kernel: Remove the FFS_ROOT option. It was a no-op since 4.9.
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
CommitLineData
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1# tzdb data for Africa and environs
2
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3# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
4# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
984263bc 5
48afb8ac 6# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
984263bc 7# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
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8# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
9# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
984263bc 10
8cb73418 11# From Paul Eggert (2018-05-27):
984263bc 12#
03b0b587 13# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
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14# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
15# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
03b0b587 16# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
984263bc 17#
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18# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
19# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
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20# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
21# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
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22# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
23# IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
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24#
25# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
26# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
27# I found in the UCLA library.
28#
80e7e01d 29# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
48afb8ac 30# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
e4ac9488 31# https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
80e7e01d 32#
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33# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
34# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
35#
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36# European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
37# For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
984263bc 38# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
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39# for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
40# but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
41# 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
42# 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
43# 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
48afb8ac 44# the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
984263bc 45#
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46# To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
47# +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
48# +02 CAT Central Africa Time
49# +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
50# and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
51# +01 WAT West Africa Time
52# Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
53# I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
54# cannot now come up with solid citations.
984263bc 55#
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56# I invented the following abbreviations in the 1990s:
57# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
58# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time
59# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time
83b0991f 60# +03 EAT East Africa Time
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61# 'EAT' seems to have caught on and is in current timestamps, and though
62# the other abbreviations are rarer and are only in past timestamps,
63# they are paired with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
64# Corrections are welcome.
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65
66# Algeria
67# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
68Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 69Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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70Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
71Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
75Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
76Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
77Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
78Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 79Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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80Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
81Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
83Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
84Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
85Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
86Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
87Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
88Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
89Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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90# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
91# more precise 0:09:21.
984263bc 92# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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93Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
94 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
95 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
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96 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
97 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
98 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
99 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
100 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
101 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
102 1:00 - CET
103
104# Angola
984263bc 105# Benin
48afb8ac 106# See Africa/Lagos.
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107
108# Botswana
48afb8ac 109# See Africa/Maputo.
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110
111# Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 112# See Africa/Abidjan.
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113
114# Burundi
48afb8ac 115# See Africa/Maputo.
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116
117# Cameroon
48afb8ac 118# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 119
bf5e9998 120# Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
48afb8ac 121#
574756e4 122# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
83b0991f 123# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
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124# For now, ignore that and follow the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
125# (see Europe/Lisbon).
48afb8ac 126#
984263bc 127# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 128Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1912 Jan 01 2:00u # Praia
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129 -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
130 -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
131 -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
132 -1:00 - -01
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133
134# Central African Republic
48afb8ac 135# See Africa/Lagos.
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136
137# Chad
138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 139Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
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140 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
141 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
142 1:00 - WAT
143
144# Comoros
03b0b587 145# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc 146
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147# Democratic Republic of the Congo
148# See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
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149
150# Republic of the Congo
48afb8ac 151# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc 152
48afb8ac 153# Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
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154# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
155Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
156 0:00 - GMT
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157Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Bamako # Mali
158Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Banjul # Gambia
159Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Conakry # Guinea
160Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Dakar # Senegal
161Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Freetown # Sierra Leone
162Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Lome # Togo
163Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Nouakchott # Mauritania
164Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Ouagadougou # Burkina Faso
48afb8ac 165Link Africa/Abidjan Atlantic/St_Helena # St Helena
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166
167# Djibouti
03b0b587 168# See Africa/Nairobi.
