i386 removal, part 68/x: Remove a number of obsolete Makefiles from gnu/.
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
CommitLineData
3dbe7164
SW
1# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
2# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
984263bc 3
48afb8ac 4# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
984263bc 5# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
48afb8ac
SW
6# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
7# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
984263bc 8
0149973c 9# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
984263bc 10#
03b0b587 11# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
bd7414aa
SW
12# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
13# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
03b0b587 14# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
984263bc 15#
83b0991f
SW
16# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
17# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
984263bc
MD
18# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
19# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
03b0b587
SW
20# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
21# IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
984263bc
MD
22#
23# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
24# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
25# I found in the UCLA library.
26#
80e7e01d 27# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
48afb8ac 28# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
e4ac9488 29# https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
80e7e01d 30#
984263bc
MD
31# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
32# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
33#
83b0991f
SW
34# European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
35# For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
984263bc 36# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
83b0991f
SW
37# for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
38# but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
39# 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
40# 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
41# 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
48afb8ac 42# the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
984263bc 43#
83b0991f
SW
44# To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
45# +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
46# +02 CAT Central Africa Time
47# +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
48# and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
49# +01 WAT West Africa Time
50# Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
51# I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
52# cannot now come up with solid citations.
984263bc
MD
53#
54# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
0149973c 55# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
83b0991f
SW
56# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
57# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
58# +03 EAT East Africa Time
59# 'EAT' also seems to have caught on; the others are rare but are paired
60# with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
984263bc
MD
61
62# Algeria
63# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
64Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 65Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
984263bc
MD
66Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
67Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
68Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
69Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
70Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
71Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
73Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 75Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
984263bc
MD
76Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
77Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
78Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
79Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
80Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
81Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
83Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
84Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
85Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
bd7414aa
SW
86# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
87# more precise 0:09:21.
984263bc 88# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac
SW
89Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
90 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
91 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
984263bc
MD
92 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
93 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
94 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
95 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
96 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
97 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
98 1:00 - CET
99
100# Angola
984263bc 101# Benin
48afb8ac 102# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
103
104# Botswana
48afb8ac 105# See Africa/Maputo.
984263bc
MD
106
107# Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 108# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
109
110# Burundi
48afb8ac 111# See Africa/Maputo.
984263bc
MD
112
113# Cameroon
48afb8ac 114# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 115
bf5e9998 116# Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
48afb8ac 117#
574756e4 118# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
83b0991f 119# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
574756e4
SW
120# For now, ignore that and follow the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
121# (see Europe/Lisbon).
48afb8ac 122#
984263bc 123# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 124Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1912 Jan 01 2:00u # Praia
83b0991f
SW
125 -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
126 -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
127 -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
128 -1:00 - -01
984263bc
MD
129
130# Central African Republic
48afb8ac 131# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
132
133# Chad
134# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 135Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
984263bc
MD
136 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
137 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
138 1:00 - WAT
139
140# Comoros
03b0b587 141# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc 142
48afb8ac
SW
143# Democratic Republic of the Congo
144# See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
984263bc
MD
145
146# Republic of the Congo
48afb8ac 147# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 148
48afb8ac 149# Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
984263bc
MD
150# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
151Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
152 0:00 - GMT
48afb8ac
SW
153Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
154Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
155Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
156Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
157Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
158Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
159Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
160Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 161Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
984263bc
MD
162
163# Djibouti
03b0b587 164# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
165
166###############################################################################
167
168# Egypt
169
80e7e01d
SW
170# Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
171# observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
172# Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
173# did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
174
984263bc
MD
175# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
176Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
177Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
178Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
179Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
180Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
181Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
182Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
183Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
184Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
185Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
186Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
187Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
188Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
189Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
190Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
191Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
192Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
193Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
194Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
195# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
196# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
e01e21dd
SW
197
198# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
199# "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
200# saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
201# Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
202#
203# Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
e01e21dd 204# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
e01e21dd 205# or
e01e21dd 206# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
e01e21dd 207Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
1780da0f 208Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
bd7414aa
SW
209# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
210# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
211# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
212# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
213# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
1780da0f 214Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
0e49ec84
SW
215# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
216# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
217# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
48afb8ac 218# From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
ef5158c8 219# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
e4ac9488 220# https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
bbe9957d
SW
221# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
222# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
1780da0f 223Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
bbe9957d
SW
224# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
225# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
226# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
227# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
228# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
229# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
230# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 231# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 232# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
2047e903
SW
233
234# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
235# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
236#
237# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
3dbe7164 238# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 239# Apr 23
3dbe7164
SW
240# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
241# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
2047e903 242# Apr 24
3dbe7164
SW
243# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
244# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 245# Aug 27
3dbe7164
SW
246# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
247# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 248# Aug 27
3dbe7164 249# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
2047e903
SW
250#
251# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
252# :59)
253# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
254#
255# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
256#
48afb8ac 257# [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
e4ac9488
SW
258# [2] https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
259# [3] https://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
2047e903
SW
260
261# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
262# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
263# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
264# in September.
