Return child exit status through ProcStuff.
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / asia
CommitLineData
ba5ba9da 1# @(#)asia 7.75
984263bc
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2
3# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
4# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
5# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
6
7# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22):
8#
9# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
10# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
11# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
12#
13# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
14# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
15# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
16# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
17# of the IATA's data after 1990.
18#
19# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
20# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
21#
22# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
23# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
24# I found in the UCLA library.
25#
26# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
27# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
28#
29# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
30# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
31# Corrections are welcome!
32# std dst
33# LMT Local Mean Time
34# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time
35# 2:00 IST IDT Israel
36# 3:00 AST ADT Arabia*
37# 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran
38# 4:00 GST Gulf*
39# 5:30 IST India
40# 7:00 ICT Indochina*
41# 7:00 WIT west Indonesia
42# 8:00 CIT central Indonesia
43# 8:00 CST China
44# 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)*
45# 9:00 EIT east Indonesia
46# 9:00 JST Japan
47# 9:00 KST Korea
48# 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time
49#
50# See the `europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.
51
52# From Guy Harris:
53# Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as
54# additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental
55# Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide -
56# Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses.
57
58###############################################################################
59
60# These rules are stolen from the `europe' file.
61# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
62Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S
63Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
64Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
65Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
66Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
67Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
68Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
69Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
70Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
71Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
72Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
73Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
74Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
75Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
76
77# Afghanistan
78# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
79Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
80 4:00 - AFT 1945
81 4:30 - AFT
82
83# Armenia
84# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
85# Shanks has Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) in spring 1991,
86# then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then readopting Russian DST in 1997.
87# Go with Shanks, even when he disagrees with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz
88# <edd@AIC.NET> reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST
89# in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that
90# Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
91# but started switching at 3:00s in 1998.
92# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
93Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
94 3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
95 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
96 3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
97 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
98 4:00 - AMT 1997
99 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT
100
101# Azerbaijan
102# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
103Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 1:00 1:00 S
104Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 1:00 0 -
105# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
106Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
107 3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
108 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
109 3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
110 3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s
111 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time
112 4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
113 4:00 Azer AZ%sT
114
115# Bahrain
116# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
117Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Al Manamah
118 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
119 3:00 - AST
120
121# Bangladesh
122# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
123Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890
124 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
125 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
126 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
127 6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30
128 6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time
129 6:00 - BDT # Bangladesh Time
130
131# Bhutan
132# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
133Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu
134 5:30 - IST 1987 Oct
135 6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time
136
137# British Indian Ocean Territory
138# Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the
139# 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996.
140# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
141Zone Indian/Chagos 5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time
142 6:00 - IOT
143
144# Brunei
145# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
146Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
147 7:30 - BNT 1933
148 8:00 - BNT
149
150# Burma / Myanmar
151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
152Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
153 6:24:36 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
154 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
155 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
156 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
157
158# Cambodia
159# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
160Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
161 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
162 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
163 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
164 7:00 - ICT
165
166# China
167
168# From Guy Harris:
169# People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.
170
171# From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):
172# No they don't. See TIME mag, 1986-02-17 p.52. Even though
173# China is across 4 physical time zones, before Feb 1, 1986 only the
174# Peking (Bejing) time zone was recognized. Since that date, China
175# has two of 'em -- Peking's and Urumqi (named after the capital of
176# the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it.
177#
178# . . .I just deleted the DST table and this editor makes it too
179# painful to suck in another copy.. So, here is what I have for
180# DST start/end dates for Peking's time zone (info from AP):
181#
182# 1986 May 4 - Sept 14
183# 1987 mid-April - ??
184
185# From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):
186# CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN
187# CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10
188
189# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-12-19):
190# Shanks writes that China has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1,
191# observing summer DST from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's
192# note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986.
193# Go with Shanks for now. I made up names for the other pre-1980 time zones.
194
195# From Shanks:
196# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
197Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
198Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
199Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D
200Rule PRC 1949 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S
201Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D
202Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S
203Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
204#
205# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
206#
207# From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):
208# BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five
209# historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official
210# Chinese names for these locales (before 1949):
211# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)
212Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin
213 8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time
214 8:00 - CST 1940
215 9:00 - CHAT 1966 May
216 8:30 - CHAT 1980 May
217 8:00 PRC C%sT
218# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time")
219Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:52 - LMT 1928
220 8:00 Shang C%sT 1949
221 8:00 PRC C%sT
222# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
223Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking
224 7:00 - LONT 1980 May # Long-shu Time
225 8:00 PRC C%sT
226# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time")
227Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 # or Urumchi
228 6:00 - URUT 1980 May # Urumqi Time
229 8:00 PRC C%sT
230# Kunlun Time
231Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar
232 5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time
233 5:00 - KAST 1980 May
234 8:00 PRC C%sT
235
236# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
237# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
238Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S
239Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 -
240Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S
241Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 -
242Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S
243Rule HK 1948 1952 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 -
244Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S
245Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 -
246Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S
247Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 -
248Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
249Rule HK 1965 1977 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
250Rule HK 1965 1977 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
251Rule HK 1979 1980 - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S
252Rule HK 1979 1980 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
253# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
254Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
255 8:00 HK HK%sT
256
257
258###############################################################################
259
260# Taiwan
261
262# Shanks writes that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it
263# was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't
264# have any other information.