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169
170###############################################################################
171
172# Egypt
173
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174# Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
175# observatory; round to nearest. Milne also says that the official time for
176# Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
177# did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
178
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179# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
180Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
181Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
182Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
183Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
184Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
185Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
186Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
187Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
188Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
189Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
190Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
191Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
192Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
193Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
194Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
196Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
198Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
199# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
200# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
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201
202# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
203# "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
204# saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
205# Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
206#
207# Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
e01e21dd 208# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
e01e21dd 209# or
e01e21dd 210# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
e01e21dd 211Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
1780da0f 212Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
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213# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
214# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
215# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
216# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
217# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
1780da0f 218Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
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219# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
220# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
221# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
48afb8ac 222# From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
ef5158c8 223# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
e4ac9488 224# https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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225# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
226# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
1780da0f 227Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
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228# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
229# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
230# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
231# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
232# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
233# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
234# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 235# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 236# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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237
238# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
239# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
240#
241# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
3dbe7164 242# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 243# Apr 23
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244# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
245# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
2047e903 246# Apr 24
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247# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
248# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 249# Aug 27
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250# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
251# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 252# Aug 27
3dbe7164 253# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
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254#
255# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
256# :59)
257# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
258#
259# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
260#
48afb8ac 261# [1] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
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262# [2] https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
263# [3] https://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
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264
265# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
266# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
267# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
268# in September.
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269
270# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
271# We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
272# Information and Decision Support Center:
e4ac9488 273# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
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274#
275# The Middle East News Agency
e4ac9488 276# https://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
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277# also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
278# today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
279# Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
280# and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
281# (at least today).
282
25d38d10 283# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
48afb8ac 284# According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
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285# decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
286# Ramadan.
287#
288# Arabic translation:
48afb8ac 289# "Clocks to go back during Ramadan - and then forward again"
25d38d10 290# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
25d38d10 291# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
25d38d10 292
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293# From Ahmad El-Dardiry (2014-05-07):
294# Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
295# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
296
48afb8ac 297# From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
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298# our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
299
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300# From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
301# We have finally "located" a precise official reference about the DST changes
302# in Egypt. The Ministers Cabinet decision is explained at
303# http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Media/CabinetMeetingsDetails.aspx?id=347 ...
304# [T]his (Arabic) site is not accessible outside Egypt, but the page ...
305# translates into: "With regard to daylight saving time, it is scheduled to
306# take effect at exactly twelve o'clock this evening, Thursday, 15 MAY 2014,
307# to be suspended by twelve o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 26 JUN 2014,
308# and re-established again at the end of the month of Ramadan, at twelve
309# o'clock on the evening of Thursday, 31 JUL 2014." This statement has been
310# reproduced by other (more accessible) sites[, e.g.,]...
311# http://elgornal.net/news/news.aspx?id=4699258
312
313# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-04):
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314# Sarah El Deeb and Lee Keath of AP report that the Egyptian government says
315# the change is because of blackouts in Cairo, even though Ahram Online (cited
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316# above) says DST had no affect on electricity consumption. There is
317# no information about when DST will end this fall. See:
55e35715 318# http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/el-sissi-pushes-egyptians-line-23614833
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319
320# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-04-08):
321# Egypt will start DST on midnight after Thursday, April 30, 2015.
322# This is based on a law (no 35) from May 15, 2014 saying it starts the last
323# Thursday of April.... Clocks will still be turned back for Ramadan, but
324# dates not yet announced....
325# http://almogaz.com/news/weird-news/2015/04/05/1947105 ...
e4ac9488 326# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-starts-dst-2015.html
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327
328# From Ahmed Nazmy (2015-04-20):
329# Egypt's ministers cabinet just announced ... that it will cancel DST at
330# least for 2015.
331#
332# From Tim Parenti (2015-04-20):
333# http://english.ahram.org.eg/WriterArticles/NewsContentP/1/128195/Egypt/No-daylight-saving-this-summer-Egypts-prime-minist.aspx
334# "Egypt's cabinet agreed on Monday not to switch clocks for daylight saving
335# time this summer, and carry out studies on the possibility of canceling the
336# practice altogether in future years."
