kernel - VM rework part 18 - Cleanup
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
CommitLineData
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1# tzdb data for Africa and environs
2
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3# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
4# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
984263bc 5
48afb8ac 6# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
984263bc 7# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
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8# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
9# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
984263bc 10
8cb73418 11# From Paul Eggert (2018-05-27):
984263bc 12#
03b0b587 13# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
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14# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
15# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
03b0b587 16# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
984263bc 17#
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18# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
19# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
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20# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
21# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
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22# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
23# IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
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24#
25# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
26# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
27# I found in the UCLA library.
28#
80e7e01d 29# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
48afb8ac 30# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
e4ac9488 31# https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
80e7e01d 32#
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33# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
34# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
35#
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36# European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
37# For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
984263bc 38# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
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39# for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
40# but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
41# 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
42# 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
43# 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
48afb8ac 44# the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
984263bc 45#
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46# To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
47# +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
48# +02 CAT Central Africa Time
49# +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
50# and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
51# +01 WAT West Africa Time
52# Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
53# I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
54# cannot now come up with solid citations.
984263bc 55#
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56# I invented the following abbreviations in the 1990s:
57# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
58# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time
59# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time
83b0991f 60# +03 EAT East Africa Time
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61# 'EAT' seems to have caught on and is in current timestamps, and though
62# the other abbreviations are rarer and are only in past timestamps,
63# they are paired with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
64# Corrections are welcome.
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65
66# Algeria
67# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
68Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 69Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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70Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
71Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
75Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
76Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
77Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
78Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 79Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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80Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
81Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
83Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
84Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
85Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
86Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
87Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
88Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
89Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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90# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
91# more precise 0:09:21.
984263bc 92# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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93Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
94 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
95 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
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96 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
97 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
98 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
99 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
100 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
101 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
102 1:00 - CET
103
104# Angola
984263bc 105# Benin
48afb8ac 106# See Africa/Lagos.
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107
108# Botswana
48afb8ac 109# See Africa/Maputo.
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110
111# Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 112# See Africa/Abidjan.
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113
114# Burundi
48afb8ac 115# See Africa/Maputo.
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116
117# Cameroon
48afb8ac 118# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 119
bf5e9998 120# Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
48afb8ac 121#
574756e4 122# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
83b0991f 123# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
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124# For now, ignore that and follow the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
125# (see Europe/Lisbon).
48afb8ac 126#
984263bc 127# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 128Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1912 Jan 01 2:00u # Praia
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129 -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
130 -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
131 -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
132 -1:00 - -01
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133
134# Central African Republic
48afb8ac 135# See Africa/Lagos.
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136
137# Chad
138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 139Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
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140 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
141 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
142 1:00 - WAT
143
144# Comoros
03b0b587 145# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc 146
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147# Democratic Republic of the Congo
148# See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
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149
150# Republic of the Congo
48afb8ac 151# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 152
48afb8ac 153# Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
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154# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
155Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
156 0:00 - GMT
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157Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
158Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
159Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
160Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
161Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
162Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
163Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
164Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 165Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
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166
167# Djibouti
03b0b587 168# See Africa/Nairobi.
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169
170###############################################################################
171
172# Egypt
173
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174# Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
175# observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
176# Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
177# did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
178
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179# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
180Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
181Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
182Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
183Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
184Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
185Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
186Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
187Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
188Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
189Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
190Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
191Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
192Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
193Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
194Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
196Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
198Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
199# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
200# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
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201
202# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
203# "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
204# saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
205# Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
206#
207# Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
e01e21dd 208# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
e01e21dd 209# or
e01e21dd 210# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
e01e21dd 211Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
1780da0f 212Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
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213# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
214# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
215# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
216# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
217# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
1780da0f 218Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
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219# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
220# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
221# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
48afb8ac 222# From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
ef5158c8 223# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
e4ac9488 224# https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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225# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
226# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
1780da0f 227Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
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228# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
229# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
230# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
231# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
232# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
233# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
234# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 235# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 236# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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237
238# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
239# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
240#
241# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
3dbe7164 242# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 243# Apr 23
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244# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
245# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
2047e903 246# Apr 24
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247# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
248# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 249# Aug 27
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250# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
251# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 252# Aug 27
3dbe7164 253# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
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254#
255# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
256# :59)
257# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
258#
259# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
260#
48afb8ac 261# [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
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262# [2] https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
263# [3] https://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
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264
265# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
266# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
267# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
268# in September.