d2e76e66
SW
265
266# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
267# We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
268# Information and Decision Support Center:
e4ac9488 269# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
d2e76e66
SW
270#
271# The Middle East News Agency
e4ac9488 272# https://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
d2e76e66
SW
273# also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
274# today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
275# Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
276# and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
277# (at least today).
278
25d38d10 279# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
48afb8ac 280# According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
25d38d10
SW
281# decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
282# Ramadan.
283#
284# Arabic translation:
48afb8ac 285# "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
25d38d10 286# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
25d38d10 287# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
25d38d10 288
55e35715
SW
289# From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
290# Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
291# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
292
48afb8ac 293# From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
55e35715
SW
294# our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
295
1780da0f
SW
296# From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
297# We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
298# in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
299# http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
300# [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
301# translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
302# take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
303# to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
304# and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
305# o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
306# reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
307# http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
308
309# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
55e35715
SW
310# Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
311# the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
1780da0f
SW
312# above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
313# no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
55e35715 314# http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
fced0463
SW
315
316# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):
317# Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.
318# This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last
319# Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but
320# dates not yet announced....
321# http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ...
e4ac9488 322# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
fced0463
SW
323
324# From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):
325# Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at
326# least for 2015.
327#
328# From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):
329# http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx
330# "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving
331# time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the
332# practice altogether in future years."
55e35715 333#
825d794d
SW
334# From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24):
335# Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his
336# decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
337# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
fced0463 338
a1b6a6c6
SW
339# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
340# Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
341# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
8d6dd0f6
SW
342# From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
343# Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
a1b6a6c6 344
1780da0f
SW
345Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
346Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
347Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
348Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
349Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
55e35715 350Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
1780da0f
SW
351Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
352Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
fced0463 353Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
984263bc
MD
354
355# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
80e7e01d 356Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
984263bc
MD
357 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
358
359# Equatorial Guinea
48afb8ac 360# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
361
362# Eritrea
984263bc 363# Ethiopia
03b0b587 364# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
365
366# Gabon
48afb8ac 367# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
368
369# Gambia
48afb8ac 370# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
371
372# Ghana
574756e4
SW
373
374# From Paul Eggert (2018-01-30):
48afb8ac 375# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
574756e4
SW
376# Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942 with 20 minutes of DST,
377# with transitions on 09-01 and 12-31 at 00:00.
378# Page 33 of Parish GCB, Colonial Reports - Annual. No. 1066. Gold
379# Coast. Report for 1919. (March 1921), OCLC 784024077
380# http://libsysdigi.library.illinois.edu/ilharvest/africana/books2011-05/5530214/5530214_1919/5530214_1919_opt.pdf
381# lists the Determination of the Time Ordinance, 1919, No. 18,
382# "to advance the time observed locally by the space of twenty minutes
383# during the last four months of each year; the object in view being
384# to extend during those months the period of daylight-time available
385# for evening recreation after office hours."
386# Vanessa Ogle, The Global Transformation of Time, 1870-1950 (2015), p 33,
387# writes "In 1919, the Gold Coast (Ghana as of 1957) made Greenwich
388# time its legal time and simultaneously legalized a summer time of
389# UTC - 00:20 minutes from March to October."; a footnote lists
390# the ordinance as being dated 1919-11-24.
