Merge branch 'vendor/GREP'
[dragonfly.git] / games / fortune / Notes
e2f5ccfb 1$DragonFly: src/games/fortune/Notes,v 1.2 2008/07/09 18:19:39 thomas Exp $
2# @(#)Notes 8.1 (Berkeley) 5/31/93
5 The fortunes contained in the fortune database have been collected
6 haphazardly from a cacophony of sources, in number so huge it
7 boggles the mind. It is impossible to do any meaningful quality
8 control on attributions, or lack thereof, or exactness of the quote.
9 Since this database is not used for profit, and since entire works
10 are not published, it falls under fair use, as we understand it.
11 However, if any half-assed idiot decides to make a profit off of
12 this, they will need to double check it all, and nobody not involved
13 of such an effort makes any warranty that anything in the database
14 bears any relation to the real world of literature, law, or other
15 bizzarrity.
18 By default, fortune retrieves its fortune files from the directory
19/usr/share/games/fortune. A fortune file has two parts: the source file
20(which contains the fortunes themselves) and the data file which describes
e2f5ccfb 21the fortunes. The data file always has the same name as the fortune file
22with the string ".dat" concatenated, i.e. "fortunes" is the standard fortune
23database, and "fortunes.dat" is the data file which describes it. See
24strfile(8) for more information on creating the data files.
25 Fortunes are split into potentially offensive and not potentially
26offensive parts. The offensive version of a file has the same name as the
27non-offensive version with "-o" concatenated, i.e. "fortunes" is the standard
28fortune database, and "fortunes-o" is the standard offensive database. The
29fortune program automatically assumes that any file with a name ending in
30"-o" is potentially offensive, and should therefore only be displayed if
31explicitly requested, either with the -o option or by specifying a file name
32on the command line.
33 Potentially offensive fortune files should NEVER be maintained in
34clear text on the system. They are rotated (see caesar(6)) 13 positions.
35To create a new, potentially offensive database, use caesar to rotate it,
36and then create its data file with the -x option to strfile(8). The fortune
37program automatically decrypts the text when it prints entries from such
39 Anything which would not make it onto network prime time programming
40(or which would only be broadcast if some discredited kind of guy said it)
41MUST be in the potentially offensive database. Fortunes containing any
42explicit language (see George Carlin's recent updated list) MUST be in the
43potentially offensive database. Political and religious opinions are often
44sequestered in the potentially offensive section as well. Anything which
376ef78a 45assumes as a world view blatantly racist, misogynist (sexist), or homophobic
984263bc 46ideas should not be in either, since they are not really funny unless *you*
47are racist, misogynist, or homophobic.
48 The point of this is that people should have a reasonable
49expectation that, should they just run "fortune", they will not be offended.
50We know that some people take offense at anything, but normal people do have
51opinions, too, and have a right not to have their sensibilities offended by
52a program which is supposed to be entertaining. People who run "fortune
53-o" or "fortune -a" are saying, in effect, that they are willing to have
54their sensibilities tweaked. However, they should not have their personal
55worth seriously (i.e., not in jest) assaulted. Jokes which depend for their
56humor on racist, misogynist, or homophobic stereotypes *do* seriously
57assault individual personal worth, and in a general entertainment medium
58we should be able to get by without it.
61 This file describes the format for fortunes in the database. This
62is done in detail to make it easier to keep track of things. Any rule given
63here may be broken to make a better joke.
65[All examples are indented by one tab stop -- KCRCA]
67Numbers should be given in parentheses, e.g.,
69 (1) Everything depends.
70 (2) Nothing is always.
71 (3) Everything is sometimes.
73Attributions are two tab stops, followed by two hyphens, followed by a
74space, followed by the attribution, and are *not* preceded by blank
75lines. Book, journal, movie, and all other titles are in quotes, e.g.,
77 $100 invested at 7% interest for 100 years will become $100,000, at
78 which time it will be worth absolutely nothing.
79 -- Lazarus Long, "Time Enough for Love"
81Attributions which do not fit on one (72 char) line should be continued
82on a line which lines up below the first text of the attribution, e.g.,
84 -- A very long attribution which might not fit on one
85 line, "Ken Arnold's Stupid Sayings"
87Single paragraph fortunes are in left justified (non-indented) paragraphs
88unless they fall into another category listed below (see example above).
89Longer fortunes should also be in left justified paragraphs, but if this
90makes it too long, try indented paragraphs, with indentations of either one
91tab stop or 5 chars. Indentations of less than 5 are too hard to read.
93Laws have the title left justified and capitalized, followed by a colon,
94with all the text of the law itself indented one tab stop, initially
95capitalized, e.g.,
97 A Law of Computer Programming:
98 Make it possible for programmers to write in English and
99 you will find the programmers cannot write in English.
101Limericks are indented as follows, all lines capitalized:
103 A computer, to print out a fact,
104 Will divide, multiply, and subtract.
105 But this output can be
106 No more than debris,
107 If the input was short of exact.
109Accents precede the letter they are over, e.g., "`^He" for e with a grave
110accent. Underlining is done on a word-by-word basis, with the underlines
111preceding the word, e.g., "__^H^Hhi ____^H^H^H^Hthere".
113No fortune should run beyond 72 characters on a single line without good
114justification (er, no pun intended). And no right margin justification,
115either. Sorry. For BSD people, there is a program called "fmt" which can
116make this kind of formatting easier.
118Definitions are given with the word or phrase left justified, followed by
119the part of speech (if appropriate) and a colon. The definition starts
120indented by one tab stop, with subsequent lines left justified, e.g.,
122 Afternoon, n.:
123 That part of the day we spend worrying about how we wasted
124 the morning.
126Quotes are sometimes put around statements which are funnier or make more
127sense if they are understood as being spoken, rather than written,
128communication, e.g.,
130 "All my friends and I are crazy. That's the only thing that
131 keeps us sane."
133Ellipses are always surrounded by spaces, except when next to punctuation,
134and are three dots long.
136 "... all the modern inconveniences ..."
137 -- Mark Twain
139Human initials always have spaces after the periods, e.g, "P. T. Barnum",
140not "P.T. Barnum". However, "P.T.A.", not "P. T. A.".
142All fortunes should be attributed, but if and only if they are original with
143somebody. Many people have said things that are folk sayings (i.e., are
144common among the folk (i.e., us common slobs)). There is nothing wrong with
145this, of course, but such statements should not be attributed to individuals
146who did not invent them.
148Horoscopes should have the sign indented by one tab stop, followed by the
149dates of the sign, with the text left justified below it, e.g.,
151 AQUARIUS (Jan 20 - Feb 18)
152 You have an inventive mind and are inclined to be progressive. You
153 lie a great deal. On the other hand, you are inclined to be
154 careless and impractical, causing you to make the same mistakes over
155 and over again. People think you are stupid.
157Single quotes should not be used except as quotes within quotes. Not even
158single quotes masquerading as double quotes are to be used, e.g., don't say
159``hi there'' or `hi there' or 'hi there', but "hi there". However, you
160*can* say "I said, `hi there'".
162A long poem or song can be ordered as follows in order to make it fit on a
163screen (fortunes should be 19 lines or less if at all possible) (numbers
164here are stanza numbers):
166 11111111111111111111
167 11111111111111111111
168 11111111111111111111 22222222222222222222
169 11111111111111111111 22222222222222222222
170 22222222222222222222
171 33333333333333333333 22222222222222222222
172 33333333333333333333
173 33333333333333333333 44444444444444444444
174 33333333333333333333 44444444444444444444
175 44444444444444444444
176 44444444444444444444