fortune: Do not recommend obsolete encodings
[dragonfly.git] / UPDATING
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1# Updating Information for DragonFly users.
2#
3#
4# This file should warn you of any pitfalls which you might need to work around
5# when trying to update your DragonFly system. The information below is
6# in reverse-time order, with the latest information at the top.
7#
8# If you discover any problem, please contact the bugs@lists.dragonflybsd.org
9# mailing list with the details.
d2a0decc 10
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11+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
12+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 4.2 TO LATER VERSIONS +
13+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
14
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15DSCHED REMOVED
16--------------
17
18dsched(4) has been removed and one of its kernel options, DSCHED_FQ, was
19in our default kernel config file. So the DSCHED_FQ option has been turned
20into a no-op for now and can be removed from custom configurations.
21
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22EST DRIVER REMOVED, COMPILE_ET AND LIBCOM_ERR TOO
23-------------------------------------------------
24
25The est(4) driver has been removed. All CPUs it supported (except one)
26were 32 bits only. Those who are still using the Core 2 Duo T7500 should
27report back if there are any issues with this CPU and our regular ACPI
28P-state support.
29
30Also, compile_et(1) and com_err(3) have been removed as well. They
31should have been removed along with kerberos support, back in 2009.
32
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33SEVERAL LOCALES RENAMED
34-----------------------
35
36Several locales were using obsolete and misleading names, and thus have
37been adjusted to current standards. Any users of the following locales
38need to select alternates:
39
40DFLY 4.2 locale DFLY 4.4 alterative locale
41--------------- ------------------------------------
42mn_MN.UTF-8 mn_Cyrl_MN.UTF-8
43no_NO.UTF-8 nb_NO.UTF-8 or nn_NO.UTF-8
44no_NO.ISO8859-1 nb_NO.ISO8869-1 or nn_NO.ISO8859-1
45no_NO.ISO8859-15 nb_NO.ISO8859-15 or nn_NO.ISO8859-15
46sr_YU.UTF-8 sr_Cyrl_RS.UTF-8 or sr_Latn_RS.UTF-8
47sr_YU.ISO8859-5 sr_Cyrl_RS.ISO8859-5
48sr_YU.ISO8859-2 sr_Latn_RS.ISO8859-2
49zh_CN.GBK zh_Hans_CN.GBK
50zh_CN.UTF-8 zh_Hans_CN.UTF-8
51zh_CN.eucCN zh_Hans_CN.eucCN
52zh_CN.GB2312 zh_Hans_CH.GB2312
53zh_CN.GB18030 zh_Hans_CH.GB18030
54zh_HK.Big5HKSCS zh_Hant_HK.Big5HKSCS
55zh_HK.UTF_8 zh_Hant_HK.UTF-8
56zh_TW.Big5 zh_Hant_TW.Big5
57zh_TW.UTF-8 zh_Hant_TW.UTF-8
58
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59+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
60+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 4.0 TO LATER VERSIONS +
61+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62
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63BINUTILS 2.25 REPLACES 2.22, PRIMARY
64------------------------------------
65
66The oldest of the two versions of Binutils, version 2.22, was removed
67and replaced with Binutils 2.25. It becomes the primary version version
68of binutils and version 2.24 becomes the alternate. There are 8 current
69CVE written against 2.24, so for security reasons version 2.25 should
70always be used.
71
72The accepted values of BINUTILSVER are now "binutils225" (default) and
73"binutils224". The building of Binutils 2.24 can be prevented by setting
74NO_ALTBINUTILS=yes in make.conf.
75
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76LOADER OPTIONS CHANGED
77----------------------
78
79Right after the development branch started, the Fred art accompanying the
80loader menu was improved. The line between Fred and the menu was removed
81by default (but can optionally be returned) and the placement shifted as
82a result. The drawing was improved, and the colored version was improved,
83changing the eyes and wing color from white to red. A new color version
84of Fred was added, one with a blue scheme.