391# The Crown Colonist, Volume 12 (1942), p 176, says "the Government
392# intend advancing Gold Coast time half an hour ahead of G.M.T.
393# The actual date of the alteration has not yet been announced."
394# These sources are incomplete and contradictory. Possibly what is
395# now Ghana observed different DST regimes in different years. For
396# lack of better info, use Shanks except treat the minus sign as a
397# typo, and assume DST started in 1920 not 1936.
398# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
399Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 -
400Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
984263bc
MD
401# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
402Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
83b0991f 403 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
984263bc
MD
404
405# Guinea
48afb8ac 406# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
407
408# Guinea-Bissau
48afb8ac 409#
574756e4 410# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
48afb8ac
SW
411# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
412# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
574756e4 413# (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.
48afb8ac 414#
984263bc 415# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 416Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 1:00u
83b0991f 417 -1:00 - -01 1975
984263bc
MD
418 0:00 - GMT
419
420# Kenya
421# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
422Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
423 3:00 - EAT 1930
83b0991f
SW
424 2:30 - +0230 1940
425 2:45 - +0245 1960
984263bc 426 3:00 - EAT
03b0b587
SW
427Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
428Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
429Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
430Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
431Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
432Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
433Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
434Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
435Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
984263bc
MD
436
437# Lesotho
48afb8ac 438# See Africa/Johannesburg.
984263bc
MD
439
440# Liberia
83b0991f
SW
441#
442# From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
443#
444# The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
445#
a3b9d54d 446# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UT offset
83b0991f
SW
447# that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
448# 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
449# Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
450# President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
451# Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
452#
453# Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
454# abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
455#
984263bc
MD
456# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
457Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
458 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
83b0991f 459 -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
984263bc
MD
460 0:00 - GMT
461
462###############################################################################
463
464# Libya
465
933b0a8d
SW
466# From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
467# Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
e4ac9488 468# https://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
933b0a8d
SW
469# Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
470#
471# Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
e4ac9488 472# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
933b0a8d
SW
473#
474# From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
475# Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
476# The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
477# (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
478# lastFri instead of lastSun).
479
d1bcb6be
SW
480# From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
481# The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
482# cancelled yesterday....
e4ac9488 483# https://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
d1bcb6be
SW
484#
485# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
c7dd9e99 486# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
d1bcb6be 487
984263bc
MD
488# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
489Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
490Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
491Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
492Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
493Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
494Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
495Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
496Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
497Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
498Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
499Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
500Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 501Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
933b0a8d
SW
502Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
503Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
d1bcb6be
SW
504Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
505Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
984263bc
MD
506# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
507Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
508 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
509 2:00 - EET 1982
510 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
933b0a8d 511# The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
48afb8ac 512# the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
984263bc 513 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
933b0a8d 514 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
48afb8ac
SW
515 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
516 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
d1bcb6be 517 2:00 - EET
984263bc
MD
518
519# Madagascar
03b0b587 520# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
521
522# Malawi
48afb8ac 523# See Africa/Maputo.
984263bc
MD
524
525# Mali
984263bc 526# Mauritania
48afb8ac 527# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
528
529# Mauritius
a36b983e
SW
530
531# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
532# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
533# basis....
ef5158c8 534# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
a36b983e 535# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
e4ac9488 536# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 537
a36b983e
SW
538# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
539# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 540
a36b983e
SW
541# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
542# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
543# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
544# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 545
a36b983e
SW
546# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
547# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
548
3f249718
SW
549# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
550# According to
3f249718 551# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
3f249718
SW
552# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
553# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
554# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
555# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
ef5158c8
SW
556#
557# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
558# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
559# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
560# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
561# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
3f249718
SW
562# changes two days later.
