Added dfly config walkthrough, removed deprecated walkthrough
[ikiwiki.git] / varialus / index.mdwn
index 21220b1..3fcb34f 100644 (file)
@@ -1,29 +1,34 @@
 # et
 # Anisoptera
-*The following is an unpaid personal wiki page. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the DragonFly BSD mascot nor its management.*
+*The following is an unpaid personal wiki page about my experiences, issues, and workarounds related to DragonFly BSD.*
 
 ## Table of Contents
 
 1. **Featured**
 
-* Walkthrough of Xfce 4.6 Installation via Custom DVD/IMG Installer
+* Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of Xfce Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of Applications Installation and Configuration
+* (Not Yet Started) Walkthrough of C and Go Development Environment Installation and Configuration
 
 2. **Tidbits**
 
-* Hammer
-* DragonFly BSD
-* Xfce
-* Dissonance/Apache Harmony
-* Jython/Python
-* ee/nano
-* pkgin/apt-get
-
-3. **Reminders**
-
-* DNS Settings in Debian Squeeze
-* Shutdown command in DragonFly BSD
-
-4. **Issues**
+* Shell/Console/Command-Line-Prompt: tcsh/bash, ctrl-d/tab-tab, partial-previous-command-up-key/ctrl-r-partial-previous-command, rehash
+* Package-Management: pkgin/apt-get
+* Administration/root su/sudo/wheel
+* Text-Editor: vi :q!
+* Manual: man man
+* Networking: hosts
+* Power-Down: shutdown -p now
+* File-System: Hammer
+* Operating System: DragonFly BSD
+* Graphical-User-Interface: Xfce
+* Programming: Dissonance/Apache Harmony
+* Programming: Jython/Python
+* Text-Editor: ee/nano
+* Networking: Debian resolv.conf
+
+3. **Issues**
 
 * Disclaimer
 * Default GUI Too Bare
@@ -42,7 +47,7 @@
 * Wiki Centered Text
 * XOrg Quit Errors
 
-5. **Workarounds**
+4. **Workarounds**
 
 * Enable Caps Lock in GUI
 * Install Non-GUI on 3TB+ Hard Drive
 * DragonFly BSD Network Shares Walkthrough
 * Port bxpkg to DragonFly BSD
 
+6. **Not Yet Formatted Text Dump**
+
+* Project HAMMER Debian
+
 ## Featured
 
-**Walkthrough of Xfce 4.6 Installation via Custom DVD/IMG Installer**
+**Walkthrough of DragonFly BSD Installation and Configuration**
 
-There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~swildner/LiveDVD/x86_64/) which is built by [one of](http://leaf.dragonflybsd.org/mailarchive/users/2012-07/msg00123.html) the [DragonFly BSD team members](http://www.dragonflybsd.org/team/). As far as I can tell it is functionally identical to the official GUI installer except that it includes the Xfce 4.6 desktop environment rather than the FVWM window manager. Please help test it out so that we can hopefully get it included in the next stable release!
+This walkthrough describes how I install and configure DragonFly BSD. You should customize your installation as you see fit. The walkthrough is being run on VirtualBox which in turn is running on a recent MacBook with plenty of memory.
 
-1. Download and extract the [Xfce installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~swildner/LiveDVD/).
-2. If the version of the installer is less than or equal to 20120826-2055, then installing onto a uniprocessor computer may not work.
-3. If installng onto a VirtualBox virtual machine, the recommended operating system type is FreeBSD (64 bit).
-4. If installing onto a VirtualBox virtual machine, set the hardware clock to UTC time.
-5. After starting the computer but before it finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following boot menu.
+1. Create a virtual machine in VirtualBox using the FreeBSD (64 bit) template with 4 GB memory, 128 GB dynamically allocated VDI virtual disk image
+
+2. Set the the virtual hardware clock set to UTC time.
+
+3. Download and extract the x86_64 CD [installation media](http://www.dragonflybsd.org/download/) and then add it to the virtual machine, but remember to remove it before taking VirtualBox snapshots.
+
+4. Start the virtual machine. Before it finishes booting, the will be greeted with the following boot menu.
 
         
         DragonFly/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 1.1
-        (s@advancer.yo, Sun Aug 26 21:24:11 CEST 2012)
+        (justin@pkgbox64.dragonflybsd.org, Mon Jun 16 21:33:12 PDT 2014)
                                                    |
         1. Boot DragonFly [kernel]                 |   ,--,           |           ,--,
         2. Boot DragonFly in Safe Mode             |   |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |
         3. Boot DragonFly without AHCI driver      |    `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'
         4. Boot DragonFly without ACPI driver      |      `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'
         9. Escape to loader prompt (also ESC)      |         `------(   )------'
-        s. Boot DragonFly in single user mode      |     ,----------(   )----------,
-        v. Boot DragonFly with verbose logging     |    |        _,-(   )-,_        |
-        R. Reboot                                  |     `-,__,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'
-                                                   |                 | |
+        r. Boot DragonFly to a rescue ramdisk      |     ,----------(   )----------,
+        s. Boot DragonFly in single user mode      |    |        _,-(   )-,_        |
+        v. Boot DragonFly with verbose logging     |     `-,__,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'
+        R. Reboot                                  |                 | |
                                                    |                 | |
                                                    |                 | |
                                                    |                 | |
@@ -92,19 +103,20 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                    |
         Booting in 10 seconds... _
 
-6. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
+5. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
 
         Welcome to DragonFly!
         
-        To Start the installer, login as 'installer'.  To just get a shell prompt,
-        login as 'root'.  To start a root gui, login as 'root' and run 'startx'.
+        To start the installer, login as 'installer'.  To just get a shell prompt,
+        login as 'root'.
+        
+        DragonFly/x86_64 (Amnesiac) (ttyv0)
         
-        DragonFly/x86_64 (dflyd.yo) (ttyv0)
-    
         login: _
 
-7. Type 'installer' without quotes and press enter.
-8. You will be greeted with the following menu.
+6. Type 'installer' without quotes and press enter.
+
+7. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -132,9 +144,11 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
         Install DragonFly BSD on a HDD or HDD partition on this computer               .
 
