Updated install walkthrough up to config
[ikiwiki.git] / varialus / index.mdwn
index c5d884d..a0778a1 100644 (file)
@@ -1,27 +1,36 @@
 # et
 # Anisoptera
-*The following is an unpaid personal wiki page. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the DragonFly BSD mascot nor its management.*
+*The following is an unpaid personal wiki page about my experiences, issues, and workarounds related to DragonFly BSD.*
 
 ## Table of Contents
 
 1. **Featured**
 
-* Walkthrough of Xfce 4.6 Installation via Custom DVD/IMG Installer
-
-2. **Tidbits**
+* (In Progress) Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of Xfce Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of Applications Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of C and Go Development Environment Installation and Configuration
 
-* Hammer
-* DragonFly BSD
-* Xfce
-* Dissonance/Apache Harmony
-* Jython/Python
-* ee/nano
-* pkgin/apt-get
+2. **Deprecated**
 
-3. **Reminders**
+* Walkthrough of Xfce 4.6 Installation via Custom DVD/IMG Installer
 
-* DNS Settings in Debian Squeeze
-* Shutdown command in DragonFly BSD
+3. **Tidbits**
+
+* Shell/Console/Command-Line-Prompt: tcsh/bash, ctrl-d/tab-tab, partial-previous-command-up-key/ctrl-r-partial-previous-command, rehash
+* Package-Management: pkgin/apt-get
+* Administration/root su/sudo/wheel
+* Text-Editor: vi :q!
+* Manual: man man
+* Networking: hosts
+* Power-Down: shutdown -p now
+* File-System: Hammer
+* Operating System: DragonFly BSD
+* Graphical-User-Interface: Xfce
+* Programming: Dissonance/Apache Harmony
+* Programming: Jython/Python
+* Text-Editor: ee/nano
+* Networking: Debian resolv.conf
 
 4. **Issues**
 
 * Install Xfce 4.10 (Stub)
 * Set GUI Keyboard Layout
 
-5. **Contribute**
+6. **Contribute**
 
 * Port VirtualBox to DragonFly BSD
 * Port Xfce 4.10 to DragonFly BSD
 * DragonFly BSD Network Shares Walkthrough
 * Port bxpkg to DragonFly BSD
 