85
86The loader menu defaults have changed since release 4.0: The vertical
87line was removed, the loader is displayed in color by default*, and the
88blue scheme is used.
89
90The loader.conf changes are:
91loader_color: option has been removed
92loader_plain: option has been added, it changed menu to monochrome
93fred_is_red: changes color scheme from blue to red
94fred_is_blue: option existed only on 4.1, it has been removed
95fred_separated: Adds line between Fred and menu (as seen previously)
96
97* If loader.conf defines "console" as "comconsole" or "console" is defined
98 in the environment as "comconsole" then color will not be displayed,
99 even if loader_plain value is "NO".
100
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101SENDMAIL REMOVED FROM BASE
102--------------------------
103
104The only Mail Transfer Agent provided now is DragonFly Mail Agent (dma).
105If the system being upgraded is still configured to use the sendmail
106binaries from base, the "make upgrade" command will fail.
107
108The administrator must change /etc/mail/mailer.conf to switch the
109mailwrapper to dma or a DPorts-based MTA prior to running the upgrade
110command that permanently removes sendmail executables and could
111potentially break a running mail server.
112
113Refer: http://www.dragonflybsd.com/docs/docs/newhandbook/mta/ for
114detailed instructions on how to configure the MTA selection.
115
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116_KPOSIX_VERSION and P1003_1B OPTIONS REMOVED
117--------------------------------------------
118
119The _KPOSIX_VERSION and P1003_1B kernel options have been changed to
120no-ops. They can be removed from custom kernel configurations.
121
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122SOUND SYSTEM UPDATED FROM FreeBSD 11-CURRENT
123--------------------------------------------
124
125Many more sound devices may be detected.
126
127If the default device choosen isn't to your liking, setting the sysctl
128hw.snd.default_unit to a different number will change it.
129
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130SCTP SUPPORT DROPPED
131--------------------
132
133Support for the SCTP protocol has been removed.
134
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135OLD USB DRIVERS REMOVED
136-----------------------
137
138The old USB stack, along with the kernel config option "device oldusb"
139and the make.conf variable "WANT_OLDUSB" have been removed. This means
140that for custom kernel configuration files which were derived from a
141GENERIC or X86_64_GENERIC file prior to making the usb4bsd stack default,
142various (old USB stack specific) devices will now complain about being
143unknown:
144
145 * oldusb (obviously)
146 * natausb (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
147 * rue (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
148 * ugen (no longer needed in usb4bsd)
149 * urio (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
150 * uscanner (no longer needed in usb4bsd)
151
152They should be removed or commented out in such custom kernel configs.
153
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154GCC 5
155-----
156
157The GCC 4.4 compiler has been retired. It has been replaced by a GCC 5.1.
158The following make.conf variables no longer work: NO_GCC44, NO_OBJC, and
159NO_CXX. The latter was never documented and the latest versions of GCC are
160partially written in C++ so a C++ compiler is no longer optional. In
161practical terms it has not been optional for many years as other base
162components are also written in C++. The resource savings by avoiding
163building Objective-C compiler is so small, the complexity added by NO_OBJC
164internally was deemed a bad tradeoff so that is the reason for its removal.
165Also note that no "info" pages are installed with GCC 5. After this entry
166was originally written, all info pages were removed from DragonFly.
167
168GCC 5.1 has been designated as the primary compiler. As such, there is a
169new make.conf variable, NO_ALTCOMPILER. It will block the rebuilding of
170the designated secondary compiler, GCC 4.7. However, while DPorts
171primarily uses GCC 5 to build ports now, it still uses GCC 4.7 as well, so
172if building ports from source is desired, don't block building of the
173secondary compiler.
e9b676f1 174
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175+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
176+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.8 TO LATER VERSIONS +
177+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
178
2a617999 179SMP AND DEVICE_POLLING OPTIONS MADE UNKNOWN
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180-------------------------------------------
181
182DEVICE_POLLING was replaced by IFPOLL_ENABLE and the former SMP code is
183the default now (even on single-core systems), both for, like, 21 months.