-10. The bottom line changes depending on which option is selected.
-11. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
-12. You will then be greeted by the following menu.
+8. The bottom line changes depending on which option is selected.
+
+9. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
+
+10. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -163,8 +177,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-13. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
-14. The following menu, specific to your hardware, will be displayed.
+11. Highlight the option < Install DragonFly BSD > and press enter.
+
+12. The following menu, specific to your hardware, will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -175,13 +190,13 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                             `------(   )------'        .
                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
                                                        |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
-                  ----------------------| Select Disk |----------------------,__,-'    .
-                 |                                                           |         .
-                 | Select a disk on which to install DragonFly BSD           |         .
-                 |                                                           |         .
-                 | < ad1: 1337TB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33 >_|         .
-                 | < Return to Begin Installation >                          |         .
-                  -----------------------------------------------------------          .
+                 -----------------------| Select Disk |----------------------- _,-'    .
+                |                                                             |        .
+                | Select a disk on which to install DragonFly BSD             |        .
+                |                                                             |        .
+                | < ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33 >_|        .
+                | < Return to Begin Installation >                            |        .
+                 -------------------------------------------------------------         .
                                                                     `|'                .
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
@@ -192,8 +207,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-15. Highlight the disk on which to install DragonFly BSD and press Enter.
-16. The following menu will be displayed.
+13. Highlight the disk on which to install DragonFly BSD and press Enter.
+
+14. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -203,15 +219,15 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
                                                             `------(   )------'        .
                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
-                ----------------------------| Select Disk |----------------------  |   .
-               |                                                                 |'    .
-               | Select how much of this disk you want to use for DragonFly BSD  |     .
-               |                                                                 |     .
-               | ad1: 1337TB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33           |     .
-               |                                                                 |     .
-               |            < Use Entire Disk >_ < Use Part of Disk >            |     .
-               |                    < Return to Select Disk >                    |     .
-                -----------------------------------------------------------------      .
+               ------------------------| How Much Disk? |------------------------  |   .
+                                                                               |'    .
+              | Select how much of this disk you want to use for DragonFly BSD.  |     .
+                                                                               |     .
+              | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at ata0-master UDMA33          |     .
+                                                                               |     .
+              |            < Use Entire Disk >_ < Use Part of Disk >             |     .
+              |                    < Return to Select Disk >                     |     .
+               ------------------------------------------------------------------      .
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
@@ -221,19 +237,20 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-17. If you would like to use your entire disk, then highlight < Use Entire Disk > and press enter.
-18. The following menu will be displayed.
+15. If you would like to use your entire disk, then highlight < Use Entire Disk > and press enter.
+
+16. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
                                                       ,--,           |           ,--,  .
                                                       |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
-                            ------| Are you absolutely sure? |------/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                            ------| Are you absolutely sure? |------  \)   ,-'    ,'   .
                            |                                        |  \,-'    ,-'     .
                            | WARNING! ALL data in ALL partitions on |  )------'        .
                            | the disk                               |  )----------,    .
                            |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
-                           | ad1: 1337TB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at     |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
                            | ata0-master UDMA33                     | |                .
                            |                                        | |                .
                            | will be IRREVOCABLY ERASED!            | |                .
@@ -250,8 +267,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-19. If you are absolutely sure, highlight < OK > and press enter.
-20. The following menu will be displayed.
+17. If you are absolutely sure, highlight < OK > and press enter.
+
+18. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -260,17 +278,17 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
                                                             `------(   )------'        .
-                              ---------| Information |-------------(   )----------,    .
-                             |                                    |(   )-,_        |   .
-                             | The disk                           |\   /   `-,__,-'    .
-                             |                                    | | |                .
-                             | ad1: 1337TB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at | | |                .
-                             | ata0-master UDMA33                 | | |                .
-                             |                                    | | |                .
-                             | was formatted.                     | | |                .
-                             |                                    | | |                .
-                             |                < OK >              | `|'                .
-                              ------------------------------------                     .
+                             -----------| Information |------------    )----------,    .
+                            |                                      |   )-,_        |   .
+                            | The disk                             |   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            | ad0: 131072MB <VBOX HARDDISK 1.0> at || |                .
+                            | ata0-master UDMA33                   || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            | was formatted.                       || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            |                < OK >                |`|'                .
+                             --------------------------------------                    .
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
@@ -279,8 +297,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-21. Press enter.
-22. The following menu will be displayed.
+19. Press enter.
+
+20. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -289,7 +308,7 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                        `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
                                                          `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
                                                             `------(   )------'        .
-                   -----------------| Select file system |------------------------,    .
+                   -----------------| Select file system |------------------ -----,    .
                   |                                                         |      |   .
                   | Please select the file system you want to use with      |,__,-'    .
                   | DragonFly BSD.                                          |          .
@@ -308,8 +327,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-23. If you want to use HAMMER, and honestly why wouldn't you, then highlight HAMMER and press enter.
-24. The following menu will be displayed.
+21. If you want to use HAMMER, and honestly why wouldn't you, then highlight HAMMER and press enter.
+
+22. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -321,12 +341,12 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
               | most cases you should be fine with the default settings.        |-,    .
               |                                                                 |  |   .
               | For Capacity, use 'M' to indicate megabytes, 'G' to indicate    |-'    .
-              | gigabytes, or a single '*' to indicate 'use the remaining space |      .
-              | on the primary partition'.                                      |      .
+              | gigabytes, and so on (up to 'E'.) A single '*' indicates 'use   |      .
+              | the remaining space on the primary partition'.                  |      .
               |                                                                 |      .
               | Mountpoint  Capacity  Encrypted                                 |      .
               | [/boot_   ] [768M   ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
-              | [swap     ] [2048M  ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
+              | [swap     ] [8192M  ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
               | [/        ] [*      ] [ ]     < Ins > < Del >                   |      .
               |                               < Add >                           |      .
               |                                                                 |      .
@@ -337,8 +357,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-25. Highlight < Accept and Create > and press enter.
-26. The following menu will be displayed.
+23. Highlight < Accept and Create > and press enter.
+
+24. The following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -367,8 +388,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-27. Highlight < Begin Installing Files > and press enter.
-28. The following progress bar will be displayed.
+25. Highlight < Begin Installing Files > and press enter.
+
+26. The following progress bar will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -380,9 +402,9 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                         ,----------(   )----------,    .
                   -------------------| Executing Commands |-------------------     |   .
                  |                                                            |_,-'    .
-                 | /bin/cpdup -o -vvv -u /usr/pkg /mnt/usr/pkg                |        .
+                 | /bin/cpdup -o -vvv -u /usr/share /mnt/usr/share            |        .
                  |                                                            |        .
-                 |          [*#################58%#                ]          |        .
+                 |          [*#################65%###              ]          |        .
                  |                                                            |        .
                  |                         < Cancel >_                        |        .
                   ------------------------------------------------------------         .
@@ -396,8 +418,7 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
                                                                                        .
 
