Sync zoneinfo database with tzdata2009h from elsie.
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34850bd5 1# <pre>
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2# @(#)asia 8.32
3# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
4# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
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5
6# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
7# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
8# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
9
bd7414aa 10# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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11#
12# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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13# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
14# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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15#
16# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
17# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
18# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
19# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
20# of the IATA's data after 1990.
21#
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22# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
23# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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24#
25# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
26# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
27# I found in the UCLA library.
28#
29# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
30# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
31#
32# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
33# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
34# Corrections are welcome!
35# std dst
36# LMT Local Mean Time
37# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time
38# 2:00 IST IDT Israel
39# 3:00 AST ADT Arabia*
40# 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran
41# 4:00 GST Gulf*
42# 5:30 IST India
43# 7:00 ICT Indochina*
44# 7:00 WIT west Indonesia
45# 8:00 CIT central Indonesia
46# 8:00 CST China
47# 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)*
48# 9:00 EIT east Indonesia
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49# 9:00 JST JDT Japan
50# 9:00 KST KDT Korea
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51# 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time
52#
53# See the `europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.
54
55# From Guy Harris:
56# Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as
57# additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental
58# Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide -
59# Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses.
60
61###############################################################################
62
63# These rules are stolen from the `europe' file.
64# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
65Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S
bd7414aa 66Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
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67Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
68Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
69Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
70Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
71Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
72Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
73Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
74Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
75Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
76Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
77Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
78Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
79Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
80
81# Afghanistan
82# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
83Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
84 4:00 - AFT 1945
85 4:30 - AFT
86
87# Armenia
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88# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
89# Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST)
90# in spring 1991, then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then
91# readopting Russian DST in 1997. Go with Shanks & Pottenger, even
92# when they disagree with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz
34850bd5 93# reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST
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94# in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that
95# Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
96# but started switching at 3:00s in 1998.
97# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
98Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
99 3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
100 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
101 3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
102 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
103 4:00 - AMT 1997
104 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT
105
106# Azerbaijan
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107# From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):
108# According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997
109# Resolution available at: http://aif.az/docs/daylight_res.pdf
984263bc 110# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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111Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S
112Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
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113# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
114Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
115 3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
116 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
117 3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
bc95ec93 118 3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSat 23:00
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119 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time
120 4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
121 4:00 Azer AZ%sT
122
123# Bahrain
124# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
125Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Al Manamah
126 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
127 3:00 - AST
128
129# Bangladesh
130# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
131Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890
132 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
133 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
134 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
135 6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30
136 6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time
137 6:00 - BDT # Bangladesh Time
138
139# Bhutan
140# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
141Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu
142 5:30 - IST 1987 Oct
143 6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time
144
145# British Indian Ocean Territory
146# Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the
147# 1997 and later maps say 6:00. Assume the switch occurred in 1996.
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148# We have no information as to when standard time was introduced;
149# assume it occurred in 1907, the same year as Mauritius (which
150# then contained the Chagos Archipelago).
984263bc 151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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152Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907
153 5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time
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154 6:00 - IOT
155
156# Brunei
157# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
158Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
159 7:30 - BNT 1933
160 8:00 - BNT
161
162# Burma / Myanmar
163# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
164Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
165 6:24:36 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
166 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
167 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
168 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
169
170# Cambodia
171# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
172Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
173 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
174 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
175 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
176 7:00 - ICT
177
178# China
179
180# From Guy Harris:
181# People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.
182
183# From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):
184# No they don't. See TIME mag, 1986-02-17 p.52. Even though
185# China is across 4 physical time zones, before Feb 1, 1986 only the
186# Peking (Bejing) time zone was recognized. Since that date, China
187# has two of 'em -- Peking's and Urumqi (named after the capital of
188# the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). I don't know about DST for it.
189#
190# . . .I just deleted the DST table and this editor makes it too
191# painful to suck in another copy.. So, here is what I have for
192# DST start/end dates for Peking's time zone (info from AP):
193#
194# 1986 May 4 - Sept 14
195# 1987 mid-April - ??
196
197# From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):
198# CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN
199# CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10
200
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201# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
202# Shanks & Pottenger write that China (except for Hong Kong and Macau)
203# has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1, observing summer DST
204# from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's
984263bc 205# note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986.
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206# Go with Shanks & Pottenger for now. I made up names for the other
207# pre-1980 time zones.
984263bc 208
bd7414aa 209# From Shanks & Pottenger:
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210# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
211Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
212Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
213Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D
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214Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D
215Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S
216Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
bd7414aa 217
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218# From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):
219# BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five
220# historic timezones from some Taiwan websites. And yes, there are official
bd7414aa 221# Chinese names for these locales (before 1949).
8393cd87 222#
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223# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-07-14):
224# I have investigated the timezones around 1970 on the
225# http://www.astro.com/atlas site [with provinces and county
226# boundaries summarized below].... A few other exceptions were two
227# counties on the Sichuan side of the Xizang-Sichuan border,
228# counties Dege and Baiyu which lies on the Sichuan side and are
229# therefore supposed to be GMT+7, Xizang region being GMT+6, but Dege
230# county is GMT+8 according to astro.com while Baiyu county is GMT+6
231# (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two
232# counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.
233
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234# From Paul Eggert (2008-02-11):
235# I just now checked Google News for western news sources that talk
236# about China's single time zone, and couldn't find anything before 1986
237# talking about China being in one time zone. (That article was: Jim
238# Mann, "A clumsy embrace for another western custom: China on daylight
239# time--sort of", Los Angeles Times, 1986-05-05. By the way, this
240# article confirms the tz database's data claiming that China began
241# observing daylight saving time in 1986.
242#
243# From Thomas S. Mullaney (2008-02-11):
244# I think you're combining two subjects that need to treated
245# separately: daylight savings (which, you're correct, wasn't
246# implemented until the 1980s) and the unified time zone centered near
247# Beijing (which was implemented in 1949). Briefly, there was also a
248# "Lhasa Time" in Tibet and "Urumqi Time" in Xinjiang. The first was
249# ceased, and the second eventually recognized (again, in the 1980s).
250#
251# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
252# There seems to be a good chance China switched to a single time zone in 1949
253# rather than in 1980 as Shanks & Pottenger have it, but we don't have a
254# reliable documentary source saying so yet, so for now we still go with
255# Shanks & Pottenger.
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256
257# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
984263bc 258# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)
bd7414aa 259# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
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260Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin
261 8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time
262 8:00 - CST 1940
263 9:00 - CHAT 1966 May
264 8:30 - CHAT 1980 May
265 8:00 PRC C%sT
266# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time")
bd7414aa 267# most of China
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268Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:52 - LMT 1928
269 8:00 Shang C%sT 1949
270 8:00 PRC C%sT
271# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
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272# Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
273# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
274# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
275# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
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276Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking
277 7:00 - LONT 1980 May # Long-shu Time
278 8:00 PRC C%sT
279# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time")
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280# The Gansu counties Aksay, Anxi, Dunhuang, Subei; west Qinghai;
281# the Guangdong counties Xuwen, Haikang, Suixi, Lianjiang,
282# Zhanjiang, Wuchuan, Huazhou, Gaozhou, Maoming, Dianbai, and Xinyi;
283# east Tibet, including Lhasa, Chamdo, Shigaise, Jimsar, Shawan and Hutubi;
284# east Xinjiang, including Urumqi, Turpan, Karamay, Korla, Minfeng, Jinghe,
285# Wusu, Qiemo, Xinyan, Wulanwusu, Jinghe, Yumin, Tacheng, Tuoli, Emin,
286# Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,
287# Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.
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288Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928 # or Urumchi
289 6:00 - URUT 1980 May # Urumqi Time
290 8:00 PRC C%sT
291# Kunlun Time
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292# West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;
293# West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,
294# Zhaosu, Tekesi, Gongliu, Chabuchaer, Huocheng, Bole, Pishan, Suiding,
295# and Yarkand.
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296Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar
297 5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time
298 5:00 - KAST 1980 May
299 8:00 PRC C%sT
300
301# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
302# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
303Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S
304Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 -
305Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S
306Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 -
307Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S
308Rule HK 1948 1952 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 -
309Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S
310Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 -
311Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S
312Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 -
313Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
314Rule HK 1965 1977 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
315Rule HK 1965 1977 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
316Rule HK 1979 1980 - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S
317Rule HK 1979 1980 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
318# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
319Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
320 8:00 HK HK%sT
321
322
323###############################################################################
324
325# Taiwan
326
bd7414aa 327# Shanks & Pottenger write that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it
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328# was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't
329# have any other information.
330
331# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
332Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
333Rule Taiwan 1945 1951 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
334Rule Taiwan 1952 only - Mar 1 0:00 1:00 D
335Rule Taiwan 1952 1954 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
336Rule Taiwan 1953 1959 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
337Rule Taiwan 1955 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
338Rule Taiwan 1960 1961 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
339Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
340Rule Taiwan 1974 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
341Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Jun 30 0:00 1:00 D
342Rule Taiwan 1980 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
343# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
344Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 # or Taibei or T'ai-pei
345 8:00 Taiwan C%sT
346
347# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
348# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
349Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
350Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
351Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
352Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
353Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
354Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 -
355Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
356Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
357Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
358Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
359Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 -
360Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S
361Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
362Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
363# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
364Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912
365 8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China
366 8:00 PRC C%sT
367
368
369###############################################################################
370
371# Cyprus
372# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
373Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Apr 13 0:00 1:00 S
374Rule Cyprus 1975 only - Oct 12 0:00 0 -
375Rule Cyprus 1976 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 S
376Rule Cyprus 1976 only - Oct 11 0:00 0 -
377Rule Cyprus 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
378Rule Cyprus 1977 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
379Rule Cyprus 1978 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 -
380Rule Cyprus 1979 1997 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
381Rule Cyprus 1981 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
382# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
383Zone Asia/Nicosia 2:13:28 - LMT 1921 Nov 14
384 2:00 Cyprus EE%sT 1998 Sep
385 2:00 EUAsia EE%sT
386# IATA SSIM (1998-09) has Cyprus using EU rules for the first time.