265
266# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
267Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
268Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
269Rule Taiwan 1952 only - Mar 1 0:00 1:00 D
270Rule Taiwan 1952 1954 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
271Rule Taiwan 1953 1959 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
272Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
273Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
274Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
275Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
276Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D
277Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
278# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
279Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 # or Taibei or T'ai-pei
280 8:00 Taiwan C%sT
281
282# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
283# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
284Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
285Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
286Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
287Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
288Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
289Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 -
290Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
291Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
292Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
293Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
294Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 -
295Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S
296Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
297Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
298# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
299Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912
300 8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China
301 8:00 PRC C%sT
302
303
304###############################################################################
305
306# Cyprus
307# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
308Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S
309Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -
310Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S
311Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -
312Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
313Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
314Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -
315Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
316Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
317# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
318Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14
319 2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep
320 2:00 EUAsia EE%sT
321# IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.
322
323# Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.
324# However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.
325Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
326
327# Georgia
328# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1994-11-19):
329# Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward
330# an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,
331# an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!
332# We have no details, but we'll guess they didn't move the clocks back in fall.
333#
334# From Mathew Englander <mathew@io.org>, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04):
335# Instead of putting back clocks at the end of October, Georgia
336# will stay on daylight savings time this winter to save energy,
337# President Eduard Shevardnadze decreed Wednesday.
ba5ba9da
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338#
339# From the BBC via Joseph S. Myers (2004-06-27):
340#
341# Georgia moved closer to Western Europe on Sunday... The former Soviet
342# republic has changed its time zone back to that of Moscow. As a result it
343# is now just four hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, rather than five hours
344# ahead. The switch was decreed by the pro-Western president of Georgia,
345# Mikhail Saakashvili, who said the change was partly prompted by the process
346# of integration into Europe.
347
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348# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
349Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:16 - LMT 1880
350 2:59:16 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
351 3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
352 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
353 3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
354 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
355 3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
356 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
357 4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
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358 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27
359 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT
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360
361# East Timor
362
363# From Joao Carrascalao, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in
364# <a href="http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm">
365# East Timor may be late for its millennium
366# </a> (1999-12-26/31):
367# Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun
368# rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the
369# Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it
370# conflicts with their way of life.
371
372# From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):
373# We don't have any record of the above attempt.
374# Most likely our records are incomplete, but we have no better data.
375
376# <a href="http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/last/00-08-16.undh.html">
377# From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General
378# (2000-08-16)</a>:
379# The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided
380# today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,
381# which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at
382# midnight on Saturday, September 16.
383
384# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
385Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912
386 8:00 - TPT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
387 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
388 9:00 - TPT 1976 May 3
389 8:00 - CIT 2000 Sep 17 00:00
390 9:00 - TPT
391
392# India
393# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
ba5ba9da 394Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
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395 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
396 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
397 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
398 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
399 5:30 - IST
400# The following are like Asia/Calcutta:
401# Andaman Is
402# Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)
403# Nicobar Is
404
405# Indonesia
406#
407# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks:
408# <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>
409# says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some
410# time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
411# and Kalimantan Tengah) switching from UTC+8 to UTC+7.
412#
413# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
414Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
415# Shanks says the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
416# but this must be a typo.
417 7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta
418 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
419 7:30 - WIT 1942 Mar 23
420 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
421 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
422 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
423 7:30 - WIT 1964
424 7:00 - WIT
425Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May
426 7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT
427 7:30 - WIT 1942 Jan 29
428 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
429 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
430 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
431 7:30 - WIT 1964
432 8:00 - CIT 1988 Jan 1
433 7:00 - WIT
434Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920
435 7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT
436 8:00 - CIT 1942 Feb 9
437 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug
438 8:00 - CIT
439Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
440 9:00 - EIT 1944
441 9:30 - CST 1964
442 9:00 - EIT
443
444# Iran
445
446# From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15):
447# This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian).
448# The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:
449#
450# Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16]
451# No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]
452#
453# The Rule About Change of the Official Time of the Country
454#
455# The Board of Ministers, in the meeting dated 1370/5/23 [1991-08-14],
456# based on the suggestion number 2221/D dated 1370/4/22 [1991-07-13]
457# of the Country's Organization for Official and Employment Affairs,
458# and referring to the law for equating the working hours of workers
459# and officers in the whole country dated 1359/4/23 [1980-07-14], and
460# for synchronizing the official times of the country, agreed that:
461#
462# The official time of the country will should move forward one hour
463# at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return
464# to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of
465# Shahrivar.
466#
467# First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi
468#
469# From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed
470# for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the
471# date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last
472# Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates....