563
564# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
565# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
32e0bed6 566# time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
3f249718
SW
567# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
568#
569# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
48afb8ac
SW
570# de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
571# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
3f249718 572# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
3f249718 573
234dfcd0
SW
574# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
575# The Government of Mauritius weblink
3dbe7164 576# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
234dfcd0
SW
577# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
578#
579# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
580# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
581# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
582# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
583# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
584# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
585# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
48afb8ac 586# year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
234dfcd0
SW
587# and end on 29 March 2009.
588
0fbb2fac
SW
589# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
590# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
591# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
592# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
0fbb2fac 593# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
0fbb2fac 594
ca05ab86
SW
595# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
596# According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
597# DST the coming summer...
598#
599# Some sources, in French:
ca05ab86 600# http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
ca05ab86 601# http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
ca05ab86
SW
602#
603# Our wrap-up:
e4ac9488 604# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
ca05ab86
SW
605
606# From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
607# The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
608# "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
609# at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
610
a36b983e 611# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
574756e4 612Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 -
a36b983e 613Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
574756e4 614Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
ca05ab86 615Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
984263bc 616# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 617Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
83b0991f 618 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
984263bc
MD
619# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
620# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
621
622# Mayotte
03b0b587 623# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
624
625# Morocco
48afb8ac 626# See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
fcf6e80e
SW
627
628# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
629# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
630# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
631#
632# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
633# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
48afb8ac 634# Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
fcf6e80e 635#
e4ac9488 636# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
fcf6e80e 637# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
fcf6e80e
SW
638
639# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
48afb8ac
SW
640# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
641# Presse:
fcf6e80e 642# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
fcf6e80e
SW
643#
644# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
645# spokesman.
646
647# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
648# According to this article:
e4ac9488 649# https://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
48afb8ac
SW
650# (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
651# the changes occur at midnight:
652#
653# Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
654# interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
655# Sunday night the 28th at midnight
656#
657# Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
658# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
659# Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
660# June 1st to Sept 27th.
fcf6e80e
SW
661#
662# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
663# published on the web.
664#
665# It's also confirmed here:
fcf6e80e 666# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
48afb8ac
SW
667# on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
668# posted in English).
fcf6e80e 669#
48afb8ac 670# The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
e4ac9488 671# https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
fcf6e80e 672
234dfcd0 673# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
ef5158c8
SW
674# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
675# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
234dfcd0
SW
676# of September:
677#
678# One article about it (in French):
234dfcd0 679# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
234dfcd0
SW
680#
681# We have some further details posted here:
e4ac9488 682# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
63562808
SW
683
684# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
685# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
686# to many sources, such as
63562808 687# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
63562808 688# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
63562808
SW
689# (French)
690#
691# Our summary:
e4ac9488 692# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
63562808
SW
693
694# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
695# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
48afb8ac 696# Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
63562808 697#
32e0bed6 698# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
63562808
SW
699# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
700# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
701# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
702#
63562808 703# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
63562808 704# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
63562808 705
72a17f7b
SW
706# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
707# Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
708# of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
709# 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
710#
711# Example:
72a17f7b 712# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
72a17f7b
SW
713# (French)
714# Our page:
e4ac9488 715# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
72a17f7b 716
f891a7e1
SW
717# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
718# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
48afb8ac
SW
719# The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
720# The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
f891a7e1
SW
721# ...Official links of change in morocco
722# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
723# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
724# +212.537.71.84.00
f891a7e1 725# http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
f891a7e1 726# They said that
f891a7e1 727# http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
f891a7e1
SW
728# is the official publication to look at.
729# They said that the decision was already taken.
730#
731# More articles in the press
e4ac9488 732# https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
f891a7e1 733# http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
f891a7e1 734# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
f891a7e1
SW
735
736# From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
737# They have it written in English here:
f891a7e1 738# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
f891a7e1
SW
739#
740# It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
741# 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
742# wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
743# also been like that in the past.
744
20aca2bf 745# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
48afb8ac
SW
746# According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
747# on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
748# Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
20aca2bf 749# http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
20aca2bf
SW
750# Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
751# the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
752# last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
753# except the month of Ramadan.
