Sync zoneinfo database with tzdata2013b from ftp://ftp.iana.org/tz/releases
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34850bd5 1# <pre>
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2# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
3# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
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4
5# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
6# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
933b0a8d 7# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
984263bc 8
80e7e01d 9# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
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10#
11# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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12# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
13# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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14#
15# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
16# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
17# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
18# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
19# of the IATA's data after 1990.
20#
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21# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
22# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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23#
24# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
25# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
26# I found in the UCLA library.
27#
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28# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
29# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
30# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
31#
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32# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
33# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
34#
35# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
36# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
9ffe4b14 37# but Mark R V Murray reports that
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38# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
39# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
40# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
41# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
42# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
43#
44# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
45# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
46# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
47# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
48# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
49#
50# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
51# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
52# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
53# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
54# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
55# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
56# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
57# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
58# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
59# until we get more information.
60#
61# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
62# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
63# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
939d3005 64# 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
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65# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
66# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
67# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
68# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
69
70# Algeria
71# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
72Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 73Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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74Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
75Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
76Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
77Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
78Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
79Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
80Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
81Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
82Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 83Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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84Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
85Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
86Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
87Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
88Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
89Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
90Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
91Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
92Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
93Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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94# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
95# more precise 0:09:21.
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96# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
97Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
98 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
99 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
100 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
101 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
102 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
103 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
104 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
105 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
106 1:00 - CET
107
108# Angola
109# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
110Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
111 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
112 1:00 - WAT
113
114# Benin
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115# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
116# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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117# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
118Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
119 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
120 1:00 - WAT
121
122# Botswana
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123# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
124# Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;
125# assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.
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126# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
127Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
80e7e01d 128 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
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129 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
130 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
131 2:00 - CAT
132
133# Burkina Faso
134# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
135Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
136 0:00 - GMT
137
138# Burundi
139# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
140Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
141 2:00 - CAT
142
143# Cameroon
bd7414aa 144# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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145# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
146Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
147 1:00 - WAT
148
149# Cape Verde
150# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
151Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
152 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
153 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
154 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
155 -1:00 - CVT
156
157# Central African Republic
158# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
159Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
160 1:00 - WAT
161
162# Chad
163# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
164Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
165 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
166 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
167 1:00 - WAT
168
169# Comoros
170# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
171Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
172 3:00 - EAT
173
174# Democratic Republic of Congo
175# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
176Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
177 1:00 - WAT
178Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
179 2:00 - CAT
180
181# Republic of the Congo
182# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
183Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
184 1:00 - WAT
185
186# Cote D'Ivoire
187# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
188Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
189 0:00 - GMT
190
191# Djibouti
192# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
193Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
194 3:00 - EAT
195
196###############################################################################
197
198# Egypt
199
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200# Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
201# observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
202# Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
203# did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
204
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205# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
206Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
207Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
208Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
209Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
210Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
211Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
212Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
213Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
214Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
215Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
216Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
217Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
218Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
219Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
220Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
221Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
222Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
223Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
224Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
225# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
226# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
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227
228# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
229# "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
230# saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
231# Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
232#
233# Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
234# <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168">
235# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
236# </a>
237# or
238# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html">
239# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
240# </a>
241Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
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242Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
243# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
244# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
245# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
246# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
247# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
248Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 -
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249# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
250# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
251# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
252# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
ef5158c8 253# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
0e49ec84 254# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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255# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
256# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
257Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 -
258# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
259# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
260# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
261# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
262# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
263# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
264# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 265# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 266# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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267
268# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
269# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
270#
271# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
3dbe7164 272# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 273# Apr 23
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274# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
275# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
2047e903 276# Apr 24
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277# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
278# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 279# Aug 27
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280# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
281# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 282# Aug 27
3dbe7164 283# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
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284#
285# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
286# :59)
287# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
288#
289# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
290#
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291# [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263">
292# https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
2047e903 293# </a>
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294# [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53">
295# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
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296# </a>
297# [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
298# http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
299# </a>
300
301# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
302# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
303# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
304# in September.
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305
306# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
307# We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
308# Information and Decision Support Center:
309# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html">
310# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
311# </a>
312#
313# The Middle East News Agency
314# <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx">
315# http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
316# </a>
317# also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
318# today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
319# Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
320# and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
321# (at least today).
322
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323# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
324# According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
325# decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
326# Ramadan.