184We kept the options around as no-ops as a convenience, to allow people
185using the same config for the then current release and the then current
186master. That period is now over, so any configs still having those
187options have to be adjusted.
188
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189SYSVIPC SYSCALLS MADE NON-OPTIONAL
190----------------------------------
191
192The code related to the SYSVMSG, SYSVSEM and SYSVSHM kernel options is
193now compiled in by default. The options are no-ops for now.
194
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195DEFAULT DRIVER CHANGED FOR LSI "THUNDERBOLT" SERIES RAID CONTROLLERS
196--------------------------------------------------------------------
197
198The default driver for those controllers is now mrsas(4) due to reports
199of file system corruption using the mfi(4) driver. The whole issue (and
200how to deal with potential problems when switching) was explained here:
201
202http://lists.dragonflybsd.org/pipermail/users/2014-July/128703.html
203
204A tunable is provided for letting those controllers still attach via
205the mfi(4) driver, hw.mrsas.mfi_enable (see mrsas(4) manual page).
206
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207OLDER NETWORK DRIVERS MOVED TO I386 ONLY
208----------------------------------------
209
210The following drivers have been made i386 only: ed(4), sr(4), ng_sync_ar
211and ng_sync_sr. ed(4) used to be in X86_64_GENERIC, so it has to be
212removed in kernel configs derived from X86_64_GENERIC.
213
e19e3c77 214+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 215+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.6 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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216+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
217
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218UPDATE FROM MOST RECENT 3.6
219---------------------------
220
221Versions of 3.6 built before June 25th have a bug where installworld might
222crash during installation of the new initrd. Upgrade to the latest version
223of 3.6 before updating to 3.8 or later.
224
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225ATM, IPX, NCP AND NWFS SUPPORT DROPPED
226--------------------------------------
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227
228Support for the IPX and NCP network protocols and for mouting NetWare
7c87aae6 229file systems has been dropped. Dito for ATM protocol support.
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230
231INITRD IMAGES NOW INSTALLED BY DEFAULT
232--------------------------------------
233
234An initial ramdisk image is now installed in /boot/kernel/initrd.img.gz
235
236Older images installed under the file name of initrd.img will be removed
237automatically by the make upgrade process.
238
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239USB4BSD IS NOW THE DEFAULT USB STACK
240------------------------------------
241
242To get back to the old stack, put "WANT_OLDUSB=yes" in /etc/make.conf and
243replace "device usb" with "device oldusb" in the kernel configuration.
244
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245MORE ISA SUPPORT DROPPED
246------------------------
247
248ISA support has been dropped from the following drivers: adv(4), an(4),
249ar(4), cs(4), digi(4), ed(4), ep(4), ex(4), fe(4), lnc(4), sbni(4),
250si(4), sn(4), and stg(4).
251
9332798a 252+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 253+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.4 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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254+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
255
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256ABI CHANGE
257----------
258
259Installed third-party software (dports) will have to be rebuilt after upgrade,
260or reinstalled from binary packages.
261
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262UPDATING FROM 3.4 TO 3.6
263------------------------
264
265This only applies for this specific upgrade due to locale changes; it is
266not needed for upgrades after 3.6. Please update in this order:
267
268make buildworld
269make buildkernel
270make installworld
271make installkernel
272*reboot*
273make upgrade
274
275See this mailing list post for details:
276http://lists.dragonflybsd.org/pipermail/users/2013-September/090163.html
277
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278CYRIX OPTIONS REMOVED
279---------------------
280
281The following Cyrix related options have been removed: CPU_BTB_EN,
282CPU_CYRIX_NO_LOCK, CPU_DIRECT_MAPPED_CACHE, CPU_DISABLE_5X86_LSSER,
283CPU_FASTER_5X86_FPU, CPU_IORT, CPU_LOOP_EN, CPU_RSTK_EN, CPU_SUSP_HLT,
284CYRIX_CACHE_WORKS, and CYRIX_CACHE_REALLY_WORKS
285
286ISA SUPPORT REMOVED FROM RP(4)
287------------------------------
288
289ISA support has been removed from the rp(4) driver. It is now PCI only.