-29. Go brush your teeth. And don't forget to floss.
-30. When it finishes, the following menu will be displayed.
+27. When it finishes, the following menu will be displayed.
 
         F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
                                                                                        .
@@ -411,10 +432,10 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                    | your boot manager separately.)  If you installed      |-,__,-'    .
                    | DragonFly BSD on a disk other than your first disk,   |           .
                    | you will need to put the bootblock on at least your   |           .
-                   | first disk and the DragonFly disk.                    |           .
+                   | first disk and the DragonFly BSD disk.                |           .
                    |                                                       |           .
                    | Disk Drive  Install Bootblock?  Packet Mode?          |           .
-                   | [ad1_     ] [X]                 [X]                   |           .
+                   | [ad0_     ] [X]                 [X]                   |           .
                    |                                                       |           .
                    |           < Accept and Install Bootblocks >           |           .
                    |                  < Skip this Step >                   |           .
@@ -425,88 +446,616 @@ There is a new [Xfce based DVD/IMG installer](http://island.quantumachine.net/~s
                                                                                        .
         The disk on which you wish to install a bootblock                              .
 
-31. Highlight < Accept and Install Bootblocks > and press enter.
-32. An Information dialog box will be displayed which says: Bootblocks were successfully installed!
-33. Press enter.
-34. The following menu will be displayed.
-
-         ---| DragonFly BSD is Installed! |--
-        |
-        | Congratulations!
-        | 
-        | DragonFly BSD has successfully been installed on this computer.
-        | You may now proceed to configure the installation. Alternately,
-        | you may wish to reboot the computer and boot into the installed
-        | system to confirm that it works.
-        |
-        |              < Configure this System >_ < Reboot >
-        |                   < Return to Welcome Menu >
-         ---
-
-35. Highlight < Configure this System > and press enter.
-36. The following menu will be displayed.
-
-         ---| Configure an Installed System |--
-        |
-        | The options on this menu allow you to
-        | configure a DragonFly BSD system after
-        | it has already been installed.
-        | < Select timezone >_
-        | < Set date and time >
-        | < Set keyboard map >
-        | < Set root password >
-        | < Add a user >
-        | < Configure network interfaces >
-        | < Configure hostname and domain >
-        | < Set console font >
-        | < Set screen map >
-        | < Remove software packages >
-        | < Return to Welcome Menu >
-         ---
-
-37. Highlight < Select timezone > and press enter.
-
-(The only purpose of this line is to reduce the indentation of the following bullet points.)
-
-* Highlight  < Set keyboard map > and press enter.
-* Highlight < Set root password > and press enter.
-* changeme
-* Highlight < Add a user > and press enter.
-* Password: changeme
-* Highlight < Configure network interfaces > and press enter.
-* Highlight < Configure hostname and domain > and press enter.
-* Highlight < Return to Welcome Menu > and press enter.
-* Highlight < Reboot this Computer > and press enter.
-* Highlight < Reboot > and press enter.
-* Remove installation media.
-* The operating system has halted.
-* Please press any key to reboot.
-* Log in as root.
-* Change password.
-* ee /etc/hosts
-* # Replace hostname and domain with the ones that you chose during configuration.
-* ::1       localhost hostname.domain
-* 127.0.0.1 localhost hostname.domain
-* Ctrl-[
-* a) leave editor
-* a) save changes
-* exit
-* Log in as user.
-* Change password.
-* startxfce4 (I think that running startx from the root user starts Xfce, but running it from a regular user starts the non-Xfce GUI.)
+28. Highlight < Accept and Install Bootblocks > and press enter.
+
+29. The following dialog box will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                           -------------| Information |-------------   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          | Bootblocks were successfully installed! | |                .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          |                 < OK >                  | |                .
+                           -----------------------------------------  |                .
+                                                                    | |                .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+30. Press enter.
+
+31. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+               -----------------| DragonFly BSD is Installed! |-----------------       .
+              |                                                                 |-,    .
+              | Congratulations!                                                |  |   .
+              |                                                                 |-'    .
+              | DragonFly BSD has successfully been installed on this computer. |      .
+              | You may now proceed to configure the installation. Alternately, |      .
+              | you may wish to reboot the computer and boot into the installed |      .
+              | system to confirm that it works.                                |      .
+              |                                                                 |      .
+              |              < Configure this System >_ < Reboot >              |      .
+              |                   < Return to Welcome Menu >                    |      .
+               -----------------------------------------------------------------       .
+
+32. Highlight < Configure this System > and press enter.
+
+33. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                            ---| Configure an Installed System |---- ^,       ,-'   |  .
+                           |                                        | \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                           | The options on this menu allow you to  |  \,-'    ,-'     .
+                           | configure a DragonFly BSD system after |  )------'        .
+                           | it has already been installed.         |  )----------,    .
+                           |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
+                           | < Select timezone >_                   |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | < Set date and time >                  | |                .
+                           | < Set keyboard map >                   | |                .
+                           | < Set root password >                  | |                .
+                           | < Add a user >                         | |                .
+                           | < Configure network interfaces >       | |                .
+                           | < Configure hostname and domain >      | |                .
+                           | < Set console font >                   ||'                .
+                           | < Set screen map >                     |                  .
+                           | < Remove software packages >           |                  .
+                           | < Return to Welcome Menu >             |                  .
+                            ----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+Set the Time Zone of your physical location                                            .
+
+34. Highlight < Select timezone > and press enter.
+
+35. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                          | Local or UTC (Greenwich Mean Time) clock | )-,_        |   .
+                         |                                            |/   `-,__,-'    .
+                         | Is this machine's CMOS clock set to        |                .
+                         | UTC?                                       |                .
+                         |                                            |                .
+                         | If it is set to local time, or you         |                .
+                         | don't know, please choose NO here!         |                .
+                         |                                            |                .
+                         |              < Yes >_ < No >               |                .
+                          --------------------------------------------                 .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+36. Highlight < Yes > and press enter.
+
+37. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display ----------| Select Time Zone |----------                   .
+                           |                                        #                  .
+                           | Select a Time Zone appropriate to your #|           ,--,  .
+                           | physical location.                     #^,       ,-'   |  .
+                           |                                        # \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                           | < Africa >_                            #  \,-'    ,-'     .
+                           | < America >                            #  )------'        .
+                           | < Antarctica >                         #  )----------,    .
+                           | < Arctic >                             #  )-,_        |   .
+                           | < Asia >                               #  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | < Atlantic >                           # |                .
+                           | < Australia >                          # |                .
+                           | < CET >                                # |                .
+                           | < CST6CDT >                            # |                .
+                           | < EET >                                # |                .
+                           | < EST >                                # |                .
+                           | < EST5EDT >                            #|'                .
+                           | < Etc >                                #                  .
