Import tcsh-6.17.00
[dragonfly.git] / contrib / tcsh-6 / README
57e3f2b5 1This is tcsh version 6.17.00. Tcsh is a version of the Berkeley
2C-Shell, with the addition of: a command line editor, command and file
3name completion, listing, etc. and a bunch of small additions to the
4shell itself.
6Tcsh has been ported to most unix variants, and can be tinkered to work
7in unix systems that it has not ported yet. See the Ported file for
8a more complete list of ported systems and in the config directory for
9a configuration file that matches your system.
10Tcsh also runs under VMS/POSIX and OS/2+emx; the OS/2 port is not
11complete yet.
13Feel free to use it. These changes to csh may only be included in a
14commercial product if the inclusion or exclusion does not change the
15purchase price, level of support, etc. Please respect the individual
16authors by giving credit where credit is due (in other words, don't
17claim that you wrote portions that you haven't, and don't delete the
18names of the authors from the source code or documentation).
20To install tcsh:
220) Try running "./configure". If that doesn't work, goto step 1.
23 Run "./configure --help" to see possible options. After running
24 configure, goto step 3.
261) Otherwise copy Makefile.std to Makefile. Look at the Makefile and
27 make sure that you are using the right compilation flags.
292) Copy the appropriate for your machine and OS config file from the
30 config subdirectory into config.h. Consult the file "Ported" for
31 settings known to work on various machines. If you are trying to
32 compile tcsh on a machine for which there is no config file yet,
33 you will need to create a config file using as a template one of
34 the supplied ones. If you get tcsh working on a new machine, I'd
35 appreciate a copy of the config file plus additional information
36 about the architecture/OS. If you are creating a new config file,
37 look very hard at BSDJOBS and BSDTIMES if you are running
38 a non-BSD machine. For vanila SysV, these would all be #undef-ed,
39 but others may vary (such as A/UX or HPUX). On a pyramid, compile
40 in the UCB universe even if you are running under the ATT universe
41 usually; it will work anyway, and you get job control for free.
433) Look at config_f.h, and enable or disable any features you want.
44 It is configured the way I like it, but you may disagree.
464) Look at host.defs to make sure that you have the right defines to set
47 the environment variables "HOSTTYPE", "MACHTYPE", "OSTYPE" and
48 "VENDOR" correctly. If you need to make changes, PLEASE SEND THEM
515) You may want to adjust the DESTBIN and DESTMAN entries in
52 the Makefile. These are the directories that tcsh, and the tcsh.1
53 man entry will be placed in when you do a "make install" and "make
54" respectively. If you decide to install tcsh somewhere
55 other than in /usr/local/bin/tcsh, you should #define _PATH_TCSHELL
56 "/your/installation/directory/tcsh" in pathnames.h.
586) make
607) Read the documentation while you are waiting. The file
61 is in standard [nt]roff -man format. If you like, you can run the
62 tcsh.man2html script (requires Perl) to generate an HTML version of
63 the manpage which you can read with Mosaic, lynx or other HTML browser.
658) Test tcsh by typing ./tcsh to see that it has compiled correctly.
66 The history command should give a time stamp on every entry.
67 Typing normal characters should echo each exactly once. Control-A
68 should put the cursor at the beginning of the input line, but after
69 the prompt. Typing characters after that should insert them into
70 the line. If you have job control make sure that stopping and
71 restarting jobs works. Make sure you can ^C in the middle of the
72 input line. Also make sure that pipelines work correctly and there
73 are no races. Try 'echo | cat | cat | cat | cat | more' a couple of
74 times. If you have job control, try this command in the background
75 and bring it in the foreground when it stops for tty output. Also
76 make sure that the ioctl() modes are preserved. Get into vi, enter
77 and exit input mode and suspend it, background it and foreground it
78 again. After all that, lastly make sure that the tty process group
79 manipulation is happening correctly. Try ftp to some host. If your
80 passwd appears on the screen, you have lost /dev/tty. Otherwise
81 everything is fine.