473# I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct
474# here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time.
475
476# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-15)
477# Go with Shanks before September 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
478# I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates.
479# The Persian calendar is based on the sun, and dates after around 2050
480# are approximate; stop after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow.
481#
482# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
483Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
484Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S
485Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 S
486Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 S
487Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 D
488Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
489Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
490Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
491Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
492Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
493Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
494Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
495Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
496Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
497Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
498Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
499Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
500Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
501Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
502Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
503Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
504Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
505Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
506Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
507Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
508Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
509Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
510Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
511Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
512Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
513Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
514Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
515Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
516Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
517Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
518Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
519Rule Iran 2024 2025 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
520Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
521Rule Iran 2026 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
522Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
523Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
524Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
525Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
526Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
527Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
528Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
529Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
530Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
531Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
532# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
533Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
534 3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
535 3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov
536 4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979
537 3:30 Iran IR%sT
538
539
540# Iraq
541#
542# From Jonathan Lennox <lennox@cs.columbia.edu> (2000-06-12):
543# An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in
544# the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:
545# "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and
546# are an hour ahead of Baghdad."
547#
548# But Rives McDow (2000-06-18) quotes a contact in Iraqi-Kurdistan as follows:
549# In the past, some Kurdish nationalists, as a protest to the Iraqi
550# Government, did not adhere to daylight saving time. They referred
551# to daylight saving as Saddam time. But, as of today, the time zone
552# in Iraqi-Kurdistan is on standard time with Baghdad, Iraq.
553#
554# So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.
555
556# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
557Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
558Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
559Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
560Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
561Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S
562Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D
563# IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo.
564# Shanks says Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997 or 1999 on; ignore this.
565Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D
566Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
567# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
568Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
569 2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
570 3:00 - AST 1982 May
571 3:00 Iraq A%sT
572
573
574###############################################################################
575
576# Israel
577
578# From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11):
579#
580# I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three
581# different abbreviations in use:
582#
583# JST Jerusalem Standard Time [Danny Braniss, Hebrew University]
584# IZT Israel Zonal (sic) Time [Prof. Haim Papo, Technion]
585# EEST Eastern Europe Standard Time [used by almost everyone else]
586#
587# Since timezones should be called by country and not capital cities,
588# I ruled out JST. As Israel is in Asia Minor and not Eastern Europe,
589# EEST was equally unacceptable. Since "zonal" was not compatible with
590# any other timezone abbreviation, I felt that 'IST' was the way to go
591# and, indeed, it has received almost universal acceptance in timezone
592# settings in Israeli computers.
593#
594# In any case, I am happy to share timezone abbreviations with India,
595# high on my favorite-country list (and not only because my wife's
596# family is from India).
597
598# From Shanks:
599# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
600Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
601Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
602Rule Zion 1943 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
603Rule Zion 1944 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
604Rule Zion 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
605Rule Zion 1945 only - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
606Rule Zion 1946 only - Apr 16 2:00 1:00 D
607Rule Zion 1946 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
608Rule Zion 1948 only - May 23 0:00 2:00 DD
609Rule Zion 1948 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 D
610Rule Zion 1948 1949 - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
611Rule Zion 1949 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
612Rule Zion 1950 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
613Rule Zion 1950 only - Sep 15 3:00 0 S
614Rule Zion 1951 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
615Rule Zion 1951 only - Nov 11 3:00 0 S
616Rule Zion 1952 only - Apr 20 2:00 1:00 D
617Rule Zion 1952 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 S
618Rule Zion 1953 only - Apr 12 2:00 1:00 D
619Rule Zion 1953 only - Sep 13 3:00 0 S
620Rule Zion 1954 only - Jun 13 0:00 1:00 D
621Rule Zion 1954 only - Sep 12 0:00 0 S
622Rule Zion 1955 only - Jun 11 2:00 1:00 D
623Rule Zion 1955 only - Sep 11 0:00 0 S
624Rule Zion 1956 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
625Rule Zion 1956 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 S
626Rule Zion 1957 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 D
627Rule Zion 1957 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
628Rule Zion 1974 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 D
629Rule Zion 1974 only - Oct 13 0:00 0 S
630Rule Zion 1975 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 D
631Rule Zion 1975 only - Aug 31 0:00 0 S
632Rule Zion 1985 only - Apr 14 0:00 1:00 D
633Rule Zion 1985 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
634Rule Zion 1986 only - May 18 0:00 1:00 D
635Rule Zion 1986 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S
636Rule Zion 1987 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D
637Rule Zion 1987 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
638Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 9 0:00 1:00 D
639Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
640
641# From Ephraim Silverberg <ephraim@cs.huji.ac.il>
642# (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, 2000-01-17 and 2000-07-25):
643
644# According to the Office of the Secretary General of the Ministry of
645# Interior, there is NO set rule for Daylight-Savings/Standard time changes.