+                           | < Europe >                             *                  .
+                           | < GMT >                                *                  .
+                           | < HST >                                *                  .
+                           | < Indian >                             *                  .
+                           | < MET >                                *                  .
+                           | < MST >                                *                  .
+                            ----------------------------------------                   .
+
+38. Highlight < GMT > and press enter.
+
+39. The following dialog box will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                                --------| Information |--------    \   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                               |                               |    | |                .
+                               | The Time Zone has been set to |    | |                .
+                               | /mnt/usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT.  |    | |                .
+                               |                               |    | |                .
+                               |            < OK >_            |    | |                .
+                                -------------------------------     | |                .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+40. Press enter.
+
+41. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+42. Highlight  < Set keyboard map > and press enter.
+
+43. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display  -------| Select Keyboard Map |--------                    .
+                            |                                      #                   .
+                            | Select a keyboard map appropriate to # |           ,--,  .
+                            | your keyboard layout.                #,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                            |                                      #/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                            | < be.iso.acc.kbd >_                  #   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                            | < be.iso.kbd >                       #   )------'        .
+                            | < bg.bds.ctrlcaps.kbd >              *   )----------,    .
+                            | < bg.phonetic.ctrlcaps.kbd >         *   )-,_        |   .
+                            | < br275.cp850.kbd >                  *   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                            | < br275.iso.acc.kbd >                *| |                .
+                            | < br275.iso.kbd >                    *| |                .
+                            | < by.cp1131.kbd >                    *| |                .
+                            | < by.cp1251.kbd >                    *| |                .
+                            | < by.iso5.kbd >                      *| |                .
+                            | < ce.iso2.kbd >                      *| |                .
+                            | < colemak.iso15.acc.kbd >            *'|'                .
+                            | < cs.latin2.qwertz.kbd >             *                   .
+                            | < cz.iso2.kbd >                      *                   .
+                            | < danish.cp865.kbd >                 *                   .
+                            | < danish.iso.kbd >                   *                   .
+                            | < el.iso07.kbd >                     *                   .
+                            | < estonian.cp850.kbd >               *                   .
+                            | < estonian.iso.kbd >                 *                   .
+                             --------------------------------------                    .
+
+44. Highlight < us.dvorak.kbd > and press enter.
+
+45. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+46. Highlight < Add a user > and press enter.
+
+47. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh D -------------------| Add user |--------------------              .
+                     |                                                   |             .
+                     | Here you can add a user to an installed system.   |       ,--,  .
+                     |                                                   |    ,-'   |  .
+                     | You can leave the Home Directory, User ID, and    | ,-'    ,'   .
+                     | Login Group fields empty if you want these items  |'    ,-'     .
+                     | to be automatically allocated by the system.      |----'        .
+                     |                                                   |--------,    .
+                     | Note: this user's password will appear in the     |_        |   .
+                     | install log. If this is a problem, please add the | `-,__,-'    .
+                     | user manually after rebooting into the installed  |             .
+                     | system instead.                                   |             .
+                     |                                                   |             .
+                     | Username                 [_                 ]     |             .
+                     | Real Name                [                  ]     |             .
+                     | Password                 [                  ]     |             .
+                     | Password (Again)         [                  ]     |             .
+                     | Shell                    [/bin/tcsh         ]     |             .
+                     | Home Directory           [                  ]     |             .
+                     | User ID                  [                  ]     |             .
+                     | Login Group              [                  ]     |             .
+                     | Other Group Memberships  [                  ]     |             .
+                     |                                                   |             .
+                     | < Accept and Add >  < Return to Configure Menu >  |             .
+        Enter the use ---------------------------------------------------              .
+
+48. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <Accept and Add > and press enter.
+
+* Username: 'user'
+* Real Name: 'User'
+* Password: 'ChangeMe'
+* Password (Again): 'ChangeMe'
+
+49. The following dialog box will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                                   -----| Information |----  ,-'   \   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                                  |                        |        | |                .
+                                  | User `user' was added. |        | |                .
+                                  |                        |        | |                .
+                                  |         < OK >_        |        | |                .
+                                   ------------------------         | |                .
+                                                                    | |                .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+50. Press enter.
+
+51. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+52. Highlight < Set root password > and press enter.
+
+53. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                  -------------------| Set Root Password |-------------------  ,-'     .
+                 |                                                           |'        .
+                 | Here you can set the super-user (root) password.          |----,    .
+                 |                                                           |     |   .
+                 | Note: root's new password will appear in the install log. |__,-'    .
+                 | If this is a problem, please set root's password manually |         .
+                 | after rebooting into the installed system instead.        |         .
+                 |                                                           |         .
+                 | Root password        [_                 ]                 |         .
+                 | Root password again  [                  ]                 |         .
+                 |                                                           |         .
+                 |                < Accept and Set Password >                |         .
+                 |               < Return to Configure Menu >                |         .
+                  -----------------------------------------------------------          .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+        Enter the root password you would like to use                                  .
+
+54. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <Accept and Set Password > and press enter.
+
+* Root password: 'ChangeMe'
+* Root password again: 'ChangeMe'
+
+55. The following dialog box will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                                                        ,----------(   )----------,    .
+                                                       |        _,-(   )-,_        |   .
+                            ------------| Information |----------- \   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           |                                      | | |                .
+                           | User root password has been changed. | | |                .
+                           |                                      | | |                .
+                           |                < OK >_               | | |                .
+                            --------------------------------------  | |                .
+                                                                    | |                .
+                                                                    `|'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+56. Press enter.
+
+57. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+58. Highlight < Configure network interfaces > and press enter.
+
+59. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                           ----------| Assign IP Address |----------   )------'        .
+                          |                                         |  )----------,    .
+                          | Please select which interface you would |  )-,_        |   .
+                          | like to configure:                      |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          | < em0 >_                                | |                .