387
388# Classically, Cyprus belongs to Asia; e.g. see Herodotus, Histories, I.72.
389# However, for various reasons many users expect to find it under Europe.
390Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
391
392# Georgia
9ffe4b14 393# From Paul Eggert (1994-11-19):
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394# Today's _Economist_ (p 60) reports that Georgia moved its clocks forward
395# an hour recently, due to a law proposed by Zurab Murvanidze,
396# an MP who went on a hunger strike for 11 days to force discussion about it!
397# We have no details, but we'll guess they didn't move the clocks back in fall.
398#
9ffe4b14 399# From Mathew Englander, quoting AP (1996-10-23 13:05-04):
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400# Instead of putting back clocks at the end of October, Georgia
401# will stay on daylight savings time this winter to save energy,
402# President Eduard Shevardnadze decreed Wednesday.
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403#
404# From the BBC via Joseph S. Myers (2004-06-27):
bc95ec93 405#
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406# Georgia moved closer to Western Europe on Sunday... The former Soviet
407# republic has changed its time zone back to that of Moscow. As a result it
408# is now just four hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, rather than five hours
409# ahead. The switch was decreed by the pro-Western president of Georgia,
410# Mikhail Saakashvili, who said the change was partly prompted by the process
411# of integration into Europe.
412
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413# From Teimuraz Abashidze (2005-11-07):
414# Government of Georgia ... decided to NOT CHANGE daylight savings time on
415# [Oct.] 30, as it was done before during last more than 10 years.
416# Currently, we are in fact GMT +4:00, as before 30 October it was GMT
417# +3:00.... The problem is, there is NO FORMAL LAW or governmental document
418# about it. As far as I can find, I was told, that there is no document,
419# because we just DIDN'T ISSUE document about switching to winter time....
420# I don't know what can be done, especially knowing that some years ago our
421# DST rules where changed THREE TIMES during one month.
422
423
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424# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
425Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:16 - LMT 1880
426 2:59:16 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
427 3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
428 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
429 3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
430 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
431 3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
432 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
433 4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
ba5ba9da 434 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27
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435 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
436 4:00 - GET
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437
438# East Timor
439
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440# See Indonesia for the 1945 transition.
441
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442# From Joao Carrascalao, brother of the former governor of East Timor, in
443# <a href="http://etan.org/et99c/december/26-31/30ETMAY.htm">
444# East Timor may be late for its millennium
445# </a> (1999-12-26/31):
446# Portugal tried to change the time forward in 1974 because the sun
447# rises too early but the suggestion raised a lot of problems with the
448# Timorese and I still don't think it would work today because it
449# conflicts with their way of life.
450
451# From Paul Eggert (2000-12-04):
452# We don't have any record of the above attempt.
453# Most likely our records are incomplete, but we have no better data.
454
455# <a href="http://www.hri.org/news/world/undh/last/00-08-16.undh.html">
456# From Manoel de Almeida e Silva, Deputy Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General
457# (2000-08-16)</a>:
458# The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration decided
459# today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change,
460# which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at
461# midnight on Saturday, September 16.
462
463# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
464Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912
9ffe4b14 465 8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
8393cd87 466 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
9ffe4b14 467 9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3
984263bc 468 8:00 - CIT 2000 Sep 17 00:00
9ffe4b14 469 9:00 - TLT
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470
471# India
472# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
e4a74243 473Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
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474 5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
475 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
476 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
477 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
478 5:30 - IST
e4a74243 479# The following are like Asia/Kolkata:
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480# Andaman Is
481# Lakshadweep (Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Is)
482# Nicobar Is
483
484# Indonesia
485#
bd7414aa 486# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks & Pottenger:
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487# <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>
488# says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some
489# time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
490# and Kalimantan Tengah) switching from UTC+8 to UTC+7.
491#
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492# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-10):
493# Here is another correction to Shanks & Pottenger.
494# JohnTWB writes that Japanese forces did not surrender control in
495# Indonesia until 1945-09-01 00:00 at the earliest (in Jakarta) and
496# other formal surrender ceremonies were September 9, 11, and 13, plus
497# September 12 for the regional surrender to Mountbatten in Singapore.
498# These would be the earliest possible times for a change.
499# Regimes horaires pour le monde entier, by Henri Le Corre, (Editions
500# Traditionnelles, 1987, Paris) says that Java and Madura switched
501# from JST to UTC+07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
502# (Hollandia). For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura
503# switched on 1945-09-23.
504#
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505# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
506Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
bd7414aa 507# Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
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508# but this must be a typo.
509 7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta
510 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
511 7:30 - WIT 1942 Mar 23
8393cd87 512 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
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513 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
514 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
515 7:30 - WIT 1964
516 7:00 - WIT
517Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May
518 7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT
519 7:30 - WIT 1942 Jan 29
8393cd87 520 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
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521 7:30 - WIT 1948 May
522 8:00 - WIT 1950 May
523 7:30 - WIT 1964
524 8:00 - CIT 1988 Jan 1
525 7:00 - WIT
526Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920
527 7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT
528 8:00 - CIT 1942 Feb 9
8393cd87 529 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
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530 8:00 - CIT
531Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
8393cd87 532 9:00 - EIT 1944 Sep 1
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533 9:30 - CST 1964
534 9:00 - EIT
535
536# Iran
537
538# From Roozbeh Pournader (2003-03-15):
539# This is an English translation of what I just found (originally in Persian).
540# The Gregorian dates in brackets are mine:
541#
542# Official Newspaper No. 13548-1370/6/25 [1991-09-16]
543# No. 16760/T233 H 1370/6/10 [1991-09-01]
544#
545# The Rule About Change of the Official Time of the Country
546#
547# The Board of Ministers, in the meeting dated 1370/5/23 [1991-08-14],
548# based on the suggestion number 2221/D dated 1370/4/22 [1991-07-13]
549# of the Country's Organization for Official and Employment Affairs,
550# and referring to the law for equating the working hours of workers
551# and officers in the whole country dated 1359/4/23 [1980-07-14], and
552# for synchronizing the official times of the country, agreed that:
553#
554# The official time of the country will should move forward one hour
555# at the 24[:00] hours of the first day of Farvardin and should return
556# to its previous state at the 24[:00] hours of the 30th day of
557# Shahrivar.
558#
559# First Deputy to the President - Hassan Habibi
560#
561# From personal experience, that agrees with what has been followed
562# for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the
563# date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last
564# Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates....
565# I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct
566# here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time.
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567#
568# From Roozbeh Pournader (2005-04-05):
569# The text of the Iranian law, in effect since 1925, clearly mentions
570# that the true solar year is the measure, and there is no arithmetic
571# leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious
572# plan to change that law....
573#
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574# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
575# Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
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576# I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates,
577# stopping after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow.
578# That cal-persia used Birashk's approximation, which disagrees with the solar
579# calendar predictions for the year 2025, so I corrected those dates by hand.
580#
581# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-03-30), writing about future
582# discrepancies between cal-persia and the Iranian calendar:
583# For 2091 solar-longitude-after yields 2091-03-20 08:40:07.7 UT for
584# the vernal equinox and that gets so close to 12:00 some local
585# Iranian time that the definition of the correct location needs to be
586# known exactly, amongst other factors. 2157 is even closer:
587# 2157-03-20 08:37:15.5 UT. But the Gregorian year 2025 should give
588# no interpretation problem whatsoever. By the way, another instant
589# in the near future where there will be a discrepancy between
590# arithmetical and astronomical Iranian calendars will be in 2058:
591# vernal equinox on 2058-03-20 09:03:05.9 UT. The Java version of
592# Reingold's/Dershowitz' calculator gives correctly the Gregorian date
593# 2058-03-21 for 1 Farvardin 1437 (astronomical).
984263bc 594#
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595# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-03-22):
596# Several of my users have reported that Iran will not observe DST anymore:
597# http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/line-17/0603193812164948.htm
598#
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599# From Reuters (2007-09-16), with a heads-up from Jesper Norgaard Welen:
600# ... the Guardian Council ... approved a law on Sunday to re-introduce
601# daylight saving time ...
602# http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKBLA65048420070916
603#
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604# From Roozbeh Pournader (2007-11-05):
605# This is quoted from Official Gazette of the Islamic Republic of
606# Iran, Volume 63, Number 18242, dated Tuesday 1386/6/24
607# [2007-10-16]. I am doing the best translation I can:...
608# The official time of the country will be moved forward for one hour
609# on the 24 hours of the first day of the month of Farvardin and will
610# be changed back to its previous state on the 24 hours of the
611# thirtieth day of Shahrivar.