290
64aeb497 291+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 292+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.2 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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293+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
294
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295COMPAT_SUNOS OPTION REMOVED
296---------------------------
297
298The COMPAT_SUNOS option has been removed. It was meant to provide binary
299compatibility with SunOS 4.x for the sparc32 port of 4.4BSD.
300
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301ISA SOUND CARD SUPPORT REMOVED
302------------------------------
303
304The following modules have been removed (all for ISA sound cards):
305snd_ad1816.ko, snd_ess.ko, snd_mss.ko, snd_sb8.ko, snd_sb16.ko, snd_sbc.ko
306
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307GCC 4.7
308-------
309
310DragonFly has switched base compilers. GCC 4.7 is now the default
311compiler and GCC 4.4 is the alternative compiler. The "NO_GCC47" make
312variable ceases to work now.
313
314Users who wish to build only GCC 4.7 have to use NO_GCC44 in the
315/etc/make.conf to prohibit GCC 4.4 from building. However, using it is
316highly discouraged. There are a few packages in pkgsrc that do not build
317with GCC 4.7 and the new "DPorts" system uses GCC 4.4 by default. At
318this time, it is recommended to keep both compilers on the base system.
319
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320SMP OPTION REMOVED
321------------------
322
323The SMP kernel option has been made a no-op. All kernels now feature SMP
324support. If you have 'options SMP' in your kernel config, you can as well
325remove it.
326
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327DEVICE_POLLING OPTION REPLACED BY IFPOLL_ENABLE OPTION, KTR_POLLING REMOVED
328---------------------------------------------------------------------------
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329
330The DEVICE_POLLING kernel option has been made a no-op and it has been
331replaced by IFPOLL_ENABLE. If you have 'options DEVICE_POLLING' in your
332kernel config, you need to change it to IFPOLL_ENABLE.
333
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334Also, the KTR_POLLING kernel option has been removed, so it must be
335removed from kernel configs that have it.
336
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337BUSLOGIC, CYCLADES AND STALLION ISA SUPPORT REMOVED
338---------------------------------------------------
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339
340The bt(4) driver for Buslogic SCSI adapters has been made PCI only. ISA
341cards will no longer be detected.
342
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343The same has been done for Stallion multiport serial controllers. stli(4)
344has been completely removed (along with the stlload(8) and stlstty(8)
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345utilities) and stl(4) was changed to support only PCI cards. Similarly,
346ISA support was removed from cy(4) too. All these drivers are i386 only.
e6f626a1 347
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348COMPAT_OLDISA OPTION GONE
349-------------------------
350
351The i386 specific COMPAT_OLDISA kernel option has been removed, since
352nothing needs it anymore.
353
c691bb43 354+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 355+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.0 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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356+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
357
358APIC_IO OPTION REMOVED
359----------------------
360
361The APIC_IO kernel option is no longer accepted after having been without
362effect for a while. The hw.ioapic_enable tunable now serves its purpose.
363If you have 'options APIC_IO' in your kernel config, you'll have to
364remove it.
365
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366WATCHDOG_ENABLE & HW_WDOG OPTIONS REMOVED
367-----------------------------------------
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368
369The wdog framework is now compiled into our kernels by default, so the
6d488cc3 370options are no longer needed.
cf03d6cd 371
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372DOSCMD(1) REMOVED
373-----------------
374
375doscmd(1) has been removed. It was i386 only. The doscmd(1) specific
376NO_X make.conf option was removed too.