+                          | < faith0 >                              | |                .
+                          | < lo0 >                                 | |                .
+                          | < ppp0 >                                | |                .
+                          | < sl0 >                                 | |                .
+                          | < Cancel >                              ||'                .
+                           -----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+60. Highlight < em0 > and press enter.
+
+61. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                           --------------| Use DHCP? |--------------   )----------,    .
+                          |                                         |  )-,_        |   .
+                          | DHCP allows the interface to            |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                          | automatically obtain an IP address from | |                .
+                          | a nearby DHCP server.                   | |                .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          | Would you like to enable DHCP for em0?  | |                .
+                          |                                         | |                .
+                          |  < Use DHCP >_ < Configure Manually >   | |                .
+                           ----------------------------------------- |'                .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+62. Highlight < Use DHCP > and press enter.
+
+63. The following menu, specific to your hardware and network connection, will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                           -------------| Information |------------- ^,       ,-'   |  .
+                          |                                         | \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                          | em0:                                    |  \,-'    ,-'     .
+                          | flags=8843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX |  )------'        .
+                          | MULTICAST> mtu 1500                     |  )----------,    .
+                          | options=1b<RXCSUM,TXCSUM,VLAN_MTU,VLAN_ |  )-,_        |   .
+                          | WTAGGING>                               |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                          | inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe98:67cc%em0      | |                .
+                          | prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1                | |                .
+                          | inet 10.0.2.15 netmask 0xffffff00       | |                .
+                          | broadcast 10.0.2.255                    | |                .
+                          | ether 08:00:27:98:67:cc                 | |                .
+                          | media: Ethernet autoselect (1000baseT   | |                .
+                          | <full-duplex>)                          ||'                .
+                          | status: active                          |                  .
+                          |                                         |                  .
+                          |                                         |                  .
+                          |                 < OK >_                 |                  .
+                           -----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+64. Press enter.
+
+65. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+66. Highlight < Configure hostname and domain > and press enter.
+
+67. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                             -------| Set Hostname/Domain |--------    )----------,    .
+                            |                                      |   )-,_        |   .
+                            | Please enter this machine's hostname |   /   `-,__,-'    .
+                            | and domain name.                     || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            | Hostname  [_                 ]       || |                .
+                            | Domain    [                  ]       || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            |                                      || |                .
+                            |          < OK >  < Cancel >          |`|'                .
+                             --------------------------------------                    .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+        Enter the Hostname (e.g. `machine')                                            .
+
+68. In the following fields type the following values without quotes and then highlight <OK > and press enter.
+
+* Hostname: 'dfly'
+* Domain: 'localhost'
+
+69. The menu from step 33 will be displayed.
+
+70. Highlight < Return to Welcome Menu > and press enter.
+
+71. The menu from step 7 will be displayed.
+
+72. Highlight < Reboot this Computer > and press enter.
+
+73. The following menu will be displayed.
+
+        F10=Refresh Display                                                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                      ,--,           |           ,--,  .
+                                                      |   `-,       ,^,       ,-'   |  .
+                                                       `,    `-,   (/ \)   ,-'    ,'   .
+                                                         `-,    `-,/   \,-'    ,-'     .
+                                                            `------(   )------'        .
+                            ---------------| Reboot |---------------   )----------,    .
+                           |                                        |  )-,_        |   .
+                           | This machine is about to be shut down. |  /   `-,__,-'    .
+                           | After the machine has reached its      | |                .
+                           | shutdown state, you may remove the CD  | |                .
+                           | from the CD-ROM drive tray and press   | |                .
+                           | Enter to reboot from the HDD.          | |                .
+                           |                                        | |                .
+                           |               < Reboot >               | |                .
+                           |       < Return to Welcome Menu >       ||'                .
+                            ----------------------------------------                   .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+                                                                                       .
+
+74. Highlight < Reboot > and press enter.
+
+75. The following message will be displayed.
+
+        The operating system has halted.
+        Please press any key to reboot.
+
+76. Remove the virtual CD installation media from the virtual machine.
+
+77. Press any key to reboot. Before it finishes booting, the will be greeted with the menu from step 4.
+
+78. After the computer finishes booting, you will be greeted with the following welcome message and login prompt.
+
+        DragonFly/x86_64 (dfly.localhost) (ttyv0)
+        
+        login: _
+
+79. Log in as root.
+
+80. You will be greeted with the following message and shell prompt.
+
+        Copyright (c) 2003-2014 The DragonFly Project.                              .
+        Copyright (c) 1992-2003 The FreeBSD Project.                                .
+        Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994    .
+                The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.   .
+                                                                                    .
+        DragonFly v3.8.1-RELEASE (X86_64_GENERIC) #16 Mon Jun 16 21:36:15 PDT 2014  .
+                                                                                    .
+        Welcome to DragonFly!                                                       .
+                                                                                    .
+        dfly# _                                                                     .
+
+81. Type 'passwd' without quotes and press enter.
+
+82. Type in a new root password and press enter and then retype the new root password and press enter again.
+
+83. Type 'ee /etc/hosts' without quotes and press enter.
+
+84. Without quotes twice replace 'localhost.my.domain' with 'dfly.localhost'.
+
+85. Press Ctrl-[, then highlight 'a) leave editor' and press enter, then highlight 'a) save changes' and press enter.
+
+86. Type 'exit' without quotes and press enter.
+
+87. Log in as user.
+
+88. You will be greeted with the following message and shell prompt.
+
+        Copyright (c) 2003-2014 The DragonFly Project.                                 .
+        Copyright (c) 1992-2003 The FreeBSD Project.                                   .
+        Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994       .
+                The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.      .
+                                                                                       .
+        DragonFly v3.8.1-RELEASE (X86_64_GENERIC) #16 Mon Jun 16 21:36:15 PDT 2014     .
+                                                                                       .
+        Welcome to DragonFly!                                                          .
+                                                                                       .
+        Man pages are divided into section depending on topic.  There are 9 different  .
+        sections numbered from 1 (General Commands) to 9 (Kernel Developer's Manual).  .
+        You can get an introduction to each topic by typing                            .
+                                                                                       .
+                man <number> intro                                                     .
+                                                                                       .
+        In other words, to get the intro to general commands, type                     .
+                                                                                       .
+                man 1 intro                                                            .
+        > _                                                                            .
+
+89. Type 'passwd' without quotes and press enter.
+
+90. Type 'ChangeMe' without quotes and press enter, then type a new password and press enter, and then retype the new password and press enter again.
+
+91. Type 'exit' without quotes and press enter.
 