612#
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613# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
614Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
615Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S
616Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 S
617Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 S
618Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 D
619Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
620Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
621Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
622Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
623Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
624Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
625Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
626Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
627Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
628Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
629Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
630Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
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631Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
632Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
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633Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
634Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
635Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
636Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
637Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
638Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
639Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
640Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
641Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
642Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
643Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
644Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
645Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
646Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
647Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
648Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
649Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
650Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
651Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
652Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
653Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
654Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
655Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
656Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
657Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
658Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
659Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
660Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
661Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
662Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
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663# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
664Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
665 3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
666 3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov
667 4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979
668 3:30 Iran IR%sT
669
670
671# Iraq
672#
9ffe4b14 673# From Jonathan Lennox (2000-06-12):
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674# An article in this week's Economist ("Inside the Saddam-free zone", p. 50 in
675# the U.S. edition) on the Iraqi Kurds contains a paragraph:
676# "The three northern provinces ... switched their clocks this spring and
677# are an hour ahead of Baghdad."
678#
679# But Rives McDow (2000-06-18) quotes a contact in Iraqi-Kurdistan as follows:
680# In the past, some Kurdish nationalists, as a protest to the Iraqi
681# Government, did not adhere to daylight saving time. They referred
682# to daylight saving as Saddam time. But, as of today, the time zone
683# in Iraqi-Kurdistan is on standard time with Baghdad, Iraq.
684#
685# So we'll ignore the Economist's claim.
686
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687# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-10):
688# The cabinet in Iraq abolished DST last week, according to the following
689# news sources (in Arabic):
690# <a href="http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html">
691# http://www.aljeeran.net/wesima_articles/news-20080305-98602.html
692# </a>
693# <a href="http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10">
694# http://www.aswataliraq.info/look/article.tpl?id=2047&IdLanguage=17&IdPublication=4&NrArticle=71743&NrIssue=1&NrSection=10
695# </a>
696#
697# We have published a short article in English about the change:
698# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html">
699# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/iraq-dumps-daylight-saving.html
700# </a>
701
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702# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
703Rule Iraq 1982 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
704Rule Iraq 1982 1984 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
705Rule Iraq 1983 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
706Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
707Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S
708Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D
709# IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo.
bd7414aa 710# Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.
8393cd87 711#
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712Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D
713Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
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714# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
715Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
716 2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
717 3:00 - AST 1982 May
718 3:00 Iraq A%sT
719
720
721###############################################################################
722
723# Israel
724
725# From Ephraim Silverberg (2001-01-11):
726#
727# I coined "IST/IDT" circa 1988. Until then there were three
728# different abbreviations in use:
729#
730# JST Jerusalem Standard Time [Danny Braniss, Hebrew University]
731# IZT Israel Zonal (sic) Time [Prof. Haim Papo, Technion]
732# EEST Eastern Europe Standard Time [used by almost everyone else]
733#
734# Since timezones should be called by country and not capital cities,
735# I ruled out JST. As Israel is in Asia Minor and not Eastern Europe,
736# EEST was equally unacceptable. Since "zonal" was not compatible with
737# any other timezone abbreviation, I felt that 'IST' was the way to go
738# and, indeed, it has received almost universal acceptance in timezone
739# settings in Israeli computers.
740#
741# In any case, I am happy to share timezone abbreviations with India,
742# high on my favorite-country list (and not only because my wife's
743# family is from India).
744
bd7414aa 745# From Shanks & Pottenger:
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746# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
747Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
748Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
749Rule Zion 1943 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
750Rule Zion 1944 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
751Rule Zion 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
752Rule Zion 1945 only - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
753Rule Zion 1946 only - Apr 16 2:00 1:00 D
754Rule Zion 1946 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
755Rule Zion 1948 only - May 23 0:00 2:00 DD
756Rule Zion 1948 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 D
757Rule Zion 1948 1949 - Nov 1 2:00 0 S
758Rule Zion 1949 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
759Rule Zion 1950 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 D
760Rule Zion 1950 only - Sep 15 3:00 0 S
761Rule Zion 1951 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
762Rule Zion 1951 only - Nov 11 3:00 0 S
763Rule Zion 1952 only - Apr 20 2:00 1:00 D
764Rule Zion 1952 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 S
765Rule Zion 1953 only - Apr 12 2:00 1:00 D
766Rule Zion 1953 only - Sep 13 3:00 0 S
767Rule Zion 1954 only - Jun 13 0:00 1:00 D
768Rule Zion 1954 only - Sep 12 0:00 0 S
769Rule Zion 1955 only - Jun 11 2:00 1:00 D
770Rule Zion 1955 only - Sep 11 0:00 0 S
771Rule Zion 1956 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
772Rule Zion 1956 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 S
773Rule Zion 1957 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 D
774Rule Zion 1957 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
775Rule Zion 1974 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 D
776Rule Zion 1974 only - Oct 13 0:00 0 S
777Rule Zion 1975 only - Apr 20 0:00 1:00 D
778Rule Zion 1975 only - Aug 31 0:00 0 S
779Rule Zion 1985 only - Apr 14 0:00 1:00 D
780Rule Zion 1985 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
781Rule Zion 1986 only - May 18 0:00 1:00 D
782Rule Zion 1986 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S
783Rule Zion 1987 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D
784Rule Zion 1987 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
785Rule Zion 1988 only - Apr 9 0:00 1:00 D
786Rule Zion 1988 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
787
9ffe4b14 788# From Ephraim Silverberg
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789# (1997-03-04, 1998-03-16, 1998-12-28, 2000-01-17, 2000-07-25, 2004-12-22,
790# and 2005-02-17):
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791
792# According to the Office of the Secretary General of the Ministry of
793# Interior, there is NO set rule for Daylight-Savings/Standard time changes.
794# One thing is entrenched in law, however: that there must be at least 150
795# days of daylight savings time annually. From 1993-1998, the change to
796# daylight savings time was on a Friday morning from midnight IST to
797# 1 a.m IDT; up until 1998, the change back to standard time was on a
798# Saturday night from midnight daylight savings time to 11 p.m. standard
799# time. 1996 is an exception to this rule where the change back to standard
800# time took place on Sunday night instead of Saturday night to avoid
801# conflicts with the Jewish New Year. In 1999, the change to
802# daylight savings time was still on a Friday morning but from
803# 2 a.m. IST to 3 a.m. IDT; furthermore, the change back to standard time
804# was also on a Friday morning from 2 a.m. IDT to 1 a.m. IST for
805# 1999 only. In the year 2000, the change to daylight savings time was
806# similar to 1999, but although the change back will be on a Friday, it
807# will take place from 1 a.m. IDT to midnight IST. Starting in 2001, all
808# changes to/from will take place at 1 a.m. old time, but now there is no
809# rule as to what day of the week it will take place in as the start date
810# (except in 2003) is the night after the Passover Seder (i.e. the eve
811# of the 16th of Nisan in the lunar Hebrew calendar) and the end date
812# (except in 2002) is three nights before Yom Kippur [Day of Atonement]
813# (the eve of the 7th of Tishrei in the lunar Hebrew calendar).
814
815# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
816Rule Zion 1989 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
817Rule Zion 1989 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
818Rule Zion 1990 only - Mar 25 0:00 1:00 D
819Rule Zion 1990 only - Aug 26 0:00 0 S
820Rule Zion 1991 only - Mar 24 0:00 1:00 D
821Rule Zion 1991 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 S
822Rule Zion 1992 only - Mar 29 0:00 1:00 D
823Rule Zion 1992 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
824Rule Zion 1993 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 D
825Rule Zion 1993 only - Sep 5 0:00 0 S
826
827# The dates for 1994-1995 were obtained from Office of the Spokeswoman for the
828# Ministry of Interior, Jerusalem, Israel. The spokeswoman can be reached by
829# calling the office directly at 972-2-6701447 or 972-2-6701448.
830
831# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
832Rule Zion 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
833Rule Zion 1994 only - Aug 28 0:00 0 S
834Rule Zion 1995 only - Mar 31 0:00 1:00 D
835Rule Zion 1995 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
836
837# The dates for 1996 were determined by the Minister of Interior of the
838# time, Haim Ramon. The official announcement regarding 1996-1998
839# (with the dates for 1997-1998 no longer being relevant) can be viewed at:
840#
bc95ec93 841# ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/1996-1998.ramon.ps.gz
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842#
843# The dates for 1997-1998 were altered by his successor, Rabbi Eli Suissa.
844#
845# The official announcements for the years 1997-1999 can be viewed at:
846#
bc95ec93 847# ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/YYYY.ps.gz
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848#
849# where YYYY is the relevant year.
850
851# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
852Rule Zion 1996 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D
853Rule Zion 1996 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S
854Rule Zion 1997 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
855Rule Zion 1997 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S
856Rule Zion 1998 only - Mar 20 0:00 1:00 D
857Rule Zion 1998 only - Sep 6 0:00 0 S
858Rule Zion 1999 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 D
859Rule Zion 1999 only - Sep 3 2:00 0 S
860
861# The Knesset Interior Committee has changed the dates for 2000 for
862# the third time in just over a year and have set new dates for the
863# years 2001-2004 as well.