+7. **Not Yet Formatted Text Dump**
+
+* Project HAMMER Debian
+
 ## Featured
 
+**Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration**
+
+This walkthrough describes how I install and configure DragonFly BSD. You should customize your installation as you see fit. The walkthrough is being run on VirtualBox which in turn is running on a recent MacBook with plenty of memory.
+
+1. Create a virtual machine in VirtualBox using the FreeBSD (64 bit) template with 4 GB memory, 128 GB dynamically allocated VDI virtual disk image
+
+2. Set the the virtual hardware clock set to UTC time.
+
+3. Download and extract the x86_64 CD [installation media](http://www.dragonflybsd.org/download/) and then add it to the virtual machine, but remember to remove it before taking VirtualBox snapshots.
+
+4. Start the virtual machine. Before it finishes booting, the will be greeted with the following boot menu.
+
+        
+        DragonFly/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 1.1
+        (justin@pkgbox64.dragonflybsd.org, Mon Jun 16 21:33:12 PDT 2014)
+                                                   |
+        1. Boot DragonFly [kernel]                 |   ,--,           |           ,--,
+        2. Boot DragonFly in Safe Mode             |   |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |
+        3. Boot DragonFly without AHCI driver      |    `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'
+        4. Boot DragonFly without ACPI driver      |      `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'
+        9. Escape to loader prompt (also ESC)      |         `------(   )------'
+        r. Boot DragonFly to a rescue ramdisk      |     ,----------(   )----------,
+        s. Boot DragonFly in single user mode      |    |        _,-(   )-,_        |
+        v. Boot DragonFly with verbose logging     |     `-,__,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'
+        R. Reboot                                  |                 | |
+                                                   |                 | |
+                                                   |                 | |
+                                                   |                 | |
+                                                   |                 | |
+                                                   |                 | |
+                                                   |                 `|'
+                                                   |
+        Booting in 10 seconds... _
+
+5. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
+
+        Welcome to DragonFly!
+        
+        To start the installer, login as 'installer'.  To just get a shell prompt,
+        login as 'root'.
+        
+        DragonFly/x86_64 (Amnesiac) (ttyv0)
+        
+        login: _
+
+6. Type 'installer' without quotes and press enter.
+7. You will be greeted with the following menu.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+         ------------------------| Welcome to DragonFly BSD |------------------------- .
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | Welcome to the DragonFly BSD Live CD.                                       |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | DragonFly BSD is an efficient and elegant BSD Unix-derived operating        |.
+        | system.  For more information, see http://www.dragonflybsd.org              |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | From this CD, you can boot into DragonFly BSD ``live'' (without installing  |.
+        | it) to evaluate it, to install it manually, or to troubleshoot problems     |.
+        | with an existing installation, using either a command prompt or menu-driven |.
+        | utilities.                                                                  |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | Also, you can use this automated application to assist you in installing    |.
+        | DragonFly BSD on this computer and configuring it once it is installed.     |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        |        < Install DragonFly BSD >_ < Configure an Installed System >         |.
+        |    < Live CD Utilities >  < Exit to Live CD >  < Reboot this Computer >     |.
+        |                     < Setup NetBoot Install Services >                      |.
+         ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+        Install DragonFly BSD on a HDD or HDD partition on this computer               .
+
+8. The bottom line changes depending on which option is selected.
+9. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
+10. You will be greeted by the following menu.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+         --------------------------| Begin Installation |----------------------------- .
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | This application will install DragonFly BSD on one of the hard disk drives  |.
+        | attached to this computer. It has been designed to make it easy to install  |.
+        | DragonFly BSD in the typical case. If you have special requirements that    |.
+        | are not addressed by this installer, or if you have problems using it, you  |.
+        | are welcome to install DragonFly BSD manually. To do so select Exit to Live |.
+        | CD, login as root, and follow the instructions given in the file /README .  |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | NOTE! As with any installation process, YOU ARE STRONGLY ENCOURAGED TO BACK |.
+        | UP ANY IMPORTANT DATA ON THIS COMPUTER BEFORE PROCEEDING!                   |.
+        |                                                                             |.
+        | < Install DragonFly BSD >_ < Return to Welcome Menu >  < Exit to Live CD >  |.
+         ----------------------------| Press F1 for Help |---------------------------- .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+11. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
+12. The following menu, specific to your hardware, will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                 -----------------------| Select Disk |----------------------- _,-'    .
+                |                                                             |        .
+                | Select a disk on which to install DragonFly BSD             |        .
+                |                                                             |        .
+                | < ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33 >_|        .
+                | < Return to Begin Installation >                            |        .
+                 -------------------------------------------------------------         .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+13. Highlight the disk on which to install DragonFly BSD and press Enter.
