da878c36415c9b8cf733b3cc36b23758112d7050
[ikiwiki.git] / varialus / index.mdwn
1 # et
2 # Anisoptera
3 *The following is an unpaid personal wiki page about my experiences, issues, and workarounds related to DragonFly BSD.*
4
5 ## Table of Contents
6
7 1. **Featured**
8
9 * Short Walkthrough of **Enlightenment** Installation and Configuration
10 * Long Walkthrough of **MATE** Installation and Configuration
11 * Long Walkthrough of **DragonFly BSD** Installation and Configuration
12 * (In Progress) Short Walkthrough of **Applications** Installation and Configuration
13 * (In Progress) Short Walkthrough of **KDE** Installation and Configuration
14 * (In Progress) Short Walkthrough of **Xfce** Installation and Configuration
15 * (In Progress) Short Walkthrough of **LXDE** Installation and Configuration
16 * (Not Yet Started) Short Walkthrough of **C** and **Go** Development Environment Installation and Configuration
17
18 2. **Tidbits**
19
20 * Shell/Console/Command-Line-Prompt: tcsh/bash, ctrl-d/tab-tab, partial-previous-command-up-key/ctrl-r-partial-previous-command, rehash
21 * Package-Management: pkgng/apt-get
22 * Text-Editor: ee/nano, vi :q!
23 * Manual: man man
24 * Power-Down: shutdown -p now
25 * Find File: grep, find / -name fileName
26 * Process Management: top, ps, pkill, kill
27 * File-System: Hammer
28 * Operating System: DragonFly BSD
29
30 3. **Issues**
31
32 * Disclaimer
33 * Installer Supported Desktops: dfly 3.8.1
34 * Early Keyboard Selection: dfly 3.8.1
35 * Encryption Keyboard Selection: dfly 3.0.2
36 * Random Key for Encrypted Swap: dfly 3.0.2
37 * Stay Decrypted for  Configuration: dfly 3.0.2
38 * No Confirmation for Decryption: dfly 3.0.2
39 * Plain Text Password in Install Log: dfly 3.8.1
40 * USB Installation Media Named Uniquely: dfly 3.0.2
41 * 3TB+ HD Install: dfly 3.0.2, fixed in snapshot on 8/14/2012
42 * Overwrite 3TB+ Partition Table: snapshot 8/14/2012
43 * Wiki Centered Text: 8/25/2012
44 * XOrg Quit Errors: dfly 3.0.2, VirtualBox 4.1.20
45
46 4. **Workarounds**
47
48 * Install Non-GUI on 3TB+ Hard Drive
49
50 5. **Contribute**
51
52 * Port VirtualBox to DragonFly BSD
53 * Update and Fix Bugs of Desktop Environments in DPorts
54 * DragonFly BSD Network Shares Walkthrough
55
56 ## Featured
57
58 ### Short Walkthrough of Enlightenment Installation and Configuration
59
60 This walkthrough describes how I install and configure the Enlightenment desktop environment on DragonFly BSD. You should customize your installation as you see fit. This walkthrough is being run on DragonFly BSD as installed and configured in "Long Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration" by Varialus.
61
62 Enlightenment currently has a great balance of stability, features, and performance compared to other desktop environments on DragonFly BSD. I plan on using Enlightenment for personal use until MATE on DragonFly BSD has improved significantly. When currently installed and configured as described in this walkthrough, Enlightenment works but has the following issues.
63
64 * DPorts has Enlightenment E17 0.17.5 but Enlightenment E18 0.18.8 is the current stable release. I prefer that the Enlightenment version not be updated until the current stable release works at least as well as the version currently in DPorts.
65 * The splash screen significantly slows down the desktop from being displayed. This walkthrough disables the splash screen but the user has to wait for it during the first login.
66 * The Enlightenment initial graphical configuration of keyboard layouts doesn't include the Dvorak keyboard layout.
67 * The System > Restart and System > Power Off menu options don't work unless the Composite module is unloaded.
68
69 I hope this walkthrough will make it easier for developers to properly fix these issues.
70
71 1. From DPorts install the following packages and their dependencies.
72
73     * xorg
74     * xdm
75     * enlightenment
76     * e17-modules.
77
78 2. Add the following line to /etc/rc.conf and save the change to disk.
79
80         dbus_enable="YES"
81
82 3. Skim through /etc/ttys to find the following line.
83
84         ttyv8   "/usr/local/bin/xdm -nodaemon"  xterm   off secure
85
86     Then edit the previous line to match the following line and save the change to disk.
87
88         ttyv8   "/usr/local/bin/xdm -nodaemon"  xterm   on  secure
89
90 4. Skim through /usr/local/lib/X11/xdm/Xsetup_0 to find the following line.
91
92         xconsole -geometry 480x130-0-0 -daemon -verbose -fn fixed -exitOnFail
93
94     Then edit the previous line to match the following line and save the change to disk.
95
96         #xconsole -geometry 480x130-0-0 -daemon -verbose -fn fixed -exitOnFail
97
98 5. If you use the Dvorak keyboard layout instead of the QWERTY keyboard layout, add the following line to /usr/local/lib/X11/xdm/Xsetup_0 and save the change to disk.
99
100         setxkbmap dvorak
101
102 6. Skim through /usr/local/lib/X11/xdm/xdm-config to find the following line.
103
104         DisplayManager*authorize:       true
105
106     Then edit the previous line to match the following line and save the change to disk.
107
108         DisplayManager*authorize:       false
109
110 7. If it doesn't already exist, create the file /home/user/.xsession then add the following line to it and save the change to disk.
111
112         exec enlightenment_start
113
114 8. Set the SUID bit with execute permission on /usr/local/lib/enlightenment/utils/enlightenment_sys by running the following command. "WARNING: this program might be vulnerable so do not set suid bit if do not trust all users of this machine."
115
116         sudo chmod u+s /usr/local/lib/enlightenment/utils/enlightenment_sys
117
118 9. Restart DragonFly BSD and log in as user.
119
120 10. The Enlightenment initial graphical configuration will be displayed. Select the following options.
121
122 * Language: English
123 * Keyboard: English (US)
124 * Profile: Computer (Standard Enlightenment)
125 * Sizing: 1.2 Title
126 * Window Focus: Click
127 * Updates: Enable update checking
128 * Taskbar: Enable Taskbar
129
130 11. The Enlightenment desktop will be displayed but only after a significant delay from the splash screen. This step disables the splash screen so you'll only have to wait for it this one time. After the desktop is finally displayed, click on the left side of the desktop and select Settings > All > Look > Startup, then disable the option "Show Splash Screen on Login" and click OK.
131
132 12. If you use the Dvorak keyboard layout instead of the QWERTY keyboard layout, click on the left side of the desktop and select Settings > All > Input > Keyboard, then click Add > English (US) (us) > Variant > dvorak (English (Dvorak)) > OK > us (default, basic) > Remove > OK.
