Sync zoneinfo database with tzdata2009h from elsie.
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
CommitLineData
34850bd5 1# <pre>
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2# @(#)africa 8.21
3# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
4# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
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5
6# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
7# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
8# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
9
bd7414aa 10# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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11#
12# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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13# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
14# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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15#
16# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
17# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
18# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
19# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
20# of the IATA's data after 1990.
21#
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22# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
23# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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24#
25# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
26# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
27# I found in the UCLA library.
28#
29# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
30# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
31#
32# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
33# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
9ffe4b14 34# but Mark R V Murray reports that
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35# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
36# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
37# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
38# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
39# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
40#
41# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
42# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
43# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
44# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
45# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
46#
47# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
48# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
49# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
50# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
51# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
52# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
53# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
54# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
55# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
56# until we get more information.
57#
58# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
59# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
60# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
61# 2:44:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
62# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
63# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
64# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
65# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
66
67# Algeria
68# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
69Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 70Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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71Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
75Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
76Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
77Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
78Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
79Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 80Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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81Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
83Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
84Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
85Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
86Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
87Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
88Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
89Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
90Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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91# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
92# more precise 0:09:21.
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93# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
94Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
95 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
96 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
97 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
98 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
99 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
100 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
101 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
102 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
103 1:00 - CET
104
105# Angola
106# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
107Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
108 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
109 1:00 - WAT
110
111# Benin
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112# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
113# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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114# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
115Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
116 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
117 1:00 - WAT
118
119# Botswana
120# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
121Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
122 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
123 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
124 2:00 - CAT
125
126# Burkina Faso
127# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
128Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
129 0:00 - GMT
130
131# Burundi
132# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
133Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
134 2:00 - CAT
135
136# Cameroon
bd7414aa 137# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
139Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
140 1:00 - WAT
141
142# Cape Verde
143# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
144Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
145 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
146 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
147 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
148 -1:00 - CVT
149
150# Central African Republic
151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
152Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
153 1:00 - WAT
154
155# Chad
156# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
157Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
158 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
159 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
160 1:00 - WAT
161
162# Comoros
163# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
164Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
165 3:00 - EAT
166
167# Democratic Republic of Congo
168# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
169Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
170 1:00 - WAT
171Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
172 2:00 - CAT
173
174# Republic of the Congo
175# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
176Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
177 1:00 - WAT
178
179# Cote D'Ivoire
180# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
181Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
182 0:00 - GMT
183
184# Djibouti
185# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
186Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
187 3:00 - EAT
188
189###############################################################################
190
191# Egypt
192
193# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
194Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
196Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
198Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
199Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
200Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
201Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
202Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
203Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
204Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
205Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
206Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
207Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
208Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
209Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
210Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
211Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
212Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
213# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
214# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
215Rule Egypt 1995 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
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216Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
217# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
218# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
219# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
220# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
221# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
222Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 -
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223# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
224# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
225# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
226# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
227# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
228# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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229# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
230# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
231Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 -
232# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
233# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
234# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
235# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
236# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
237# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
238# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 239# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 240# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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241
242# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
243# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
244#
245# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
a8537cfa 246# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
4367e745 247# Apr 23
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248# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
249# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
4367e745 250# Apr 24
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251# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
252# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
4367e745 253# Aug 27
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254# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
255# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
4367e745 256# Aug 27
a8537cfa 257# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
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258#
259# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
260# :59)
261# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
262#
263# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
264#
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265# [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263">
266# https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
4367e745 267# </a>
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268# [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53">
269# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
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270# </a>
271# [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
272# http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
273# </a>
274
275# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
276# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
277# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
278# in September.
279Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 -
280Rule Egypt 2009 max - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
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281
282# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
283Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct
284 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
285
286# Equatorial Guinea
287# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
288Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
289 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
290 1:00 - WAT
291
292# Eritrea
293# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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294Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
295 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
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296 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
297 3:00 - EAT
298
299# Ethiopia
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300# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
301# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
302# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
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303# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
304# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
305Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
306 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
307 3:00 - EAT
308
309# Gabon
310# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
311Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
312 1:00 - WAT
313
314# Gambia
315# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
316Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
317 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
318 -1:00 - WAT 1964
319 0:00 - GMT
320
321# Ghana
322# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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323# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
324# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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325Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
326Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
327# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
328Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
329 0:00 Ghana %s
330
331# Guinea
332# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
333Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
334 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
335 -1:00 - WAT 1960
336 0:00 - GMT
337
338# Guinea-Bissau
339# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
340Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
341 -1:00 - WAT 1975
342 0:00 - GMT
343
344# Kenya
345# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
346Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
347 3:00 - EAT 1930
348 2:30 - BEAT 1940
349 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1960
350 3:00 - EAT
351
352# Lesotho
353# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
354Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
355 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
356 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
357 2:00 - SAST
358
359# Liberia
bd7414aa 360# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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361# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
362# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
363# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
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364# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
365# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
366# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
367# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
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368# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
369Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
370 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
371 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
372 0:00 - GMT
373
374###############################################################################
375
376# Libya
377
378# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
379Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
380Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
381Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
382Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
383Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
384Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
385Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
386Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
387Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
388Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
389Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
390Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 391Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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392# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
393Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
394 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
395 2:00 - EET 1982
396 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
bd7414aa 397# The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
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398# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
399 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
400 1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
401 1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4
402 2:00 - EET
403
404# Madagascar
405# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
406Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
407 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
408 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
409 3:00 - EAT
410
411# Malawi
412# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
413Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
414 2:00 - CAT
415
416# Mali
417# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
418Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
419 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
420 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
421 0:00 - GMT
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422
423# Mauritania
424# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
425Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
426 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
427 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
428 0:00 - GMT
429
430# Mauritius
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431
432# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
433# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
434# basis....
435# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
436# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
437# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 438
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439# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
440# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 441
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442# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
443# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
444# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
445# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 446
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447# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
448# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
449
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450# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
451# According to
452# <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
453# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
454# </a>
455# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
456# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
457# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
458# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
459#
460# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
461# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
462# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
463# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
464# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
465# changes two days later.
466
467# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
468# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
469# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
470# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
471#
472# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
473# de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
474# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one.
475# ...
476# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
477# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
478# </a>
479
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480# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
481# The Government of Mauritius weblink
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482# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
483# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
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484# </a>
485# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
486#
487# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
488# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
489# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
490# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
491# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
492# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
493# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
494# year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
495# and end on 29 March 2009.
496
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497# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
498# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
499# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
500# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
501# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
502# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
503# </a>
504
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505# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
506Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
507Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
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508Rule Mauritius 2008 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
509Rule Mauritius 2009 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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510# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
511Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
a36b983e 512 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
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513# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
514# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
515
516# Mayotte
517# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
518Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
519 3:00 - EAT
520
521# Morocco
522# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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523
524# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
525# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
526# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
527#
528# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
529# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
530# Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
531#
532# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
533# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
534# </a>
535# OR
536# <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
537# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
538# </a>
539
540# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
541# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
542# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view">
543# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
544# </a>
545#
546# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
547# spokesman.
548
549# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
550# According to this article:
551# <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
552# http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
553# </a>
554# (and republished here:
555# <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html">
556# http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html
557# </a>
558# )
559# the changes occurs at midnight:
560#
561# saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be
562# intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday)
563# sunday night the 28th at midnight
564#
565# Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
566# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
567# monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
568# june1st to sept 27th.
569#
570# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
571# published on the web.
572#
573# It's also confirmed here:
3f249718 574# <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
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575# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
576# </a>
577# on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet
578# posted in english).
579#
580# The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
581# <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
582# http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
583# </a>
584
585# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
586# Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow
587# Morocco DST changes? Any information? What about other part of
588# Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named
589# SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)?
590
591# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09):
592# XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now.