+14. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+               ------------------------| How Much Disk? |------------------------  |   .
+              |                                                                  |'    .
+              | Select how much of this disk you want to use for DragonFly BSD.  |     .
+              |                                                                  |     .
+              | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33          |     .
+              |                                                                  |     .
+              |            < Use Entire Disk >_ < Use Part of Disk >             |     .
+              |                    < Return to Select Disk >                     |     .
+               ------------------------------------------------------------------      .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+15. If you would like to use your entire disk, then highlight < Use Entire Disk > and press enter.
+16. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                            ------| Are you absolutely sure? |------  \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                           |                                        |  \,-'    ,-'     .
+                           | WARNING! ALL data in ALL partitions on |  )------'        .
+                           | the disk                               |  )----------,    .
+                           |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
+                           | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | ata0-master UDMA33                     | |                .
+                           |                                        | |                .
+                           | will be IRREVOCABLY ERASED!            | |                .
+                           |                                        | |                .
+                           | Are you ABSOLUTELY SURE you wish to    | |                .
+                           | take this action? This is your LAST    | |                .
+                           | CHANCE to cancel!                      ||'                .
+                           |                                        |                  .
+                           |           < OK >_ < Cancel >           |                  .
+                            ----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+17. If you are absolutely sure, highlight < OK > and press enter.
+18. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                             -----------| Information |------------    )----------,    .
+                            |                                      |   )-,_        |   .
+                            | The disk                             |   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at || |                .
+                            | ata0-master UDMA33                   || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            | was formatted.                       || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            |                < OK >                |`|'                .
+                             --------------------------------------                    .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+19. Press enter.
+20. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                   -----------------| Select file system |------------------ -----,    .
+                  |                                                         |      |   .
+                  | Please select the file system you want to use with      |,__,-'    .
+                  | DragonFly BSD.                                          |          .
+                  |                                                         |          .
+                  | HAMMER is the new DragonFly BSD file system. UFS is the |          .
+                  | traditional BSD file system.                            |          .
+                  |                                                         |          .
+                  | < Use HAMMER >_ < Use UFS >  < Return to Select Disk >  |          .
+                   ---------------------------------------------------------           .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+21. If you want to use HAMMER, and honestly why wouldn't you, then highlight HAMMER and press enter.
+22. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+               --------------------| Create Subpartitions |---------------------    |  .
+              |                                                                 | ,'   .
+              | Set up the partitions (also knows as just `partitions' in       |'     .
+              | BSD tradition) you want to have on this primary partition. In   |      .
+              | most cases you should be fine with the default settings.        |-,    .
+              |                                                                 |  |   .
+              | For Capacity, use 'M' to indicate megabytes, 'G' to indicate    |-'    .
+              | gigabytes, and so on (up to 'E'.) A single '*' indicates 'use   |      .
+              | the remaining space on the primary partition'.                  |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              | Mountpoint  Capacity  Encrypted                                 |      .
+              | [/boot_   ] [768M   ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
+              | [swap     ] [8192M  ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
+              | [/        ] [*      ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
+              |                               < Add >                           |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              |     < Accept and Create >  < Return to Select Disk >            |      .
+               -------------------| Press F1 for Help |-------------------------       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+23. Highlight < Accept and Create > and press enter.
+24. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+               -------------------------| Install OS |--------------------------       .
+              |                                                                 |-,    .
+              | Everything is now ready to install the actual files which       |  |   .
+              | comprise the DragonFly BSD operating system on the selected     |-'    .
+              | partition of the selected disk.                                 |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              | Note that this process will take quite a while to finish. You   |      .