55e35715 337#
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338# From Paul Eggert (2015-04-24):
339# Yesterday the office of Egyptian President El-Sisi announced his
340# decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
341# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
fced0463 342
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343# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
344# Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
345# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
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346# From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
347# Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
a1b6a6c6 348
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349Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
350Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
351Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
352Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 9 24:00 1:00 S
353Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
55e35715 354Rule Egypt 2014 only - May 15 24:00 1:00 S
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355Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jun 26 24:00 0 -
356Rule Egypt 2014 only - Jul 31 24:00 1:00 S
fced0463 357Rule Egypt 2014 only - Sep lastThu 24:00 0 -
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358
359# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
80e7e01d 360Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
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361 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
362
363# Equatorial Guinea
48afb8ac 364# See Africa/Lagos.
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365
366# Eritrea
984263bc 367# Ethiopia
03b0b587 368# See Africa/Nairobi.
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369#
370# Unfortunately tzdb records only Western clock time in use in Ethiopia,
371# as the tzdb format is not up to properly recording a common Ethiopian
372# timekeeping practice that is based on solar time. See:
373# Mortada D. If you have a meeting in Ethiopia, you'd better double
374# check the time. PRI's The World. 2015-01-30 15:15 -05.
375# https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-30/if-you-have-meeting-ethiopia-you-better-double-check-time
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376
377# Gabon
48afb8ac 378# See Africa/Lagos.
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379
380# Gambia
48afb8ac 381# See Africa/Abidjan.
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382
383# Ghana
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384
385# From Paul Eggert (2018-01-30):
48afb8ac 386# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to "the present";
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387# Shanks & Pottenger say 1936 to 1942 with 20 minutes of DST,
388# with transitions on 09-01 and 12-31 at 00:00.
389# Page 33 of Parish GCB, Colonial Reports - Annual. No. 1066. Gold
390# Coast. Report for 1919. (March 1921), OCLC 784024077
391# http://libsysdigi.library.illinois.edu/ilharvest/africana/books2011-05/5530214/5530214_1919/5530214_1919_opt.pdf
392# lists the Determination of the Time Ordinance, 1919, No. 18,
393# "to advance the time observed locally by the space of twenty minutes
394# during the last four months of each year; the object in view being
395# to extend during those months the period of daylight-time available
396# for evening recreation after office hours."
397# Vanessa Ogle, The Global Transformation of Time, 1870-1950 (2015), p 33,
398# writes "In 1919, the Gold Coast (Ghana as of 1957) made Greenwich
399# time its legal time and simultaneously legalized a summer time of
400# UTC - 00:20 minutes from March to October."; a footnote lists
401# the ordinance as being dated 1919-11-24.
402# The Crown Colonist, Volume 12 (1942), p 176, says "the Government
403# intend advancing Gold Coast time half an hour ahead of G.M.T.
404# The actual date of the alteration has not yet been announced."
405# These sources are incomplete and contradictory. Possibly what is
406# now Ghana observed different DST regimes in different years. For
407# lack of better info, use Shanks except treat the minus sign as a
408# typo, and assume DST started in 1920 not 1936.
409# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
410Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 -
411Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
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412# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
413Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
83b0991f 414 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
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415
416# Guinea
48afb8ac 417# See Africa/Abidjan.
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418
419# Guinea-Bissau
48afb8ac 420#
574756e4 421# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
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422# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
423# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
574756e4 424# (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.
48afb8ac 425#
984263bc 426# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
574756e4 427Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 1:00u
83b0991f 428 -1:00 - -01 1975
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429 0:00 - GMT
430
431# Kenya
432# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
433Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
434 3:00 - EAT 1930
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435 2:30 - +0230 1940
436 2:45 - +0245 1960
984263bc 437 3:00 - EAT
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438Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
439Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
440Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Dar_es_Salaam # Tanzania
441Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Djibouti
442Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Kampala # Uganda
443Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Mogadishu # Somalia
444Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Antananarivo # Madagascar
445Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Comoro
446Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
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447
448# Lesotho
48afb8ac 449# See Africa/Johannesburg.