377
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378GCC 4.7
379-------
380
381GCC 4.7 has been brought in and replaces GCC 4.1 as DragonFly's non-
382default compiler in base (default is still GCC 4.4).
383
384Users who wish to build only GCC 4.4 have to replace NO_GCC41 with
385NO_GCC47 in /etc/make.conf.
386
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387USB4BSD
388-------
389
390A new USB stack (from FreeBSD) has been brought in. The following
391modules have been ported so far: usb, uhci, ohci, ehci, xhci, umass,
392usfs, uether, if_axe, if_udav, ukbd, ums, uep, uhid, usb_quirk,
393and uaudio.
394
395It is not yet the default. To activate it, WANT_USB4BSD=yes has to
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396be put in make.conf and device "usb4bsd" (quotes needed) has to
397replace device usb in the kernel config. After that, a full
398build/install/upgrade cycle is needed.
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399
400Note that this is experimental and incomplete, but we are interested
401in hearing about issues with it, of course.
402
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403ISA SUPPORT REMOVED FROM AIC-6260/6360 DRIVER
404---------------------------------------------
405
406ISA adapter support was dropped from the aic(4) driver.
407
96386d4b 408+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 409+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.10 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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410+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
411
412SEVERAL ISA DRIVERS REMOVED
413---------------------------
414
415The following ISA only drivers have been removed along with a couple of
416associated userland tools:
417
418aha(4)
419asc(4) & sasc(1)
420ctx
421dgb(4)
422el(4)
423gpib
424gsc(4) & sgsc(1)
425ie(4)
426labpc(4)
427le(4)
428mse(4)
429rc(4)
430rdp(4)
431spigot
432tw(4) & xten(1) & xtend(8)
433wl(4) & wlconfig(8)
434wt(4)
435
436Note that two of these drivers (aha(4) and ie(4)) are in our GENERIC
437config and one (aha(4)) is in our X86_64_GENERIC kernel configuration
438file.
439
440If buildkernel complains about any of these drivers, just remove them
441from your kernel configuration.
442
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443BINUTILS 2.20
444-------------
37c5a0db 445Binutils 2.20 has been removed in favor of Binutils 2.22. The accepted
e685772e 446values of BINUTILSVERS are now binutils221 and binutils222 (default).
919eb219 447
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448BUILDWORLD/-KERNEL PARALLELIZATION WORK
449---------------------------------------
450Due to changes in the way we build with more than one make job, you
451will have to update install(1) and mkdir(1) prior to buildworld if you
452want to build with 'make -j':
453
454cd /usr/src/usr.bin/xinstall; make; make install; make clean
455cd /usr/src/bin/mkdir; make; make install; make clean
456
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457DMA(8) UPGRADE
458--------------
459dma(8) has been upgraded to v0.7 which no longer supports the
460/etc/dma/virtusertable. Some of its functionality has been replaced
461with the MASQUERADE keyword and the EMAIL environment variable (see
462the dma(8) manual page).
463
a4a39c94 464+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 465+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.8 TO LATER VERSIONS +
a4a39c94
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466+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
467
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468GCC 4.4 & BINUTILS 2.21
469-----------------------
30c91f0c 470
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471GCC 4.4 has been made DragonFly's default compiler and Binutils 2.21 has
472been made DragonFly's default Binutils.
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473
474That means that any settings that set CCVER to 'gcc44' are not needed
475anymore. Instead, CCVER can be set to 'gcc41' to go back to using
476GCC 4.1.
477
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478It also means that 'binutils221' as a value for BINUTILSVER has no
479effect anymore. 2.17 has been removed and 'binutils220' is available
480as an option.
481
5738210d 482The NO_GCC44 option has been removed and will not affect the build
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483anymore. There is now a NO_GCC41 option that will prevent GCC 4.1 from
484building in a similar fashion.