864#
865# The official announcement for the start date of 2000 can be viewed at:
866#
bc95ec93 867# ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-start.ps.gz
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868#
869# The official announcement for the end date of 2000 and the dates
870# for the years 2001-2004 can be viewed at:
871#
bc95ec93 872# ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2000-2004.ps.gz
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873
874# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
875Rule Zion 2000 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
876Rule Zion 2000 only - Oct 6 1:00 0 S
877Rule Zion 2001 only - Apr 9 1:00 1:00 D
878Rule Zion 2001 only - Sep 24 1:00 0 S
879Rule Zion 2002 only - Mar 29 1:00 1:00 D
880Rule Zion 2002 only - Oct 7 1:00 0 S
881Rule Zion 2003 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 D
882Rule Zion 2003 only - Oct 3 1:00 0 S
883Rule Zion 2004 only - Apr 7 1:00 1:00 D
884Rule Zion 2004 only - Sep 22 1:00 0 S
885
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886# The proposed law agreed upon by the Knesset Interior Committee on
887# 2005-02-14 is that, for 2005 and beyond, DST starts at 02:00 the
888# last Friday before April 2nd (i.e. the last Friday in March or April
889# 1st itself if it falls on a Friday) and ends at 02:00 on the Saturday
890# night _before_ the fast of Yom Kippur.
891#
892# Those who can read Hebrew can view the announcement at:
893#
894# ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/announcements/2005+beyond.ps
895
896# From Paul Eggert (2005-02-22):
897# I used Ephraim Silverberg's dst-israel.el program
898# <ftp://ftp.cs.huji.ac.il/pub/tz/software/dst-israel.el> (2005-02-20)
899# along with Ed Reingold's cal-hebrew in GNU Emacs 21.4,
900# to generate the transitions in this list.
901# (I replaced "lastFri" with "Fri>=26" by hand.)
902# The spring transitions below all correspond to the following Rule:
903#
904# Rule Zion 2005 max - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
905#
906# but older zic implementations (e.g., Solaris 8) do not support
907# "Fri>=26" to mean April 1 in years like 2005, so for now we list the
908# springtime transitions explicitly.
909
910# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
911Rule Zion 2005 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
912Rule Zion 2005 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 S
913Rule Zion 2006 2010 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
914Rule Zion 2006 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 S
915Rule Zion 2007 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 S
916Rule Zion 2008 only - Oct 5 2:00 0 S
917Rule Zion 2009 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 S
918Rule Zion 2010 only - Sep 12 2:00 0 S
919Rule Zion 2011 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
920Rule Zion 2011 only - Oct 2 2:00 0 S
921Rule Zion 2012 2015 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
922Rule Zion 2012 only - Sep 23 2:00 0 S
923Rule Zion 2013 only - Sep 8 2:00 0 S
924Rule Zion 2014 only - Sep 28 2:00 0 S
925Rule Zion 2015 only - Sep 20 2:00 0 S
926Rule Zion 2016 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
927Rule Zion 2016 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 S
928Rule Zion 2017 2021 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
929Rule Zion 2017 only - Sep 24 2:00 0 S
930Rule Zion 2018 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 S
931Rule Zion 2019 only - Oct 6 2:00 0 S
932Rule Zion 2020 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 S
933Rule Zion 2021 only - Sep 12 2:00 0 S
934Rule Zion 2022 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
935Rule Zion 2022 only - Oct 2 2:00 0 S
936Rule Zion 2023 2032 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
937Rule Zion 2023 only - Sep 24 2:00 0 S
938Rule Zion 2024 only - Oct 6 2:00 0 S
939Rule Zion 2025 only - Sep 28 2:00 0 S
940Rule Zion 2026 only - Sep 20 2:00 0 S
941Rule Zion 2027 only - Oct 10 2:00 0 S
942Rule Zion 2028 only - Sep 24 2:00 0 S
943Rule Zion 2029 only - Sep 16 2:00 0 S
944Rule Zion 2030 only - Oct 6 2:00 0 S
945Rule Zion 2031 only - Sep 21 2:00 0 S
946Rule Zion 2032 only - Sep 12 2:00 0 S
947Rule Zion 2033 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 D
948Rule Zion 2033 only - Oct 2 2:00 0 S
949Rule Zion 2034 2037 - Mar Fri>=26 2:00 1:00 D
950Rule Zion 2034 only - Sep 17 2:00 0 S
951Rule Zion 2035 only - Oct 7 2:00 0 S
952Rule Zion 2036 only - Sep 28 2:00 0 S
953Rule Zion 2037 only - Sep 13 2:00 0 S
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954
955# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
956Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880
957 2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?
958 2:00 Zion I%sT
959
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960
961
962###############################################################################
963
964# Japan
965
966# `9:00' and `JST' is from Guy Harris.
967
9ffe4b14 968# From Paul Eggert (1995-03-06):
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969# Today's _Asahi Evening News_ (page 4) reports that Japan had
970# daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but ``the system was discontinued
971# because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours.''
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972
973# From Mayumi Negishi in the 2005-08-10 Japan Times
974# <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20050810f2.htm>:
975# Occupation authorities imposed daylight-saving time on Japan on
976# [1948-05-01].... But lack of prior debate and the execution of
977# daylight-saving time just three days after the bill was passed generated
978# deep hatred of the concept.... The Diet unceremoniously passed a bill to
979# dump the unpopular system in October 1951, less than a month after the San
980# Francisco Peace Treaty was signed. (A government poll in 1951 showed 53%
981# of the Japanese wanted to scrap daylight-saving time, as opposed to 30% who
982# wanted to keep it.)
983
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SW
984# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
985# Shanks & Pottenger write that DST in Japan during those years was as follows:
984263bc 986# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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987Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
988Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S
989Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
990Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
991# but the only locations using it (for birth certificates, presumably, since
bd7414aa 992# their audience is astrologers) were US military bases. For now, assume
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993# that for most purposes daylight-saving time was observed; otherwise, what
994# would have been the point of the 1951 poll?
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MD
995
996# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):
997# 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical
998# Observatory: E 139 44' 40".90 (9h 18m 58s.727), N 35 39' 16".0.
999# This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'
1000# edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....
1001# JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).
1002# The law is enacted on 1886-07-07.
1003
1004# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-16):
1005# The ordinance No. 51 (1886) established "standard time" in Japan,
1006# which stands for the time on E 135 degree.
1007# In the ordinance No. 167 (1895), "standard time" was renamed to "central
1008# standard time". And the same ordinance also established "western standard
1009# time", which stands for the time on E 120 degree.... But "western standard
1010# time" was abolished in the ordinance No. 529 (1937). In the ordinance No.
1011# 167, there is no mention regarding for what place western standard time is
1012# standard....
1013#
1014# I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.
1015# In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.
1016
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1017# Shanks & Pottenger claim JST in use since 1896, and that a few
1018# places (e.g. Ishigaki) use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all
1019# ordinances took effect on Jan 1.
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1020
1021# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1022Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
1023 9:00 - JST 1896
1024 9:00 - CJT 1938
9ffe4b14 1025 9:00 Japan J%sT
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MD
1026# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.
1027
1028# Jordan
1029#
1030# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990701/JO9.html">
1031# Jordan Week (1999-07-01) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
1032# Clocks in Jordan were forwarded one hour on Wednesday at midnight,
1033# in accordance with the government's decision to implement summer time
1034# all year round.
1035#
1036# From <a href="http://star.arabia.com/990930/JO9.html">
1037# Jordan Week (1999-09-30) </a> via Steffen Thorsen (1999-11-09):
1038# Winter time starts today Thursday, 30 September. Clocks will be turned back
1039# by one hour. This is the latest government decision and it's final!
1040# The decision was taken because of the increase in working hours in
1041# government's departments from six to seven hours.
1042#
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SW
1043# From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22):
1044# Starting 2003 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com.
1045#
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1046# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23):
1047# For Jordan I have received multiple independent user reports every year
1048# about DST end dates, as the end-rule is different every year.
1049#
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1050# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-10-01), after a heads-up from Hilal Malawi:
1051# http://www.petranews.gov.jo/nepras/2006/Sep/05/4000.htm
1052# "Jordan will switch to winter time on Friday, October 27".
1053#
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1054
1055# From Phil Pizzey (2009-04-02):
1056# ...I think I may have spotted an error in the timezone data for
1057# Jordan.
1058# The current (2009d) asia file shows Jordan going to daylight
1059# saving
1060# time on the last Thursday in March.
1061#
1062# Rule Jordan 2000 max - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S
1063#
1064# However timeanddate.com, which I usually find reliable, shows Jordan
1065# going to daylight saving time on the last Friday in March since 2002.
1066# Please see
1067# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=11">
1068# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=11
1069# </a>
1070
1071# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-04-02):
1072# This single one might be good enough, (2009-03-24, Arabic):
1073# <a href="http://petra.gov.jo/Artical.aspx?Lng=2&Section=8&Artical=95279">
1074# http://petra.gov.jo/Artical.aspx?Lng=2&Section=8&Artical=95279
1075# </a>
1076#
1077# Google's translation:
1078#
1079# > The Council of Ministers decided in 2002 to adopt the principle of timely
1080# > submission of the summer at 60 minutes as of midnight on the last Thursday
1081# > of the month of March of each year.
1082#
1083# So - this means the midnight between Thursday and Friday since 2002.
1084
1085# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-06):
1086# We still have Jordan switching to DST on Thursdays in 2000 and 2001.