839) Once satisfied that tcsh is working correctly, complete the installation
84 by typing "make install" to install the binary, and "make" to
85 install the documentation. Don't forget to look at complete.tcsh for
86 useful completions...
8810) Enjoy.
9012) PLEASE file any bug reports (and fixes), code for new features at:
94 Comments, questions, etc. (even flames) are welcome via email to:
96 The tcsh bugs mailing list
103On sysv versions < 3.0 (not hpux) Doug Gwyn's public domain directory
104manipulation library has to be installed. This library is available
105for anonymous ftp from
106If the network is not installed, then there is a gethostname()
107routine is tc.os.c
111On BSDreno, in ttyname() closedir() is called twice and so the same
112pointer gets free'd twice. tcsh's malloc is picky and it prints an
113error message to that effect. If you don't like the message:
1151. Apply the following patch:
117*** /usr/src/lib/libc/gen/ttyname.c.orig Fri Jun 1 17:17:15 1990
118--- /usr/src/lib/libc/gen/ttyname.c Tue Oct 29 16:33:12 1991
120*** 51,57 ****
121 if (stat(buf, &sb2) < 0 || sb1.st_dev != sb2.st_dev ||
122 sb1.st_ino != sb2.st_ino)
123 continue;
124- closedir(dp);
125 rval = buf;
126 break;
127 }
128--- 51,56 ----
130Or: Comment the error printing out in tc.alloc.c
131Or: Compile -DSYSMALLOC
136From: Scott Krotz <>
138Tcsh has been ported to minix by Scott Krotz (
139Unfortunately the minix sed is broken, so you'll have to find a way to
140make tc.const.h, sh.err.h, ed.defns.h which are automatically generated.
141The easiest way to create them is to make a copy from unix, copying
142minix to config.h, and then 'make sh.err.h tc.const.h ed.defns.h'
144The OS/dependent files are in mi.termios.h, mi.wait.h, mi.varargs.h
146You will get some warnings, but dont worry about them, just ignore
147them. After tcsh has compiled and the gcc binary is converted to a
148minix binary, remember to chmem it to give it more memory - it will
149need it! How much you need depends on how many aliases you have, etc..
150Add at least 50000 to it.
152One last thing. You might have to make some links for include files so
153that they are in the directories that tcsh is expecting while compiling.
154I forget if I had to do this or not, but it should be fairly easy to sort
155out. If it cant find any include files this is probably the reason.
157If you have any problems, please tell me. I can be contacted through
158e-mail at:
162I also read comp.os.minix on a regular basis, so a note there will get
163my attention also.
165Have fun!
167ps. The termios functions are provided by Magnus Doell and Bruce Evans.
168 Thanks, guys!
171From: Bob Byrnes <>
173This is for minix 1.5 (straight out of the box from P-H) plus the i386
174patches from Bruce Evans.
176I cross-compiled on a Sun using gcc 2.1 with a target of i386-bsd
177(using the minix include files instead of the bsd versions), and then
178linked the resulting object files with similarly compiled crtso.o and
179libc.a on vax (little endian) using a hacked version of ld which I put
180together to generate minix executables instead of bsd a.out format.
181What a kludge ...
183I compiled with -O2 -Wall ... So far I haven't noticed any problems
184with the optimizer.
186In case anyone is contemplating compiling tcsh with bcc (Bruce Evan's
187i386 compiler that comes with the minix386 upgrade package), don't bother.
188It is some serious bugs that kill tcsh when compiled for 16-bit characters.
189I can provide more details of bugs that I noticed for brave souls who want
190to try, but it would be hard (and why bother if you can get gcc?).
192I can make the binary available to anyone who wants it (for example people
193who can't get access to a cross-compiling environment, and who don't yet
194have gcc running under minix).
199If your compiler cannot handle long symbol names, add
201#include "snames.h"
203to your config.h file
205 -- Christos Zoulas