646# One thing is entrenched in law, however: that there must be at least 150
647# days of daylight savings time annually. From 1993-1998, the change to
648# daylight savings time was on a Friday morning from midnight IST to
649# 1 a.m IDT; up until 1998, the change back to standard time was on a
650# Saturday night from midnight daylight savings time to 11 p.m. standard
651# time. 1996 is an exception to this rule where the change back to standard
652# time took place on Sunday night instead of Saturday night to avoid
653# conflicts with the Jewish New Year. In 1999, the change to
654# daylight savings time was still on a Friday morning but from
655# 2 a.m. IST to 3 a.m. IDT; furthermore, the change back to standard time
656# was also on a Friday morning from 2 a.m. IDT to 1 a.m. IST for
657# 1999 only. In the year 2000, the change to daylight savings time was
658# similar to 1999, but although the change back will be on a Friday, it
659# will take place from 1 a.m. IDT to midnight IST. Starting in 2001, all
660# changes to/from will take place at 1 a.m. old time, but now there is no
661# rule as to what day of the week it will take place in as the start date
662# (except in 2003) is the night after the Passover Seder (i.e. the eve
663# of the 16th of Nisan in the lunar Hebrew calendar) and the end date
664# (except in 2002) is three nights before Yom Kippur [Day of Atonement]
665# (the eve of the 7th of Tishrei in the lunar Hebrew calendar).
666
667# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
668Rule Zion 1989 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
669Rule Zion 1989 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
670Rule Zion 1990 only - Mar 25 0:00 1:00 D
671Rule Zion 1990 only - Aug 26 0:00 0 S
672Rule Zion 1991 only - Mar 24 0:00 1:00 D
673Rule Zion 1991 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 S
674Rule Zion 1992 only - Mar 29 0:00 1:00 D
675Rule Zion 1992 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
676Rule Zion 1993 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 D
677Rule Zion 1993 only - Sep 5 0:00 0 S
678
679# The dates for 1994-1995 were obtained from Office of the Spokeswoman for the
680# Ministry of Interior, Jerusalem, Israel. The spokeswoman can be reached by
681# calling the office directly at 972-2-6701447 or 972-2-6701448.
682
683# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
684Rule Zion 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
685Rule Zion 1994 only - Aug 28 0:00 0 S
686Rule Zion 1995 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
687Rule Zion 1995 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
688
689# The dates for 1996 were determined by the Minister of Interior of the
690# time, Haim Ramon. The official announcement regarding 1996-1998
691# (with the dates for 1997-1998 no longer being relevant) can be viewed at:
692#
693# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz
694#
695# The dates for 1997-1998 were altered by his successor, Rabbi Eli Suissa.
696#
697# The official announcements for the years 1997-1999 can be viewed at:
698#
699# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz
700#
701# where YYYY is the relevant year.
702
703# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
704Rule Zion 1996 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D
705Rule Zion 1996 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S
706Rule Zion 1997 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
707Rule Zion 1997 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S
708Rule Zion 1998 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 D
709Rule Zion 1998 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
710Rule Zion 1999 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 D
711Rule Zion 1999 only - Sep 3 2:00 0 S
712
713# The Knesset Interior Committee has changed the dates for 2000 for
714# the third time in just over a year and have set new dates for the
715# years 2001-2004 as well.
716#
717# The official announcement for the start date of 2000 can be viewed at:
718#
719# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-start.ps.gz
720#
721# The official announcement for the end date of 2000 and the dates
722# for the years 2001-2004 can be viewed at:
723#
724# ftp://ftp.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2004.ps.gz
725
726# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
727Rule Zion 2000 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
728Rule Zion 2000 only - Oct 6 1:00 0 S
729Rule Zion 2001 only - Apr 9 1:00 1:00 D
730Rule Zion 2001 only - Sep 24 1:00 0 S
731Rule Zion 2002 only - Mar 29 1:00 1:00 D
732Rule Zion 2002 only - Oct 7 1:00 0 S
733Rule Zion 2003 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 D
734Rule Zion 2003 only - Oct 3 1:00 0 S
735Rule Zion 2004 only - Apr 7 1:00 1:00 D
736Rule Zion 2004 only - Sep 22 1:00 0 S
737
738# From Paul Eggert (2000-07-25):
739# Here are guesses for rules after 2004.
740# They are probably wrong, but they are more likely than no DST at all.
741# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
742Rule Zion 2005 max - Apr 1 1:00 1:00 D
743Rule Zion 2005 max - Oct 1 1:00 0 S
744
745# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
746Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880
747 2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?
748 2:00 Zion I%sT
749
ba5ba9da 750# From Ephraim Silverberg (2003-03-23):
984263bc 751#
ba5ba9da
JR
752# Minister of Interior Poraz has announced that he will respect the law
753# passed in July 2000 (proposed at the time jointly by himself and
754# then-MK David Azulai [Shas]) fixing the dates for 2000-2004. Hence,
755# the dates for 2003 and 2004 remain unchanged....
