bge: Avoid accessing invalid internal memory region on BCM5906
[dragonfly.git] / sys / netgraph / ng_sample.c
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1
2/*
3 * ng_sample.c
4 *
5 * Copyright (c) 1996-1999 Whistle Communications, Inc.
6 * All rights reserved.
7 *
8 * Subject to the following obligations and disclaimer of warranty, use and
9 * redistribution of this software, in source or object code forms, with or
10 * without modifications are expressly permitted by Whistle Communications;
11 * provided, however, that:
12 * 1. Any and all reproductions of the source or object code must include the
13 * copyright notice above and the following disclaimer of warranties; and
14 * 2. No rights are granted, in any manner or form, to use Whistle
15 * Communications, Inc. trademarks, including the mark "WHISTLE
16 * COMMUNICATIONS" on advertising, endorsements, or otherwise except as
17 * such appears in the above copyright notice or in the software.
18 *
19 * THIS SOFTWARE IS BEING PROVIDED BY WHISTLE COMMUNICATIONS "AS IS", AND
20 * TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, WHISTLE COMMUNICATIONS MAKES NO
21 * REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, REGARDING THIS SOFTWARE,
22 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
23 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
24 * WHISTLE COMMUNICATIONS DOES NOT WARRANT, GUARANTEE, OR MAKE ANY
25 * REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING THE USE OF, OR THE RESULTS OF THE USE OF THIS
26 * SOFTWARE IN TERMS OF ITS CORRECTNESS, ACCURACY, RELIABILITY OR OTHERWISE.
27 * IN NO EVENT SHALL WHISTLE COMMUNICATIONS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES
28 * RESULTING FROM OR ARISING OUT OF ANY USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING
29 * WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY,
30 * PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
31 * SERVICES, LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, HOWEVER CAUSED AND UNDER ANY
32 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
33 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
34 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF WHISTLE COMMUNICATIONS IS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY
35 * OF SUCH DAMAGE.
36 *
37 * Author: Julian Elischer <julian@freebsd.org>
38 *
39 * $FreeBSD: src/sys/netgraph/ng_sample.c,v 1.7.2.3 2002/07/02 23:44:03 archie Exp $
40 * $Whistle: ng_sample.c,v 1.13 1999/11/01 09:24:52 julian Exp $
41 */
42
43#include <sys/param.h>
44#include <sys/systm.h>
45#include <sys/kernel.h>
46#include <sys/mbuf.h>
47#include <sys/malloc.h>
48#include <sys/ctype.h>
49#include <sys/errno.h>
50#include <sys/syslog.h>
51
52#include <netgraph/ng_message.h>
53#include <netgraph/ng_parse.h>
54#include <netgraph/ng_sample.h>
55#include <netgraph/netgraph.h>
56
57/*
58 * This section contains the netgraph method declarations for the
59 * sample node. These methods define the netgraph 'type'.
60 */
61
62static ng_constructor_t ng_xxx_constructor;
63static ng_rcvmsg_t ng_xxx_rcvmsg;
64static ng_shutdown_t ng_xxx_rmnode;
65static ng_newhook_t ng_xxx_newhook;
66static ng_connect_t ng_xxx_connect;
67static ng_rcvdata_t ng_xxx_rcvdata; /* note these are both ng_rcvdata_t */
68static ng_rcvdata_t ng_xxx_rcvdataq; /* note these are both ng_rcvdata_t */
69static ng_disconnect_t ng_xxx_disconnect;
70
71/* Parse type for struct ngxxxstat */
72static const struct ng_parse_struct_field ng_xxx_stat_type_fields[]