 ## Tidbits
+* In the default shell, **tcsh**, ctrl-d is equivalent to tab-tab in **bash**, both of which display possible auto completions. If the list of possible auto completions has changed, running the command rehash will update it. Typing part of a previous command and then pressing the up key is equivalent to pressing ctrl-r and then typing part of a previous command, both of which search previously run commands.
+* **pkgin** is roughly equivalent to **apt-get**. They are both fairly straightforward command line package management utilities. Regular programs installed via pkgin are generally located in /usr/pkg/bin.
+* Like Debian, DragonFly BSD is configured by default to use su by default rather sudo, which is the default in Ubuntu. Running su changes the user you are logged in within a single shell instance whereas sudo lets you run a single command as another user. Both programs default to changing the user to root user. To enable your regular user to use su to become root, as root run nano /etc/groups and then change the line wheel:*:0:root to wheel:*:root,yourusername except of course replace rourusername with your user name. Running su - will change the shell environment variables to that of the user to which you're changing.
+* The console text editor vi is supposedly great, but if you're not familiar with it and some command you run opens some system file with it, it can be quite alarming. Don't panic! To exit without saving changes type :q! and then press enter.
+* The command line program man, short for manual, is very handy for finding out information about programs, system files and more. One way to navigate man pages is by using your arrow keys. You can exit out of a manual page by pressing the letter q on your keyboard. To learn more about the man command, run the command man man which will show you the manual page for the man command.
+* When your computer contacts another computer over the Internet, it converts server's name, such as example.com, to numbered address. The server's name is called a domain name and the numbered address is called an IP address, short for Internet protocol address. To find out which domain name goes with which IP address, you computer usually contacts a special server called a DNS server, DNS being an abbreviation of domain name system. DNS generally works pretty well automatically, but when it causes a problem, it can be very frustrating. As of DragonFly BSD 3.0.3, there's a non-critical DNS configuration setting that the DragonFly BSD installer doesn't set. The file /etc/hosts is a text file that can override DNS name-address bindings. The IP addresses 127.0.0.1 and ::1 always point to one's own computer, so your computer's domain name should always point to these two addresses. This is the setting that currently doesn't get set automatically. You can see or set your host name within the file /etc/rc.conf on a line by itself in the following format.
+
+        hostname="computername.localnetworkname"
+
+    And with that name, you can update your /etc/hosts file with your computer's domain name by editing it to contain the following lines.
+
+        ::1 localhost computername.localnetworkname
+        127.0.0.1 localhost computername.localnetworkname
+
+* In DragonFly BSD the command *shutdown -p now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. Using the -h switch instead of -p will shutdown and halt the computer but not turn it off. In Debian and probably other Linux distributions, the command *shutdown -h now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. The -p switch isn't available, but there may be a way to shutdown and halt without turning off your computer.
 * **Hammer** is hands down the best file system currently in existence. It has block level deduplication, it is supported out of the box by operating system with great underpinnings, and it runs great on regular hardware.
 * **DragonFly BSD** is an awesome operating system for many reasons other than that it's the only OS with Hammer, but Hammer is why I'm making the switch. DragonFly's default GUI configuration is a bit rough around the edges for everyday use. But it's nothing that a little ironing can't fix.
 * **[Xfce](http://xfce.org/)** is a lightweight yet feature rich desktop environment. It has maintains an excellent balance between [innovation and compatibility](http://lwn.net/Articles/430598/).
-* **[Dissonance](https://bitbucket.org/varialus/dissonance)** is my fork of Apache Harmony, which is a clean room implementation of Java with a permissive license. Sun and now Oracle refuse to license the TCK, a tool used to validate Java compatibility, for use with Harmony. As a result of the dissonance caused by this refusal to cooperate with the community, Apache retired Harmony and resigned from the Java Community Process Executive Committee. I would have preferred for Apache and the community to have instead just written their own TCK, but I don't know what effects the dissonance had on their organization and it was their decision to make, so I can't blame them. It's unfortunate that such a great project has been effectively abandoned, and so it it is with that in mind that I call on the community to support Dissonance; make your own TCK and make it so much better so as to make passing Oracle's TCK effectively meaningless.
+* **[Dissonance](https://github.com/varialus/dissonance)** is my fork of Apache Harmony, which is a clean room implementation of Java with a permissive license. Sun and now Oracle refuse to license the TCK, a tool used to validate Java compatibility, for use with Harmony. As a result of the dissonance caused by this refusal to cooperate with the community, Apache retired Harmony and resigned from the Java Community Process Executive Committee. I would have preferred for Apache and the community to have instead just written their own TCK, but I don't know what effects the dissonance had on their organization and it was their decision to make, so I can't blame them. It's unfortunate that such a great project has been effectively abandoned, and so it it is with that in mind that I call on the community to support Dissonance; make your own TCK and make it so much better so as to make passing Oracle's TCK effectively meaningless.
 * **[Jython](http://www.jython.org/)** is Python written in Java. It's not included in DragonFly BSD by default, but it's a great tool and I use it.
 * **ee** is roughly equivalent to **nano**. They are both easy to use command line text editors. The exit option will ask you whether you want to save. You can get to the exit confirmation by pressing Ctrl-[ and selecting 'a) leave editor'.
-* **pkgin** is roughly equivalent to **apt-get**. They are both fairly straightforward command line package management utilities.
-
-## Reminders
-* If NetworkManager Applet is installed, use it to override an unreliable DNS server rather than editing /etc/resolv.conf directly. Observed in NetworkManager 0.8.1 on Debian Squeeze.
-* In DragonFly BSD the command *shutdown -p now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. Using the -h switch instead of -p will shutdown and halt the computer but not turn it off. In Debian and probably other Linux distributions, the command *shutdown -h now* will shutdown and turn off your computer. The -p switch isn't available, but there may be a way to shutdown and halt without turning off your computer.
+* If NetworkManager Applet is installed, use it to override an unreliable DNS server rather than editing /etc/resolv.conf directly. Observed in NetworkManager 0.8.1 on Debian Squeeze. (This seems to not always work, particularly the first time you connect and perhaps after idling for a certain amount of time. I haven't narrowed down the exact cause.)
 