327#
328# Arabic translation:
329# "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again"
330# <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again">
331# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
332# </a>
333# or
334# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html">
335# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
336# </a>
337
2047e903 338Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 -
d2e76e66 339Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 23:00s 0 -
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340Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 -
341Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 10 0:00 1:00 S
e01e21dd 342Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
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343
344# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
80e7e01d 345Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
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346 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
347
348# Equatorial Guinea
349# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
350Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
351 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
352 1:00 - WAT
353
354# Eritrea
355# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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356Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
357 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
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358 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
359 3:00 - EAT
360
361# Ethiopia
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362# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
363# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
364# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
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365# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
366# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
367Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
368 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
369 3:00 - EAT
370
371# Gabon
372# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
373Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
374 1:00 - WAT
375
376# Gambia
377# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
378Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
379 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
380 -1:00 - WAT 1964
381 0:00 - GMT
382
383# Ghana
384# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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385# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
386# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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387Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
388Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
389# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
390Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
391 0:00 Ghana %s
392
393# Guinea
394# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
395Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
396 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
397 -1:00 - WAT 1960
398 0:00 - GMT
399
400# Guinea-Bissau
401# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
402Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
403 -1:00 - WAT 1975
404 0:00 - GMT
405
406# Kenya
407# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
408Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
409 3:00 - EAT 1930
410 2:30 - BEAT 1940
939d3005 411 2:45 - BEAUT 1960
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412 3:00 - EAT
413
414# Lesotho
415# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
416Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
417 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
418 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
419 2:00 - SAST
420
421# Liberia
bd7414aa 422# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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423# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
424# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
425# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
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426# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
427# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
428# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
429# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
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430# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
431Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
432 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
433 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
434 0:00 - GMT
435
436###############################################################################
437
438# Libya
439
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440# From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
441# Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
442# http://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
443# Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
444#
445# Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
446# http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
447#
448# From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
449# Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
450# The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
451# (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
452# lastFri instead of lastSun).
453
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454# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
455Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
456Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
457Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
458Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
459Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
460Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
461Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
462Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
463Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
464Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
465Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
466Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 467Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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468Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
469Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
470Rule Libya 2013 max - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
471Rule Libya 2013 max - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
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472# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
473Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
474 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
475 2:00 - EET 1982
476 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
933b0a8d 477# The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
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478# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
479 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
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480 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
481 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
482 1:00 Libya CE%sT
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483
484# Madagascar
485# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
486Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
487 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
488 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
489 3:00 - EAT
490
491# Malawi
492# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
493Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
494 2:00 - CAT
495
496# Mali
497# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
498Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
499 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
500 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
501 0:00 - GMT
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502
503# Mauritania
504# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
505Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
506 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
507 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
508 0:00 - GMT
509
510# Mauritius
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511
512# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
513# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
514# basis....
ef5158c8 515# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
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516# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
517# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 518
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519# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
520# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 521
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522# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
523# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
524# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
525# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 526
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527# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
528# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
529
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530# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
531# According to
532# <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
533# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
534# </a>
535# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
536# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
537# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
538# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
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539#
540# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
541# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
542# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
543# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
544# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
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545# changes two days later.
546
547# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
548# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
549# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
550# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
551#
552# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
553# de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
554# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one.
555# ...
556# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
557# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
558# </a>
559
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560# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
561# The Government of Mauritius weblink
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562# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
563# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
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564# </a>
565# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
566#
567# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
568# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
569# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
570# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
571# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
572# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
573# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
574# year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
575# and end on 29 March 2009.
576
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577# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
578# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
579# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
580# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
581# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
582# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
583# </a>
584
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585# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
586# According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
587# DST the coming summer...
588#
589# Some sources, in French:
590# <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB">
591# http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
592# </a>
593# <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-">
594# http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
595# </a>
596#
597# Our wrap-up:
598# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html">
599# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
600# </a>
601
602# From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
603# The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
604# "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
605# at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
606
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607# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
608Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
609Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
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610Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
611Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
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612# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
613Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
a36b983e 614 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
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615# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
616# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
617
618# Mayotte
619# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
620Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
621 3:00 - EAT
622
623# Morocco
624# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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625
626# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
627# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
628# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
629#
630# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
631# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
632# Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
633#
634# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
635# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
636# </a>
637# OR
638# <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
639# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
640# </a>
641
642# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
643# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
644# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view">
645# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
646# </a>
647#
648# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
649# spokesman.
650
651# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
652# According to this article:
653# <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
654# http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
655# </a>
656# (and republished here:
657# <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html">
658# http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html
659# </a>
660# )
661# the changes occurs at midnight:
662#
663# saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be
664# intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday)
665# sunday night the 28th at midnight
666#
667# Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
668# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
669# monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
670# june1st to sept 27th.
671#
672# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
673# published on the web.
674#
675# It's also confirmed here:
3f249718 676# <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
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677# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
678# </a>
679# on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet
680# posted in english).