984263bc 756#
ba5ba9da
JR
757# As far as 2005 and beyond, no dates have been set. However, the
758# minister has mentioned that he wishes to propose to move Israel's
759# timezone in 2005 from GMT+2 to GMT+3 and upon that have DST during
760# the summer months (i.e. GMT+4). However, no legislation in this
761# direction is expected until the latter part of 2004 which is a long
762# time off in terms of Israeli politics.
984263bc
MD
763
764
765
766###############################################################################
767
768# Japan
769
770# `9:00' and `JST' is from Guy Harris.
771
772# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1995-03-06):
773# Today's _Asahi Evening News_ (page 4) reports that Japan had
774# daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but ``the system was discontinued
775# because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours.''
776# Shanks writes that daylight saving in Japan during those years was as follows:
777# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
778#Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
779#Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S
780#Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
781#Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
782# but the only locations using it were US military bases.
783# We go with Shanks and omit daylight saving in those years for Asia/Tokyo.
784
785# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):
786# 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical
787# Observatory: E 139 44' 40".90 (9h 18m 58s.727), N 35 39' 16".0.
788# This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'
789# edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....
790# JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).
791# The law is enacted on 1886-07-07.
792
793# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16):
794# The ordinance No. 51 (1886) established "standard time" in Japan,
795# which stands for the time on E 135 degree.
796# In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central
797# standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard
798# time", which stands for the time on E 120 degree.... But "western standard
799# time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.
800# 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is
801# standard....
802#
803# I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.
804# In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.
805
806# Shanks claims JST in use since 1896, and that a few places (e.g. Ishigaki)
807# use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all ordinances took effect on Jan 1.
808
809# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
810Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
811 9:00 - JST 1896
812 9:00 - CJT 1938
813 9:00 - JST
814# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.
815
816# Jordan
817#
818# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html">
819# Jordan Week (1999-07-01) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
820# Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,
821# in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time
822# all year round.
823#
824# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990930/JO9.html">
825# Jordan Week (1999-09-30) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-11-09):
826# Winter time starts today Thursday, 30 September. Clocks will be turned back
827# by one hour. This is the latest government decision and it's final!
828# The decision was taken because of the increase in working hours in
829# government's departments from six to seven hours.
830#
831# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
832Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
833Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
834Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
835Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
836Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
837Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
838Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
839Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
840Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
841Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
842Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
843Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S
844Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S
845Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S
846Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 -
847Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S
848Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
849Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
850Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
851Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 -
852Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S
853Rule Jordan 1999 max - Sep lastThu 0:00s 0 -
854Rule Jordan 2000 max - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S
855# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
856Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
857 2:00 Jordan EE%sT
858
859# Kazakhstan
860# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
861# Andrew Evtichov <evti@chevron.com> (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
862# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
863# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
864# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
865# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
866#
867# From Paul Eggert (2001-10-18):
868# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
869# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
870# Go with Shanks, who has them always using RussiaAsia rules.
871# Also go with the following claims of Shanks:
872#
873# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
874# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
875# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
876#
877#
878# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
879#
880# Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
881Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
882 5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
883 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991
884 6:00 - ALMT 1992
885 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT
886# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
887Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
888 4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
889 5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1
890 5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1
891 6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
892 5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
893 5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
894 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
895 6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT
896# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Akt'ubinsk)
897Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
898 4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
899 5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
900 5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1
901 6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1
902 5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991
903 5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
904 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT # Aqtobe Time
905# Mangghystau
906# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
907# so include time stamps before 1963.
908Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
909 4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
910 5:00 - FORT 1963
911 5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time
912 6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
913 5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
914 5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
ba5ba9da 915 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
984263bc
MD
916 4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT
917# West Kazakhstan
918Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
919 4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
920 5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
921 5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
922 6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
923 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
924 4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
925 4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
926 4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT # Oral Time
927
928# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
929# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks.
930# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
931Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 S
932Rule Kirgiz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
933Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S
934Rule Kirgiz 1997 max - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
935# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
936Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
937 5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
938 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
939 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
940 5:00 Kirgiz KG%sT # Kirgizstan Time
941
942###############################################################################
943
944# Korea (North and South)
945
946# From Guy Harris:
947# According to someone at the Korean Times in San Francisco,
948# Daylight Savings Time was not observed until 1987. He did not know
949# at what time of day DST starts or ends.