73 = NG_XXX_STATS_TYPE_INFO;
74static const struct ng_parse_type ng_xxx_stat_type = {
75 &ng_parse_struct_type,
76 &ng_xxx_stat_type_fields
77};
78
79/* List of commands and how to convert arguments to/from ASCII */
80static const struct ng_cmdlist ng_xxx_cmdlist[] = {
81 {
82 NGM_XXX_COOKIE,
83 NGM_XXX_GET_STATUS,
84 "getstatus",
85 NULL,
86 &ng_xxx_stat_type,
87 },
88 {
89 NGM_XXX_COOKIE,
90 NGM_XXX_SET_FLAG,
91 "setflag",
92 &ng_parse_int32_type,
93 NULL
94 },
95 { 0 }
96};
97
98/* Netgraph node type descriptor */
99static struct ng_type typestruct = {
100 NG_VERSION,
101 NG_XXX_NODE_TYPE,
102 NULL,
103 ng_xxx_constructor,
104 ng_xxx_rcvmsg,
105 ng_xxx_rmnode,
106 ng_xxx_newhook,
107 NULL,
108 ng_xxx_connect,
109 ng_xxx_rcvdata,
110 ng_xxx_rcvdataq,
111 ng_xxx_disconnect,
112 ng_xxx_cmdlist
113};
114NETGRAPH_INIT(xxx, &typestruct);
115
116/* Information we store for each hook on each node */
117struct XXX_hookinfo {
118 int dlci; /* The DLCI it represents, -1 == downstream */
119 int channel; /* The channel representing this DLCI */
120 hook_p hook;
121};
122
123/* Information we store for each node */
124struct XXX {
125 struct XXX_hookinfo channel[XXX_NUM_DLCIS];
126 struct XXX_hookinfo downstream_hook;
127 node_p node; /* back pointer to node */
128 hook_p debughook;
129 u_int packets_in; /* packets in from downstream */
130 u_int packets_out; /* packets out towards downstream */
131 u_int32_t flags;
132};
133typedef struct XXX *xxx_p;
134
135/*
136 * Allocate the private data structure and the generic node
137 * and link them together.
138 *
139 * ng_make_node_common() returns with a generic node struct
140 * with a single reference for us.. we transfer it to the
141 * private structure.. when we free the private struct we must
142 * unref the node so it gets freed too.
143 *
144 * If this were a device node than this work would be done in the attach()
145 * routine and the constructor would return EINVAL as you should not be able
146 * to creatednodes that depend on hardware (unless you can add the hardware :)
147 */
148static int
149ng_xxx_constructor(node_p *nodep)
150{
151 xxx_p privdata;
152 int i, error;
153
154 /* Initialize private descriptor */
884717e1 155 privdata = kmalloc(sizeof(*privdata), M_NETGRAPH, M_NOWAIT | M_ZERO);
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156 if (privdata == NULL)
157 return (ENOMEM);
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158 for (i = 0; i < XXX_NUM_DLCIS; i++) {
159 privdata->channel[i].dlci = -2;
160 privdata->channel[i].channel = i;
161 }
162
163 /* Call the 'generic' (ie, superclass) node constructor */
164 if ((error = ng_make_node_common(&typestruct, nodep))) {
884717e1 165 kfree(privdata, M_NETGRAPH);
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166 return (error);
167 }
168
169 /* Link structs together; this counts as our one reference to *nodep */
170 (*nodep)->private = privdata;
171 privdata->node = *nodep;
172 return (0);
173}
174
175/*
176 * Give our ok for a hook to be added...
177 * If we are not running this might kick a device into life.
178 * Possibly decode information out of the hook name.
179 * Add the hook's private info to the hook structure.
180 * (if we had some). In this example, we assume that there is a
181 * an array of structs, called 'channel' in the private info,
182 * one for each active channel. The private
183 * pointer of each hook points to the appropriate XXX_hookinfo struct
184 * so that the source of an input packet is easily identified.