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450
451# Liberia
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452#
453# From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
454#
455# The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
456#
a3b9d54d 457# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UT offset
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458# that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
459# 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
460# Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
461# President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
462# Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
463#
464# Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
465# abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
466#
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467# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
468Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
469 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
83b0991f 470 -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
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471 0:00 - GMT
472
473###############################################################################
474
475# Libya
476
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477# From Even Scharning (2012-11-10):
478# Libya set their time one hour back at 02:00 on Saturday November 10.
e4ac9488 479# https://www.libyaherald.com/2012/11/04/clocks-to-go-back-an-hour-on-saturday/
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480# Here is an official source [in Arabic]: http://ls.ly/fb6Yc
481#
482# Steffen Thorsen forwarded a translation (2012-11-10) in
e4ac9488 483# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2012-November/018451.html
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484#
485# From Tim Parenti (2012-11-11):
486# Treat the 2012-11-10 change as a zone change from UTC+2 to UTC+1.
487# The DST rules planned for 2013 and onward roughly mirror those of Europe
488# (either two days before them or five days after them, so as to fall on
489# lastFri instead of lastSun).
490
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491# From Even Scharning (2013-10-25):
492# The scheduled end of DST in Libya on Friday, October 25, 2013 was
493# cancelled yesterday....
e4ac9488 494# https://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
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495#
496# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
c7dd9e99 497# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
d1bcb6be 498
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499# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
500Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
501Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
502Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
503Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
504Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
505Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
506Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
507Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
508Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
509Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
510Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
511Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 512Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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513Rule Libya 1997 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
514Rule Libya 1997 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
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515Rule Libya 2013 only - Mar lastFri 1:00 1:00 S
516Rule Libya 2013 only - Oct lastFri 2:00 0 -
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517# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
518Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
519 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
520 2:00 - EET 1982
521 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
933b0a8d 522# The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
48afb8ac 523# the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
984263bc 524 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
933b0a8d 525 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
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526 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
527 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
d1bcb6be 528 2:00 - EET
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529
530# Madagascar
03b0b587 531# See Africa/Nairobi.
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532
533# Malawi
48afb8ac 534# See Africa/Maputo.
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535
536# Mali
984263bc 537# Mauritania
48afb8ac 538# See Africa/Abidjan.
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539
540# Mauritius
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541
542# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
543# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
544# basis....
ef5158c8 545# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
a36b983e 546# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
e4ac9488 547# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 548
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549# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
550# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 551
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552# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
553# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
554# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
555# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 556
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557# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
558# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
559
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560# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
561# According to
3f249718 562# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
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563# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
564# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
565# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
566# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
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567#
568# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
569# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
570# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
571# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
572# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
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573# changes two days later.
574
575# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
576# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
32e0bed6 577# time: Energy conservation?"- No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
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578# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
579#
580# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
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581# de l'heure d'été" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
582# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one....
3f249718 583# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
3f249718 584
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585# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
586# The Government of Mauritius weblink
3dbe7164 587# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
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588# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
589#
590# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
591# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
592# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
593# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
594# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
595# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
596# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
48afb8ac 597# year 2008-2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
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598# and end on 29 March 2009.
599
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600# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
601# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
602# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
603# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
0fbb2fac 604# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
0fbb2fac 605
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606# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
607# According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
608# DST the coming summer...
609#
610# Some sources, in French:
ca05ab86 611# http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
ca05ab86 612# http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
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613#
614# Our wrap-up:
e4ac9488 615# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
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616
617# From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
618# The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
619# "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
620# at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
621
a36b983e 622# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
574756e4 623Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 -
a36b983e 624Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
574756e4 625Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
ca05ab86 626Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
984263bc 627# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 628Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
83b0991f 629 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
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630# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
631# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
632
633# Mayotte
03b0b587 634# See Africa/Nairobi.
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635
636# Morocco
48afb8ac 637# See the 'europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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638
639# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
640# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
641# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
642#
643# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
644# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
48afb8ac 645# Communication Minister and Government Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
fcf6e80e 646#
e4ac9488 647# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
fcf6e80e 648# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
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649
650# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
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651# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
652# Presse:
fcf6e80e 653# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
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654#
655# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
656# spokesman.