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269
270# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
271# We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
272# Information and Decision Support Center:
e4ac9488 273# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
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274#
275# The Middle East News Agency
e4ac9488 276# https://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
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277# also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
278# today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
279# Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
280# and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
281# (at least today).
282
25d38d10 283# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
48afb8ac 284# According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
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285# decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
286# Ramadan.
287#
288# Arabic translation:
48afb8ac 289# "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
25d38d10 290# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
25d38d10 291# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
25d38d10 292
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293# From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
294# Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
295# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
296
48afb8ac 297# From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
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298# our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
299
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300# From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
301# We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
302# in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
303# http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
304# [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
305# translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
306# take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
307# to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
308# and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
309# o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
310# reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
311# http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
312
313# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
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314# Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
315# the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
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316# above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
317# no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
55e35715 318# http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
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319
320# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):
321# Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.
322# This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last
323# Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but
324# dates not yet announced....
325# http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ...
e4ac9488 326# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
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327
328# From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):
329# Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at
330# least for 2015.
331#
332# From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):
333# http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx
334# "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving
335# time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the
336# practice altogether in future years."
55e35715 337#
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338# From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24):
339# Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his
340# decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
341# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
fced0463 342
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343# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
344# Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
345# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
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346# From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
347# Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
a1b6a6c6 348
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349Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
350Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
351Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
352Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
353Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
55e35715 354Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
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355Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
356Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
fced0463 357Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
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358
359# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
80e7e01d 360Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
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361 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
362
363# Equatorial Guinea
48afb8ac 364# See Africa/Lagos.
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365
366# Eritrea
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367# See Africa/Nairobi.
368
369# Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
370# See Africa/Johannesburg.
371
984263bc 372# Ethiopia
03b0b587 373# See Africa/Nairobi.
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374#
375# Unfortunately tzdb records only Western clock time in use in Ethiopia,
376# as the tzdb format is not up to properly recording a common Ethiopian
377# timekeeping practice that is based on solar time. See:
378# Mortada D. If you have a meeting in Ethiopia, you'd better double
379# check the time. PRI's The World. 2015-01-30 15:15 -05.
380# https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-30/if-you-have-meeting-ethiopia-you-better-double-check-time
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381
382# Gabon
48afb8ac 383# See Africa/Lagos.
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384
385# Gambia
48afb8ac 386# See Africa/Abidjan.
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387
388# Ghana
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389
390# From Paul Eggert (2018-01-30):
48afb8ac 391# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
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392# Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942 with 20 minutes of DST,
393# with transitions on 09-01 and 12-31 at 00:00.
394# Page 33 of Parish GCB, Colonial Reports - Annual. No. 1066. Gold
395# Coast. Report for 1919. (March 1921), OCLC 784024077
396# http://libsysdigi.library.illinois.edu/ilharvest/africana/books2011-05/5530214/5530214_1919/5530214_1919_opt.pdf
397# lists the Determination of the Time Ordinance, 1919, No. 18,
398# "to advance the time observed locally by the space of twenty minutes
399# during the last four months of each year; the object in view being
400# to extend during those months the period of daylight-time available
401# for evening recreation after office hours."
402# Vanessa Ogle, The Global Transformation of Time, 1870-1950 (2015), p 33,
403# writes "In 1919, the Gold Coast (Ghana as of 1957) made Greenwich
404# time its legal time and simultaneously legalized a summer time of
405# UTC - 00:20 minutes from March to October."; a footnote lists
406# the ordinance as being dated 1919-11-24.
407# The Crown Colonist, Volume 12 (1942), p 176, says "the Government
408# intend advancing Gold Coast time half an hour ahead of G.M.T.
409# The actual date of the alteration has not yet been announced."
410# These sources are incomplete and contradictory. Possibly what is
411# now Ghana observed different DST regimes in different years. For
412# lack of better info, use Shanks except treat the minus sign as a
413# typo, and assume DST started in 1920 not 1936.
414# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
415Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 -
416Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
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417# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
418Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
83b0991f 419 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
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420
421# Guinea
48afb8ac 422# See Africa/Abidjan.