185 * (a dlci is a frame relay channel)
186 */
187static int
188ng_xxx_newhook(node_p node, hook_p hook, const char *name)
189{
190 const xxx_p xxxp = node->private;
191 const char *cp;
192 int dlci = 0;
193 int chan;
194
195#if 0
196 /* Possibly start up the device if it's not already going */
197 if ((xxxp->flags & SCF_RUNNING) == 0) {
198 ng_xxx_start_hardware(xxxp);
199 }
200#endif
201
202 /* Example of how one might use hooks with embedded numbers: All
203 * hooks start with 'dlci' and have a decimal trailing channel
204 * number up to 4 digits Use the leadin defined int he associated .h
205 * file. */
206 if (strncmp(name,
207 NG_XXX_HOOK_DLCI_LEADIN, strlen(NG_XXX_HOOK_DLCI_LEADIN)) == 0) {
208 char *eptr;
209
210 cp = name + sizeof(NG_XXX_HOOK_DLCI_LEADIN);
211 if (!isdigit(*cp) || (cp[0] == '0' && cp[1] != '\0'))
212 return (EINVAL);
213 dlci = (int)strtoul(cp, &eptr, 10);
214 if (*eptr != '\0' || dlci < 0 || dlci > 1023)
215 return (EINVAL);
216
217 /* We have a dlci, now either find it, or allocate it */
218 for (chan = 0; chan < XXX_NUM_DLCIS; chan++)
219 if (xxxp->channel[chan].dlci == dlci)
220 break;
221 if (chan == XXX_NUM_DLCIS) {
222 for (chan = 0; chan < XXX_NUM_DLCIS; chan++)
223 if (xxxp->channel[chan].dlci != -2)
224 continue;
225 if (chan == XXX_NUM_DLCIS)
226 return (ENOBUFS);
227 }
228 if (xxxp->channel[chan].hook != NULL)
229 return (EADDRINUSE);
230 hook->private = xxxp->channel + chan;
231 xxxp->channel[chan].hook = hook;
232 return (0);
233 } else if (strcmp(name, NG_XXX_HOOK_DOWNSTREAM) == 0) {
234 /* Example of simple predefined hooks. */
235 /* do something specific to the downstream connection */
236 xxxp->downstream_hook.hook = hook;
237 hook->private = &xxxp->downstream_hook;
238 } else if (strcmp(name, NG_XXX_HOOK_DEBUG) == 0) {
239 /* do something specific to a debug connection */
240 xxxp->debughook = hook;
241 hook->private = NULL;
242 } else
243 return (EINVAL); /* not a hook we know about */
244 return(0);
245}
246
247/*
248 * Get a netgraph control message.
249 * Check it is one we understand. If needed, send a response.
250 * We could save the address for an async action later, but don't here.
251 * Always free the message.
252 * The response should be in a malloc'd region that the caller can 'free'.
253 * A response is not required.
254 * Theoretically you could respond defferently to old message types if
255 * the cookie in the header didn't match what we consider to be current
256 * (so that old userland programs could continue to work).
257 */
258static int
259ng_xxx_rcvmsg(node_p node,
260 struct ng_mesg *msg, const char *retaddr, struct ng_mesg **rptr)
261{
262 const xxx_p xxxp = node->private;
263 struct ng_mesg *resp = NULL;
264 int error = 0;
265
266 /* Deal with message according to cookie and command */
267 switch (msg->header.typecookie) {
268 case NGM_XXX_COOKIE:
269 switch (msg->header.cmd) {
270 case NGM_XXX_GET_STATUS:
271 {
272 struct ngxxxstat *stats;
273
274 NG_MKRESPONSE(resp, msg, sizeof(*stats), M_NOWAIT);
275 if (!resp) {
276 error = ENOMEM;
277 break;
278 }
279 stats = (struct ngxxxstat *) resp->data;
280 stats->packets_in = xxxp->packets_in;
281 stats->packets_out = xxxp->packets_out;
282 break;
283 }
284 case NGM_XXX_SET_FLAG:
285 if (msg->header.arglen != sizeof(u_int32_t)) {
286 error = EINVAL;
287 break;
288 }
289 xxxp->flags = *((u_int32_t *) msg->data);
290 break;
291 default:
292 error = EINVAL; /* unknown command */
293 break;
294 }
295 break;
296 default:
297 error = EINVAL; /* unknown cookie type */
298 break;
299 }
300
301 /* Take care of synchronous response, if any */
302 if (rptr)
303 *rptr = resp;
304 else if (resp)
884717e1 305 kfree(resp, M_NETGRAPH);
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306
307 /* Free the message and return */
884717e1 308 kfree(msg, M_NETGRAPH);
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309 return(error);
310}
311
312/*
313 * Receive data, and do something with it.
314 * Possibly send it out on another link after processing.
315 * Possibly do something different if it comes from different
316 * hooks. the caller will never free m or meta, so
317 * if we use up this data or abort we must free BOTH of these.
318 *
319 * If we want, we may decide to force this data to be queued and reprocessed
320 * at the netgraph NETISR time. (at which time it will be entered using ng_xxx_rcvdataq().
321 */
322static int
323ng_xxx_rcvdata(hook_p hook, struct mbuf *m, meta_p meta)
324{
325 int dlci = -2;
326
327 if (hook->private) {
328 /*
329 * If it's dlci 1023, requeue it so that it's handled
330 * at a lower priority. This is how a node decides to
331 * defer a data message.
332 */
333 dlci = ((struct XXX_hookinfo *) hook->private)->dlci;
334 if (dlci == 1023) {
335 return(ng_queue_data(hook->peer, m, meta));
336 }
337 }
338 return(ng_xxx_rcvdataq(hook, m, meta));
339}
340
341/*
342 * Always accept the data. This version of rcvdata is called from the dequeueing routine.