657
658# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
659# According to this article:
e4ac9488 660# https://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
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661# (and republished here: <http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html>)
662# the changes occur at midnight:
663#
664# Saturday night May 31st at midnight (which in French is to be
665# interpreted as the night between Saturday and Sunday)
666# Sunday night the 28th at midnight
667#
668# Seeing that the 28th is Monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
669# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between Sunday and
670# Monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
671# June 1st to Sept 27th.
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672#
673# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
674# published on the web.
675#
676# It's also confirmed here:
fcf6e80e 677# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
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678# on a government portal as being between June 1st and Sept 27th (not yet
679# posted in English).
fcf6e80e 680#
48afb8ac 681# The following Google query will generate many relevant hits:
e4ac9488 682# https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
fcf6e80e 683
234dfcd0 684# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
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685# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
686# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
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687# of September:
688#
689# One article about it (in French):
234dfcd0 690# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
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691#
692# We have some further details posted here:
e4ac9488 693# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
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694
695# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
696# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
697# to many sources, such as
63562808 698# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
63562808 699# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
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700# (French)
701#
702# Our summary:
e4ac9488 703# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
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704
705# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
706# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
48afb8ac 707# Ministère de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
63562808 708#
32e0bed6 709# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 June 1967)
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710# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
711# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
712# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
713#
63562808 714# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
63562808 715# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
63562808 716
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717# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
718# Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
719# of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
720# 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
721#
722# Example:
72a17f7b 723# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
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724# (French)
725# Our page:
e4ac9488 726# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
72a17f7b 727
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728# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
729# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
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730# The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
731# The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
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732# ...Official links of change in morocco
733# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
734# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
735# +212.537.71.84.00
f891a7e1 736# http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
f891a7e1 737# They said that
f891a7e1 738# http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
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739# is the official publication to look at.
740# They said that the decision was already taken.
741#
742# More articles in the press
e4ac9488 743# https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-leve.html
f891a7e1 744# http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
f891a7e1 745# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
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746
747# From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
748# They have it written in English here:
f891a7e1 749# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
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750#
751# It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
752# 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
753# wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
754# also been like that in the past.
755
20aca2bf 756# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
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757# According to Infomédiaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
758# on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure légale:
759# Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'été
20aca2bf 760# http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
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761# Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
762# the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
763# last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
764# except the month of Ramadan.
765# or (brief)
20aca2bf 766# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
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767
768# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
769# The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
770# effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
771# it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
772# Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
773# start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
774
775# From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
776# Seen Morocco change again:
20aca2bf 777# http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
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778# "...à partir du dernier dimanche d'avril et non fins mars,
779# comme annoncé précédemment."
20aca2bf 780
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781# From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
782# The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
8eadffdb 783# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
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784#
785# Google translation, lightly edited:
786# Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
787# Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
788# 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
789# Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
790# of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
791# of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
792# Monday, August 20, 2012. So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
793# 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
794# August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
795
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796# From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
797# Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
798# announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
799# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
800# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
48afb8ac 801# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
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802
803# From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
804# Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
805# transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
806# http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
807
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808# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-28):
809# Morocco extends DST by one month, on very short notice, just 1 day
810# before it was going to end. There is a new decree (2.13.781) for
811# this, where DST from now on goes from last Sunday of March at 02:00
812# to last Sunday of October at 03:00, similar to EU rules. Official
813# source (French):
814# http://www.maroc.gov.ma/fr/actualites/lhoraire-dete-gmt1-maintenu-jusquau-27-octobre-2013
815# Another source (specifying the time for start and end in the decree):
816# http://www.lemag.ma/Heure-d-ete-au-Maroc-jusqu-au-27-octobre_a75620.html
817
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818# From Sebastien Willemijns (2014-03-18):
819# http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2014/3/18/maroc-heure-dete-avancez-tous-horloges-247891.asp
820
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821# From Milamber Space Network (2014-06-05):
822# The Moroccan government has recently announced that the country will return
823# to standard time at 03:00 on Saturday, June 28, 2014 local time.... DST
824# will resume again at 02:00 on Saturday, August 2, 2014....
825# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=586
826
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827# From Milamber (2015-06-08):
828# (Google Translation) The hour will thus be delayed 60 minutes
829# Sunday, June 14 at 3:00, the ministry said in a statement, adding
830# that the time will be advanced again 60 minutes Sunday, July 19,
831# 2015 at 2:00. The move comes under 2.12.126 Decree of 26 Jumada I
832# 1433 (18 April 2012) and the decision of the Head of Government of
833# 16 N. 3-29-15 Chaaban 1435 (4 June 2015).
834# Source (french):
e4ac9488 835# https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/
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836#
837# From Milamber (2015-06-09):
838# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=863
839#
840# From Michael Deckers (2015-06-09):
841# [The gov.ma announcement] would (probably) make the switch on 2015-07-19 go
842# from 03:00 to 04:00 rather than from 02:00 to 03:00, as in the patch....
843# I think the patch is correct and the quoted text is wrong; the text in
e4ac9488 844# <https://lnt.ma/le-maroc-reculera-dune-heure-le-dimanche-14-juin/> agrees
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845# with the patch.
846
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847# From Mohamed Essedik Najd (2018-10-26):
848# Today, a Moroccan government council approved the perpetual addition
849# of 60 minutes to the regular Moroccan timezone.
850# From Brian Inglis (2018-10-26):
851# http://www.maroc.ma/fr/actualites/le-conseil-de-gouvernement-adopte-un-projet-de-decret-relatif-lheure-legale-stipulant-le
e1ff7155 852
984263bc 853# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
8214c36f 854Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 855Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 856Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 857Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 858Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 859Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 860Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 -
984263bc 861Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 862Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 863Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 864Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 -
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865Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
866Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 867Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
984263bc 868Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 869Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
234dfcd0 870Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 871Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 872Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 873Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 -
72a17f7b 874Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 875Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 -
a1b6a6c6 876Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
8214c36f 877Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 878Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 879Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 -
a1b6a6c6 880Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
1780da0f 881Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
8214c36f
SW
882Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 -
883Rule Morocco 2013 2018 - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
884Rule Morocco 2014 2018 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
1780da0f 885Rule Morocco 2014 only - Jun 28 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 886Rule Morocco 2014 only - Aug 2 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 887Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jun 14 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 888Rule Morocco 2015 only - Jul 19 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 889Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jun 5 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 890Rule Morocco 2016 only - Jul 10 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 891Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 892Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 -
825d794d 893Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
8214c36f 894Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 -
20aca2bf 895
984263bc
MD
896# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
897Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
8214c36f
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898 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
899 1:00 - +01 1986
900 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
901 1:00 - +01
d1bcb6be 902
984263bc 903# Western Sahara
d1bcb6be
SW
904#
905# From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
906# A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
907# ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
908# Morocco does.
909#
910# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
911# Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
912# since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
913
48afb8ac 914Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
83b0991f 915 -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
8214c36f
SW
916 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
917 1:00 - +01
984263bc
MD
918
919# Mozambique
48afb8ac
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920#
921# Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
922# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
83b0991f 923# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
48afb8ac
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924# merely made it official?
925#
984263bc
MD
926# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
927Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
928 2:00 - CAT
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929Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
930Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
931Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
932Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
933Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
934Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
935Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
984263bc 936
e4ac9488 937
984263bc 938# Namibia
e4ac9488
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939
940# From Arthur David Olson (2017-08-09):
941# The text of the "Namibia Time Act, 1994" is available online at
942# www.lac.org.na/laws/1994/811.pdf
943# and includes this nugget:
944# Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of section 1, the
945# first winter period after the commencement of this Act shall
946# commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on
947# Sunday 4 September 1994.
e1a4f1e4 948
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949# From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06):
950# ... both summer and winter time are called "standard"
951# (which differs from the use in Ireland) ...