133
134 13. Click on the left side of the screen and select either System > Reboot or System > Power Off. If DragonFly BSD does not reboot or power off, then click on the left side of the desktop and select Settings > Modules, click Look > Composite > Unload > Close.
135
136 ### Long Walkthrough of MATE Installation and Configuration
137
138 This walkthrough describes how I install and configure the MATE desktop environment on DragonFly BSD. You should customize your installation as you see fit. This walkthrough is being run on DragonFly BSD as installed and configured in "Long Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration" by Varialus.
139
140 MATE is my favorite desktop environment. When currently installed and configured as described in this walkthrough, MATE works but has the following issues.
141
142 * DPorts has MATE 1.6.1 but MATE 1.8 is the current stable release. 
143 * DPorts currently does not include the MATE meta package.
144 * Enabling hald prevents applications from launching via the MATE menu.
145 * Many non-fatal errors are logged in the /home/user and /var/log directories.
146 * The console-kit-daem command in the CLI program top has high CPU utilization.
147 * One of the post installation messages mentions devstat, but devstat is not in DPorts.
148
149 I hope this walkthrough will make it easier for developers to properly fix these issues.
150
151     login: user
152     Password:
153     ...
154     By pressing "Scroll Lock" you can use the arrow keys to scroll backward
155     through the console output.  Press "Scroll Lock" again to turn it off.
156     > pkg search xorg
157     xorg-7.7
158     ...
159     > pkg search -f xorg-7.7
160     ...
161     This is a metaport for all the X.org packages available in the ports tree.
162     
163     WWW: http://www.x.org/
164     > sudo pkg install xorg-7.7
165     Password:
166     ...
167     The installation will require 200 MB more space
168     
169     70 MB to be downloaded
170     
171     Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
172     ...
173     ================================================================================
174     You installed xterm with wide chars support. This introduces some limitations
175     comparing to the plain single chars version: this version of xterm will use
176     UTF-8 charset for selection buffers, breaking 8-bit copy/paste support unless
177     you are using UTF-8 or ISO8859-1 locale. If you want 8-bit charset selections to
178     work as before, use "eightBitSelectTypes" XTerm resource setting.
179     
180     For further information refer to the SELECT/PASTE section of xterm(1) manual
181     page.
182     ================================================================================
183     ...
184     > pkg search xdm
185     ...
186     xdm-1.1.11_2
187     ...
188     > pkg search -f xdm-1.1.11_2
189     ...
190     This package contains xdm, the X.Org X Display manager.
191     > sudo pkg install xdm-1.1.11_2
192     ...
193     The installation will require 287 KB more space
194     
195     97 KB to be downloaded
196     Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
197     ...
198     > pkg search mate
199     ...
200     > pkg search -x "mate-[a-z]+"
201     Password:
202     ...
203     The installation will require 955 MB more space
204     
205     201 MB to be downloaded
206     
207     Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
208     ...
209     ===============================================================================
210     
211     In order to use the File System read/write monitor, you must chmod
212     /dev/devstat so that all users can open it read-only.  For example:
213     
214     # chmod 0444 /dev/devstat
215     
216     In order for this to persist across reboots, add the following to
217     /etc/devfs.conf:
218     
219     perm    devstat 0444
220     
221     ===============================================================================
222     ...
223     Note: in order to use the script dvipdf, dvips must be installed.
224     This program may be provided by either print/dvips or print/dvipsk-tetex
225     (print/dvipsk-tetex may be preferable since it doesn't conflict with
226     tetex things).
227     
228     Also note that FAPIfontmap and FAPIcidfmap in /usr/local/share/ghostscript/9.06/Resource/Init
229     have to be configured first.
230     ...
231     **************************************************************************
232     Congratulations!  MATE base has been successfully installed on your system.
233     For help on starting it up, as well as answers to common questions, and
234     some known issues, please see the FreeBSD GNOME homepage at:
235     
236                            http://www.FreeBSD.org/gnome/
237     
238     **************************************************************************
239     ...
240     > sudo ee /etc/rc.conf
241     ...
242
243 *Add the following two lines.*
244
245     hald_enable="NO"
246     dbus_enable="YES"
247
248 *Press Esc or Ctl-[*
249
250     ...
251     a) leave editor
252     ...
253     a) save changes
254     ...
255     > sudo ee /etc/ttys
256     Password:
257     ...
258
259 *Find the following line.*
260
261     ttyv8   "/usr/local/bin/xdm -nodaemon"  xterm   off secure
262
263 *Edit the previous line to match the following line.*
264
265     ttyv8   "/usr/local/bin/xdm -nodaemon"  xterm   on  secure
266
267 *Press Esc or Ctl-[*
268
269     ...
270     a) leave editor
271     ...
272     a) save changes
273     ...
274     > sudo ee /usr/local/lib/X11/xdm/Xsetup_0
275     ...
276
277 *Find the following line.*
278
279     xconsole -geometry 480x130-0-0 -daemon -verbose -fn fixed -exitOnFail
280
281 *Edit the previous line to match the following line.*
282
283     #xconsole -geometry 480x130-0-0 -daemon -verbose -fn fixed -exitOnFail
284
285 *Add the following line.*
286
287     setxkbmap dvorak
288
289 *Press Esc or Ctl-[*
290
291     ...
292     a) leave editor
293     ...
294     a) save changes
295     ...
296     > ee .xsession
297     ...
298
299 *Add the following line.*
300
301     exec mate-session
302
303 *Press Esc or Ctl-[*
304
305     ...
306     a) leave editor
307     ...
308     a) save changes
309     ...
310     > sudo ee /usr/local/lib/X11/xdm/xdm-config
311     Password:
312     ...
313
314 *Find the following line.*
315
316     DisplayManager*authorize:       true
317
318 *Edit the previous line to match the following line.*
319
320     DisplayManager*authorize:       false
321
322 *Press Esc or Ctl-[*
323
324     ...
325     a) leave editor
326     ...
327     a) save changes
328     ...
329     > sudo shutdown -r now
330     Password:
331     ...
332     Login: user
333     Password: 
334     ...
335
336 The MATE desktop will be displayed.
337
338 ### Long Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration
339
340 This walkthrough describes how I install and configure DragonFly BSD. You should customize your installation as you see fit. The walkthrough is being run on VirtualBox which in turn is running on a recent MacBook with plenty of memory.
341
342 1. Create a virtual machine in VirtualBox using the FreeBSD (64 bit) template with 4 GB memory, 128 GB dynamically allocated VDI virtual disk image
343
344 2. Set the the virtual hardware clock set to UTC time.
345
346 3. Download and extract the x86_64 CD [installation media](http://www.dragonflybsd.org/download/) and then add it to the virtual machine, but remember to remove it before taking VirtualBox snapshots.
347
348 4. Start the virtual machine. Before it finishes booting, the will be greeted with the following boot menu.