950
951# From Shanks:
952# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
953Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D
954Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
955Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun<=14 0:00 1:00 D
956Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun<=14 0:00 0 S
957
958# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
959Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890
960 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
961 9:00 - KST 1928
962 8:30 - KST 1932
963 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
964 8:00 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10
965 8:30 - KST 1968 Oct
966 9:00 ROK K%sT
967Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1890
968 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
969 9:00 - KST 1928
970 8:30 - KST 1932
971 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
972 8:00 - KST 1961 Aug 10
973 9:00 - KST
974
975###############################################################################
976
977# Kuwait
978# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
979Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
980 3:00 - AST
981
982# Laos
983# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
984Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 # or Viangchan
985 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
986 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
987 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
988 7:00 - ICT
989
990# Lebanon
991# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
992Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S
993Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -
994Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
995Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
996Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
997Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
998Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Apr 22 0:00 1:00 S
999Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1000Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1001Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1002Rule Lebanon 1972 only - Jun 22 0:00 1:00 S
1003Rule Lebanon 1972 1977 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1004Rule Lebanon 1973 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1005Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1006Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
1007Rule Lebanon 1984 1987 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1008Rule Lebanon 1984 1991 - Oct 16 0:00 0 -
1009Rule Lebanon 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
1010Rule Lebanon 1989 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1011Rule Lebanon 1990 1992 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1012Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
1013Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1014Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
1015Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
1016# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1017Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880
1018 2:00 Lebanon EE%sT
1019
1020# Malaysia
1021# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1022Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer
1023Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -
1024#
984263bc 1025# peninsular Malaysia
ba5ba9da
JR
1026# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
1027# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
1028# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1029Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
1030 6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
1031 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
1032 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
1033 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
1034 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
1035 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
1036 7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1
984263bc
MD
1037 8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
1038# Sabah & Sarawak
ba5ba9da
JR
1039# From Paul Eggert (2003-11-01):
1040# The data here are mostly from Shanks, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982
1041# transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
1042# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
984263bc
MD
1043Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
1044 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
ba5ba9da
JR
1045 8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16
1046 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
1047 8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1
984263bc
MD
1048 8:00 - MYT
1049
1050# Maldives
1051# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1052Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
1053 4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
1054 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
1055
1056# Mongolia
1057
1058# Shanks says that Mongolia has three time zones, but usno1995 and the CIA map
1059# Standard Time Zones of the World (1997-01)
1060# both say that it has just one.
1061
1062# From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):
1063# <a href="http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm">
1064# General Information Mongolia
1065# </a> (1999-09)
1066# "Time: Mongolia has two time zones. Three westernmost provinces of
1067# Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, and Hovd are one hour earlier than the capital city, and
1068# the rest of the country follows the Ulaanbaatar time, which is UTC/GMT plus
1069# eight hours."
1070
1071# From Rives McDow (1999-12-13):
1072# Mongolia discontinued the use of daylight savings time in 1999; 1998
1073# being the last year it was implemented. The dates of implementation I am
1074# unsure of, but most probably it was similar to Russia, except for the time
1075# of implementation may have been different....
1076# Some maps in the past have indicated that there was an additional time
1077# zone in the eastern part of Mongolia, including the provinces of Dornod,
1078# Suhbaatar, and possibly Khentij.
1079
1080# From Paul Eggert (1999-12-15):
1081# Naming and spelling is tricky in Mongolia.
1082# We'll use Hovd (also spelled Chovd and Khovd) to represent the west zone;
1083# the capital of the Hovd province is sometimes called Hovd, sometimes Dund-Us,
1084# and sometimes Jirgalanta (with variant spellings), but the name Hovd
1085# is good enough for our purposes.
1086
1087# From Rives McDow (2001-05-13):
1088# In addition to Mongolia starting daylight savings as reported earlier
1089# (adopted DST on 2001-04-27 02:00 local time, ending 2001-09-28),
1090# there are three time zones.
1091#
1092# Provinces [at 7:00]: Bayan-ulgii, Uvs, Khovd, Zavkhan, Govi-Altai
1093# Provinces [at 8:00]: Khovsgol, Bulgan, Arkhangai, Khentii, Tov,
1094# Bayankhongor, Ovorkhangai, Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Omnogovi
1095# Provinces [at 9:00]: Dornod, Sukhbaatar
1096#
1097# [The province of Selenge is omitted from the above lists.]
1098
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JR
1099# From Ganbold Ts., Ulaanbaatar <ganbold@micom.mng.net> (2004-04-17):
1100# Daylight saving occurs at 02:00 local time last Saturday of March.
1101# It will change back to normal at 02:00 local time last Saturday of
1102# September.... As I remember this rule was changed in 2001.
1103#
1104# From Paul Eggert (2004-04-17):
1105# For now, assume Rives McDow's informant got confused about Friday vs
1106# Saturday, and that his 2001 dates should have 1 added to them.
1107
984263bc
MD
1108# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1109Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1110Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1111# IATA SSIM says 1990s switches occurred at 00:00, but Shanks (1995) lists
1112# them at 02:00s, and McDow says the 2001 switches also occurred at 02:00.
1113# Also, IATA SSIM (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks through 1998.
1114Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1115Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
1116# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.