952
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953# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
954# http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
e1a4f1e4
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955# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
956# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
957# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
958# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
959# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
960# of the country.
ef5158c8 961#
83b0991f
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962# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
963# Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
964# observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
965# In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
966# See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
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967# https://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
968
969# From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
970# Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
971# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
972# This video is from the government decision:
973# https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
974# We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
975# the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
976# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
e1a4f1e4 977
0149973c
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978# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
979# Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
980# However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.:
981# http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
982# https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
983# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
984# Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
985# with Namibia's neighbors.
986
984263bc 987# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
0149973c
SW
988# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
989Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT
990Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT
991Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT
992# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
993#Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT
994#Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT
995#Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT
996# End of rearguard section.
997
984263bc
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998# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
999Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
83b0991f 1000 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
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1001 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
1002 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
984263bc 1003 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
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1004# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1005 2:00 Namibia %s
1006# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1007# 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
1008# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
1009# The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See:
1010# http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
1011# 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24
1012# 2:00 - CAT
1013# End of rearguard section.
984263bc
MD
1014
1015# Niger
48afb8ac 1016# See Africa/Lagos.
984263bc
MD
1017
1018# Nigeria
1019# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1020Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
1021 1:00 - WAT
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1022Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
1023Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1024Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
1025Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1026Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
1027Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
1028Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
1029Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
1030Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
1031
1032# Réunion
984263bc 1033# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1034Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
83b0991f 1035 4:00 - +04
48afb8ac
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1036#
1037# Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
984263bc 1038#
48afb8ac 1039# Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses) administered from Réunion are as follows.
984263bc 1040# The following information about them is taken from
48afb8ac
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1041# Îles Éparses (<http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm>, 1997-07-22,
1042# in French; no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
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MD
1043# We have no info about their time zone histories.
1044#
1045# Bassas da India - uninhabited
1046# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
1047# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
1048# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
1049# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
1050
1051# Rwanda
48afb8ac 1052# See Africa/Maputo.
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1053
1054# St Helena
48afb8ac 1055# See Africa/Abidjan.
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MD
1056# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
1057# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
48afb8ac 1058# Ascension: on GMT, say the USNO (1995-12-21) and the CIA
984263bc
MD
1059# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
1060# on GMT, says the CIA
48afb8ac 1061# Inaccessible, Nightingale: uninhabited
984263bc 1062
48afb8ac 1063# São Tomé and Príncipe
a3b9d54d 1064
574756e4
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1065# See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.
1066
a3b9d54d
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1067# From Steffen Thorsen (2018-01-08):
1068# Multiple sources tell that São Tomé changed from UTC to UTC+1 as
1069# they entered the year 2018.
1070# From Michael Deckers (2018-01-08):
1071# the switch is from 01:00 to 02:00 ... [Decree No. 25/2017]
1072# http://www.mnec.gov.st/index.php/publicacoes/documentos/file/90-decreto-lei-n-25-2017
1073
1074Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
574756e4 1075 -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 00:00u # Lisbon MT
a3b9d54d
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1076 0:00 - GMT 2018 Jan 1 01:00
1077 1:00 - WAT
1078
984263bc 1079# Senegal
48afb8ac 1080# See Africa/Abidjan.
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1081
1082# Seychelles
1083# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
48afb8ac 1084Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
83b0991f 1085 4:00 - +04
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MD
1086# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
1087# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
1088# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
1089# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
1090# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
1091# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
1092
1093# Sierra Leone
48afb8ac 1094# See Africa/Abidjan.
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1095
1096# Somalia
03b0b587 1097# See Africa/Nairobi.