349
350         
351         DragonFly/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 1.1
352         (justin@pkgbox64.dragonflybsd.org, Mon Jun 16 21:33:12 PDT 2014)
353                                                    |
354         1. Boot DragonFly [kernel]                 |   ,--,           |           ,--,
355         2. Boot DragonFly in Safe Mode             |   |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |
356         3. Boot DragonFly without AHCI driver      |    `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'
357         4. Boot DragonFly without ACPI driver      |      `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'
358         9. Escape to loader prompt (also ESC)      |         `------(   )------'
359         r. Boot DragonFly to a rescue ramdisk      |     ,----------(   )----------,
360         s. Boot DragonFly in single user mode      |    |        _,-(   )-,_        |
361         v. Boot DragonFly with verbose logging     |     `-,__,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'
362         R. Reboot                                  |                 | |
363                                                    |                 | |
364                                                    |                 | |
365                                                    |                 | |
366                                                    |                 | |
367                                                    |                 | |
368                                                    |                 `|'
369                                                    |
370         Booting in 10 seconds... _
371
372 5. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
373
374         Welcome to DragonFly!
375         
376         To start the installer, login as 'installer'.  To just get a shell prompt,
377         login as 'root'.
378         
379         DragonFly/x86_64 (Amnesiac) (ttyv0)
380         
381         login: _
382
383 6. Type 'installer' without quotes and press enter.
384
385 7. The following menu will be displayed.
386
387         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
388                                                                                        .
389                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
390          ------------------------| Welcome to DragonFly BSD |------------------------- .
391         |                                                                             |.
392         | Welcome to the DragonFly BSD Live CD.                                       |.
393         |                                                                             |.
394         | DragonFly BSD is an efficient and elegant BSD Unix-derived operating        |.
395         | system.  For more information, see http://www.dragonflybsd.org              |.
396         |                                                                             |.
397         | From this CD, you can boot into DragonFly BSD ``live'' (without installing  |.
398         | it) to evaluate it, to install it manually, or to troubleshoot problems     |.
399         | with an existing installation, using either a command prompt or menu-driven |.
400         | utilities.                                                                  |.
401         |                                                                             |.
402         | Also, you can use this automated application to assist you in installing    |.
403         | DragonFly BSD on this computer and configuring it once it is installed.     |.
404         |                                                                             |.
405         |        < Install DragonFly BSD >_ < Configure an Installed System >         |.
406         |    < Live CD Utilities >  < Exit to Live CD >  < Reboot this Computer >     |.
407         |                     < Setup NetBoot Install Services >                      |.
408          ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
409                                                                                        .
410                                                                                        .
411         Install DragonFly BSD on a HDD or HDD partition on this computer               .
412
413 8. The bottom line changes depending on which option is selected.
414
415 9. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
416
417 10. The following menu will be displayed.
418
419         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
420                                                                                        .
421                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
422                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
423                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
424          --------------------------| Begin Installation |----------------------------- .
425         |                                                                             |.
426         | This application will install DragonFly BSD on one of the hard disk drives  |.
427         | attached to this computer. It has been designed to make it easy to install  |.
428         | DragonFly BSD in the typical case. If you have special requirements that    |.
429         | are not addressed by this installer, or if you have problems using it, you  |.
430         | are welcome to install DragonFly BSD manually. To do so select Exit to Live |.
431         | CD, login as root, and follow the instructions given in the file /README .  |.
432         |                                                                             |.
433         | NOTE! As with any installation process, YOU ARE STRONGLY ENCOURAGED TO BACK |.
434         | UP ANY IMPORTANT DATA ON THIS COMPUTER BEFORE PROCEEDING!                   |.
435         |                                                                             |.
436         | < Install DragonFly BSD >_ < Return to Welcome Menu >  < Exit to Live CD >  |.
437          ----------------------------| Press F1 for Help |---------------------------- .
438                                                                                        .
439                                                                                        .
440                                                                                        .
441                                                                                        .
442                                                                                        .
443                                                                                        .
444                                                                                        .
445
446 11. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
447
448 12. The following menu, specific to your hardware, will be displayed.
449
450         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
451                                                                                        .
452                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
453                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
454                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
455                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
456                                                             `------(   )------'        .
457                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
458                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
459                  -----------------------| Select Disk |----------------------- _,-'    .
460                 |                                                             |        .
461                 | Select a disk on which to install DragonFly BSD             |        .
462                 |                                                             |        .
463                 | < ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33 >_|        .
464                 | < Return to Begin Installation >                            |        .
465                  -------------------------------------------------------------         .
466                                                                     `|'                .
467                                                                                        .
468                                                                                        .
469                                                                                        .
470                                                                                        .
471                                                                                        .
472                                                                                        .
473                                                                                        .
474                                                                                        .
475
476 13. Highlight the disk on which to install DragonFly BSD and press Enter.
477
478 14. The following menu will be displayed.
479
480         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
481                                                                                        .
482                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
483                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
484                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
485                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
486                                                             `------(   )------'        .
487                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
488                ------------------------| How Much Disk? |------------------------  |   .
489               |                                                                  |'    .
490               | Select how much of this disk you want to use for DragonFly BSD.  |     .
491               |                                                                  |     .
492               | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33          |     .
493               |                                                                  |     .
494               |            < Use Entire Disk >_ < Use Part of Disk >             |     .
495               |                    < Return to Select Disk >                     |     .
496                ------------------------------------------------------------------      .
497                                                                                        .
498                                                                                        .
499                                                                                        .
500                                                                                        .
501                                                                                        .
502                                                                                        .
503                                                                                        .
504                                                                                        .
505
506 15. If you would like to use your entire disk, then highlight < Use Entire Disk > and press enter.
507
508 16. The following menu will be displayed.
509
510         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
511                                                                                        .
512                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
513                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
514                             ------| Are you absolutely sure? |------  \)   ,-'    ,'   .
515                            |                                        |  \,-'    ,-'     .
516                            | WARNING! ALL data in ALL partitions on |  )------'        .
517                            | the disk                               |  )----------,    .
518                            |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
519                            | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
520                            | ata0-master UDMA33                     | |                .
521                            |                                        | |                .
522                            | will be IRREVOCABLY ERASED!            | |                .
523                            |                                        | |                .
524                            | Are you ABSOLUTELY SURE you wish to    | |                .
525                            | take this action? This is your LAST    | |                .
526                            | CHANCE to cancel!                      ||'                .
527                            |                                        |                  .
528                            |           < OK >_ < Cancel >           |                  .
529                             ----------------------------------------                   .
530                                                                                        .
531                                                                                        .
532                                                                                        .
533                                                                                        .
534                                                                                        .
535
536 17. If you are absolutely sure, highlight < OK > and press enter.
537
538 18. The following menu will be displayed.
539
540         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
541                                                                                        .
542                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
543                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
544                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
545                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
546                                                             `------(   )------'        .
547                              -----------| Information |------------    )----------,    .
548                             |                                      |   )-,_        |   .
549                             | The disk                             |   /   `-,__,-'    .