754# or (brief)
20aca2bf 755# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
20aca2bf
SW
756
757# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
758# The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
759# effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
760# it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
761# Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
762# start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
763
764# From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
765# Seen Morocco change again:
20aca2bf 766# http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
48afb8ac
SW
767# "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
768# comme annoncé précédemment."
20aca2bf 769
8eadffdb
SW
770# From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
771# The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
8eadffdb 772# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
8eadffdb
SW
773#
774# Google translation, lightly edited:
775# Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
776# Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
777# 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
778# Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
779# of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
780# of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
781# Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
782# 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
783# August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
784
e1ff7155
SW
785# From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
786# Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
787# announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
788# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
789# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
48afb8ac 790# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
96e83414
SW
791
792# From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
793# Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
794# transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
795# http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
796
d1bcb6be
SW
797# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
798# Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
799# before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
800# this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
801# to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
802# source (French):
803# http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
804# Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
805# http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
806
4af135af
SW
807# From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
808# http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
809
1780da0f
SW
810# From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
811# The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
812# to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
813# will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
814# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
815
825d794d
SW
816# From Milamber (2015-06-08):
817# (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes
818# Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding
819# that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,
820# 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I
821# 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of
822# 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).
823# Source (french):
e4ac9488 824# https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/
825d794d
SW
825#
826# From Milamber (2015-06-09):
827# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863
828#
829# From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):
830# [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go
831# from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....
832# I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in
e4ac9488 833# <https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees
825d794d
SW
834# with the patch.
835
836# From Paul Eggert (2015-06-08):
837# For now, guess that later spring and fall transitions will use 2015's rules,
1780da0f 838# and guess that Morocco will switch to standard time at 03:00 the last
825d794d
SW
839# Sunday before Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Sunday after
840# Ramadan. To implement this, transition dates for 2016 through 2037 were
1780da0f
SW
841# determined by running the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3, with the
842# results integrated by hand into the table below.
825d794d
SW
843# (let ((islamic-year 1437))
844# (require 'cal-islam)
1780da0f
SW
845# (while (< islamic-year 1460)
846# (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
847# (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
825d794d
SW
848# (sunday 0))
849# (while (/= sunday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
850# (while (/= sunday (mod b 7))
1780da0f
SW
851# (setq b (1+ b)))
852# (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
853# (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
854# (insert
855# (format
856# (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
857# "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
858# (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
859# (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
e1ff7155 860# (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
e1ff7155 861
984263bc 862# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
234dfcd0 863
984263bc
MD
864Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
865Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
866Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
867Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
868Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
869Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
870Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
871Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
872Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
873Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
874Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
875Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
876Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
877Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
878Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
fcf6e80e 879Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 880Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
63562808 881Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
1780da0f 882Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
72a17f7b
SW
883Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
884Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
f891a7e1 885Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
a1b6a6c6 886Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
1780da0f 887Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
1780da0f
SW
888Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
889Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
a1b6a6c6 890Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1780da0f
SW
891Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
892Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S
893Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
825d794d 894Rule Morocco 2014 2021 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
1780da0f
SW
895Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
896Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 S
825d794d
SW
897Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 -
898Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 S
899Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 -
900Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 S
901Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
902Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 S
903Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
904Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 S
905Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 5 3:00 0 -
906Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 9 2:00 1:00 S
907Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 19 3:00 0 -
908Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 1:00 S
909Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 11 3:00 0 -
910Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 16 2:00 1:00 S
911Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 8 2:00 1:00 S
912Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 23 2:00 1:00 S
913Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 S
914Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 6 2:00 1:00 S
1780da0f 915Rule Morocco 2026 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
825d794d
SW
916Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 19 3:00 0 -
917Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 4 3:00 0 -
20aca2bf 918
984263bc
MD
919# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
920Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
921 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
922 1:00 - CET 1986
fcf6e80e 923 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
d1bcb6be 924
984263bc 925# Western Sahara
d1bcb6be
SW
926#
927# From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
928# A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
929# ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
930# Morocco does.