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423
424# Guinea-Bissau
48afb8ac 425#
574756e4 426# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
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427# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
428# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
574756e4 429# (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.
48afb8ac 430#
984263bc 431# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 432Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 1:00u
83b0991f 433 -1:00 - -01 1975
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434 0:00 - GMT
435
436# Kenya
437# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
438Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
439 3:00 - EAT 1930
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440 2:30 - +0230 1940
441 2:45 - +0245 1960
984263bc 442 3:00 - EAT
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443Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
444Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
445Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
446Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
447Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
448Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
449Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
450Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
451Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
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452
453# Lesotho
48afb8ac 454# See Africa/Johannesburg.
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455
456# Liberia
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457#
458# From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
459#
460# The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
461#
a3b9d54d 462# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UT offset
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463# that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
464# 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
465# Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
466# President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
467# Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
468#
469# Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
470# abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
471#
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472# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
473Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
474 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
83b0991f 475 -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
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476 0:00 - GMT
477
478###############################################################################
479
480# Libya
481
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482# From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
483# Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
e4ac9488 484# https://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
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485# Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
486#
487# Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
e4ac9488 488# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
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489#
490# From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
491# Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
492# The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
493# (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
494# lastFri instead of lastSun).
495
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496# From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
497# The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
498# cancelled yesterday....
e4ac9488 499# https://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
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500#
501# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
c7dd9e99 502# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
d1bcb6be 503
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504# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
505Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
506Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
507Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
508Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
509Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
510Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
511Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
512Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
513Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
514Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
515Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
516Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 517Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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518Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
519Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
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520Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
521Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
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522# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
523Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
524 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
525 2:00 - EET 1982
526 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
933b0a8d 527# The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
48afb8ac 528# the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
984263bc 529 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
933b0a8d 530 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
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531 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
532 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
d1bcb6be 533 2:00 - EET
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534
535# Madagascar
03b0b587 536# See Africa/Nairobi.
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537
538# Malawi
48afb8ac 539# See Africa/Maputo.
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540
541# Mali
984263bc 542# Mauritania
48afb8ac 543# See Africa/Abidjan.
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544
545# Mauritius
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546
547# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
548# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
549# basis....
ef5158c8 550# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
a36b983e 551# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
e4ac9488 552# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 553
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554# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
555# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 556
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557# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
558# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
559# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
560# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 561
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562# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
563# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
564
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565# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
566# According to
3f249718 567# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
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568# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
569# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
570# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
571# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
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572#
573# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
574# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
575# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
576# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
577# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
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578# changes two days later.
579
580# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
581# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
32e0bed6 582# time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
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583# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
584#
585# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
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586# de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
587# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
3f249718 588# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
3f249718 589
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590# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
591# The Government of Mauritius weblink
3dbe7164 592# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
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593# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
594#
595# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
596# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
597# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
598# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
599# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
600# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
601# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
48afb8ac 602# year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
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603# and end on 29 March 2009.
604
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605# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
606# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
607# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
608# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
0fbb2fac 609# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
0fbb2fac 610
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611# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
612# According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
613# DST the coming summer...
614#
615# Some sources, in French:
ca05ab86 616# http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
ca05ab86 617# http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
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618#
619# Our wrap-up:
e4ac9488 620# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
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621
622# From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
623# The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
624# "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
625# at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
626
a36b983e 627# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
574756e4 628Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 -
a36b983e 629Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
574756e4 630Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
ca05ab86 631Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
984263bc 632# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 633Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
83b0991f 634 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
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635# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
636# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
637
638# Mayotte
03b0b587 639# See Africa/Nairobi.
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640
641# Morocco
48afb8ac 642# See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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643
644# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
645# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
646# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
647#
648# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
649# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
48afb8ac 650# Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
fcf6e80e 651#
e4ac9488 652# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
fcf6e80e 653# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
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654
655# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
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656# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
657# Presse:
fcf6e80e 658# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
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659#
660# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
661# spokesman.
662
663# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
664# According to this article:
e4ac9488 665# https://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
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666# (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
667# the changes occur at midnight:
668#
669# Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
670# interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
671# Sunday night the 28th at midnight
672#
673# Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
674# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
675# Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
676# June 1st to Sept 27th.
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677#
678# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
679# published on the web.