550                             |                                      || |                .
551                             | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at || |                .
552                             | ata0-master UDMA33                   || |                .
553                             |                                      || |                .
554                             | was formatted.                       || |                .
555                             |                                      || |                .
556                             |                < OK >                |`|'                .
557                              --------------------------------------                    .
558                                                                                        .
559                                                                                        .
560                                                                                        .
561                                                                                        .
562                                                                                        .
563                                                                                        .
564                                                                                        .
565
566 19. Press enter.
567
568 20. The following menu will be displayed.
569
570         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
571                                                                                        .
572                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
573                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
574                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
575                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
576                                                             `------(   )------'        .
577                    -----------------| Select file system |------------------ -----,    .
578                   |                                                         |      |   .
579                   | Please select the file system you want to use with      |,__,-'    .
580                   | DragonFly BSD.                                          |          .
581                   |                                                         |          .
582                   | HAMMER is the new DragonFly BSD file system. UFS is the |          .
583                   | traditional BSD file system.                            |          .
584                   |                                                         |          .
585                   | < Use HAMMER >_ < Use UFS >  < Return to Select Disk >  |          .
586                    ---------------------------------------------------------           .
587                                                                                        .
588                                                                                        .
589                                                                                        .
590                                                                                        .
591                                                                                        .
592                                                                                        .
593                                                                                        .
594                                                                                        .
595
596 21. If you want to use HAMMER, and honestly why wouldn't you, then highlight HAMMER and press enter.
597
598 22. The following menu will be displayed.
599
600         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
601                                                                                        .
602                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
603                --------------------| Create Subpartitions |---------------------    |  .
604               |                                                                 | ,'   .
605               | Set up the partitions (also knows as just `partitions' in       |'     .
606               | BSD tradition) you want to have on this primary partition. In   |      .
607               | most cases you should be fine with the default settings.        |-,    .
608               |                                                                 |  |   .
609               | For Capacity, use 'M' to indicate megabytes, 'G' to indicate    |-'    .
610               | gigabytes, and so on (up to 'E'.) A single '*' indicates 'use   |      .
611               | the remaining space on the primary partition'.                  |      .
612               |                                                                 |      .
613               | Mountpoint  Capacity  Encrypted                                 |      .
614               | [/boot_   ] [768M   ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
615               | [swap     ] [8192M  ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
616               | [/        ] [*      ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
617               |                               < Add >                           |      .
618               |                                                                 |      .
619               |     < Accept and Create >  < Return to Select Disk >            |      .
620                -------------------| Press F1 for Help |-------------------------       .
621                                                                                        .
622                                                                                        .
623                                                                                        .
624                                                                                        .
625
626 23. Highlight < Accept and Create > and press enter.
627
628 24. The following menu will be displayed.
629
630         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
631                                                                                        .
632                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
633                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
634                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
635                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
636                -------------------------| Install OS |--------------------------       .
637               |                                                                 |-,    .
638               | Everything is now ready to install the actual files which       |  |   .
639               | comprise the DragonFly BSD operating system on the selected     |-'    .
640               | partition of the selected disk.                                 |      .
641               |                                                                 |      .
642               | Note that this process will take quite a while to finish. You   |      .
643               | may wish to take a break now and come back to the computer in a |      .
644               | short while.                                                    |      .
645               |                                                                 |      .
646               | < Begin Installing Files >_ < Return to Create Subpartitions >  |      .
647                -----------------------------------------------------------------       .
648                                                                                        .
649                                                                                        .
650                                                                                        .
651                                                                                        .
652                                                                                        .
653                                                                                        .
654                                                                                        .
655                                                                                        .
656
657 25. Highlight < Begin Installing Files > and press enter.
658
659 26. The following progress bar will be displayed.
660
661         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
662                                                                                        .
663                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
664                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
665                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
666                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
667                                                             `------(   )------'        .
668                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
669                   -------------------| Executing Commands |-------------------     |   .
670                  |                                                            |_,-'    .
671                  | /bin/cpdup -o -vvv -u /usr/share /mnt/usr/share            |        .
672                  |                                                            |        .
673                  |          [*#################65%###              ]          |        .
674                  |                                                            |        .
675                  |                         < Cancel >_                        |        .
676                   ------------------------------------------------------------         .
677                                                                     `|'                .
678                                                                                        .
679                                                                                        .
680                                                                                        .
681                                                                                        .
682                                                                                        .
683                                                                                        .
684                                                                                        .
685                                                                                        .
686
687 27. When it finishes, the following menu will be displayed.
688
689         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
690                                                                                        .
691                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
692                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
693                     ---------------| Install Bootblock(s) |----------------,-'    ,'   .
694                    |                                                       |   ,-'     .
695                    | You may now wish to install bootblocks on one or more |--'        .
696                    | disks. If you already have a boot manager installed,  |------,    .
697                    | you can skip this step (but you may have to configure |       |   .
698                    | your boot manager separately.)  If you installed      |-,__,-'    .
699                    | DragonFly BSD on a disk other than your first disk,   |           .
700                    | you will need to put the bootblock on at least your   |           .
701                    | first disk and the DragonFly BSD disk.                |           .
702                    |                                                       |           .
703                    | Disk Drive  Install Bootblock?  Packet Mode?          |           .
704                    | [ad0_     ] [X]                 [X]                   |           .
705                    |                                                       |           .
706                    |           < Accept and Install Bootblocks >           |           .
707                    |                  < Skip this Step >                   |           .
708                     -----------------| Press F1 for Help |-----------------            .
709                                                                                        .
710                                                                                        .
711                                                                                        .
712                                                                                        .
713         The disk on which you wish to install a bootblock                              .
714
715 28. Highlight < Accept and Install Bootblocks > and press enter.
716
717 29. The following dialog box will be displayed.
718
719         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
720                                                                                        .
721                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
722                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
723                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
724                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
725                                                             `------(   )------'        .
726                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
727                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
728                            -------------| Information |-------------   /   `-,__,-'    .
729                           |                                         | |                .
730                           | Bootblocks were successfully installed! | |                .
731                           |                                         | |                .
732                           |                 < OK >                  | |                .
733                            -----------------------------------------  |                .
734                                                                     | |                .
735                                                                     `|'                .
736                                                                                        .
737                                                                                        .
738                                                                                        .
739                                                                                        .
740                                                                                        .
741                                                                                        .
742                                                                                        .
743                                                                                        .
744
745 30. Press enter.
746
747 31. The following menu will be displayed.
748
749         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
750                                                                                        .
751                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
752                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
753                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
754                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
755                -----------------| DragonFly BSD is Installed! |-----------------       .
756               |                                                                 |-,    .
757               | Congratulations!                                                |  |   .
758               |                                                                 |-'    .
759               | DragonFly BSD has successfully been installed on this computer. |      .
760               | You may now proceed to configure the installation. Alternately, |      .
761               | you may wish to reboot the computer and boot into the installed |      .