1087
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1088# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1089Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
1090Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1091Rule Jordan 1974 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1092Rule Jordan 1976 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
1093Rule Jordan 1977 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1094Rule Jordan 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1095Rule Jordan 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
1096Rule Jordan 1985 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1097Rule Jordan 1985 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1098Rule Jordan 1986 1988 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
1099Rule Jordan 1986 1990 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
1100Rule Jordan 1989 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 S
1101Rule Jordan 1990 only - Apr 27 0:00 1:00 S
1102Rule Jordan 1991 only - Apr 17 0:00 1:00 S
1103Rule Jordan 1991 only - Sep 27 0:00 0 -
1104Rule Jordan 1992 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 S
1105Rule Jordan 1992 1993 - Oct Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
1106Rule Jordan 1993 1998 - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
1107Rule Jordan 1994 only - Sep Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
1108Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 -
1109Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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1110Rule Jordan 1999 2002 - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 -
1111Rule Jordan 2000 2001 - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S
a8537cfa 1112Rule Jordan 2002 max - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
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1113Rule Jordan 2003 only - Oct 24 0:00s 0 -
1114Rule Jordan 2004 only - Oct 15 0:00s 0 -
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1115Rule Jordan 2005 only - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 -
1116Rule Jordan 2006 max - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 -
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1117# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1118Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
1119 2:00 Jordan EE%sT
1120
9ffe4b14 1121
984263bc 1122# Kazakhstan
9ffe4b14 1123
984263bc 1124# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
9ffe4b14 1125# Andrew Evtichov (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
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MD
1126# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
1127# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
1128# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
1129# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
9ffe4b14 1130
bd7414aa 1131# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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MD
1132# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
1133# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
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1134# Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules.
1135# Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:
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1136#
1137# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
1138# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
1139# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
9ffe4b14 1140
bc95ec93
SW
1141# <a href="http://www.kazsociety.org.uk/news/2005/03/30.htm">
1142# From Kazakhstan Embassy's News Bulletin #11 (2005-03-21):
1143# </a>
1144# The Government of Kazakhstan passed a resolution March 15 abolishing
1145# daylight saving time citing lack of economic benefits and health
1146# complications coupled with a decrease in productivity.
1147#
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SW
1148# From Branislav Kojic (in Astana) via Gwillim Law (2005-06-28):
1149# ... what happened was that the former Kazakhstan Eastern time zone
1150# was "blended" with the Central zone. Therefore, Kazakhstan now has
1151# two time zones, and difference between them is one hour. The zone
1152# closer to UTC is the former Western zone (probably still called the
1153# same), encompassing four provinces in the west: Aqtobe, Atyrau,
1154# Mangghystau, and West Kazakhstan. The other zone encompasses
1155# everything else.... I guess that would make Kazakhstan time zones
1156# de jure UTC+5 and UTC+6 respectively.
1157
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1158#
1159# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1160#
1161# Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
1162Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
1163 5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
1164 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991
1165 6:00 - ALMT 1992
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1166 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 2005 Mar 15
1167 6:00 - ALMT
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1168# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
1169Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
1170 4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
1171 5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1
1172 5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1
1173 6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
1174 5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
1175 5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
1176 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
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1177 6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT 2005 Mar 15
1178 6:00 - QYZT
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1179# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Akt'ubinsk)
1180Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
1181 4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
1182 5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
1183 5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1
1184 6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1
1185 5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991
1186 5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
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1187 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Aqtobe Time
1188 5:00 - AQTT
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1189# Mangghystau
1190# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
1191# so include time stamps before 1963.
1192Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
1193 4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
1194 5:00 - FORT 1963
1195 5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time
1196 6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
1197 5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
1198 5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
ba5ba9da 1199 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
bc95ec93 1200 4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15
9ffe4b14 1201 5:00 - AQTT
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MD
1202# West Kazakhstan
1203Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
1204 4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
1205 5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
1206 5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
1207 6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
1208 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
1209 4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
1210 4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
bc95ec93 1211 4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time
9ffe4b14 1212 5:00 - ORAT
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MD
1213
1214# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
bd7414aa 1215# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
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1216
1217# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-15):
1218# According to an article dated today in the Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway
1219# <http://eng.gateway.kg/cgi-bin/page.pl?id=1&story_name=doc9979.shtml>
1220# Kyrgyzstan is canceling the daylight saving time system. I take the article
1221# to mean that they will leave their clocks at 6 hours ahead of UTC.
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SW
1222# From Malik Abdugaliev (2005-09-21):
1223# Our government cancels daylight saving time 6th of August 2005.
1224# From 2005-08-12 our GMT-offset is +6, w/o any daylight saving.
9ffe4b14 1225
984263bc 1226# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
e1e23b59
SW
1227Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Apr Sun>=7 0:00s 1:00 S
1228Rule Kyrgyz 1992 1996 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
1229Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S
1230Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
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1231# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1232Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
1233 5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
1234 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
1235 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
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1236 5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
1237 6:00 - KGT
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1238
1239###############################################################################
1240
1241# Korea (North and South)
1242
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1243# From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10) in
1244# <http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/SITE/data/html_dir/2006/07/10/200607100012.asp>:
1245# The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy has already
1246# commissioned a research project [to reintroduce DST] and has said
1247# the system may begin as early as 2008.... Korea ran a daylight
1248# saving program from 1949-61 but stopped it during the 1950-53 Korean War.
984263bc 1249
bd7414aa 1250# From Shanks & Pottenger:
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MD
1251# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1252Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D
1253Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
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1254Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 D
1255Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 0 S
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1256
1257# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1258Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890
1259 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
1260 9:00 - KST 1928
1261 8:30 - KST 1932
1262 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
1263 8:00 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10
1264 8:30 - KST 1968 Oct
1265 9:00 ROK K%sT
1266Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1890
1267 8:30 - KST 1904 Dec
1268 9:00 - KST 1928
1269 8:30 - KST 1932
1270 9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
1271 8:00 - KST 1961 Aug 10
1272 9:00 - KST
1273
1274###############################################################################
1275
1276# Kuwait
1277# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
f2892a6d
SW
1278# From the Arab Times (2007-03-14):
1279# The Civil Service Commission (CSC) has approved a proposal forwarded
1280# by MP Ahmad Baqer on implementing the daylight saving time (DST) in
1281# Kuwait starting from April until the end of Sept this year, reports Al-Anba.
1282# <http://www.arabtimesonline.com/arabtimes/kuwait/Viewdet.asp?ID=9950>.
1283# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-29):
1284# We don't know the details, or whether the approval means it'll happen,
1285# so for now we assume no DST.
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1286Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
1287 3:00 - AST
1288
1289# Laos
1290# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1291Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 # or Viangchan
1292 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
1293 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
1294 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
1295 7:00 - ICT
1296
1297# Lebanon
1298# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1299Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 S
1300Rule Lebanon 1920 only - Oct 25 0:00 0 -
1301Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
1302Rule Lebanon 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
1303Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
1304Rule Lebanon 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1305Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Apr 22 0:00 1:00 S
1306Rule Lebanon 1923 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1307Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1308Rule Lebanon 1957 1961 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1309Rule Lebanon 1972 only - Jun 22 0:00 1:00 S
1310Rule Lebanon 1972 1977 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1311Rule Lebanon 1973 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1312Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1313Rule Lebanon 1978 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
1314Rule Lebanon 1984 1987 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1315Rule Lebanon 1984 1991 - Oct 16 0:00 0 -
1316Rule Lebanon 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
1317Rule Lebanon 1989 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1318Rule Lebanon 1990 1992 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1319Rule Lebanon 1992 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
1320Rule Lebanon 1993 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1321Rule Lebanon 1993 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
1322Rule Lebanon 1999 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
1323# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1324Zone Asia/Beirut 2:22:00 - LMT 1880
1325 2:00 Lebanon EE%sT
1326
1327# Malaysia
1328# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1329Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer
1330Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -
1331#
984263bc 1332# peninsular Malaysia
ba5ba9da
JR
1333# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
1334# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
1335# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1336Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
1337 6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
1338 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
1339 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
1340 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
1341 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
1342 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
1343 7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1
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1344 8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
1345# Sabah & Sarawak
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1346# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
1347# The data here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982
ba5ba9da
JR
1348# transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
1349# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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1350Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
1351 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
ba5ba9da
JR
1352 8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16
1353 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
1354 8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1
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1355 8:00 - MYT
1356
1357# Maldives
1358# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1359Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
1360 4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
1361 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
1362
1363# Mongolia
1364
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1365# Shanks & Pottenger say that Mongolia has three time zones, but
1366# usno1995 and the CIA map Standard Time Zones of the World (2005-03)
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1367# both say that it has just one.
1368
1369# From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):
1370# <a href="http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/general.htm">
1371# General Information Mongolia
1372# </a> (1999-09)
1373# "Time: Mongolia has two time zones. Three westernmost provinces of
1374# Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, and Hovd are one hour earlier than the capital city, and
1375# the rest of the country follows the Ulaanbaatar time, which is UTC/GMT plus
1376# eight hours."
1377
1378# From Rives McDow (1999-12-13):
1379# Mongolia discontinued the use of daylight savings time in 1999; 1998
1380# being the last year it was implemented. The dates of implementation I am
1381# unsure of, but most probably it was similar to Russia, except for the time
1382# of implementation may have been different....
1383# Some maps in the past have indicated that there was an additional time
1384# zone in the eastern part of Mongolia, including the provinces of Dornod,
1385# Suhbaatar, and possibly Khentij.
1386
1387# From Paul Eggert (1999-12-15):
1388# Naming and spelling is tricky in Mongolia.
1389# We'll use Hovd (also spelled Chovd and Khovd) to represent the west zone;
1390# the capital of the Hovd province is sometimes called Hovd, sometimes Dund-Us,
1391# and sometimes Jirgalanta (with variant spellings), but the name Hovd
1392# is good enough for our purposes.
1393
1394# From Rives McDow (2001-05-13):
1395# In addition to Mongolia starting daylight savings as reported earlier
1396# (adopted DST on 2001-04-27 02:00 local time, ending 2001-09-28),
1397# there are three time zones.