+              | may wish to take a break now and come back to the computer in a |      .
+              | short while.                                                    |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              | < Begin Installing Files >_ < Return to Create Subpartitions >  |      .
+               -----------------------------------------------------------------       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+25. Highlight < Begin Installing Files > and press enter.
+26. The following progress bar will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                  -------------------| Executing Commands |-------------------     |   .
+                 |                                                            |_,-'    .
+                 | /bin/cpdup -o -vvv -u /usr/share /mnt/usr/share            |        .
+                 |                                                            |        .
+                 |          [*#################65%###              ]          |        .
+                 |                                                            |        .
+                 |                         < Cancel >_                        |        .
+                  ------------------------------------------------------------         .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+27. When it finishes, the following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                    ---------------| Install Bootblock(s) |----------------,-'    ,'   .
+                   |                                                       |   ,-'     .
+                   | You may now wish to install bootblocks on one or more |--'        .
+                   | disks. If you already have a boot manager installed,  |------,    .
+                   | you can skip this step (but you may have to configure |       |   .
+                   | your boot manager separately.)  If you installed      |-,__,-'    .
+                   | DragonFly BSD on a disk other than your first disk,   |           .
+                   | you will need to put the bootblock on at least your   |           .
+                   | first disk and the DragonFly BSD disk.                |           .
+                   |                                                       |           .
+                   | Disk Drive  Install Bootblock?  Packet Mode?          |           .
+                   | [ad0_     ] [X]                 [X]                   |           .
+                   |                                                       |           .
+                   |           < Accept and Install Bootblocks >           |           .
+                   |                  < Skip this Step >                   |           .
+                    -----------------| Press F1 for Help |-----------------            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+        The disk on which you wish to install a bootblock                              .
+
+28. Highlight < Accept and Install Bootblocks > and press enter.
+29. The following dialog box will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                           -------------| Information |-------------   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          | Bootblocks were successfully installed! | |                .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          |                 < OK >                  | |                .
+                           -----------------------------------------  |                .
+                                                                    | |                .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+30. Press enter.
+31. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+               -----------------| DragonFly BSD is Installed! |-----------------       .
+              |                                                                 |-,    .
+              | Congratulations!                                                |  |   .
+              |                                                                 |-'    .
+              | DragonFly BSD has successfully been installed on this computer. |      .
+              | You may now proceed to configure the installation. Alternately, |      .
+              | you may wish to reboot the computer and boot into the installed |      .
+              | system to confirm that it works.                                |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              |              < Configure this System >_ < Reboot >              |      .
+              |                   < Return to Welcome Menu >                    |      .
+               -----------------------------------------------------------------       .
+
+32. Highlight < Configure this System > and press enter.
+33. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                            ---| Configure an Installed System |---- ^,       ,-'   |  .
+                           |                                        | \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                           | The options on this menu allow you to  |  \,-'    ,-'     .
+                           | configure a DragonFly BSD system after |  )------'        .
+                           | it has already been installed.         |  )----------,    .
+                           |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
+                           | < Select timezone >_                   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | < Set date and time >                  | |                .
+                           | < Set keyboard map >                   | |                .
+                           | < Set root password >                  | |                .
+                           | < Add a user >                         | |                .
+                           | < Configure network interfaces >       | |                .
+                           | < Configure hostname and domain >      | |                .
+                           | < Set console font >                   ||'                .
+                           | < Set screen map >                     |                  .
+                           | < Remove software packages >           |                  .
+                           | < Return to Welcome Menu >             |                  .
+                            ----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+34. Highlight < Select timezone > and press enter.
+35. In Progress
+
+## Deprecated 
+
 **Walkthrough of Xfce 4.6 Installation via Custom DVD/IMG Installer**
 