762               | system to confirm that it works.                                |      .
763               |                                                                 |      .
764               |              < Configure this System >_ < Reboot >              |      .
765               |                   < Return to Welcome Menu >                    |      .
766                -----------------------------------------------------------------       .
767
768 32. Highlight < Configure this System > and press enter.
769
770 33. The following menu will be displayed.
771
772         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
773                                                                                        .
774                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
775                             ---| Configure an Installed System |---- ^,       ,-'   |  .
776                            |                                        | \)   ,-'    ,'   .
777                            | The options on this menu allow you to  |  \,-'    ,-'     .
778                            | configure a DragonFly BSD system after |  )------'        .
779                            | it has already been installed.         |  )----------,    .
780                            |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
781                            | < Select timezone >_                   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
782                            | < Set date and time >                  | |                .
783                            | < Set keyboard map >                   | |                .
784                            | < Set root password >                  | |                .
785                            | < Add a user >                         | |                .
786                            | < Configure network interfaces >       | |                .
787                            | < Configure hostname and domain >      | |                .
788                            | < Set console font >                   ||'                .
789                            | < Set screen map >                     |                  .
790                            | < Remove software packages >           |                  .
791                            | < Return to Welcome Menu >             |                  .
792                             ----------------------------------------                   .
793                                                                                        .
794                                                                                        .
795                                                                                        .
796 Set the Time Zone of your physical location                                            .
797
798 34. Highlight < Select timezone > and press enter.
799
800 35. The following menu will be displayed.
801
802         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
803                                                                                        .
804                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
805                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
806                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
807                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
808                                                             `------(   )------'        .
809                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
810                           | Local or UTC (Greenwich Mean Time) clock | )-,_        |   .
811                          |                                            |/   `-,__,-'    .
812                          | Is this machine's CMOS clock set to        |                .
813                          | UTC?                                       |                .
814                          |                                            |                .
815                          | If it is set to local time, or you         |                .
816                          | don't know, please choose NO here!         |                .
817                          |                                            |                .
818                          |              < Yes >_ < No >               |                .
819                           --------------------------------------------                 .
820                                                                                        .
821                                                                                        .
822                                                                                        .
823                                                                                        .
824                                                                                        .
825                                                                                        .
826                                                                                        .
827
828 36. Highlight < Yes > and press enter.
829
830 37. The following menu will be displayed.
831
832         F10=Refresh Display ----------| Select Time Zone |----------                   .
833                            |                                        #                  .
834                            | Select a Time Zone appropriate to your #|           ,--,  .
835                            | physical location.                     #^,       ,-'   |  .
836                            |                                        # \)   ,-'    ,'   .
837                            | < Africa >_                            #  \,-'    ,-'     .
838                            | < America >                            #  )------'        .
839                            | < Antarctica >                         #  )----------,    .
840                            | < Arctic >                             #  )-,_        |   .
841                            | < Asia >                               #  /   `-,__,-'    .
842                            | < Atlantic >                           # |                .
843                            | < Australia >                          # |                .
844                            | < CET >                                # |                .
845                            | < CST6CDT >                            # |                .
846                            | < EET >                                # |                .
847                            | < EST >                                # |                .
848                            | < EST5EDT >                            #|'                .
849                            | < Etc >                                #                  .
850                            | < Europe >                             *                  .
851                            | < GMT >                                *                  .
852                            | < HST >                                *                  .
853                            | < Indian >                             *                  .
854                            | < MET >                                *                  .
855                            | < MST >                                *                  .
856                             ----------------------------------------                   .
857
858 38. Highlight < GMT > and press enter.
859
860 39. The following dialog box will be displayed.
861
862         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
863                                                                                        .
864                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
865                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
866                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
867                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
868                                                             `------(   )------'        .
869                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
870                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
871                                 --------| Information |--------    \   /   `-,__,-'    .
872                                |                               |    | |                .
873                                | The Time Zone has been set to |    | |                .
874                                | /mnt/usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT.  |    | |                .
875                                |                               |    | |                .
876                                |            < OK >_            |    | |                .
877                                 -------------------------------     | |                .
878                                                                     `|'                .
879                                                                                        .
880                                                                                        .
881                                                                                        .
882                                                                                        .
883                                                                                        .
884                                                                                        .
885                                                                                        .
886                                                                                        .
887
888 40. Press enter.
889
890 41. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
891
892 42. Highlight  < Set keyboard map > and press enter.
893
894 43. The following menu will be displayed.
895
896         F10=Refresh Display  -------| Select Keyboard Map |--------                    .
897                             |                                      #                   .
898                             | Select a keyboard map appropriate to # |           ,--,  .
899                             | your keyboard layout.                #,^,       ,-'   |  .
900                             |                                      #/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
901                             | < be.iso.acc.kbd >_                  #   \,-'    ,-'     .
902                             | < be.iso.kbd >                       #   )------'        .
903                             | < bg.bds.ctrlcaps.kbd >              *   )----------,    .
904                             | < bg.phonetic.ctrlcaps.kbd >         *   )-,_        |   .
905                             | < br275.cp850.kbd >                  *   /   `-,__,-'    .
906                             | < br275.iso.acc.kbd >                *| |                .
907                             | < br275.iso.kbd >                    *| |                .
908                             | < by.cp1131.kbd >                    *| |                .
909                             | < by.cp1251.kbd >                    *| |                .
910                             | < by.iso5.kbd >                      *| |                .
911                             | < ce.iso2.kbd >                      *| |                .
912                             | < colemak.iso15.acc.kbd >            *'|'                .
913                             | < cs.latin2.qwertz.kbd >             *                   .
914                             | < cz.iso2.kbd >                      *                   .
915                             | < danish.cp865.kbd >                 *                   .
916                             | < danish.iso.kbd >                   *                   .
917                             | < el.iso07.kbd >                     *                   .
918                             | < estonian.cp850.kbd >               *                   .
919                             | < estonian.iso.kbd >                 *                   .
920                              --------------------------------------                    .
921
922 44. Highlight < us.dvorak.kbd > and press enter.
923
924 45. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
925
926 46. Highlight < Add a user > and press enter.
927
928 47. The following menu will be displayed.
929
930         F10=Refresh D -------------------| Add user |--------------------              .
931                      |                                                   |             .
932                      | Here you can add a user to an installed system.   |       ,--,  .
933                      |                                                   |    ,-'   |  .
934                      | You can leave the Home Directory, User ID, and    | ,-'    ,'   .
935                      | Login Group fields empty if you want these items  |'    ,-'     .
936                      | to be automatically allocated by the system.      |----'        .
937                      |                                                   |--------,    .
938                      | Note: this user's password will appear in the     |_        |   .
939                      | install log. If this is a problem, please add the | `-,__,-'    .
940                      | user manually after rebooting into the installed  |             .
941                      | system instead.                                   |             .
942                      |                                                   |             .
943                      | Username                 [_                 ]     |             .