680#
681# It's also confirmed here:
fcf6e80e 682# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
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683# on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
684# posted in English).
fcf6e80e 685#
48afb8ac 686# The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
e4ac9488 687# https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
fcf6e80e 688
234dfcd0 689# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
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690# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
691# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
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692# of September:
693#
694# One article about it (in French):
234dfcd0 695# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
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696#
697# We have some further details posted here:
e4ac9488 698# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
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699
700# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
701# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
702# to many sources, such as
63562808 703# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
63562808 704# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
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705# (French)
706#
707# Our summary:
e4ac9488 708# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
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709
710# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
711# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
48afb8ac 712# Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
63562808 713#
32e0bed6 714# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
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715# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
716# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
717# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
718#
63562808 719# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
63562808 720# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
63562808 721
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722# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
723# Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
724# of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
725# 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
726#
727# Example:
72a17f7b 728# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
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729# (French)
730# Our page:
e4ac9488 731# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
72a17f7b 732
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733# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
734# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
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735# The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
736# The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
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737# ...Official links of change in morocco
738# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
739# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
740# +212.537.71.84.00
f891a7e1 741# http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
f891a7e1 742# They said that
f891a7e1 743# http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
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744# is the official publication to look at.
745# They said that the decision was already taken.
746#
747# More articles in the press
e4ac9488 748# https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
f891a7e1 749# http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
f891a7e1 750# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
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751
752# From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
753# They have it written in English here:
f891a7e1 754# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
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755#
756# It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
757# 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
758# wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
759# also been like that in the past.
760
20aca2bf 761# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
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762# According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
763# on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
764# Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
20aca2bf 765# http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
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766# Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
767# the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
768# last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
769# except the month of Ramadan.
770# or (brief)
20aca2bf 771# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
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772
773# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
774# The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
775# effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
776# it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
777# Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
778# start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
779
780# From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
781# Seen Morocco change again:
20aca2bf 782# http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
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783# "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
784# comme annoncé précédemment."
20aca2bf 785
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786# From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
787# The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
8eadffdb 788# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
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789#
790# Google translation, lightly edited:
791# Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
792# Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
793# 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
794# Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
795# of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
796# of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
797# Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
798# 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
799# August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
800
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801# From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
802# Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
803# announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
804# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
805# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
48afb8ac 806# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
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807
808# From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
809# Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
810# transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
811# http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
812
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813# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
814# Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
815# before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
816# this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
817# to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
818# source (French):
819# http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
820# Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
821# http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
822
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823# From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
824# http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
825
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826# From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
827# The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
828# to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
829# will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
830# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
831
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832# From Milamber (2015-06-08):
833# (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes
834# Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding
835# that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,
836# 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I
837# 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of
838# 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).
839# Source (french):
e4ac9488 840# https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/
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841#
842# From Milamber (2015-06-09):
843# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863
844#
845# From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):
846# [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go
847# from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....
848# I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in
e4ac9488 849# <https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees
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850# with the patch.
851
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852# From Mohamed Essedik Najd (2018-10-26):
853# Today, a Moroccan government council approved the perpetual addition
854# of 60 minutes to the regular Moroccan timezone.
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855# From Matt Johnson (2018-10-28):
856# http://www.sgg.gov.ma/Portals/1/BO/2018/BO_6720-bis_Ar.pdf
857#
858# From Maamar Abdelkader (2018-11-01):
859# We usually move clocks back the previous week end and come back to the +1
860# the week end after.... The government does not announce yet the decision
861# about this temporary change. But it s 99% sure that it will be the case,
862# as in previous years. An unofficial survey was done these days, showing
863# that 64% of asked peopke are ok for moving from +1 to +0 during Ramadan.
864# https://leconomiste.com/article/1035870-enquete-l-economiste-sunergia-64-des-marocains-plebiscitent-le-gmt-pendant-ramadan
865#
866# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-01):
867# For now, guess that Morocco will fall back at 03:00 the last Sunday
868# before Ramadan, and spring forward at 02:00 the first Sunday after
869# Ramadan, as this has been the practice since 2012. To implement this,
870# transition dates for 2019 through 2037 were determined by running the
871# following program under GNU Emacs 26.1.