931#
932# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
933# Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
934# since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
935
48afb8ac 936Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
83b0991f 937 -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
d1bcb6be 938 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
984263bc
MD
939
940# Mozambique
48afb8ac
SW
941#
942# Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
943# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
83b0991f 944# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
48afb8ac
SW
945# merely made it official?
946#
984263bc
MD
947# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
948Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
949 2:00 - CAT
48afb8ac
SW
950Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
951Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
952Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
953Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
954Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
955Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
956Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
984263bc 957
e4ac9488 958
984263bc 959# Namibia
e4ac9488
SW
960
961# From Arthur David Olson (2017-08-09):
962# The text of the "Namibia Time Act, 1994" is available online at
963# www.lac.org.na/laws/1994/811.pdf
964# and includes this nugget:
965# Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of section 1, the
966# first winter period after the commencement of this Act shall
967# commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on
968# Sunday 4 September 1994.
e1a4f1e4 969
0149973c
SW
970# From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06):
971# ... both summer and winter time are called "standard"
972# (which differs from the use in Ireland) ...
973
48afb8ac
SW
974# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
975# http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
e1a4f1e4
SW
976# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
977# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
978# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
979# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
980# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
981# of the country.
ef5158c8 982#
83b0991f
SW
983# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
984# Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
985# observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
986# In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
987# See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
e4ac9488
SW
988# https://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
989
990# From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
991# Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
992# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
993# This video is from the government decision:
994# https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
995# We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
996# the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
997# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
e1a4f1e4 998
0149973c
SW
999# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
1000# Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
1001# However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.:
1002# http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
1003# https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
1004# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1005# Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
1006# with Namibia's neighbors.
1007
984263bc 1008# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
0149973c
SW
1009# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1010Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT
1011Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT
1012Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT
1013# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1014#Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT
1015#Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT
1016#Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT
1017# End of rearguard section.
1018
984263bc
MD
1019# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1020Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
83b0991f 1021 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
48afb8ac
SW
1022 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
1023 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
984263bc 1024 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
0149973c
SW
1025# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1026 2:00 Namibia %s
1027# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1028# 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
1029# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
1030# The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See:
1031# http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
1032# 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24
1033# 2:00 - CAT
1034# End of rearguard section.
984263bc
MD
1035
1036# Niger
48afb8ac 1037# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
1038
1039# Nigeria
1040# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1041Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
1042 1:00 - WAT
48afb8ac
SW
1043Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
1044Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1045Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
1046Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1047Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
1048Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
1049Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
1050Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
1051Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
1052
1053# Réunion
984263bc 1054# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1055Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
83b0991f 1056 4:00 - +04
48afb8ac
SW
1057#
1058# Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
984263bc 1059#
48afb8ac 1060# Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
984263bc 1061# The following information about them is taken from
48afb8ac
SW
1062# Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
1063# in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
984263bc
MD
1064# We have no info about their time zone histories.
1065#
1066# Bassas da India - uninhabited
1067# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
1068# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
1069# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
1070# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
1071
1072# Rwanda
48afb8ac 1073# See Africa/Maputo.
984263bc
MD
1074
1075# St Helena
48afb8ac 1076# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1077# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
1078# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
48afb8ac 1079# Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
984263bc
MD
1080# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
1081# on GMT, says the CIA
48afb8ac 1082# Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
984263bc 1083
48afb8ac 1084# São Tomé and Príncipe
a3b9d54d 1085
574756e4
SW
1086# See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.
1087
a3b9d54d
SW
1088# From Steffen Thorsen (2018-01-08):
1089# Multiple sources tell that São Tomé changed from UTC to UTC+1 as
1090# they entered the year 2018.
