136# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
137Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
138 1:00 - WAT
139
140# Cape Verde
141# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
142Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
143 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
144 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
145 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
146 -1:00 - CVT
147
148# Central African Republic
149# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
150Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
151 1:00 - WAT
152
153# Chad
154# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
155Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
156 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
157 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
158 1:00 - WAT
159
160# Comoros
161# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
162Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
163 3:00 - EAT
164
165# Democratic Republic of Congo
166# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
167Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
168 1:00 - WAT
169Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
170 2:00 - CAT
171
172# Republic of the Congo
173# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
174Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
175 1:00 - WAT
176
177# Cote D'Ivoire
178# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
179Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
180 0:00 - GMT
181
182# Djibouti
183# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
184Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
185 3:00 - EAT
186
187###############################################################################
188
189# Egypt
190
191# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
192Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
193Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
194Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
196Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
198Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
199Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
200Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
201Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
202Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
203Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
204Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
205Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
206Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
207Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
208Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
209Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
210Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
211# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
212# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
213Rule Egypt 1995 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
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214Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
215# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
216# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
217# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
218# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
219# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
220Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 -
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221# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
222# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
223# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
224# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
225# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
226# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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227# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
228# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
229Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 -
230# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
231# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
232# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
233# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
234# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
235# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
236# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 237# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
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238# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
239Rule Egypt 2008 max - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 -
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240
241# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
242Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct
243 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
244
245# Equatorial Guinea
246# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
247Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
248 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
249 1:00 - WAT
250
251# Eritrea
252# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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253Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
254 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
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255 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
256 3:00 - EAT
257
258# Ethiopia
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259# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
260# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
261# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
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262# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
263# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
264Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
265 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
266 3:00 - EAT
267
268# Gabon
269# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
270Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
271 1:00 - WAT
272
273# Gambia
274# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
275Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
276 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
277 -1:00 - WAT 1964
278 0:00 - GMT
279
280# Ghana
281# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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282# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
283# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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284Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
285Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
286# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
287Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
288 0:00 Ghana %s
289
290# Guinea
291# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
292Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
293 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
294 -1:00 - WAT 1960
295 0:00 - GMT
296
297# Guinea-Bissau
298# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
299Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
300 -1:00 - WAT 1975
301 0:00 - GMT
302
303# Kenya
304# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
305Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
306 3:00 - EAT 1930
307 2:30 - BEAT 1940
308 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1960
309 3:00 - EAT
310
311# Lesotho
312# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
313Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
314 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
315 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
316 2:00 - SAST
317
318# Liberia
bd7414aa 319# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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320# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
321# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
322# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
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323# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
324# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
325# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
326# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
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327# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
328Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
329 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
330 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
331 0:00 - GMT
332
333###############################################################################
334
335# Libya
336
337# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
338Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
339Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
340Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
341Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
342Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
343Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
344Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
345Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
346Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
347Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
348Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
349Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 350Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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351# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
352Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
353 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
354 2:00 - EET 1982
355 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
bd7414aa 356# The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
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357# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
358 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
359 1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
360 1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4
361 2:00 - EET
362
363# Madagascar
364# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
365Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
366 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
367 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
368 3:00 - EAT
369
370# Malawi
371# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
372Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
373 2:00 - CAT
374
375# Mali
376# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
377Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
378 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
379 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
380 0:00 - GMT
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381
382# Mauritania
383# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
384Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
385 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
386 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
387 0:00 - GMT
388
389# Mauritius
390# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
391Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
392 4:00 - MUT # Mauritius Time
393# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
394# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
395
396# Mayotte
397# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
398Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
399 3:00 - EAT
400
401# Morocco
402# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
403# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
404Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
405Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
406Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
407Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
408Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
409Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
410Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
411Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
412Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
413Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
414Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
415Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
416Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
417Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
418Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
419# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
420Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
421 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
422 1:00 - CET 1986
423 0:00 - WET
424# Western Sahara
425Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
426 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
427 0:00 - WET
428
429# Mozambique
430# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
431Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
432 2:00 - CAT
433
434# Namibia
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435# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
436# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
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437
438# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
439# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
440# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
441# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
442# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
443# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
444# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
445# of the country.
446#
447# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
448# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
449# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
450
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451# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
452Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
453Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
454# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
455Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
456 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
457 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
458 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
459 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
460 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
461 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
462
463# Niger
464# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
465Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
466 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
467 0:00 - GMT 1960
468 1:00 - WAT
469
470# Nigeria
471# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
472Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
473 1:00 - WAT
474
475# Reunion
476# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
477Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
478 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
479#
480# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
481# The following information about them is taken from
482# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
483# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
484# We have no info about their time zone histories.
485#
486# Bassas da India - uninhabited
487# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
488# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
489# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
490# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
491
492# Rwanda
493# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
494Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
495 2:00 - CAT
496
497# St Helena
498# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
499Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
500 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
501 0:00 - GMT
502# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
503# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
504# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
505# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
506# on GMT, says the CIA
507# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
508
509# Sao Tome and Principe
510# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
511Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
512 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
513 0:00 - GMT
514
515# Senegal
516# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
517Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
518 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
519 0:00 - GMT
520
521# Seychelles
522# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
523Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
524 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
525# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
526# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
527# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
528# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
529# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
530# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
531
532# Sierra Leone
533# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
bd7414aa 534# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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535Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
536Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
537Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
538Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
539# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
540Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
541 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
542 -1:00 SL %s 1957
543 0:00 SL %s
544
545# Somalia
546# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
547Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
548 3:00 - EAT 1931
549 2:30 - BEAT 1957
550 3:00 - EAT
551
552# South Africa
553# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
554Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
555Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
556# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
557Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
558 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
559 2:00 SA SAST
560# Marion and Prince Edward Is
561# scientific station since 1947
562# no information
563
564# Sudan
565#
566# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
567# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
568# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
569# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
570# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
571# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
572#
573# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
574Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
575Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
576Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
577Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
578# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
579Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
580 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
581 3:00 - EAT
582
583# Swaziland
584# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
585Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
586 2:00 - SAST
587
588# Tanzania
589# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
590Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
591 3:00 - EAT 1948
592 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1961
593 3:00 - EAT
594
595# Togo
596# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
597Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
598 0:00 - GMT
599
600# Tunisia
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601
602# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
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603# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
604# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
605# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
606# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
607# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
608# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
609# Saturday." (My translation)
610#
611# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
612# LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
613# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
614# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
615# 1h standard time.
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616#
617# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
618# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
619# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
620# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
621# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
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623# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
624Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
625Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
626Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
627Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
628Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
629Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
630Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
631Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
632Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
633Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
634Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
635Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
636Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
637Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
638Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
639Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
640Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
641Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
642Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
643Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
644Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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645Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
646Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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647Rule Tunisia 2006 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
648Rule Tunisia 2006 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
649# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
650# more precise 0:09:21.
651# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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652# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
653Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
654 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
655 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
656
657# Uganda
658# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
659Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
660 3:00 - EAT 1930
661 2:30 - BEAT 1948
662 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1957
663 3:00 - EAT
664
665# Zambia
666# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
667Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
668 2:00 - CAT
669
670# Zimbabwe
671# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
672Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
673 2:00 - CAT