 ## Issues
 * Varialus should ensure that these issues are properly logged. Yes, I know that they should be properly logged and I intend to eventually get them all logged. In the mean time hopefully my notes will help someone still trying to find the answers to life's persistent questions.
@@ -673,74 +1222,152 @@ Tested in DragonFly 3.0.2.
 
 **Port VirtualBox to DragonFly BSD**
 
-         - Build VirtualBox in GhostBSD (GhostBSD is FreeBSD with Gnome or LXDE installed out of the box.)
-            - Install GhostBSD (Gnome version 3.0 RC1 in VirtualBox)
-               - It's easier to change the keyboard layout in the Gnome version.
-               - If your keyboard stops working during the install then do the following.
-                  - Restart GhostBSD LiveCD/LiveUSB
-                  - Applications > Accessories > Text Editor
-                  - Type your answers to the following fields.
-                     - root password
-                     - username
-                     - full name of user
-                     - user password
-                     - hostname.
-                  - Copy and paste your answers into the installer.
-            - Initialize build environment: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/updating-upgrading-portsnap.html
-               - Handbook Instructions: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/updating-upgrading-portsnap.html
-               - portsnap fetch (68 MB as root)
-               - portsnap extract (as root)
-               - portsnap update (as root)
-            - Install Guest Additions (from FreeBSD, not from Oracle)
-               - Initialize build environment (See above)
-               - Wiki Instructions: http://wiki.freebsd.org/VirtualBox#Installing_Guest_Additions_for_FreeBSD_guests
-               - Handbook Instructions: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/virtualization-guest.html
-               - Notes: http://forums.ghostbsd.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=693
-               - More Notes: http://forums.freebsd.org/showthread.php?t=29172
-               - Create a supfile.
-                  - ee /root/9rel-supfile (as root)
-                  - Firefox http://forums.freebsd.org/showthread.php?t=29172
-                  - Copy and paste supfile.
-                  - Firefox http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/cvsup.html#CVSUP-MIRRORS
-                  - Pick close server and change line *default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
-                     - Optionally pick fastest server: http://www.freshports.org/sysutils/fastest_cvsup
-        *default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
-        *default base=/var/db
-        *default prefix=/usr
-        *default release=cvs tag=RELENG_9_1
-        *default delete use-rel-suffix
-        *default compress
-        src-all
-                  - Ctrl-[
-                  - a) leave editor
-                  - a) save changes
-                - csup 9rel-supfile (as root probably while in /root/)
-                - cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtualbox-ose-additions && make install clean (probably as root)
-            - Build VirtualBox
-               - Initialize build environment (See above)
-            - Build Guest Additions
-         - Build VirtualBox in DragonFly BSD
-            - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer)
-            - Build VirtualBox
-            - Install VirtualBox
-            - Test VirtualBox
-            - Build Guest Additions
-            - Install Guest Additions
-            - Test Guest Additions
-         - Package for pkgsrc
-         - Upload to pkgsrc
+     - Build VirtualBox in GhostBSD (GhostBSD is FreeBSD with Gnome or LXDE installed out of the box.)
+        - Install GhostBSD (Gnome version 3.0 RC1 in VirtualBox)
+           - It's easier to change the keyboard layout in the Gnome version.
+           - If your keyboard stops working during the install then do the following.
+              - Restart GhostBSD LiveCD/LiveUSB
+              - Applications > Accessories > Text Editor
+              - Type your answers to the following fields.
+                 - root password
+                 - username
+                 - full name of user
+                 - user password
+                 - hostname.
+              - Copy and paste your answers into the installer.
+        - Initialize build environment: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/updating-upgrading-portsnap.html
+           - Handbook Instructions: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/updating-upgrading-portsnap.html
+           - portsnap fetch (68 MB as root)
+           - portsnap extract (as root)
+           - portsnap update (as root)
+        - Install Guest Additions (from FreeBSD, not from Oracle)
+           - Initialize build environment (See above)
+           - Wiki Instructions: http://wiki.freebsd.org/VirtualBox#Installing_Guest_Additions_for_FreeBSD_guests
+           - Handbook Instructions: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/virtualization-guest.html
+           - Notes: http://forums.ghostbsd.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=693
+           - More Notes: http://forums.freebsd.org/showthread.php?t=29172
+           - Create a supfile.
+              - ee /root/9rel-supfile (as root)
+              - Firefox within VM http://www.dragonflybsd.org/varialus/
+              - Copy and paste the following into your supfile.
+    *default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
+    *default base=/var/db
+    *default prefix=/usr
+    *default release=cvs tag=RELENG_9_1
+    *default delete use-rel-suffix
+    *default compress
+    src-all
+              - Firefox http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/cvsup.html#CVSUP-MIRRORS
+              - Pick close server and change line *default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
+                 - Optionally pick fastest server: http://www.freshports.org/sysutils/fastest_cvsup
+              - Ctrl-[
+              - a) leave editor
+              - a) save changes
+            - cd /root/ (as root)
+            - csup 9rel-supfile (as root)
+            - If outgoing connections to port 5999 are blocked, here are a few possible solutions which I have not yet tried.
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-stable/2005-August/017991.html
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/2004-February/034761.html
+               - http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/2004-March/041566.html
+            - cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtualbox-ose-additions && make install clean (as root)
+            - The following console dialog will be be displayed.
+               - Options for virtualbox-ose-additions 4.1.22
+               - [ ] DEBUG   Install debug symbols
+               - [ ] OPENGL  OpenGL support
+               - [X] X11     X11 support (graphics)
+               - <  OK  >            <Cancel>
+            - Highlight <  OK  > and press enter.
+               - The first time I ran this I got a missing dependency error because there had been a minor version update recently. The dependency error was fixed a few hours later. Right after that, the official version of 4.2 was released. To see the original error error, see the edit from 01:48:39 09/13/12.
+            - The following console dialog will be be displayed.
+               - Options for help2man1.40.11
+               - [X] NLS  Native Language Support
+               - <  OK  >            <Cancel>
+            - Highlight <  OK  > and press enter.
+            - The following console dialog will be be displayed.
+               - Options for m4 1.4.16_1,1
+               - [ ] LIBSIGSEGV  Use libsigsegv for better diagnostics
+               - <  OK  >            <Cancel>
+            - Highlight <  OK  > and press enter.
+            - Wait for a little while until it successfully finishes.
+            - Restart virtual machine. (This probably wasn't needed yet.)
+            - Screen resolution increased, but no mouse integration nor copy and paste. Host is Debian Squeeze.
+            - ee /etc/rc.conf (as root)
+            - Add the following lines
+    
+    vboxguest_enable="YES"
+    vboxservice_enable="YES"
+    
+            - The notes at the URL above mention adding lines to xorg.conf for mouse integration, but I didn't see an xorg.conf in /etc/X11 or in /etc so I skipped this step for now.
+            - The notes also mentioned creating a file for HAL users or copying it, but I didn't see a file at /usr/local/share/hal/fdi/policy/10osvendor/90-vboxguest.fdi so I am skipping this step for the moment.
+            - Restart.
+            - I just noticed that the lines had already been added to /etc/rc.conf, so I removed the extra ones that I had added.
+            - Changed to terminal without X server. Host+F2 in VirtualBox, Ctrl-Alt-F2 on hardware.
+            - Log in as root.
+            - The following didn't work.
+            - killall -9 gdm gdm-binary Xorg
+            - Xorg -configure
+            - Xorg -config /root/xorg.conf.new
+            - X started with black screen, no mouse.
+            - I've run out of time to look into this at the moment. I'll return to it later.
+        - Build VirtualBox
+           - Initialize build environment (See above)
+        - Build Guest Additions
+     - Build VirtualBox in DragonFly BSD
+        - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer)
+        - Build VirtualBox
+        - Install VirtualBox
+        - Test VirtualBox
+        - Build Guest Additions
+        - Install Guest Additions
+        - Test Guest Additions
+     - Package for pkgsrc
+     - Upload to pkgsrc
 