1398#
1399# Provinces [at 7:00]: Bayan-ulgii, Uvs, Khovd, Zavkhan, Govi-Altai
1400# Provinces [at 8:00]: Khovsgol, Bulgan, Arkhangai, Khentii, Tov,
1401# Bayankhongor, Ovorkhangai, Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Omnogovi
1402# Provinces [at 9:00]: Dornod, Sukhbaatar
1403#
1404# [The province of Selenge is omitted from the above lists.]
1405
9ffe4b14 1406# From Ganbold Ts., Ulaanbaatar (2004-04-17):
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JR
1407# Daylight saving occurs at 02:00 local time last Saturday of March.
1408# It will change back to normal at 02:00 local time last Saturday of
1409# September.... As I remember this rule was changed in 2001.
1410#
1411# From Paul Eggert (2004-04-17):
1412# For now, assume Rives McDow's informant got confused about Friday vs
1413# Saturday, and that his 2001 dates should have 1 added to them.
1414
9ffe4b14
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1415# From Paul Eggert (2005-07-26):
1416# We have wildly conflicting information about Mongolia's time zones.
1417# Bill Bonnet (2005-05-19) reports that the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar says
1418# there is only one time zone and that DST is observed, citing Microsoft
1419# Windows XP as the source. Risto Nykanen (2005-05-16) reports that
1420# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UTC+7, UTC+8) with no DST.
1421# Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in
1422# Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed.
1423# He also found
1424# <http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/index.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1111634894&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1&>
1425# which also says that there is DST, and which has a comment by "Toddius"
1426# (2005-03-31 06:05 +0700) saying "Mongolia actually has 3.5 time zones.
1427# The West (OLGII) is +7 GMT, most of the country is ULAT is +8 GMT
1428# and some Eastern provinces are +9 GMT but Sukhbaatar Aimag is SUHK +8.5 GMT.
1429# The SUKH timezone is new this year, it is one of the few things the
1430# parliament passed during the tumultuous winter session."
1431# For now, let's ignore this information, until we have more confirmation.
1432
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SW
1433# From Ganbold Ts. (2007-02-26):
1434# Parliament of Mongolia has just changed the daylight-saving rule in February.
1435# They decided not to adopt daylight-saving time....
1436# http://www.mongolnews.mn/index.php?module=unuudur&sec=view&id=15742
1437
fcf6e80e
SW
1438# From Deborah Goldsmith (2008-03-30):
1439# We received a bug report claiming that the tz database UTC offset for
1440# Asia/Choibalsan (GMT+09:00) is incorrect, and that it should be GMT
1441# +08:00 instead. Different sources appear to disagree with the tz
1442# database on this, e.g.:
1443#
1444# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026">
1445# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=1026
1446# </a>
1447# <a href="http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx">
1448# http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_MN.aspx
1449# </a>
1450#
1451# both say GMT+08:00.
1452
1453# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-03-31):
1454# eznis airways, which operates several domestic flights, has a flight
1455# schedule here:
3f249718 1456# <a href="http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112">
fcf6e80e
SW
1457# http://www.eznis.com/Container.jsp?id=112
1458# </a>
1459# (click the English flag for English)
1460#
1461# There it appears that flights between Choibalsan and Ulaanbatar arrive
1462# about 1:35 - 1:50 hours later in local clock time, no matter the
1463# direction, while Ulaanbaatar-Khvod takes 2 hours in the Eastern
1464# direction and 3:35 back, which indicates that Ulaanbatar and Khvod are
1465# in different time zones (like we know about), while Choibalsan and
1466# Ulaanbatar are in the same time zone (correction needed).
1467
1468# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19):
1469# Assume that Choibalsan is indeed offset by 8:00.
1470# XXX--in the absence of better information, assume that transition
1471# was at the start of 2008-03-31 (the day of Steffen Thorsen's report);
1472# this is almost surely wrong.
1473
984263bc
MD
1474# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1475Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1476Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
bd7414aa
SW
1477# Shanks & Pottenger and IATA SSIM say 1990s switches occurred at 00:00,
1478# but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM
1479# (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998.
1480#
1481# Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches
1482# in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sukhbaatar) took place
1483# at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of
1484# the country. That would be odd, and possibly is a result of their
1485# correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly
1486# in the latest edition; so ignore it for now.
1487
1488Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1489Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
984263bc 1490# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.
ba5ba9da 1491Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
8393cd87
SW
1492Rule Mongol 2001 2006 - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 -
1493Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
984263bc
MD
1494
1495# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1496# Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta
1497Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug
1498 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
1499 7:00 Mongol HOV%sT
1500# Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga
1501Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug
1502 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
1503 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT
1504# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
1505# Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan
1506Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug
1507 7:00 - ULAT 1978
1508 8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr
fcf6e80e
SW
1509 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time
1510 8:00 Mongol CHO%sT
984263bc
MD
1511
1512# Nepal
1513# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
09695390 1514Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
984263bc
MD
1515 5:30 - IST 1986
1516 5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time
1517
1518# Oman
1519# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1520Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:20 - LMT 1920
1521 4:00 - GST
1522
1523# Pakistan
1524
1525# From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):
1526# I have been advised that Pakistan has decided to adopt dst on a
1527# TRIAL basis for one year, starting 00:01 local time on April 7, 2002
1528# and ending at 00:01 local time October 6, 2002. This is what I was
1529# told, but I believe that the actual time of change may be 00:00; the
1530# 00:01 was to make it clear which day it was on.
1531
1532# From Paul Eggert (2002-03-15):
1533# Jesper Norgaard found this URL:
1534# http://www.pak.gov.pk/public/news/app/app06_dec.htm
1535# (dated 2001-12-06) which says that the Cabinet adopted a scheme "to
1536# advance the clocks by one hour on the night between the first
1537# Saturday and Sunday of April and revert to the original position on
1538# 15th October each year". This agrees with McDow's 04-07 at 00:00,
1539# but disagrees about the October transition, and makes it sound like
1540# it's not on a trial basis. Also, the "between the first Saturday
1541# and Sunday of April" phrase, if taken literally, means that the
1542# transition takes place at 00:00 on the first Sunday on or after 04-02.
1543
1544# From Paul Eggert (2003-02-09):
1545# DAWN <http://www.dawn.com/2002/10/06/top13.htm> reported on 2002-10-05
1546# that 2002 DST ended that day at midnight. Go with McDow for now.
1547
1548# From Steffen Thorsen (2003-03-14):
1549# According to http://www.dawn.com/2003/03/07/top15.htm
1550# there will be no DST in Pakistan this year:
1551#
1552# ISLAMABAD, March 6: Information and Media Development Minister Sheikh
1553# Rashid Ahmed on Thursday said the cabinet had reversed a previous
1554# decision to advance clocks by one hour in summer and put them back by
1555# one hour in winter with the aim of saving light hours and energy.
1556#
1557# The minister told a news conference that the experiment had rather
1558# shown 8 per cent higher consumption of electricity.
1559
fcf6e80e
SW
1560# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-15):
1561#
1562# Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time
1563# on June 1, 2008 for 3 months.
1564#
1565# "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to help
1566# reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at 9pm and
1567# moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months.
1568# ...."
1569#
1570# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html">
1571# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html
1572# </a>
1573# OR
1574# <a href="http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4">
1575# http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4
1576# </a>
1577
1578# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-19):
1579# XXX--midnight transitions is a guess; 2008 only is a guess.
984263bc 1580
234dfcd0
SW
1581# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28):
1582# Pakistan government has decided to keep the watches one-hour advanced
1583# for another 2 months--plan to return to Standard Time on October 31
1584# instead of August 31.
1585#
1586# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html">
1587# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan02.html
1588# </a>
1589# OR
1590# <a href="http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html">
1591# http://dailymailnews.com/200808/28/news/dmbrn03.html
1592# </a>
1593
d72d3a60
SW
1594# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-04-08):
1595# Based on previous media reports that "... proposed plan to
1596# advance clocks by one hour from May 1 will cause disturbance
1597# to the working schedules rather than bringing discipline in
1598# official working."
1599# <a href="http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=171280">
1600# http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=171280
1601# </a>
1602#
1603# recent news that instead of May 2009 - Pakistan plan to
1604# introduce DST from April 15, 2009
1605#
1606# FYI: Associated Press Of Pakistan
1607# April 08, 2009
1608# Cabinet okays proposal to advance clocks by one hour from April 15
1609# <a href="http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73043&Itemid=1">
1610# http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73043&Itemid=1
1611# </a>
1612#
1613# or
1614#
1615# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan05.html">
1616# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan05.html
1617# </a>
1618#
1619# ....
1620# The Federal Cabinet on Wednesday approved the proposal to
1621# advance clocks in the country by one hour from April 15 to
1622# conserve energy"
1623
1624# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-10):
1625# Assume for now that Pakistan will end DST in 2009 as it did in 2008.
1626
984263bc
MD
1627# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1628Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
1629Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
fcf6e80e 1630Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 1631Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
d72d3a60
SW
1632Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
1633Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
984263bc
MD
1634# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1635Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
1636 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
1637 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
1638 5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30
1639 5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time
1640 5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time
1641
1642# Palestine
1643
9ffe4b14 1644# From Amos Shapir (1998-02-15):
984263bc
MD
1645#
1646# From 1917 until 1948-05-15, all of Palestine, including the parts now
1647# known as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, was under British rule.