681#
682# The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
683# <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
684# http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
685# </a>
686
687# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
688# Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow
689# Morocco DST changes? Any information? What about other part of
690# Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named
691# SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)?
692
693# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09):
694# XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now.
695
234dfcd0 696# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
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697# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
698# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
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699# of September:
700#
701# One article about it (in French):
702# <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
703# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
704# </a>
705#
706# We have some further details posted here:
707# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
708# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
709# </a>
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710
711# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
712# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
713# to many sources, such as
714# <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
715# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
716# </a>
717# <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
718# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
719# </a>
720# (French)
721#
722# Our summary:
723# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
724# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
725# </a>
726
727# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
728# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
729# Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
730#
731# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
732# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
733# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
734# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
735#
736# <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
737# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
738# </a>
739#
740# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
741# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
742# </a>
743
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744# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
745# Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
746# of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
747# 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
748#
749# Example:
750# <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html">
751# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
752# </a>
753# (French)
754# Our page:
755# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html">
756# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
757# </a>
758
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759# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
760# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
761# The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00
762# The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00
763# ...Official links of change in morocco
764# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
765# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
766# +212.537.71.84.00
767# <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/">
768# http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
769# </a>
770# They said that
771# <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view">
772# http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
773# </a>
774# is the official publication to look at.
775# They said that the decision was already taken.
776#
777# More articles in the press
778# <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev">
779# http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev
780# </a>
781# e.html
782# <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923">
783# http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
784# </a>
785# <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim">
786# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
787# anche-prochain-5538.html
788# </a>
789
790# From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
791# They have it written in English here:
792# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view">
793# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
794# </a>
795#
796# It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
797# 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
798# wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
799# also been like that in the past.
800
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801# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
802# According to Infom&eacute;diaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
803# on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure l&eacute;gale:
804# Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'&eacute;t&eacute;
805# <a href="http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9">
806# http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
807# </a>
808# Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
809# the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
810# last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
811# except the month of Ramadan.
812# or (brief)
813# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html">
814# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
815# </a>
816
817# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
818# The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
819# effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
820# it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
821# Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
822# start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
823
824# From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
825# Seen Morocco change again:
826# <a href="http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php">
827# http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
828# </a>
829# "...&agrave; partir du dernier dimance d'avril et non fins mars,
830# comme annonc&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment."
831
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832# From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
833# The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
834# <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288">
835# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
836# </a>
837#
838# Google translation, lightly edited:
839# Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
840# Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
841# 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
842# Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
843# of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
844# of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
845# Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
846# 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
847# August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
848
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849# From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
850# Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
851# announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
852# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
853# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
854# <http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288>.
855#
856# To estimate what the Moroccan government will do in future years,
857# transition dates for 2013 through 2021 were determined by running
858# the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3:
859#
860# (let ((islamic-year 1434))
861# (while (< islamic-year 1444)
862# (let ((a
863# (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute
864# (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year))))
865# (b
866# (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute
867# (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))))
868# (insert
869# (format
870# (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
871# "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
872# (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
873# (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
874# (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
875#
876# with the results hand-edited for 2020-2022, when the normal spring-forward
877# date falls during the estimated Ramadan.
878#
879# From 2023 through 2038 Ramadan is not predicted to overlap with
880# daylight saving time. Starting in 2039 there will be overlap again,
881# but 32-bit time_t values roll around in 2038 so for now do not worry
882# about dates after 2038.
883
984263bc 884# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
234dfcd0 885
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886Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
887Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
888Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
889Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
890Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
891Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
892Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
893Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
894Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
895Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
896Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
897Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
898Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
899Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
900Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
fcf6e80e 901Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 902Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
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903Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
904Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
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905Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
906Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
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907Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
908Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 -
e1ff7155 909Rule Morocco 2012 2019 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
20aca2bf 910Rule Morocco 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -
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911Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
912Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
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913Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 9 3:00 0 -
914Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 8 2:00 1:00 S
915Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 29 3:00 0 -
916Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jul 29 2:00 1:00 S
917Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 18 3:00 0 -
918Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 18 2:00 1:00 S
919Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 7 3:00 0 -
920Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 7 2:00 1:00 S
921Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 27 3:00 0 -
922Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jun 26 2:00 1:00 S
923Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 16 3:00 0 -
924Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 15 2:00 1:00 S
925Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 6 3:00 0 -
926Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 5 2:00 1:00 S
927Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S
928Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 13 2:00 1:00 S
929Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 3 2:00 1:00 S
930Rule Morocco 2023 max - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
20aca2bf 931
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932# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
933Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
934 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
935 1:00 - CET 1986
fcf6e80e 936 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
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937# Western Sahara
938Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
939 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
940 0:00 - WET
941
942# Mozambique
943# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
944Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
945 2:00 - CAT
946
947# Namibia
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948# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
949# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
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950
951# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
952# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
953# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
954# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
955# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
956# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
957# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
958# of the country.