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JR
1117Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
1118Rule Mongol 2001 max - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 -
1119Rule Mongol 2002 max - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
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MD
1120
1121# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1122# Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta
1123Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug
1124 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
1125 7:00 Mongol HOV%sT
1126# Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga
1127Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug
1128 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
1129 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT
1130# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
1131# Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan
1132Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug
1133 7:00 - ULAT 1978
1134 8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr
1135 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT # Choibalsan Time
1136
1137# Nepal
1138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1139Zone Asia/Katmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
1140 5:30 - IST 1986
1141 5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time
1142
1143# Oman
1144# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1145Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920
1146 4:00 - GST
1147
1148# Pakistan
1149
1150# From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):
1151# I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a
1152# TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002
1153# and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was
1154# told, but I believe that the actual time of change may be 00:00; the
1155# 00:01 was to make it clear which day it was on.
1156
1157# From Paul Eggert (2002-03-15):
1158# Jesper Norgaard found this URL:
1159# http://www.pak.gov.pk/public/news/app/app06_dec.htm
1160# (dated 2001-12-06) which says that the Cabinet adopted a scheme "to
1161# advance the clocks by one hour on the night between the first
1162# Saturday and Sunday of April and revert to the original position on
1163# 15th October each year". This agrees with McDow's 04-07 at 00:00,
1164# but disagrees about the October transition, and makes it sound like
1165# it's not on a trial basis. Also, the "between the first Saturday
1166# and Sunday of April" phrase, if taken literally, means that the
1167# transition takes place at 00:00 on the first Sunday on or after 04-02.
1168
1169# From Paul Eggert (2003-02-09):
1170# DAWN <http://www.dawn.com/2002/10/06/top13.htm> reported on 2002-10-05
1171# that 2002 DST ended that day at midnight. Go with McDow for now.
1172
1173# From Steffen Thorsen (2003-03-14):
1174# According to http://www.dawn.com/2003/03/07/top15.htm
1175# there will be no DST in Pakistan this year:
1176#
1177# ISLAMABAD, March 6: Information and Media Development Minister Sheikh
1178# Rashid Ahmed on Thursday said the cabinet had reversed a previous
1179# decision to advance clocks by one hour in summer and put them back by
1180# one hour in winter with the aim of saving light hours and energy.
1181#
1182# The minister told a news conference that the experiment had rather
1183# shown 8 per cent higher consumption of electricity.
1184
1185
1186# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1187Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
1188Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
1189# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1190Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
1191 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
1192 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
1193 5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30
1194 5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time
1195 5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time
1196
1197# Palestine
1198
1199# From Amos Shapir <amos@nsof.co.il> (1998-02-15):
1200#
1201# From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now
1202# known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.
1203# Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...
1204#
1205# The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian rule between 1948-05-15 until 1967-06-05
1206# (except a short occupation by Israel from 1956-11 till 1957-03, but no
1207# time zone was affected then). It was never formally annexed to Egypt,
1208# though.
1209#
1210# The rest of Palestine was under Jordanian rule at that time, formally
1211# annexed in 1950 as the West Bank (and the word "Trans" was dropped from
1212# the country's previous name of "the Hashemite Kingdom of the
1213# Trans-Jordan"). So the rules for Jordan for that time apply. Major
1214# towns in that area are Nablus (Shchem), El-Halil (Hebron), Ramallah, and
1215# East Jerusalem.
1216#
1217# Both areas were occupied by Israel in June 1967, but not annexed (except
1218# for East Jerusalem). They were on Israel time since then; there might
1219# have been a Military Governor's order about time zones, but I'm not aware
1220# of any (such orders may have been issued semi-annually whenever summer
1221# time was in effect, but maybe the legal aspect of time was just neglected).
1222#
1223# The Palestinian Authority was established in 1993, and got hold of most
1224# towns in the West Bank and Gaza by 1995. I know that in order to
1225# demonstrate...independence, they have been switching to
1226# summer time and back on a different schedule than Israel's, but I don't
1227# know when this was started, or what algorithm is used (most likely the
1228# Jordanian one).
1229#
1230# To summarize, the table should probably look something like that:
1231#
1232# Area \ when | 1918-1947 | 1948-1967 | 1967-1995 | 1996-
1233# ------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------
1234# Israel | Zion | Zion | Zion | Zion
1235# West bank | Zion | Jordan | Zion | Jordan
1236# Gaza | Zion | Egypt | Zion | Jordan
1237#
1238# I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they
1239# have one).
1240
1241# From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25):
1242# Shanks writes that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but we'll go
1243# with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947,
1244# and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996.
1245# We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since
1246# the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about
1247# occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.
1248# However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries
1249# for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules
1250# to Palestine's rules. If you have more info about this, please
1251# send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions.
1252
1253# From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time,
1254# forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg:
1255#
1256# Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time
1257# last week, the PLO Authority (PA) has decided not to turn its clocks
1258# one-hour forward at this time. As a sign of independence from Israeli rule,
1259# the PA has decided to implement DST in April.
1260
1261# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):
1262# Daoud Kuttab writes in
1263# <a href="http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html">
1264# Holiday havoc
1265# </a> (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that
1266# the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15.