1648# Therefore the rules given for Israel for that period, apply there too...
1649#
1650# The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian rule between 1948-05-15 until 1967-06-05
1651# (except a short occupation by Israel from 1956-11 till 1957-03, but no
1652# time zone was affected then). It was never formally annexed to Egypt,
1653# though.
1654#
1655# The rest of Palestine was under Jordanian rule at that time, formally
1656# annexed in 1950 as the West Bank (and the word "Trans" was dropped from
1657# the country's previous name of "the Hashemite Kingdom of the
1658# Trans-Jordan"). So the rules for Jordan for that time apply. Major
1659# towns in that area are Nablus (Shchem), El-Halil (Hebron), Ramallah, and
1660# East Jerusalem.
1661#
1662# Both areas were occupied by Israel in June 1967, but not annexed (except
1663# for East Jerusalem). They were on Israel time since then; there might
1664# have been a Military Governor's order about time zones, but I'm not aware
1665# of any (such orders may have been issued semi-annually whenever summer
1666# time was in effect, but maybe the legal aspect of time was just neglected).
1667#
1668# The Palestinian Authority was established in 1993, and got hold of most
1669# towns in the West Bank and Gaza by 1995. I know that in order to
1670# demonstrate...independence, they have been switching to
1671# summer time and back on a different schedule than Israel's, but I don't
1672# know when this was started, or what algorithm is used (most likely the
1673# Jordanian one).
1674#
1675# To summarize, the table should probably look something like that:
1676#
1677# Area \ when | 1918-1947 | 1948-1967 | 1967-1995 | 1996-
1678# ------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------
1679# Israel | Zion | Zion | Zion | Zion
1680# West bank | Zion | Jordan | Zion | Jordan
1681# Gaza | Zion | Egypt | Zion | Jordan
1682#
1683# I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they
1684# have one).
1685
bd7414aa
SW
1686# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
1687# Shanks & Pottenger write that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but go
984263bc
MD
1688# with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947,
1689# and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996.
1690# We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since
1691# the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about
1692# occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.
1693# However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries
1694# for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules
1695# to Palestine's rules. If you have more info about this, please
1696# send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions.
1697
1698# From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time,
1699# forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg:
1700#
1701# Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time
1702# last week, the PLO Authority (PA) has decided not to turn its clocks
1703# one-hour forward at this time. As a sign of independence from Israeli rule,
1704# the PA has decided to implement DST in April.
1705
1706# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):
1707# Daoud Kuttab writes in
1708# <a href="http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html">
1709# Holiday havoc
1710# </a> (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that
1711# the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15.
1712# I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source).
1713# For now, let's assume that the spring switch was at 24:00,
1714# and that they switch at 0:00 on the 3rd Fridays of April and October.
1715
aa65d21a
SW
1716# From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22):
1717# Starting 2004 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com.
1718
bd7414aa
SW
1719# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23):
1720# A user from Gaza reported that Gaza made the change early because of
1721# the Ramadan. Next year Ramadan will be even earlier, so I think
1722# there is a good chance next year's end date will be around two weeks
1723# earlier--the same goes for Jordan.
1724
1725# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-08-17):
1726# I was informed by a user in Bethlehem that in Bethlehem it started the
1727# same day as Israel, and after checking with other users in the area, I
1728# was informed that they started DST one day after Israel. I was not
1729# able to find any authoritative sources at the time, nor details if
1730# Gaza changed as well, but presumed Gaza to follow the same rules as
1731# the West Bank.
1732
1733# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-26):
1734# according to the Palestine News Network (2006-09-19):
1735# http://english.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=596&Itemid=5
1736# > The Council of Ministers announced that this year its winter schedule
1737# > will begin early, as of midnight Thursday. It is also time to turn
1738# > back the clocks for winter. Friday will begin an hour late this week.
1739# I guess it is likely that next year's date will be moved as well,
1740# because of the Ramadan.
1741
bbe9957d
SW
1742# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-09-18):
1743# According to Steffen Thorsen's web site the Gaza Strip and the rest of the
1744# Palestinian territories left DST early on 13.th. of September at 2:00.
1745
1746# From Paul Eggert (2007-09-20):
1747# My understanding is that Gaza and the West Bank disagree even over when
1748# the weekend is (Thursday+Friday versus Friday+Saturday), so I'd be a bit
1749# surprised if they agreed about DST. But for now, assume they agree.
1750# For lack of better information, predict that future changes will be
1751# the 2nd Thursday of September at 02:00.
1752
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SW
1753# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2008-08-28):
1754# Here is an article, that Mideast running on different clocks at Ramadan.
1755#
1756# Gaza Strip (as Egypt) ended DST at midnight Thursday (Aug 28, 2008), while
1757# the West Bank will end Daylight Saving Time at midnight Sunday (Aug 31, 2008).
1758#
1759# <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001">
1760# http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/7759001
1761# </a>
1762# <a href="http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087">
1763# http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=5676087
1764# </a>
1765# or
1766# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html">
1767# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_gazastrip01.html
1768# </a>
1769
95dd2544
SW
1770# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-26):
1771# According to the Palestine News Network (arabic.pnn.ps), Palestinian
1772# government decided to start Daylight Time on Thursday night March
1773# 26 and continue until the night of 27 September 2009.
1774#
1775# (in Arabic)
1776# <a href="http://arabic.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=50850">
1777# http://arabic.pnn.ps/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=50850
1778# </a>
1779#
1780# or
1781# (English translation)
1782# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank01.html">
1783# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_westbank01.html
1784# </a>
1785
984263bc
MD
1786# The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file.
1787# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1788Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
1789Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1790Rule EgyptAsia 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1791Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1967 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
1792Rule EgyptAsia 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1793Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
1794
bd7414aa 1795Rule Palestine 1999 2005 - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S
aa65d21a
SW
1796Rule Palestine 1999 2003 - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
1797Rule Palestine 2004 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 1798Rule Palestine 2005 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
95dd2544 1799Rule Palestine 2006 2008 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bd7414aa 1800Rule Palestine 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
234dfcd0 1801Rule Palestine 2007 only - Sep Thu>=8 2:00 0 -
95dd2544
SW
1802Rule Palestine 2008 only - Aug lastFri 2:00 0 -
1803Rule Palestine 2009 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S
1804Rule Palestine 2009 max - Sep lastMon 2:00 0 -
984263bc
MD
1805
1806# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1807Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
1808 2:00 Zion EET 1948 May 15
1809 2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5
1810 2:00 Zion I%sT 1996
1811 2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999
1812 2:00 Palestine EE%sT
1813
1814# Paracel Is
1815# no information
1816
1817# Philippines
1818# On 1844-08-16, Narciso Claveria, governor-general of the
1819# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
1820# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01. Robert H. van Gent has a
1821# transcript of the decree in <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/idl/idl.htm>.
bd7414aa
SW
1822# The rest of the data are from Shanks & Pottenger.
1823
1824# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
1825# Tomorrow's Manila Standard reports that the Philippines Department of
1826# Trade and Industry is considering adopting DST this June when the
1827# rainy season begins. See
1828# <http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=politics02_april26_2006>.
1829# For now, we'll ignore this, since it's not definite and we lack details.
1830#
1831# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-26):
1832# ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990:
1833# http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/
1834# [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires,
1835# but no details]
1836
984263bc
MD
1837# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1838Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S
1839Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
1840Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 S
1841Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -
1842Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 S
1843Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
1844# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1845Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
1846 8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11
1847 8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May
1848 9:00 - JST 1944 Nov
1849 8:00 Phil PH%sT
1850
1851# Qatar
1852# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1853Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
1854 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
1855 3:00 - AST
1856
1857# Saudi Arabia
1858# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1859Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1950
1860 3:00 - AST
1861
1862# Singapore
ba5ba9da
JR
1863# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
1864# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
984263bc 1865# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
ba5ba9da
JR
1866Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
1867 6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
1868 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
1869 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
1870 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
1871 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
1872 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
984263bc 1873 7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence
ba5ba9da 1874 7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time
984263bc
MD
1875 8:00 - SGT
1876
1877# Spratly Is
1878# no information
1879
1880# Sri Lanka
1881# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
1882# "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"
1883# (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,
1884# no longer available as of 1999-08-17)
1885# reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at
1886# midnight Friday (1830 GMT) `in the light of the present power crisis'.''
1887#
1888# From Dharmasiri Senanayake, Sri Lanka Media Minister (1996-10-24), as quoted
1889# by Shamindra in
1890# <a href="news:54rka5$m5h@mtinsc01-mgt.ops.worldnet.att.net">
1891# Daily News - Hot News Section (1996-10-26)
1892# </a>:
1893# With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996
1894# Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT.
1895
bd7414aa
SW
1896# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-14), quoting Sri Lanka News Online
1897# <http://news.sinhalaya.com/wmview.php?ArtID=11002> (2006-04-13):
1898# 0030 hrs on April 15, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006 +30 minutes)
1899# at present, become 2400 hours of April 14, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006).
1900
1901# From Peter Apps and Ranga Sirila of Reuters (2006-04-12) in:
1902# <http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML>
1903# [The Tamil Tigers] never accepted the original 1996 time change and simply
1904# kept their clocks set five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean
1905# Time (GMT), in line with neighbor India.