872# (let ((islamic-year 1440))
873# (require 'cal-islam)
874# (while (< islamic-year 1460)
875# (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
876# (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
877# (sunday 0))
878# (while (/= sunday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
879# (while (/= sunday (mod b 7))
880# (setq b (1+ b)))
881# (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
882# (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
883# (insert
884# (format
885# (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t-1:00\t-\n"
886# "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t0\t-\n")
887# (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
888# (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
889# (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
e1ff7155 890
984263bc 891# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
8214c36f 892Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 893Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 894Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 895Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 896Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 897Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 898Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 -
984263bc 899Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 900Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 901Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 902Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc
MD
903Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
904Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 905Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 906Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 907Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
234dfcd0 908Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 909Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 910Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 911Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 -
72a17f7b 912Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 913Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 -
a1b6a6c6 914Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 915Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 916Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 917Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 -
a1b6a6c6 918Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1780da0f 919Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
8214c36f
SW
920Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 -
921Rule Morocco 2013 2018 - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
922Rule Morocco 2014 2018 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 923Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 924Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 925Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 926Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 927Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 928Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 929Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 930Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 931Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 932Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 -
bdceac15
SW
933Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 5 3:00 -1:00 -
934Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 9 2:00 0 -
935Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 19 3:00 -1:00 -
936Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 0 -
937Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 11 3:00 -1:00 -
938Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 16 2:00 0 -
939Rule Morocco 2022 only - Mar 27 3:00 -1:00 -
940Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 8 2:00 0 -
941Rule Morocco 2023 only - Mar 19 3:00 -1:00 -
942Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 23 2:00 0 -
943Rule Morocco 2024 only - Mar 10 3:00 -1:00 -
944Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 14 2:00 0 -
945Rule Morocco 2025 only - Feb 23 3:00 -1:00 -
946Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 6 2:00 0 -
947Rule Morocco 2026 only - Feb 15 3:00 -1:00 -
948Rule Morocco 2026 only - Mar 22 2:00 0 -
949Rule Morocco 2027 only - Feb 7 3:00 -1:00 -
950Rule Morocco 2027 only - Mar 14 2:00 0 -
951Rule Morocco 2028 only - Jan 23 3:00 -1:00 -
952Rule Morocco 2028 only - Feb 27 2:00 0 -
953Rule Morocco 2029 only - Jan 14 3:00 -1:00 -
954Rule Morocco 2029 only - Feb 18 2:00 0 -
955Rule Morocco 2029 only - Dec 30 3:00 -1:00 -
956Rule Morocco 2030 only - Feb 10 2:00 0 -
957Rule Morocco 2030 only - Dec 22 3:00 -1:00 -
958Rule Morocco 2031 only - Jan 26 2:00 0 -
959Rule Morocco 2031 only - Dec 14 3:00 -1:00 -
960Rule Morocco 2032 only - Jan 18 2:00 0 -
961Rule Morocco 2032 only - Nov 28 3:00 -1:00 -
962Rule Morocco 2033 only - Jan 9 2:00 0 -
963Rule Morocco 2033 only - Nov 20 3:00 -1:00 -
964Rule Morocco 2033 only - Dec 25 2:00 0 -
965Rule Morocco 2034 only - Nov 5 3:00 -1:00 -
966Rule Morocco 2034 only - Dec 17 2:00 0 -
967Rule Morocco 2035 only - Oct 28 3:00 -1:00 -
968Rule Morocco 2035 only - Dec 2 2:00 0 -
969Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 19 3:00 -1:00 -
970Rule Morocco 2036 only - Nov 23 2:00 0 -
971Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 4 3:00 -1:00 -
972Rule Morocco 2037 only - Nov 15 2:00 0 -
20aca2bf 973
984263bc
MD
974# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
975Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
8214c36f
SW
976 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
977 1:00 - +01 1986
bdceac15
SW
978 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28 3:00
979 1:00 Morocco +01/+00
d1bcb6be 980
984263bc 981# Western Sahara
d1bcb6be
SW
982#
983# From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
984# A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
985# ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
986# Morocco does.
987#
988# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
989# Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
990# since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
991
48afb8ac 992Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
83b0991f 993 -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
bdceac15
SW
994 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28 3:00
995 1:00 Morocco +01/+00
984263bc
MD
996
997# Mozambique
48afb8ac
SW
998#
999# Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
1000# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
83b0991f 1001# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
48afb8ac
SW
1002# merely made it official?