1267# I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source).
1268# For now, let's assume that the spring switch was at 24:00,
1269# and that they switch at 0:00 on the 3rd Fridays of April and October.
1270
1271# The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file.
1272# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1273Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1274Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1275Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1276Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
1277Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1278Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
1279
1280Rule Palestine 1999 max - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S
1281Rule Palestine 1999 max - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
1282
1283# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1284Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
1285 2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15
1286 2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5
1287 2:00 Zion I%sT 1996
1288 2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999
1289 2:00 Palestine EE%sT
1290
1291# Paracel Is
1292# no information
1293
1294# Philippines
1295# On 1844-08-16, Narciso Claveria, governor-general of the
1296# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
1297# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01. Robert H. van Gent has a
1298# transcript of the decree in <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/idl/idl.htm>.
1299# The rest of this data is from Shanks.
1300# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1301Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S
1302Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
1303Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S
1304Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -
1305Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S
1306Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
1307# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1308Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
1309 8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11
1310 8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May
1311 9:00 - JST 1944 Nov
1312 8:00 Phil PH%sT
1313
1314# Qatar
1315# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1316Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
1317 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
1318 3:00 - AST
1319
1320# Saudi Arabia
1321# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1322Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1950
1323 3:00 - AST
1324
1325# Singapore
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JR
1326# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
1327# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
984263bc 1328# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
ba5ba9da
JR
1329Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
1330 6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
1331 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
1332 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
1333 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
1334 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
1335 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
984263bc 1336 7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence
ba5ba9da 1337 7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time
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MD
1338 8:00 - SGT
1339
1340# Spratly Is
1341# no information
1342
1343# Sri Lanka
1344# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
1345# "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"
1346# (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,
1347# no longer available as of 1999-08-17)
1348# reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at
1349# midnight Friday (1830 GMT) `in the light of the present power crisis'.''
1350#
1351# From Dharmasiri Senanayake, Sri Lanka Media Minister (1996-10-24), as quoted
1352# by Shamindra in
1353# <a href="news:54rka5$m5h@mtinsc01-mgt.ops.worldnet.att.net">
1354# Daily News - Hot News Section (1996-10-26)
1355# </a>:
1356# With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996
1357# Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT.
1358
1359# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1360Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
1361 5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
1362 5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5
1363 5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep
1364 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
1365 5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
1366 6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
1367 6:00 - LKT
1368
1369# Syria
1370# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1371Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S
1372Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
1373Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S
1374Rule Syria 1962 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1375Rule Syria 1963 1965 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1376Rule Syria 1963 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1377Rule Syria 1964 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1378Rule Syria 1965 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1379Rule Syria 1966 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 S
1380Rule Syria 1966 1976 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1381Rule Syria 1967 1978 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1382Rule Syria 1977 1978 - Sep 1 2:00 0 -
1383Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Apr 9 2:00 1:00 S
1384Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1385Rule Syria 1986 only - Feb 16 2:00 1:00 S
1386Rule Syria 1986 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 -
1387Rule Syria 1987 only - Mar 1 2:00 1:00 S
1388Rule Syria 1987 1988 - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
1389Rule Syria 1988 only - Mar 15 2:00 1:00 S
1390Rule Syria 1989 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
1391Rule Syria 1989 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1392Rule Syria 1990 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 S
1393Rule Syria 1990 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1394Rule Syria 1991 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1395Rule Syria 1991 1992 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1396Rule Syria 1992 only - Apr 8 0:00 1:00 S
1397Rule Syria 1993 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
1398Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
1399# IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02;
1400# (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02,
1401# 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31;
1402# ignore all these claims and go with Shanks.
1403Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1404Rule Syria 1994 max - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1405Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S
1406Rule Syria 1999 max - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1407# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1408Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
1409 2:00 Syria EE%sT
1410
1411# Tajikistan
1412# From Shanks.
1413# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1414Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1415 5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
1416 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
1417 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
1418 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
1419
1420# Thailand
1421# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1422Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
1423 6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time
1424 7:00 - ICT
1425
1426# Turkmenistan
1427# From Shanks.
1428# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1429Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
1430 4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
1431 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
1432 4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
1433 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
1434 5:00 - TMT
1435
1436# United Arab Emirates
1437# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1438Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920
1439 4:00 - GST
1440
1441# Uzbekistan
1442# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1443Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1444 4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
1445 5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
1446 5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
1447 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 # Tashkent Time
1448 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
1449 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
1450 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
1451 5:00 - UZT
1452Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
1453 5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
1454 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
1455 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
1456 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
1457 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
1458 5:00 - UZT
1459
1460# Vietnam
1461# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1993-11-18):
1462# Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long.
1463# We'll stick with the traditional name for now.
1464# From Shanks:
1465# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1466Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
1467 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
1468 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
1469 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
1470 7:00 - ICT
1471
1472# Yemen
1473# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1474Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950
1475 3:00 - AST