944                      | Real Name                [                  ]     |             .
945                      | Password                 [                  ]     |             .
946                      | Password (Again)         [                  ]     |             .
947                      | Shell                    [/bin/tcsh         ]     |             .
948                      | Home Directory           [                  ]     |             .
949                      | User ID                  [                  ]     |             .
950                      | Login Group              [                  ]     |             .
951                      | Other Group Memberships  [                  ]     |             .
952                      |                                                   |             .
953                      | < Accept and Add >  < Return to Configure Menu >  |             .
954         Enter the use ---------------------------------------------------              .
955
956 48. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <Accept and Add > and press enter.
957
958 * Username: 'user'
959 * Real Name: 'User'
960 * Password: 'ChangeMe'
961 * Password (Again): 'ChangeMe'
962
963 49. The following dialog box will be displayed.
964
965         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
966                                                                                        .
967                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
968                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
969                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
970                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
971                                                             `------(   )------'        .
972                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
973                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
974                                    -----| Information |----  ,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'    .
975                                   |                        |        | |                .
976                                   | User `user' was added. |        | |                .
977                                   |                        |        | |                .
978                                   |         < OK >_        |        | |                .
979                                    ------------------------         | |                .
980                                                                     | |                .
981                                                                     `|'                .
982                                                                                        .
983                                                                                        .
984                                                                                        .
985                                                                                        .
986                                                                                        .
987                                                                                        .
988                                                                                        .
989                                                                                        .
990
991 50. Press enter.
992
993 51. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
994
995 52. Highlight < Set root password > and press enter.
996
997 53. The following menu will be displayed.
998
999         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1000                                                                                        .
1001                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1002                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1003                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1004                   -------------------| Set Root Password |-------------------  ,-'     .
1005                  |                                                           |'        .
1006                  | Here you can set the super-user (root) password.          |----,    .
1007                  |                                                           |     |   .
1008                  | Note: root's new password will appear in the install log. |__,-'    .
1009                  | If this is a problem, please set root's password manually |         .
1010                  | after rebooting into the installed system instead.        |         .
1011                  |                                                           |         .
1012                  | Root password        [_                 ]                 |         .
1013                  | Root password again  [                  ]                 |         .
1014                  |                                                           |         .
1015                  |                < Accept and Set Password >                |         .
1016                  |               < Return to Configure Menu >                |         .
1017                   -----------------------------------------------------------          .
1018                                                                                        .
1019                                                                                        .
1020                                                                                        .
1021                                                                                        .
1022                                                                                        .
1023                                                                                        .
1024         Enter the root password you would like to use                                  .
1025
1026 54. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <Accept and Set Password > and press enter.
1027
1028 * Root password: 'ChangeMe'
1029 * Root password again: 'ChangeMe'
1030
1031 55. The following dialog box will be displayed.
1032
1033         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1034                                                                                        .
1035                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1036                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1037                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1038                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
1039                                                             `------(   )------'        .
1040                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
1041                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
1042                             ------------| Information |----------- \   /   `-,__,-'    .
1043                            |                                      | | |                .
1044                            | User root password has been changed. | | |                .
1045                            |                                      | | |                .
1046                            |                < OK >_               | | |                .
1047                             --------------------------------------  | |                .
1048                                                                     | |                .
1049                                                                     `|'                .
1050                                                                                        .
1051                                                                                        .
1052                                                                                        .
1053                                                                                        .
1054                                                                                        .
1055                                                                                        .
1056                                                                                        .
1057                                                                                        .
1058
1059 56. Press enter.
1060
1061 57. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
1062
1063 58. Highlight < Configure network interfaces > and press enter.
1064
1065 59. The following menu will be displayed.
1066
1067         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1068                                                                                        .
1069                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1070                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1071                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1072                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
1073                            ----------| Assign IP Address |----------   )------'        .
1074                           |                                         |  )----------,    .
1075                           | Please select which interface you would |  )-,_        |   .
1076                           | like to configure:                      |  /   `-,__,-'    .
1077                           |                                         | |                .
1078                           | < em0 >_                                | |                .
1079                           | < faith0 >                              | |                .
1080                           | < lo0 >                                 | |                .
1081                           | < ppp0 >                                | |                .
1082                           | < sl0 >                                 | |                .
1083                           | < Cancel >                              ||'                .
1084                            -----------------------------------------                   .
1085                                                                                        .
1086                                                                                        .
1087                                                                                        .
1088                                                                                        .
1089                                                                                        .
1090                                                                                        .
1091                                                                                        .
1092
1093 60. Highlight < em0 > and press enter.
1094
1095 61. The following menu will be displayed.
1096
1097         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1098                                                                                        .
1099                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1100                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1101                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1102                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
1103                                                             `------(   )------'        .
1104                            --------------| Use DHCP? |--------------   )----------,    .
1105                           |                                         |  )-,_        |   .
1106                           | DHCP allows the interface to            |  /   `-,__,-'    .
1107                           | automatically obtain an IP address from | |                .
1108                           | a nearby DHCP server.                   | |                .
1109                           |                                         | |                .
1110                           | Would you like to enable DHCP for em0?  | |                .
1111                           |                                         | |                .
1112                           |  < Use DHCP >_ < Configure Manually >   | |                .
1113                            ----------------------------------------- |'                .
1114                                                                                        .
1115                                                                                        .
1116                                                                                        .
1117                                                                                        .
1118                                                                                        .
1119                                                                                        .
1120                                                                                        .
1121                                                                                        .
1122
1123 62. Highlight < Use DHCP > and press enter.
1124
1125 63. The following menu, specific to your hardware and network connection, will be displayed.
1126
1127         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1128                                                                                        .
1129                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1130                            -------------| Information |------------- ^,       ,-'   |  .
1131                           |                                         | \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1132                           | em0:                                    |  \,-'    ,-'     .
1133                           | flags=8843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX |  )------'        .
1134                           | MULTICAST> mtu 1500                     |  )----------,    .
1135                           | options=1b<RXCSUM,TXCSUM,VLAN_MTU,VLAN_ |  )-,_        |   .
1136                           | WTAGGING>                               |  /   `-,__,-'    .
1137                           | inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe98:67cc%em0      | |                .
1138                           | prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1                | |                .
1139                           | inet 10.0.2.15 netmask 0xffffff00       | |                .
1140                           | broadcast 10.0.2.255                    | |                .
1141                           | ether 08:00:27:98:67:cc                 | |                .
1142                           | media: Ethernet autoselect (1000baseT   | |                .
1143                           | <full-duplex>)                          ||'                .
1144                           | status: active                          |                  .
1145                           |                                         |                  .
1146                           |                                         |                  .
1147                           |                 < OK >_                 |                  .
1148                            -----------------------------------------                   .
1149                                                                                        .
1150                                                                                        .
1151                                                                                        .
1152
1153 64. Press enter.
1154
1155 65. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
1156
1157 66. Highlight < Configure hostname and domain > and press enter.