1091# From Michael Deckers (2018-01-08):
1092# the switch is from 01:00 to 02:00 ... [Decree No. 25/2017]
1093# http://www.mnec.gov.st/index.php/publicacoes/documentos/file/90-decreto-lei-n-25-2017
1094
1095Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
574756e4 1096 -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 00:00u # Lisbon MT
a3b9d54d
SW
1097 0:00 - GMT 2018 Jan 1 01:00
1098 1:00 - WAT
1099
984263bc 1100# Senegal
48afb8ac 1101# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1102
1103# Seychelles
1104# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1105Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
83b0991f 1106 4:00 - +04
984263bc
MD
1107# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
1108# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
1109# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
1110# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
1111# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
1112# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
1113
1114# Sierra Leone
48afb8ac 1115# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1116
1117# Somalia
03b0b587 1118# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
1119
1120# South Africa
1121# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1122Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
1123Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
1124# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1125Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1126 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
1127 2:00 SA SAST
48afb8ac
SW
1128Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
1129Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
1130#
984263bc
MD
1131# Marion and Prince Edward Is
1132# scientific station since 1947
1133# no information
1134
1135# Sudan
e4ac9488 1136
48afb8ac
SW
1137# From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
1138# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
1139# also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
984263bc
MD
1140# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1141# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1142# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
e4ac9488
SW
1143
1144# From Ahmed Atyya, National Telecommunications Corp. (NTC), Sudan (2017-10-17):
1145# ... the Republic of Sudan is going to change the time zone from (GMT+3:00)
1146# to (GMT+ 2:00) starting from Wednesday 1 November 2017.
984263bc 1147#
e4ac9488
SW
1148# From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18):
1149# A scanned copy (in Arabic) of Cabinet Resolution No. 352 for the
1150# year 2017 can be found as an attachment in email today from Yahia
1151# Abdalla of NTC, archived at:
1152# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2017-October/025333.html
1153
984263bc
MD
1154# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1155Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1156Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
1157Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1158Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1159# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1160Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
1161 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
e4ac9488
SW
1162 3:00 - EAT 2017 Nov 1
1163 2:00 - CAT
984263bc 1164
57e1cca5 1165# South Sudan
e4ac9488
SW
1166# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1167Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:28 - LMT 1931
1168 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
1169 3:00 - EAT
57e1cca5 1170
984263bc 1171# Swaziland
48afb8ac 1172# See Africa/Johannesburg.
984263bc
MD
1173
1174# Tanzania
03b0b587 1175# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
1176
1177# Togo
48afb8ac 1178# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
MD
1179
1180# Tunisia
9ffe4b14
SW
1181
1182# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
48afb8ac 1183# My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
9ffe4b14
SW
1184# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
1185# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1186# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1187# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1188# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1189# Saturday." (My translation)
1190#
1191# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
48afb8ac
SW
1192# La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1193# http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
9ffe4b14
SW
1194# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1195# 1h standard time.
bd7414aa
SW
1196#
1197# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1198# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1199# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1200# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1201# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
9ffe4b14 1202
63562808
SW
1203# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1204# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1205# (Arabic)
63562808 1206# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
e4ac9488 1207# https://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
63562808
SW
1208#
1209# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1210# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
e4ac9488 1211# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
63562808
SW
1212
1213# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1214# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1215#
1216# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1217#
1218# (in English)
63562808 1219# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
63562808
SW
1220#
1221# (in Arabic)
63562808 1222# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
63562808 1223
48afb8ac
SW
1224# From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
1225# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
1226# due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
1227# concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
1228# unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
1229# (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
63562808 1230
faff2363
SW
1231# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1232# According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1233#
1234# (translation):
1235# "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1236# Sunday...
1237# Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1238# coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1239#
1240# (in Arabic)
faff2363 1241# http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
faff2363 1242# http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
faff2363
SW
1243# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1244
984263bc
MD
1245# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1246Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1247Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1248Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
1249Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
1250Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
1251Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
1252Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
1253Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
1254Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
1255Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
1256Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1257Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1258Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1259Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
1260Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
1261Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1262Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
1263Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1264Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
1265Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
1266Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
9ffe4b14
SW
1267Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1268Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
63562808
SW
1269Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1270Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
faff2363 1271
bd7414aa
SW
1272# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1273# more precise 0:09:21.
1274# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
984263bc
MD
1275# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1276Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
48afb8ac 1277 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
984263bc
MD
1278 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1279
1280# Uganda
03b0b587 1281# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
MD
1282
1283# Zambia
984263bc 1284# Zimbabwe
48afb8ac 1285# See Africa/Maputo.