1003#
984263bc
MD
1004# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1005Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
1006 2:00 - CAT
48afb8ac
SW
1007Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
1008Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
1009Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
1010Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
1011Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
1012Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
1013Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
984263bc 1014
e4ac9488 1015
984263bc 1016# Namibia
e4ac9488
SW
1017
1018# From Arthur David Olson (2017-08-09):
1019# The text of the "Namibia Time Act, 1994" is available online at
1020# www.lac.org.na/laws/1994/811.pdf
1021# and includes this nugget:
1022# Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of section 1, the
1023# first winter period after the commencement of this Act shall
1024# commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on
1025# Sunday 4 September 1994.
e1a4f1e4 1026
0149973c
SW
1027# From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06):
1028# ... both summer and winter time are called "standard"
1029# (which differs from the use in Ireland) ...
1030
48afb8ac
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1031# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
1032# http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
e1a4f1e4
SW
1033# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
1034# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
1035# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
1036# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
1037# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
1038# of the country.
ef5158c8 1039#
83b0991f
SW
1040# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
1041# Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
1042# observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
1043# In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
1044# See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
e4ac9488
SW
1045# https://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
1046
1047# From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
1048# Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
1049# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1050# This video is from the government decision:
1051# https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
1052# We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
1053# the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
1054# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
e1a4f1e4 1055
0149973c
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1056# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
1057# Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
1058# However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.:
1059# http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
1060# https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
1061# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1062# Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
1063# with Namibia's neighbors.
1064
984263bc 1065# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
0149973c
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1066# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1067Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT
1068Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT
1069Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT
1070# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1071#Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT
1072#Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT
1073#Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT
1074# End of rearguard section.
1075
984263bc
MD
1076# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1077Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
83b0991f 1078 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
48afb8ac
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1079 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
1080 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
984263bc 1081 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
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1082# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1083 2:00 Namibia %s
1084# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1085# 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
1086# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
1087# The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See:
1088# http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
1089# 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24
1090# 2:00 - CAT
1091# End of rearguard section.
984263bc
MD
1092
1093# Niger
48afb8ac 1094# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
1095
1096# Nigeria
1097# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1098Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
1099 1:00 - WAT
48afb8ac
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1100Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
1101Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1102Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
1103Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1104Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
1105Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
1106Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
1107Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
1108Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
1109
1110# Réunion
984263bc 1111# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1112Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
83b0991f 1113 4:00 - +04
48afb8ac
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1114#
1115# Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
984263bc 1116#
48afb8ac 1117# Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
984263bc 1118# The following information about them is taken from
48afb8ac
SW
1119# Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
1120# in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
984263bc
MD
1121# We have no info about their time zone histories.
1122#
1123# Bassas da India - uninhabited
1124# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
1125# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
1126# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
1127# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
1128
1129# Rwanda
48afb8ac 1130# See Africa/Maputo.
984263bc
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1131
1132# St Helena
48afb8ac 1133# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1134# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
1135# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
48afb8ac 1136# Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
984263bc
MD
1137# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
1138# on GMT, says the CIA
48afb8ac 1139# Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
984263bc 1140
48afb8ac 1141# São Tomé and Príncipe
a3b9d54d 1142
574756e4
SW
1143# See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.
1144
a3b9d54d
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1145# From Steffen Thorsen (2018-01-08):
1146# Multiple sources tell that São Tomé changed from UTC to UTC+1 as
1147# they entered the year 2018.
1148# From Michael Deckers (2018-01-08):
1149# the switch is from 01:00 to 02:00 ... [Decree No. 25/2017]
1150# http://www.mnec.gov.st/index.php/publicacoes/documentos/file/90-decreto-lei-n-25-2017
1151
bdceac15
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1152# From Vadim Nasardinov (2018-12-29):
1153# São Tomé and Príncipe is about to do the following on Jan 1, 2019:
1154# https://www.stp-press.st/2018/12/05/governo-jesus-ja-decidiu-repor-hora-legal-sao-tomense/
1155#
1156# From Michael Deckers (2018-12-30):
1157# https://www.legis-palop.org/download.jsp?idFile=102818
1158# ... [The legal time of the country, which coincides with universal
1159# coordinated time, will be restituted at 2 o'clock on day 1 of January, 2019.]