1158
1159 67. The following menu will be displayed.
1160
1161         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1162                                                                                        .
1163                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1164                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1165                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1166                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
1167                                                             `------(   )------'        .
1168                              -------| Set Hostname/Domain |--------    )----------,    .
1169                             |                                      |   )-,_        |   .
1170                             | Please enter this machine's hostname |   /   `-,__,-'    .
1171                             | and domain name.                     || |                .
1172                             |                                      || |                .
1173                             | Hostname  [_                 ]       || |                .
1174                             | Domain    [                  ]       || |                .
1175                             |                                      || |                .
1176                             |                                      || |                .
1177                             |          < OK >  < Cancel >          |`|'                .
1178                              --------------------------------------                    .
1179                                                                                        .
1180                                                                                        .
1181                                                                                        .
1182                                                                                        .
1183                                                                                        .
1184                                                                                        .
1185         Enter the Hostname (e.g. `machine')                                            .
1186
1187 68. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <OK > and press enter.
1188
1189 * Hostname: 'dfly'
1190 * Domain: 'localhost'
1191
1192 69. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
1193
1194 70. Highlight < Return to Welcome Menu > and press enter.
1195
1196 71. The menu from step 7 will be displayed.
1197
1198 72. Highlight < Reboot this Computer > and press enter.
1199
1200 73. The following menu will be displayed.
1201
1202         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
1203                                                                                        .
1204                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
1205                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
1206                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
1207                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
1208                                                             `------(   )------'        .
1209                             ---------------| Reboot |---------------   )----------,    .
1210                            |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
1211                            | This machine is about to be shut down. |  /   `-,__,-'    .
1212                            | After the machine has reached its      | |                .
1213                            | shutdown state, you may remove the CD  | |                .
1214                            | from the CD-ROM drive tray and press   | |                .
1215                            | Enter to reboot from the HDD.          | |                .
1216                            |                                        | |                .
1217                            |               < Reboot >               | |                .
1218                            |       < Return to Welcome Menu >       ||'                .
1219                             ----------------------------------------                   .
1220                                                                                        .
1221                                                                                        .
1222                                                                                        .
1223                                                                                        .
1224                                                                                        .
1225                                                                                        .
1226                                                                                        .
1227
1228 74. Highlight < Reboot > and press enter.
1229
1230 75. The following message will be displayed.
1231
1232         The operating system has halted.
1233         Please press any key to reboot.
1234
1235 76. Remove the virtual CD installation media from the virtual machine.
1236
1237 77. Press any key to reboot. Before it finishes booting, the will be greeted with the menu from step 4.
1238
1239 78. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
1240
1241         DragonFly/x86_64 (dfly.localhost) (ttyv0)
1242         
1243         login: _
1244
1245 79. Log in as root.
1246
1247 80. You will be greeted with the following message and shell prompt.
1248
1249         Copyright (c) 2003-2014 The DragonFly Project.                              .
1250         Copyright (c) 1992-2003 The FreeBSD Project.                                .
1251         Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994    .
1252                 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.   .
1253                                                                                     .
1254         DragonFly v3.8.1-RELEASE (X86_64_GENERIC) #16 Mon Jun 16 21:36:15 PDT 2014  .
1255                                                                                     .
1256         Welcome to DragonFly!                                                       .
1257                                                                                     .
1258         dfly# _                                                                     .
1259
1260 81. Type 'passwd' without quotes and press enter.
1261
1262 82. Type in a new root password and press enter and then retype the new root password and press enter again.
1263
1264 83. Type 'ee /etc/hosts' without quotes and press enter.
1265
1266 84. Without quotes twice replace 'localhost.my.domain' with 'dfly.localhost'.
1267
1268 85. Press Ctrl-[ or Esc, then highlight 'a) leave editor' and press enter, then highlight 'a) save changes' and press enter.
1269
1270 86. Type 'ee .cshrc' without quotes and press enter.
1271
1272 87. Without quotes replace 'setenv Editor vi' with 'setenv Editor ee'.
1273
1274 88. Press Ctrl-[ or Esc, then highlight 'a) leave editor' and press enter, then highlight 'a) save changes' and press enter.
1275
1276 89. Type 'source .cshrc' without quotes and press enter.
1277
1278 90. Type 'pkg update' without quotes and press enter.
1279
1280 91. The following output will be displayed.
1281
1282         Updating repository catalogue
1283         digests.txz                         100%  995KB 497.6KB/s 845.1KB/s   00:02
1284         packagesite.txz                     100% 4398KB   1.4MB/s   1.8MB/s   00:03
1285         Incremental update completed, 21327 packages processed:
1286         0 packages updated, 0 removed and 21327 added.
1287
1288 92. Type 'pkg search sudo' without quotes, press enter and note the full name of sudo.
1289
1290 93. Type 'pkg search -f sudo-1.8.10.p3' without quotes and press enter.
1291
1292 94. Type 'pkg install sudo-1.8.10.p3' without quotes and press enter. Then when prompted, type 'y' without quotes and press enter.
1293
1294 95. Type 'rehash' without quotes and press enter.
1295
1296 96. Type 'visudo' without quotes and press enter.
1297
1298 97. Without quotes replace '# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL' with ' %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL'.
1299
1300 98. Press Ctrl-[ or Esc, then highlight 'a) leave editor' and press enter, then highlight 'a) save changes' and press enter.
1301
1302 99. Type 'pw usermod user -G wheel' without quotes and press enter.
1303
1304 100. Type 'exit' without quotes and press enter.
1305
1306 101. Log in as user.
1307
1308 102. You will be greeted with the following message and shell prompt.
1309
1310         Copyright (c) 2003-2014 The DragonFly Project.                                 .
1311         Copyright (c) 1992-2003 The FreeBSD Project.                                   .
1312         Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994       .
1313                 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.      .
1314                                                                                        .
1315         DragonFly v3.8.1-RELEASE (X86_64_GENERIC) #16 Mon Jun 16 21:36:15 PDT 2014     .
1316                                                                                        .
1317         Welcome to DragonFly!                                                          .
1318                                                                                        .
1319         Man pages are divided into section depending on topic.  There are 9 different  .
1320         sections numbered from 1 (General Commands) to 9 (Kernel Developer's Manual).  .
1321         You can get an introduction to each topic by typing                            .
1322                                                                                        .
1323                 man <number> intro                                                     .
1324                                                                                        .
1325         In other words, to get the intro to general commands, type                     .
1326                                                                                        .
1327                 man 1 intro                                                            .
1328         > _                                                                            .
1329
1330 103. Type 'passwd' without quotes and press enter.
1331
1332 104. Type 'ChangeMe' without quotes and press enter, then type a new password and press enter, and then retype the new password and press enter again.
1333
1334 105. Type 'ee .cshrc' without quotes and press enter.
1335
1336 106. Without quotes replace 'setenv Editor vi' with 'setenv Editor ee'.