593
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594# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
595# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
596# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
597# of September:
598#
599# One article about it (in French):
600# <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
601# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
602# </a>
603#
604# We have some further details posted here:
605# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
606# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
607# </a>
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608
609# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
610# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
611# to many sources, such as
612# <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
613# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
614# </a>
615# <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
616# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
617# </a>
618# (French)
619#
620# Our summary:
621# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
622# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
623# </a>
624
625# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
626# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
627# Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
628#
629# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
630# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
631# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
632# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
633#
634# <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
635# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
636# </a>
637#
638# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
639# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
640# </a>
641
984263bc 642# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
234dfcd0 643
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644Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
645Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
646Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
647Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
648Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
649Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
650Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
651Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
652Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
653Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
654Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
655Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
656Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
657Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
658Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
fcf6e80e 659Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 660Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
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661Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
662Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
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663# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
664Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
665 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
666 1:00 - CET 1986
fcf6e80e 667 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
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668# Western Sahara
669Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
670 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
671 0:00 - WET
672
673# Mozambique
674# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
675Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
676 2:00 - CAT
677
678# Namibia
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679# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
680# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
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681
682# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
683# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
684# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
685# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
686# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
687# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
688# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
689# of the country.
690#
691# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
692# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
693# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
694
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695# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
696Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
697Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
698# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
699Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
700 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
701 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
702 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
703 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
704 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
705 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
706
707# Niger
708# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
709Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
710 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
711 0:00 - GMT 1960
712 1:00 - WAT
713
714# Nigeria
715# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
716Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
717 1:00 - WAT
718
719# Reunion
720# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
721Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
722 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
723#
724# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
725# The following information about them is taken from
726# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
727# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
728# We have no info about their time zone histories.
729#
730# Bassas da India - uninhabited
731# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
732# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
733# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
734# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
735
736# Rwanda
737# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
738Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
739 2:00 - CAT
740
741# St Helena
742# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
743Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
744 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
745 0:00 - GMT
746# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
747# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
748# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
749# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
750# on GMT, says the CIA
751# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
752
753# Sao Tome and Principe
754# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
755Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
756 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
757 0:00 - GMT
758
759# Senegal
760# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
761Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
762 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
763 0:00 - GMT
764
765# Seychelles
766# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
767Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
768 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
769# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
770# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
771# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
772# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
773# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
774# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
775
776# Sierra Leone
777# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
bd7414aa 778# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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779Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
780Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
781Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
782Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
783# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
784Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
785 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
786 -1:00 SL %s 1957
787 0:00 SL %s
788
789# Somalia
790# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
791Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
792 3:00 - EAT 1931
793 2:30 - BEAT 1957
794 3:00 - EAT
795
796# South Africa
797# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
798Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
799Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
800# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
801Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
802 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
803 2:00 SA SAST
804# Marion and Prince Edward Is
805# scientific station since 1947
806# no information
807
808# Sudan
809#
810# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
811# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
812# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
813# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
814# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
815# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
816#
817# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
818Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
819Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
820Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
821Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
822# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
823Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
824 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
825 3:00 - EAT
826
827# Swaziland
828# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
829Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
830 2:00 - SAST
831
832# Tanzania
833# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
834Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
835 3:00 - EAT 1948
836 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1961
837 3:00 - EAT
838
839# Togo
840# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
841Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
842 0:00 - GMT
843
844# Tunisia
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845
846# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
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847# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
848# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
849# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
850# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
851# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
852# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
853# Saturday." (My translation)
854#
855# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
856# LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
857# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
858# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
859# 1h standard time.
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860#
861# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
862# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
863# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
864# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
865# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
9ffe4b14 866
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867# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
868# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
869# (Arabic)
870# <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
871# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
872# </a>
873# <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
874# http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
875# </a>
876#
877# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
878# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
879# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
880# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
881# </a>
882
883# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
884# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
885#
886# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
887#
888# (in English)
889# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
890# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
891# </a>
892#
893# (in Arabic)
894# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
895# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
896# </a>
897
898# From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18):
899# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact
900# that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time.
901# Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long."
902# So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
903
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904# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
905Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
906Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
907Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
908Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
909Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
910Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
911Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
912Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
913Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
914Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
915Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
916Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
917Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
918Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
919Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
920Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
921Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
922Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
923Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
924Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
925Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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926Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
927Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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928Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
929Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
930Rule Tunisia 2010 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
931Rule Tunisia 2010 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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932# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
933# more precise 0:09:21.
934# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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935# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
936Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
937 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
938 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
939
940# Uganda
941# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
942Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
943 3:00 - EAT 1930
944 2:30 - BEAT 1948
945 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1957
946 3:00 - EAT
947
948# Zambia
949# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
950Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
951 2:00 - CAT
952
953# Zimbabwe
954# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
955Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
956 2:00 - CAT