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1098
1099# South Africa
1100# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1101Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
1102Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
1103# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1104Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1105 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
1106 2:00 SA SAST
48afb8ac
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1107Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
1108Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
1109#
984263bc
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1110# Marion and Prince Edward Is
1111# scientific station since 1947
1112# no information
1113
1114# Sudan
e4ac9488 1115
48afb8ac
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1116# From <http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html>
1117# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13),
1118# also reported by Michaël De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
984263bc
MD
1119# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1120# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1121# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
e4ac9488
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1122
1123# From Ahmed Atyya, National Telecommunications Corp. (NTC), Sudan (2017-10-17):
1124# ... the Republic of Sudan is going to change the time zone from (GMT+3:00)
1125# to (GMT+ 2:00) starting from Wednesday 1 November 2017.
984263bc 1126#
e4ac9488
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1127# From Paul Eggert (2017-10-18):
1128# A scanned copy (in Arabic) of Cabinet Resolution No. 352 for the
1129# year 2017 can be found as an attachment in email today from Yahia
1130# Abdalla of NTC, archived at:
1131# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2017-October/025333.html
1132
984263bc
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1133# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1134Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
1135Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
1136Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
1137Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
1138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1139Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
1140 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
e4ac9488
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1141 3:00 - EAT 2017 Nov 1
1142 2:00 - CAT
984263bc 1143
57e1cca5 1144# South Sudan
e4ac9488
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1145# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1146Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:28 - LMT 1931
1147 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
1148 3:00 - EAT
57e1cca5 1149
984263bc 1150# Swaziland
48afb8ac 1151# See Africa/Johannesburg.
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1152
1153# Tanzania
03b0b587 1154# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
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1155
1156# Togo
48afb8ac 1157# See Africa/Abidjan.
984263bc
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1158
1159# Tunisia
9ffe4b14
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1160
1161# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
48afb8ac 1162# My correspondent, Risto Nykänen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
9ffe4b14
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1163# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
1164# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1165# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1166# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1167# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1168# Saturday." (My translation)
1169#
1170# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
48afb8ac
SW
1171# La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1172# http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
9ffe4b14
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1173# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1174# 1h standard time.
bd7414aa
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1175#
1176# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1177# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1178# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1179# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1180# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
9ffe4b14 1181
63562808
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1182# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1183# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1184# (Arabic)
63562808 1185# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
e4ac9488 1186# https://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
63562808
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1187#
1188# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1189# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
e4ac9488 1190# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
63562808
SW
1191
1192# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1193# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1194#
1195# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1196#
1197# (in English)
63562808 1198# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
63562808
SW
1199#
1200# (in Arabic)
63562808 1201# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
63562808 1202
48afb8ac
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1203# From Arthur David Olson (2009-03-18):
1204# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is
1205# due to the fact that the fasting month of Ramadan coincides with the period
1206# concerned by summer time. Therefore, the standard time will be kept
1207# unchanged the whole year long." So foregoing DST seems to be an exception
1208# (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
63562808 1209
faff2363
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1210# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1211# According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1212#
1213# (translation):
1214# "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1215# Sunday...
1216# Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1217# coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1218#
1219# (in Arabic)
faff2363 1220# http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
faff2363 1221# http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
faff2363
SW
1222# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1223
984263bc
MD
1224# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1225Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1226Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1227Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
1228Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
1229Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
1230Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
1231Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
1232Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
1233Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
1234Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
1235Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1236Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1237Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1238Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
1239Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
1240Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1241Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
1242Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1243Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
1244Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
1245Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
9ffe4b14
SW
1246Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1247Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
63562808
SW
1248Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1249Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
faff2363 1250
bd7414aa
SW
1251# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1252# more precise 0:09:21.
1253# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
984263bc
MD
1254# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1255Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
48afb8ac 1256 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
984263bc
MD
1257 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1258
1259# Uganda
03b0b587 1260# See Africa/Nairobi.
984263bc
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1261
1262# Zambia
984263bc 1263# Zimbabwe
48afb8ac 1264# See Africa/Maputo.