1337
1338 107. Press Ctrl-[ or Esc, then highlight 'a) leave editor' and press enter, then highlight 'a) save changes' and press enter.
1339
1340 108. Type 'source .cshrc' without quotes and press enter.
1341
1342 109. Type 'exit' without quotes and press enter.
1343
1344 ## Tidbits
1345 * Shell/Console/Command-Line-Prompt: In the default shell, **tcsh**, ctrl-d is equivalent to tab-tab in **bash**, both of which display possible auto completions. If the list of possible auto completions has changed, running the command rehash will update it. Typing part of a previous command and then pressing the up key is equivalent to pressing ctrl-r and then typing part of a previous command, both of which search previously run commands.
1346 * Package-Management: **pkg**, also known as pkgng, is roughly equivalent to **apt-get**. They are both fairly straightforward command line package management utilities.
1347 * Text-Editor: **ee** is roughly equivalent to **nano**. They are both easy to use command line text editors. The exit option will ask you whether you want to save. You can get to the exit confirmation by pressing Ctrl-[ or Esc and selecting 'a) leave editor'. The console text editor vi is supposedly great, but if you're not familiar with it and some command you run opens some system file with it, it can be quite alarming. Don't panic! To exit without saving changes type ':q!' without quotes and then press enter.
1348 * Manual: The command line program man, short for manual, is very handy for finding out information about programs, system files and more. One way to navigate man pages is by using your arrow keys. You can exit out of a manual page by pressing the letter q on your keyboard. To learn more about the man command, run the command man man which will show you the manual page for the man command.
1349 * Power-Down: sIn DragonFly BSD the command *shutdown -p now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. Using the -h switch instead of -p will shutdown and halt the computer but not turn it off. In Debian and probably other Linux distributions, the command *shutdown -h now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. The -p switch isn't available, but there may be a way to shutdown and halt without turning off your computer.
1350 * Find File: **grep** is great for finding text in a file and **find** is great for finding a file by name.
1351 * Process Management: Some good commands are top, ps, pkill and kill. There are no doubt others.
1352 * File-System: **Hammer** is hands down the best file system currently in existence. It has block level deduplication, it is supported out of the box by an operating system with great underpinnings, and it runs great on regular hardware.
1353 * Operating System: **DragonFly BSD** is an awesome operating system for many reasons other than that it's the only OS with Hammer, but Hammer is why I'm making the switch. DragonFly's default GUI configuration is a bit rough around the edges for everyday use. But it's nothing that a little ironing can't fix.
1354
1355 ## Issues
1356 * Disclaimer: I know that I should ensure that these issues are properly logged, but until that happens, hopefully these notes will be of some use to somebody.
1357 * Installer Supported Desktops: The installer should offer various desktop environment as supported options. Observed in DragonFly 3.8.1. I'm working on various walkthroughs as a workaround.
1358 * Early Keyboard Selection: The installer should set the keyboard layout before any typing is required. Observed in DragonFly 3.8.1.
1359 * Encryption Keyboard Selection: The installer should set the keyboard layout for the encryption password prompt. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2.
1360 * Random Key for Encrypted Swap: When encrypting the swap partition, the installer should configure the boot loader to generate a random key each time the system is booted so that the password doesn't have to be typed twice when the system is booted. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2.
1361 * Stay Decrypted for  Configuration: When configuring the system from the installer, if the system just finished installing with encryption, the hard drive should stay unlocked so that the user doesn't have to type in his password again. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2.
1362 * No Confirmation for Decryption: When configuring the system from the installer, if the system is encrypted but was not just barely installed, the user should only have to type in his password once, not twice. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2.
1363 * Plain Text Password in Install Log: When creating a user password in the installer, the password should not be written to a plain text installation log. Observed in DragonFly BSD 3.8.1. An adequate warning is given.
1364 * USB Installation Media Named Uniquely: When installing from a USB device onto a USB device, the installer should ensure that installed media is named such that when booted without the USB installer, the installed device name doesn't change. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2.
1365 * 3TB+ HD Install: When installing onto a 3TB+ hard drive, the default partition table should be able to handle that size. Observed in DragonFly 3.0.2. Fixed and tested in snapshot on 8/14/2012. See workaround below.
1366 * Overwrite 3TB+ Partition Table: After selecting to install using all of a 3TB+ hard drive that already has an MS-DOS/MBR partition table on it, the installer should overwrite the partition table with an adequate partition table such as GPT. Observed in snapshot on 8/14/2012.
1367 * Wiki Centered Text: ->Excepting the bullet point, this syntax should center text in this wiki.<- Observed on 8/25/2012.
1368 * XOrg Quit Errors: The following errors should not occur when quitting from the GUI.
1369
1370         waiting for X server to shut down xterm: fatal IO error 35 (Resource temporarily unavailable) or KillClient on X server ":0.0"
1371         xterm:  fatal IO error 35 (Resource temporarily unavailable) or KillClient on X server "0.0"
1372         failed to unset mtrr: Device not configured
1373         
1374         
1375         xauth: (argv):1:  bad display name "myhostname.mysubdomain.mytld:0" in "remove" command
1376
1377     Observed in DragonFly BSD 3.0.2 64-bit on VirtualBox 4.1.20 in Debian Squeeze.
1378
1379 ## Workarounds
1380 **Install Non-GUI on 3TB+ Hard Drive**
1381
1382 *WARNING:* This workaround includes instructions which will delete all data from a hard drive.
1383
1384 Delete the partition table from the hard drive. There are various tools with which to do this, one particularly easy to use tool is the [GParted Live CD/USB](http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php).
1385
1386 Install from a [snapshot version of DragonFly](http://avalon.dragonflybsd.org/snapshots/). Be aware that snapshot versions are less thoroughly tested than stable releases.
1387
1388 Tested in snapshot on 8/14/2012.
1389
1390 ## Contribute
1391 **Port VirtualBox to DragonFly BSD**
1392
1393      - Build VirtualBox in FreeBSD
1394         - Install FreeBSD
1395         - Compile VirtualBox
1396         - Compile Guest Additions
1397      - Build VirtualBox in DragonFly BSD
1398         - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer)
1399         - Compile VirtualBox
1400         - Install VirtualBox
1401         - Test VirtualBox
1402         - Compile Guest Additions
1403         - Install Guest Additions
1404         - Test Guest Additions
1405      - Package for DPorts
1406      - Upload to DPorts
1407
1408 **Update and Fix Bugs of Desktop Environments in DPorts**
1409
1410      - Install DragonFly BSD
1411      - Compile Updated Desktop Environments
1412      - Install Updated Desktop Environments
1413      - Test, Log Bugs, and Fix Bugs in Updated Desktop Environments
1414      - Package for DPorts
1415      - Upload to DPorts
1416
1417 **DragonFly BSD Network Shares Walkthrough**
1418
1419      - Install DragonFly BSD
1420      - Figure out network shares and write a walkthrough.