343 */
344static int
345ng_xxx_rcvdataq(hook_p hook, struct mbuf *m, meta_p meta)
346{
347 const xxx_p xxxp = hook->node->private;
348 int chan = -2;
349 int dlci = -2;
350 int error;
351
352 if (hook->private) {
353 dlci = ((struct XXX_hookinfo *) hook->private)->dlci;
354 chan = ((struct XXX_hookinfo *) hook->private)->channel;
355 if (dlci != -1) {
356 /* If received on a DLCI hook process for this
357 * channel and pass it to the downstream module.
358 * Normally one would add a multiplexing header at
359 * the front here */
360 /* M_PREPEND(....) ; */
361 /* mtod(m, xxxxxx)->dlci = dlci; */
362 error = ng_send_data(xxxp->downstream_hook.hook,
363 m, meta);
364 xxxp->packets_out++;
365 } else {
366 /* data came from the multiplexed link */
367 dlci = 1; /* get dlci from header */
368 /* madjust(....) *//* chop off header */
369 for (chan = 0; chan < XXX_NUM_DLCIS; chan++)
370 if (xxxp->channel[chan].dlci == dlci)
371 break;
372 if (chan == XXX_NUM_DLCIS) {
373 NG_FREE_DATA(m, meta);
374 return (ENETUNREACH);
375 }
376 /* If we were called at splnet, use the following:
377 * NG_SEND_DATA(error, otherhook, m, meta); if this
378 * node is running at some SPL other than SPLNET
379 * then you should use instead: error =
380 * ng_queueit(otherhook, m, meta); m = NULL: meta =
381 * NULL; this queues the data using the standard
382 * NETISR system and schedules the data to be picked
383 * up again once the system has moved to SPLNET and
384 * the processing of the data can continue. after
385 * these are run 'm' and 'meta' should be considered
386 * as invalid and NG_SEND_DATA actually zaps them. */
387 NG_SEND_DATA(error, xxxp->channel[chan].hook, m, meta);
388 xxxp->packets_in++;
389 }
390 } else {
391 /* It's the debug hook, throw it away.. */
392 if (hook == xxxp->downstream_hook.hook)
393 NG_FREE_DATA(m, meta);
394 }
395 return 0;
396}
397
398#if 0
399/*
400 * If this were a device node, the data may have been received in response
401 * to some interrupt.
402 * in which case it would probably look as follows:
403 */
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404void
405devintr(void)
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406{
407 meta_p meta = NULL; /* whatever metadata we might imagine goes
408 * here */
409
410 /* get packet from device and send on */
411 m = MGET(blah blah)
412 error = ng_queueit(upstream, m, meta); /* see note above in
413 * xxx_rcvdata() */
414}
415
416#endif /* 0 */
417
418/*
419 * Do local shutdown processing..
420 * If we are a persistant device, we might refuse to go away, and
421 * we'd only remove our links and reset ourself.
422 */
423static int
424ng_xxx_rmnode(node_p node)
425{
426 const xxx_p privdata = node->private;
427
428 node->flags |= NG_INVALID;
429 ng_cutlinks(node);
430#ifndef PERSISTANT_NODE
431 ng_unname(node);
432 node->private = NULL;
433 ng_unref(privdata->node);
884717e1 434 kfree(privdata, M_NETGRAPH);
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435#else
436 privdata->packets_in = 0; /* reset stats */
437 privdata->packets_out = 0;
438 node->flags &= ~NG_INVALID; /* reset invalid flag */
439#endif /* PERSISTANT_NODE */
440 return (0);
441}
442
443/*
444 * This is called once we've already connected a new hook to the other node.
445 * It gives us a chance to balk at the last minute.
446 */
447static int
448ng_xxx_connect(hook_p hook)
449{
450 /* be really amiable and just say "YUP that's OK by me! " */
451 return (0);
452}
453
454/*
455 * Dook disconnection
456 *
457 * For this type, removal of the last link destroys the node
458 */
459static int
460ng_xxx_disconnect(hook_p hook)
461{
462 if (hook->private)
463 ((struct XXX_hookinfo *) (hook->private))->hook = NULL;
464 if (hook->node->numhooks == 0)
465 ng_rmnode(hook->node);
466 return (0);
467}
468