1906# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-18):
e4a74243 1907# People who live in regions under Tamil control can use [TZ='Asia/Kolkata'],
bd7414aa
SW
1908# as that zone has agreed with the Tamil areas since our cutoff date of 1970.
1909
1910# From K Sethu (2006-04-25):
1911# I think the abbreviation LKT originated from the world of computers at
1912# the time of or subsequent to the time zone changes by SL Government
1913# twice in 1996 and probably SL Government or its standardization
1914# agencies never declared an abbreviation as a national standard.
1915#
1916# I recollect before the recent change the government annoucemments
1917# mentioning it as simply changing Sri Lanka Standard Time or Sri Lanka
1918# Time and no mention was made about the abbreviation.
1919#
1920# If we look at Sri Lanka Department of Government's "Official News
1921# Website of Sri Lanka" ... http://www.news.lk/ we can see that they
1922# use SLT as abbreviation in time stamp at the beginning of each news
1923# item....
1924#
1925# Within Sri Lanka I think LKT is well known among computer users and
1926# adminsitrators. In my opinion SLT may not be a good choice because the
1927# nation's largest telcom / internet operator Sri Lanka Telcom is well
1928# known by that abbreviation - simply as SLT (there IP domains are
1929# slt.lk and sltnet.lk).
1930#
1931# But if indeed our government has adopted SLT as standard abbreviation
1932# (that we have not known so far) then it is better that it be used for
1933# all computers.
1934
1935# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
1936# One possibility is that we wait for a bit for the dust to settle down
1937# and then see what people actually say in practice.
1938
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1939# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1940Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
1941 5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
1942 5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5
1943 5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep
1944 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
1945 5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
1946 6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
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1947 6:00 - LKT 2006 Apr 15 0:30
1948 5:30 - IST
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1949
1950# Syria
1951# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1952Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S
1953Rule Syria 1920 1923 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
1954Rule Syria 1962 only - Apr 29 2:00 1:00 S
1955Rule Syria 1962 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1956Rule Syria 1963 1965 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1957Rule Syria 1963 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1958Rule Syria 1964 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1959Rule Syria 1965 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1960Rule Syria 1966 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 S
1961Rule Syria 1966 1976 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1962Rule Syria 1967 1978 - May 1 2:00 1:00 S
1963Rule Syria 1977 1978 - Sep 1 2:00 0 -
1964Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Apr 9 2:00 1:00 S
1965Rule Syria 1983 1984 - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1966Rule Syria 1986 only - Feb 16 2:00 1:00 S
1967Rule Syria 1986 only - Oct 9 2:00 0 -
1968Rule Syria 1987 only - Mar 1 2:00 1:00 S
1969Rule Syria 1987 1988 - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
1970Rule Syria 1988 only - Mar 15 2:00 1:00 S
1971Rule Syria 1989 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
1972Rule Syria 1989 only - Oct 1 2:00 0 -
1973Rule Syria 1990 only - Apr 1 2:00 1:00 S
1974Rule Syria 1990 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 -
1975Rule Syria 1991 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
1976Rule Syria 1991 1992 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
1977Rule Syria 1992 only - Apr 8 0:00 1:00 S
1978Rule Syria 1993 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
1979Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
1980# IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02;
1981# (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02,
1982# 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31;
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1983# (2006) says 2006-03-31 and 2006-09-22;
1984# for now ignore all these claims and go with Shanks & Pottenger,
1985# except for the 2006-09-22 claim (which seems right for Ramadan).
984263bc 1986Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bd7414aa 1987Rule Syria 1994 2005 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
984263bc 1988Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S
f2892a6d 1989Rule Syria 1999 2006 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
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1990# From Stephen Colebourne (2006-09-18):
1991# According to IATA data, Syria will change DST on 21st September [21:00 UTC]
1992# this year [only].... This is probably related to Ramadan, like Egypt.
1993Rule Syria 2006 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
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1994# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-29):
1995# Today the AP reported "Syria will switch to summertime at midnight Thursday."
1996# http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/03/29/africa/ME-GEN-Syria-Time-Change.php
e4a74243 1997Rule Syria 2007 only - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S
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1998# From Jesper Norgard (2007-10-27):
1999# The sister center ICARDA of my work CIMMYT is confirming that Syria DST will
2000# not take place 1.st November at 0:00 o'clock but 1.st November at 24:00 or
2001# rather Midnight between Thursday and Friday. This does make more sence than
2002# having it between Wednesday and Thursday (two workdays in Syria) since the
2003# weekend in Syria is not Saturday and Sunday, but Friday and Saturday. So now
2004# it is implemented at midnight of the last workday before weekend...
2005#
2006# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-10-27):
2007# Jesper Norgaard Welen wrote:
2008#
2009# > "Winter local time in Syria will be observed at midnight of Thursday 1
2010# > November 2007, and the clock will be put back 1 hour."
2011#
2012# I found confirmation on this in this gov.sy-article (Arabic):
2013# http://wehda.alwehda.gov.sy/_print_veiw.asp?FileName=12521710520070926111247
2014#
2015# which using Google's translate tools says:
2016# Council of Ministers also approved the commencement of work on
2017# identifying the winter time as of Friday, 2/11/2007 where the 60th
2018# minute delay at midnight Thursday 1/11/2007.
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2019Rule Syria 2007 only - Nov Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
2020
2021# From Stephen Colebourne (2008-03-17):
2022# For everyone's info, I saw an IATA time zone change for [Syria] for
2023# this month (March 2008) in the last day or so...This is the data IATA
2024# are now using:
2025# Country Time Standard --- DST Start --- --- DST End --- DST
2026# Name Zone Variation Time Date Time Date
2027# Variation
2028# Syrian Arab
2029# Republic SY +0200 2200 03APR08 2100 30SEP08 +0300
2030# 2200 02APR09 2100 30SEP09 +0300
2031# 2200 01APR10 2100 30SEP10 +0300
2032
2033# From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-17):
2034# Here's a link to English-language coverage by the Syrian Arab News
2035# Agency (SANA)...
2036# <a href="http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm">
2037# http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2008/03/11/165173.htm
2038# </a>...which reads (in part) "The Cabinet approved the suggestion of the
2039# Ministry of Electricity to begin daylight savings time on Friday April
2040# 4th, advancing clocks one hour ahead on midnight of Thursday April 3rd."
2041# Since Syria is two hours east of UTC, the 2200 and 2100 transition times
2042# shown above match up with midnight in Syria.
2043
2044# From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):
2045# My buest guess at a Syrian rule is "the Friday nearest April 1";
2046# coding that involves either using a "Mar Fri>=29" construct that old time zone
2047# compilers can't handle or having multiple Rules (a la Israel).
2048# For now, use "Apr Fri>=1", and go with IATA on a uniform Sep 30 end.
2049
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2050# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-10-07):
2051# Syria has now officially decided to end DST on 2008-11-01 this year,
2052# according to the following article in the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA).
2053#
2054# The article is in Arabic, and seems to tell that they will go back to
2055# winter time on 2008-11-01 at 00:00 local daylight time (delaying/setting
2056# clocks back 60 minutes).
2057#
2058# <a href="http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm">
2059# http://sana.sy/ara/2/2008/10/07/195459.htm
2060# </a>
2061
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2062# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-19):
2063# Syria will start DST on 2009-03-27 00:00 this year according to many sources,
2064# two examples:
2065#
2066# <a href="http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm">
2067# http://www.sana.sy/eng/21/2009/03/17/217563.htm
2068# </a>
2069# (English, Syrian Arab News # Agency)
2070# <a href="http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209">
2071# http://thawra.alwehda.gov.sy/_View_news2.asp?FileName=94459258720090318012209
2072# </a>
2073# (Arabic, gov-site)
2074#
2075# We have not found any sources saying anything about when DST ends this year.
2076#
2077# Our summary
2078# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html">
2079# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/syria-dst-starts-march-27-2009.html
2080# </a>
2081
2082Rule Syria 2008 only - Apr Fri>=1 0:00 1:00 S
0fbb2fac 2083Rule Syria 2008 max - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
8d18e469 2084Rule Syria 2009 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S
e4a74243 2085
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2086# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2087Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
2088 2:00 Syria EE%sT
2089
2090# Tajikistan
bd7414aa 2091# From Shanks & Pottenger.
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2092# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2093Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
2094 5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
2095 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2096 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
2097 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
2098
2099# Thailand
2100# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2101Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
2102 6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time
2103 7:00 - ICT
2104
2105# Turkmenistan
bd7414aa 2106# From Shanks & Pottenger.
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2107# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2108Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
2109 4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
2110 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
2111 4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
bd7414aa 2112 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
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2113 5:00 - TMT
2114
2115# United Arab Emirates
2116# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2117Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920
2118 4:00 - GST
2119
2120# Uzbekistan
2121# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2122Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
2123 4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
2124 5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
2125 5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
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2126 6:00 - TAST 1982 Apr 1 # Tashkent Time
2127 5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
984263bc 2128 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
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2129 5:00 - UZT
2130Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
2131 5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
bd7414aa 2132 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
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2133 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
2134 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
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2135 5:00 - UZT
2136
2137# Vietnam
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2139# From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):
2140# The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Min City";
2141# we use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.
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2142
2143# From Shanks & Pottenger:
984263bc 2144# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
e4a74243 2145Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
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2146 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
2147 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
2148 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
2149 7:00 - ICT
2150
2151# Yemen
2152# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
2153Zone Asia/Aden 3:00:48 - LMT 1950
2154 3:00 - AST