ef5158c8 959#
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960# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
961# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
962# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
963
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964# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
965Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
966Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
967# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
968Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
969 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
970 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
971 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
972 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
973 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
974 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
975
976# Niger
977# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
978Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
979 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
980 0:00 - GMT 1960
981 1:00 - WAT
982
983# Nigeria
984# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
985Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
986 1:00 - WAT
987
988# Reunion
989# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
990Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
991 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
992#
993# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
994# The following information about them is taken from
995# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
996# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
997# We have no info about their time zone histories.
998#
999# Bassas da India - uninhabited
1000# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
1001# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
1002# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
1003# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
1004
1005# Rwanda
1006# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1007Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
1008 2:00 - CAT
1009
1010# St Helena
1011# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1012Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
1013 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
1014 0:00 - GMT
1015# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
1016# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
1017# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
1018# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
1019# on GMT, says the CIA
1020# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
1021
1022# Sao Tome and Principe
1023# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1024Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
1025 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
1026 0:00 - GMT
1027
1028# Senegal
1029# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1030Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
1031 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
1032 0:00 - GMT
1033
1034# Seychelles
1035# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1036Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
1037 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
1038# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
1039# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
1040# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
1041# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
1042# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
1043# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
1044
1045# Sierra Leone
1046# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
bd7414aa 1047# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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1048Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
1049Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
1050Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
1051Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
1052# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1053Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
1054 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
1055 -1:00 SL %s 1957
1056 0:00 SL %s
1057
1058# Somalia
1059# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1060Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
1061 3:00 - EAT 1931
1062 2:30 - BEAT 1957
1063 3:00 - EAT
1064
1065# South Africa
1066# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1067Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
1068Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
1069# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1070Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1071 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
1072 2:00 SA SAST
1073# Marion and Prince Edward Is
1074# scientific station since 1947
1075# no information
1076
1077# Sudan
1078#
1079# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
1080# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
1081# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
1082# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1083# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1084# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
1085#
1086# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1087Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1088Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
1089Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1090Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1091# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1092Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
1093 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
1094 3:00 - EAT
1095
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1096# South Sudan
1097Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:24 - LMT 1931
1098 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
1099 3:00 - EAT
1100
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1101# Swaziland
1102# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1103Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
1104 2:00 - SAST
1105
1106# Tanzania
1107# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1108Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
1109 3:00 - EAT 1948
939d3005 1110 2:45 - BEAUT 1961
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1111 3:00 - EAT
1112
1113# Togo
1114# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1115Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
1116 0:00 - GMT
1117
1118# Tunisia
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1119
1120# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
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1121# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
1122# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
1123# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1124# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1125# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1126# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1127# Saturday." (My translation)
1128#
1129# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
1130# LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1131# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
1132# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1133# 1h standard time.
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1134#
1135# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1136# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1137# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1138# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1139# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
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1141# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1142# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1143# (Arabic)
1144# <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
1145# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
1146# </a>
1147# <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
1148# http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
1149# </a>
1150#
1151# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1152# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
1153# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
1154# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
1155# </a>
1156
1157# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1158# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1159#
1160# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1161#
1162# (in English)
1163# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
1164# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
1165# </a>
1166#
1167# (in Arabic)
1168# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
1169# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
1170# </a>
1171
1172# From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18):
1173# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact
1174# that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time.
1175# Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long."
1176# So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
1177
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1178# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1179# According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1180#
1181# (translation):
1182# "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1183# Sunday...
1184# Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1185# coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1186#
1187# (in Arabic)
1188# <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1">
1189# http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
1190# <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036">
1191# http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
1192# or
1193# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html">
1194# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1195
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1196# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1197Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1198Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1199Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
1200Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
1201Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
1202Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
1203Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
1204Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
1205Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
1206Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
1207Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1208Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1209Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1210Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
1211Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
1212Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1213Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
1214Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1215Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
1216Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
1217Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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1218Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1219Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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1220Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1221Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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1223# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1224# more precise 0:09:21.
1225# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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1226# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1227Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
1228 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
1229 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1230
1231# Uganda
1232# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1233Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
1234 3:00 - EAT 1930
1235 2:30 - BEAT 1948
939d3005 1236 2:45 - BEAUT 1957
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1237 3:00 - EAT
1238
1239# Zambia
1240# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1241Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
1242 2:00 - CAT
1243
1244# Zimbabwe
1245# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1246Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
1247 2:00 - CAT