485
80abb3be 486Note that you must do a full buildworld/buildkernel for upgrading.
30c91f0c 487
a4a39c94 488pkg_radd settings
c983d16e 489-----------------
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490
491The config file for pkg_radd has moved from /etc/settings.conf to
492/etc/pkg_radd.conf. Save the contents of settings.conf before upgrading
493if this is needed. This warning only applies if /etc/settings.conf
494exists. pkg_radd will continue to work with defaults.
495
b79f66dd 496+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
72fe41d3 497+ 20100927 +
1bb1cc14 498+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.6 to 2.8 or HEAD +
b79f66dd
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499+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
500
72fe41d3 501OpenSSL
c983d16e 502--------
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503
504OpenSSL has been upgraded, and SHLIB_MAJOR was bumped for libssh and libcrypto.
505This shouldn't break any 3rd-party software, but you'll need to recompile your
5063rd-party software if you want it to link against the new version of OpenSSL.
507
8eb0b612 508Loader
c983d16e 509-------
8eb0b612 510
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511A new loader (dloader) has been added which better handles booting from
512multiple kernel/module versions.
513
514To upgrade (Only for this upgrade, for post 2.8 upgrades see GENERAL below)
515
516 cd /usr/src
517 make buildworld
518 make installworld
519 make upgrade
520 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
521 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
522
523Note that you must installworld and run the 'upgrade' target before
524installing the new kernel.
525
8eb0b612 526BIND
c983d16e 527-----
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528
529BIND has been removed from the base system. The ldns and drill tools have
530been added for basic functionality. Use 'drill' where you would normally
531use nslookup or dig, or install BIND from pkgsrc. It's available as
532net/bind95, net/bind96, or net/bind97 as of this writing.
533
534This only affects older systems upgrading to 2.8. New 2.8+ installs
535include BIND as a pkgsrc package.
536
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537+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
538+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY ON AN EXISTING DRAGONFLY SYSTEM +
539+ GENERAL +
540+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
984263bc 541
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542Instructions on how to obtain and maintain DragonFly source code using git
543are in the development(7) manual page.
d2a0decc
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544
545To upgrade a DragonFly system from sources you run the following sequence:
546
547 cd /usr/src
548 make buildworld
549 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
550 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
551 make installworld
552
553You will also want to run the 'upgrade' target to upgrade your /etc and the
554rest of your system. The upgrade target is aware of stale files created by
555older DragonFly installations and should delete them automatically.
556
557 make upgrade
558
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559See the build(7) manual page for further information.
560
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561Once you've done a full build of the world and kernel you can do incremental
562upgrades of either by using the 'quickworld' and 'quickkernel' targets
563instead of 'buildworld' and 'buildkernel'. If you have any problems with
a700883c 564the quick targets, try updating your repo first, and then a full buildworld
d2a0decc 565and buildkernel as shown above, before asking for help.
4523a2c0
TN
566
567+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
568+ UPGRADING FROM DRAGONFLY <= 2.0 TO DRAGONFLY >= 2.1 +
569+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
570
571In 2.1 kernel and modules has moved to boot directory. For most cases
572this is handled automatically by 'make upgrade'. A few cases needs manual
573intervention:
574
575 * When installing a kernel without first doing a make buildworld,
576 installworld and upgrade to the same DESTDIR as kernel:
577 make DESTDIR/boot directory and move kernel and modules into this boot
578 directory; also move kernel.old and modules.old.
579 Typical example is vkernel(7), use (no modules used):
580
581 cd /var/vkernel
582 mkdir boot
583 chflags noschg kernel
584 mv kernel kernel.old boot
585 chflags schg boot/kernel
586
587 * When using a boot-only partition, /boot/loader.rc needs to be edited:
588 delete occurrences of '/boot/'.
