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1# @(#)africa 7.36
2
3# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
4# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
5# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
6
7# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1999-03-22):
8#
9# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
10# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
11# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
12#
13# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
14# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
15# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
16# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
17# of the IATA's data after 1990.
18#
19# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
20# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
21#
22# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
23# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
24# I found in the UCLA library.
25#
26# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
27# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
28#
29# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
30# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
31# but Mark R V Murray <markm@grondar.za> reports that
32# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
33# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
34# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
35# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
36# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
37#
38# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
39# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
40# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
41# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
42# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
43#
44# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
45# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
46# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
47# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
48# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
49# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
50# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
51# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
52# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
53# until we get more information.
54#
55# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
56# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
57# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
58# 2:44:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
59# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
60# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
61# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
62# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
63
64# Algeria
65# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
66Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
67Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun<=7 23:00s 0 -
68Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
69Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
70Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
71Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
73Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
75Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
76Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
77Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon<=7 2:00 1:00 S
78Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
79Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
80Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
81Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
83Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
84Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
85Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
86Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
87Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
88# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
89# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
90Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
91 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
92 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
93 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
94 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
95 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
96 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
97 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
98 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
99 1:00 - CET
100
101# Angola
102# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
103Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
104 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
105 1:00 - WAT
106
107# Benin
108# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934; go with Shanks.
109# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
110Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
111 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
112 1:00 - WAT
113
114# Botswana
115# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
116Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
117 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
118 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
119 2:00 - CAT
120
121# Burkina Faso
122# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
123Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
124 0:00 - GMT
125
126# Burundi
127# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
128Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
129 2:00 - CAT
130
131# Cameroon
132# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks.
133# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
134Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
135 1:00 - WAT
136
137# Cape Verde
138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
139Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
140 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
141 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
142 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
143 -1:00 - CVT
144
145# Central African Republic
146# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
147Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
148 1:00 - WAT
149
150# Chad
151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
152Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
153 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
154 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
155 1:00 - WAT
156
157# Comoros
158# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
159Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
160 3:00 - EAT
161
162# Democratic Republic of Congo
163# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
164Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
165 1:00 - WAT
166Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
167 2:00 - CAT
168
169# Republic of the Congo
170# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
171Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
172 1:00 - WAT
173
174# Cote D'Ivoire
175# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
176Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
177 0:00 - GMT
178
179# Djibouti
180# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
181Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
182 3:00 - EAT
183
184###############################################################################
185
186# Egypt
187
188# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
189Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
190Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
191Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
192Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
193Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
194Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
195Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
196Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
198Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
199Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
200Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
201Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
202Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
203Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
204Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
205Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
206Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
207Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
208# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
209# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
210Rule Egypt 1995 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
211Rule Egypt 1995 max - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
212
213# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
214Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct
215 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
216
217# Equatorial Guinea
218# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
219Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
220 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
221 1:00 - WAT
222
223# Eritrea
224# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
225Zone Africa/Asmera 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
226 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmera Mean Time
227 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
228 3:00 - EAT
229
230# Ethiopia
231# From Paul Eggert (1997-10-05):
232# Shanks writes that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones between
233# 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
234# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
235# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
236Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
237 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
238 3:00 - EAT
239
240# Gabon
241# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
242Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
243 1:00 - WAT
244
245# Gambia
246# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
247Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
248 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
249 -1:00 - WAT 1964
250 0:00 - GMT
251
252# Ghana
253# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
254# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; go with Shanks.
255Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
256Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
257# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
258Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
259 0:00 Ghana %s
260
261# Guinea
262# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
263Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
264 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
265 -1:00 - WAT 1960
266 0:00 - GMT
267
268# Guinea-Bissau
269# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
270Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
271 -1:00 - WAT 1975
272 0:00 - GMT
273
274# Kenya
275# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
276Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
277 3:00 - EAT 1930
278 2:30 - BEAT 1940
279 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1960
280 3:00 - EAT
281
282# Lesotho
283# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
284Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
285 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
286 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
287 2:00 - SAST
288
289# Liberia
290# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (2001-07-17):
291# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
292# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
293# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
294# Shanks reports the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; go with Shanks.
295# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks reports -0:44, whereas Howse and Whitman
296# each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
297# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
298Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
299 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
300 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
301 0:00 - GMT
302
303###############################################################################
304
305# Libya
306
307# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
308Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
309Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
310Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
311Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
312Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
313Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
314Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
315Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
316Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
317Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
318Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
319Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
320Rule Libya 1987 1990 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
321# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
322Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
323 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
324 2:00 - EET 1982
325 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
326# The following entries are all from Shanks;
327# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
328 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
329 1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
330 1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4
331 2:00 - EET
332
333# Madagascar
334# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
335Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
336 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
337 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
338 3:00 - EAT
339
340# Malawi
341# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
342Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
343 2:00 - CAT
344
345# Mali
346# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
347Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
348 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
349 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
350 0:00 - GMT
351# no longer different from Bamako, but too famous to omit
352Zone Africa/Timbuktu -0:12:04 - LMT 1912
353 0:00 - GMT
354
355# Mauritania
356# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
357Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
358 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
359 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
360 0:00 - GMT
361
362# Mauritius
363# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
364Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
365 4:00 - MUT # Mauritius Time
366# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
367# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
368
369# Mayotte
370# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
371Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
372 3:00 - EAT
373
374# Morocco
375# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
376# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
377Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
378Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
379Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
380Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
381Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
382Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
383Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
384Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
385Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
386Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
387Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
388Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
389Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
390Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
391Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
392# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
393Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
394 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
395 1:00 - CET 1986
396 0:00 - WET
397# Western Sahara
398Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
399 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
400 0:00 - WET
401
402# Mozambique
403# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
404Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
405 2:00 - CAT
406
407# Namibia
408# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks.
409# Shanks reports no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
410# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
411Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
412Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
413# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
414Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
415 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
416 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
417 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
418 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
419 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
420 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
421
422# Niger
423# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
424Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
425 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
426 0:00 - GMT 1960
427 1:00 - WAT
428
429# Nigeria
430# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
431Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
432 1:00 - WAT
433
434# Reunion
435# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
436Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
437 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
438#
439# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
440# The following information about them is taken from
441# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
442# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
443# We have no info about their time zone histories.
444#
445# Bassas da India - uninhabited
446# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
447# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
448# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
449# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
450
451# Rwanda
452# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
453Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
454 2:00 - CAT
455
456# St Helena
457# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
458Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
459 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
460 0:00 - GMT
461# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
462# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
463# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
464# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
465# on GMT, says the CIA
466# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
467
468# Sao Tome and Principe
469# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
470Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
471 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
472 0:00 - GMT
473
474# Senegal
475# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
476Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
477 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
478 0:00 - GMT
479
480# Seychelles
481# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
482Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
483 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
484# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
485# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
486# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
487# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
488# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
489# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
490
491# Sierra Leone
492# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
493# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks.
494Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
495Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
496Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
497Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
498# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
499Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
500 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
501 -1:00 SL %s 1957
502 0:00 SL %s
503
504# Somalia
505# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
506Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
507 3:00 - EAT 1931
508 2:30 - BEAT 1957
509 3:00 - EAT
510
511# South Africa
512# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
513Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
514Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
515# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
516Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
517 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
518 2:00 SA SAST
519# Marion and Prince Edward Is
520# scientific station since 1947
521# no information
522
523# Sudan
524#
525# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
526# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
527# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
528# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
529# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
530# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
531#
532# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
533Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
534Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
535Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
536Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
537# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
538Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
539 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
540 3:00 - EAT
541
542# Swaziland
543# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
544Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
545 2:00 - SAST
546
547# Tanzania
548# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
549Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
550 3:00 - EAT 1948
551 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1961
552 3:00 - EAT
553
554# Togo
555# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
556Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
557 0:00 - GMT
558
559# Tunisia
560# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
561Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
562Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
563Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
564Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
565Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
566Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
567Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
568Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
569Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
570Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
571Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
572Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
573Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
574Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
575Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
576Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
577Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
578Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
579Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
580Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
581Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
582# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
583# Shanks says the 1911 switch occurred on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
584# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
585Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
586 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
587 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
588
589# Uganda
590# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
591Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
592 3:00 - EAT 1930
593 2:30 - BEAT 1948
594 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1957
595 3:00 - EAT
596
597# Zambia
598# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
599Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
600 2:00 - CAT
601
602# Zimbabwe
603# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
604Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
605 2:00 - CAT