1160
a3b9d54d 1161Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
574756e4 1162 -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 00:00u # Lisbon MT
a3b9d54d 1163 0:00 - GMT 2018 Jan 1 01:00
bdceac15
SW
1164 1:00 - WAT 2019 Jan 1 02:00
1165 0:00 - GMT
a3b9d54d 1166
984263bc 1167# Senegal
48afb8ac 1168# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1169
1170# Seychelles
1171# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1172Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
83b0991f 1173 4:00 - +04
984263bc
MD
1174# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
1175# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
1176# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
1177# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
1178# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
1179# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
1180
1181# Sierra Leone
48afb8ac 1182# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1183
1184# Somalia
03b0b587 1185# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
1186
1187# South Africa
1188# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1189Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
1190Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
1191# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1192Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1193 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
1194 2:00 SA SAST
48afb8ac 1195Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
5baf8a10 1196Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Eswatini
48afb8ac 1197#
984263bc
MD
1198# Marion and Prince Edward Is
1199# scientific station since 1947
1200# no information
1201
1202# Sudan
e4ac9488 1203
48afb8ac
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1204# From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
1205# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
1206# also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
984263bc
MD
1207# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1208# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1209# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
e4ac9488
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1210
1211# From Ahmed Atyya, National Telecommunications Corp. (NTC), Sudan (2017-10-17):
1212# ... the Republic of Sudan is going to change the time zone from (GMT+3:00)
1213# to (GMT+ 2:00) starting from Wednesday 1 November 2017.
984263bc 1214#
e4ac9488
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1215# From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18):
1216# A scanned copy (in Arabic) of Cabinet Resolution No. 352 for the
1217# year 2017 can be found as an attachment in email today from Yahia
1218# Abdalla of NTC, archived at:
1219# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2017-October/025333.html
1220
984263bc
MD
1221# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1222Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1223Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
1224Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1225Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1226# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1227Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
1228 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
e4ac9488
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1229 3:00 - EAT 2017 Nov 1
1230 2:00 - CAT
984263bc 1231
57e1cca5 1232# South Sudan
e4ac9488
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1233# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1234Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:28 - LMT 1931
1235 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
1236 3:00 - EAT
57e1cca5 1237
984263bc 1238# Tanzania
03b0b587 1239# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
1240
1241# Togo
48afb8ac 1242# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1243
1244# Tunisia
9ffe4b14
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1245
1246# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
48afb8ac 1247# My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
9ffe4b14
SW
1248# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
1249# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1250# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1251# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1252# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1253# Saturday." (My translation)
1254#
1255# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
48afb8ac
SW
1256# La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1257# http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
9ffe4b14
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1258# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1259# 1h standard time.
bd7414aa
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1260#
1261# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1262# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1263# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1264# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1265# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
9ffe4b14 1266
63562808
SW
1267# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1268# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1269# (Arabic)
63562808 1270# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
e4ac9488 1271# https://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
63562808
SW
1272#
1273# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1274# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
e4ac9488 1275# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
63562808
SW
1276
1277# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1278# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1279#
1280# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1281#
1282# (in English)
63562808 1283# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
63562808
SW
1284#
1285# (in Arabic)
63562808 1286# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
63562808 1287
48afb8ac
SW
1288# From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
1289# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
1290# due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
1291# concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
1292# unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
1293# (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
63562808 1294
faff2363
SW
1295# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1296# According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1297#
1298# (translation):
1299# "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1300# Sunday...
1301# Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1302# coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1303#
1304# (in Arabic)
faff2363 1305# http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
faff2363 1306# http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
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1307# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1308
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1309# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1310Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1311Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1312Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
1313Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
1314Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
1315Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
1316Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
1317Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
1318Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
1319Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
1320Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1321Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1322Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1323Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
1324Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
1325Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1326Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
1327Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1328Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
1329Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
1330Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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1331Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1332Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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1333Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1334Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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1336# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1337# more precise 0:09:21.
1338# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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1339# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1340Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
48afb8ac 1341 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
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1342 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1343
1344# Uganda
03b0b587 1345# See Africa/Nairobi.
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1346
1347# Zambia
984263bc 1348# Zimbabwe
48afb8ac 1349# See Africa/Maputo.