 **Port Xfce 4.10 to DragonFly BSD**
 
-         - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
-         - Build Instructions: http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/building
-         - Package for pkgsrc
-         - Upload to pkgsrc
+     - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
+     - Build Instructions: http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/building
+     - Package for pkgsrc
+     - Upload to pkgsrc
 
 **DragonFly BSD Network Shares Walkthrough**
 
-         - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
+     - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
 
 **Port bxpkg to DragonFly BSD**
 
-         - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
+     - Install DragonFly BSD (Xfce IMG/ISO Installer in VirtualBox)
+
+## Not Yet Formatted Text Dump
+
+**Project HAMMER Debian**
+The goal of project HAMMER Debian is to recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment, the DragonFly BSD kernel, and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+
+Parallel Sub-Project Documentation
+0. Setup Common to Subsequent Sub-Project Documentation
+1. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+2. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and DragonFly BSD.
+3. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen kFreeBSD testing repository or the kFreeBSD stable repository.
+4. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and FreeBSD.
+5. Recreate Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment, the DragonFly BSD kernel, and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+
+0.1. Default values implied where steps are skipped.
+0.2. Installation steps are given using the apt command, but using the aptitude command instead of apt is recommended.
+0.3. These instructions sudo for root user authentication, but some systems may use su or some other method instead.
+0.4.0. The use of the nano terminal command is implied for steps which involve editing text files.
+0.4.1. The Ctrl-x shortcut can be used to bring up the save prompt and then exit from nano.
+0.5.0. Set up a development machine.
+0.5.1.0. The Oracle build of VirtualBox is recommended for its ease of use and highly active development.
+0.5.1.1. Here's a link to the VirtualBox download page. https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
+0.5.1.2. Here's a link to the VirtualBox Linux download page. https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads
+0.5.1.3. Here's the /etc/apt/sources.list repository line for Debian Wheezy. deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib
+0.5.1.4. Here's the command to authenticate the Oracle Virtualbox repository. wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
+0.5.1.5. Here's the authentication fingerprint for the Oracle Virtualbox repository. 7B0F AB3A 13B9 0743 5925  D9C9 5442 2A4B 98AB 5139
+Oracle Corporation (VirtualBox archive signing key) <info@virtualbox.org>
+0.5.1.6. Here are the commands to install VirtualBox. sudo apt-get update
+sudo apt-get install dkms
+sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.2
+0.5.1.7. It's recommended to add your regular user to the vboxusers group and the following is the recommended method. Gnome 2 Menu > System > Administration > Users and Groups > Manage Groups > vboxusers > Properties > Select Check Box of Your Regular User > OK > Password: > Your Regular User Password > Authenticate > Close > Close
+0.5.2. The recommended host software environment is a recreation of Debian Squeeze using the MATE desktop environment and the newer of the frozen Debian testing repository or the Debian stable repository.
+0.5.3. The recommended host hardware environment is an x64 computer with at least a dual core processor, 2 GB memory, a 250 GB hard disk and an Internet connection.
+0.6.