 There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~swildner/LiveDVD/x86_64/) which is built by [one of](http://leaf.dragonflybsd.org/mailarchive/users/2012-07/msg00123.html) the [DragonFly BSD team members](http://www.dragonflybsd.org/team/). As far as I can tell it is functionally identical to the official GUI installer except that it includes the Xfce 4.6 desktop environment rather than the FVWM window manager. Please help test it out so that we can hopefully get it included in the next stable release!
 
 1. Download and extract the [Xfce installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~swildner/LiveDVD/).
 2. If the version of the installer is less than or equal to 20120826-2055, then installing onto a uniprocessor computer may not work.
-3. If installng onto a VirtualBox virtual machine, the recommended operating system type is FreeBSD (64 bit).
+3. If installing onto a VirtualBox virtual machine, the recommended operating system type is FreeBSD (64 bit).
 4. If installing onto a VirtualBox virtual machine, set the hardware clock to UTC time.
 5. After starting the computer but before it finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following boot menu.
 
@@ -496,17 +960,28 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
 * startxfce4 (I think that running startx from the root user starts Xfce, but running it from a regular user starts the non-Xfce GUI.)
 
 ## Tidbits
+* In the default shell, **tcsh**, ctrl-d is equivalent to tab-tab in **bash**, both of which display possible auto completions. If the list of possible auto completions has changed, running the command rehash will update it. Typing part of a previous command and then pressing the up key is equivalent to pressing ctrl-r and then typing part of a previous command, both of which search previously run commands.
+* **pkgin** is roughly equivalent to **apt-get**. They are both fairly straightforward command line package management utilities. Regular programs installed via pkgin are generally located in /usr/pkg/bin.
+* Like Debian, DragonFly BSD is configured by default to use su by default rather sudo, which is the default in Ubuntu. Running su changes the user you are logged in within a single shell instance whereas sudo lets you run a single command as another user. Both programs default to changing the user to root user. To enable your regular user to use su to become root, as root run nano /etc/groups and then change the line wheel:*:0:root to wheel:*:root,yourusername except of course replace rourusername with your user name. Running su - will change the shell environment variables to that of the user to which you're changing.
+* The console text editor vi is supposedly great, but if you're not familiar with it and some command you run opens some system file with it, it can be quite alarming. Don't panic! To exit without saving changes type :q! and then press enter.
+* The command line program man, short for manual, is very handy for finding out information about programs, system files and more. One way to navigate man pages is by using your arrow keys. You can exit out of a manual page by pressing the letter q on your keyboard. To learn more about the man command, run the command man man which will show you the manual page for the man command.
+* When your computer contacts another computer over the Internet, it converts server's name, such as example.com, to numbered address. The server's name is called a domain name and the numbered address is called an IP address, short for Internet protocol address. To find out which domain name goes with which IP address, you computer usually contacts a special server called a DNS server, DNS being an abbreviation of domain name system. DNS generally works pretty well automatically, but when it causes a problem, it can be very frustrating. As of DragonFly BSD 3.0.3, there's a non-critical DNS configuration setting that the DragonFly BSD installer doesn't set. The file /etc/hosts is a text file that can override DNS name-address bindings. The IP addresses 127.0.0.1 and ::1 always point to one's own computer, so your computer's domain name should always point to these two addresses. This is the setting that currently doesn't get set automatically. You can see or set your host name within the file /etc/rc.conf on a line by itself in the following format.
+
+        hostname="computername.localnetworkname"
+
+    And with that name, you can update your /etc/hosts file with your computer's domain name by editing it to contain the following lines.
+
+        ::1 localhost computername.localnetworkname
+        127.0.0.1 localhost computername.localnetworkname
+
+* In DragonFly BSD the command *shutdown -p now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. Using the -h switch instead of -p will shutdown and halt the computer but not turn it off. In Debian and probably other Linux distributions, the command *shutdown -h now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. The -p switch isn't available, but there may be a way to shutdown and halt without turning off your computer.
 * **Hammer** is hands down the best file system currently in existence. It has block level deduplication, it is supported out of the box by operating system with great underpinnings, and it runs great on regular hardware.
 * **DragonFly BSD** is an awesome operating system for many reasons other than that it's the only OS with Hammer, but Hammer is why I'm making the switch. DragonFly's default GUI configuration is a bit rough around the edges for everyday use. But it's nothing that a little ironing can't fix.
 * **[Xfce](http://xfce.org/)** is a lightweight yet feature rich desktop environment. It has maintains an excellent balance between [innovation and compatibility](http://lwn.net/Articles/430598/).
-* **[Dissonance](https://bitbucket.org/varialus/dissonance)** is my fork of Apache Harmony, which is a clean room implementation of Java with a permissive license. Sun and now Oracle refuse to license the TCK, a tool used to validate Java compatibility, for use with Harmony. As a result of the dissonance caused by this refusal to cooperate with the community, Apache retired Harmony and resigned from the Java Community Process Executive Committee. I would have preferred for Apache and the community to have instead just written their own TCK, but I don't know what effects the dissonance had on their organization and it was their decision to make, so I can't blame them. It's unfortunate that such a great project has been effectively abandoned, and so it it is with that in mind that I call on the community to support Dissonance; make your own TCK and make it so much better so as to make passing Oracle's TCK effectively meaningless.
+* **[Dissonance](https://github.com/varialus/dissonance)** is my fork of Apache Harmony, which is a clean room implementation of Java with a permissive license. Sun and now Oracle refuse to license the TCK, a tool used to validate Java compatibility, for use with Harmony. As a result of the dissonance caused by this refusal to cooperate with the community, Apache retired Harmony and resigned from the Java Community Process Executive Committee. I would have preferred for Apache and the community to have instead just written their own TCK, but I don't know what effects the dissonance had on their organization and it was their decision to make, so I can't blame them. It's unfortunate that such a great project has been effectively abandoned, and so it it is with that in mind that I call on the community to support Dissonance; make your own TCK and make it so much better so as to make passing Oracle's TCK effectively meaningless.
 * **[Jython](http://www.jython.org/)** is Python written in Java. It's not included in DragonFly BSD by default, but it's a great tool and I use it.
 * **ee** is roughly equivalent to **nano**. They are both easy to use command line text editors. The exit option will ask you whether you want to save. You can get to the exit confirmation by pressing Ctrl-[ and selecting 'a) leave editor'.
-* **pkgin** is roughly equivalent to **apt-get**. They are both fairly straightforward command line package management utilities.
-
-## Reminders
-* If NetworkManager Applet is installed, use it to override an unreliable DNS server rather than editing /etc/resolv.conf directly. Observed in NetworkManager 0.8.1 on Debian Squeeze.
-* In DragonFly BSD the command *shutdown -p now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. Using the -h switch instead of -p will shutdown and halt the computer but not turn it off. In Debian and probably other Linux distributions, the command *shutdown -h now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. The -p switch isn't available, but there may be a way to shutdown and halt without turning off your computer.
+* If NetworkManager Applet is installed, use it to override an unreliable DNS server rather than editing /etc/resolv.conf directly. Observed in NetworkManager 0.8.1 on Debian Squeeze. (This seems to not always work, particularly the first time you connect and perhaps after idling for a certain amount of time. I haven't narrowed down the exact cause.)
 
 ## Issues
 * Varialus should ensure that these issues are properly logged. Yes, I know that they should be properly logged and I intend to eventually get them all logged. In the mean time hopefully my notes will help someone still trying to find the answers to life's persistent questions.
@@ -716,6 +1191,10 @@ Tested in DragonFly 3.0.2.
               - a) save changes
             - cd /root/ (as root)
             - csup 9rel-supfile (as root)
+            - If outgoing connections to port 5999 are blocked, here are a few possible solutions which I have not yet tried.
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-stable/2005-August/017991.html
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/2004-February/034761.html
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/2004-March/041566.html
             - cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtualbox-ose-additions && make install clean (as root)
             - The following console dialog will be be displayed.
                - Options for virtualbox-ose-additions 4.1.22
@@ -784,3 +1263,37 @@ Tested in DragonFly 3.0.2.
 **Port bxpkg to DragonFly BSD**
 
      - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
+
+## Not Yet Formatted Text Dump
+
+**Project HAMMER Debian**
+The goal of project HAMMER Debian is to recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment, the DragonFly BSD kernel, and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+
+Parallel Sub-Project Documentation
+0. Setup Common to Subsequent Sub-Project Documentation
+1. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+2. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and DragonFly BSD.
+3. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen kFreeBSD testing repository or the kFreeBSD stable repository.
+4. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and FreeBSD.
+5. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment, the DragonFly BSD kernel, and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+
+0.1. Default values implied where steps are skipped.
+0.2. Installation steps are given using the apt command, but using the aptitude command instead of apt is recommended.
+0.3. These instructions sudo for root user authentication, but some systems may use su or some other method instead.
+0.4.0. The use of the nano terminal command is implied for steps which involve editing text files.
+0.4.1. The Ctrl-x shortcut can be used to bring up the save prompt and then exit from nano.
+0.5.0. Set up a development machine.
+0.5.1.0. The Oracle build of VirtualBox is recommended for its ease of use and highly active development.
+0.5.1.1. Here's a link to the VirtualBox download page. https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
+0.5.1.2. Here's a link to the VirtualBox Linux download page. https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads
+0.5.1.3. Here's the /etc/apt/sources.list repository line for Debian Wheezy. deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib
+0.5.1.4. Here's the command to authenticate the Oracle Virtualbox repository. wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
+0.5.1.5. Here's the authentication fingerprint for the Oracle Virtualbox repository. 7B0F AB3A 13B9 0743 5925  D9C9 5442 2A4B 98AB 5139
+Oracle Corporation (VirtualBox archive signing key) <info@virtualbox.org>
+0.5.1.6. Here are the commands to install VirtualBox. sudo apt-get update
+sudo apt-get install dkms
+sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.2
+0.5.1.7. It's recommended to add your regular user to the vboxusers group and the following is the recommended method. Gnome 2 Menu > System > Administration > Users and Groups > Manage Groups > vboxusers > Properties > Select Check Box of Your Regular User > OK > Password: > Your Regular User Password > Authenticate > Close > Close
+0.5.2. The recommended host software environment is a recreation of Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+0.5.3. The recommended host hardware environment is an x64 computer with at least a dual core processor, 2 GB memory, a 250 GB hard disk and an Internet connection.
+0.6.