589 These occurences can normally be deleted in any case, see loader(8).
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590
591+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
592+ UPGRADING FROM DRAGONFLY <= 1.8 TO DRAGONFLY >= 1.9 +
593+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
594
595In 1.9 major changes to the disk management infrastructure have taken
596place. make upgrade may not catch all of your disk devices in /dev,
597so after upgrading be sure to cd /dev; ./MAKEDEV <blah> where <blah>
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598are all of your disk devices. HOWEVER, from late 2.3 on we run devfs
599and MAKEDEV no longer exists.
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600
601The biggest changes in 1.9 are:
602
603(1) That whole-slice devices such as da0s1 no longer share the same device
604 id as partition c devices such as da0s1c.
605
606(2) The whole-disk device (e.g. da0) is full raw access to the disk,
607 with no snooping or reserved sectors. Consequently you cannot run
608 disklabel on this device. Instead you must run disklabel on a
609 whole-slice device.
610
611(3) The 'compatibility' partitions now use slice 0 in the device name,
612 so instead of da0a you must specify da0s0a. Also, as per (1) above,
613 accessing the disklabel for the compatibility partitions must be
614 done via slice 0 (da0s0).
615
616(4) Many device drivers that used to fake up labels, such as CD, ACD, VN,
617 and CCD now run through the disk management layer and are assigned
618 real disk management devices. VN and CCD in particular do not usually
619 use a MBR and disklabels must be accessed through the compatibility
620 slice 0. Your /etc/ccd.conf file still specifies 'ccd0', though, you
621 don't name it 'ccd0s0' in the config file.
622
623Generally speaking, you have to get used to running fdisk and disklabel on
624the correctly specified device names. A lot of the wiggle, such as running
625disklabel on a partition, has been removed.
626
627+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
628+ UPGRADING FROM OLDER VERSIONS OF DRAGONFLY OR FREEBSD +
629+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
630
631> Kerberos IV
632-------------
633
634Kerberos IV (eBones) was removed from the tree, please consider moving to
635Kerberos 5 (Heimdal).
636
637> Package Management System
638---------------------------
639
640Starting with the 1.4 release, DragonFly uses NetBSD's pkgsrc package
641management system. The necessary tools to build and maintain packages
642are provided in /usr/pkg/bin and /usr/pkg/sbin. Make sure that these
643directories are in your PATH variable.
644
645In order to obtain a reasonably current snapshot of the pkgsrc tree, use
646the tarball from NetBSD:
647
648 fetch -o /tmp/pkgsrc.tar.gz ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/packages/pkgsrc.tar.gz
649 cd /usr; tar -xzf /tmp/pkgsrc.tar.gz; chown -R root:wheel pkgsrc
650
651This tree can then be kept up to date with cvs update:
652
653 cd /usr/pkgsrc; cvs up
654
655NOTE! If you upgraded from a pre-1.4 system to 1.4 or later, you need to
656build and install the pkgsrc bootstrap manually:
657
658 cd /usr/pkgsrc/bootstrap
659 ./bootstrap --pkgdbdir /var/db/pkg --prefix /usr/pkg
660
661+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
662+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY ON AN EXISTING DRAGONFLY SYSTEM +
663+ UPDATING FROM PRE-1.2 SYSTEMS OR FreeBSD 4.x TO +
664+ DRAGONFLY 1.3+ (EITHER PREVIEW or HEAD) +
665+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
58116288 666
114580ac 667The compatibility shims for the build environment have been removed, you
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668have to update to DragonFly 1.2 release branch first.
669
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670The default PAM configuration has moved from /etc/pam.conf to /etc/pam.d/.
671The existing configuration can be converted using /etc/pam.d/convert.sh.
672Entries in /etc/pam.d/ override entries in /etc/pam.conf. In addition
673the pam_skey.so module was retired, you have to remove it manually from
674your configuration, when you convert it.
58116288 675
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676> Required user and group IDs when upgrading from either FreeBSD or DragonFly
677---------------------
678
679The following users may be missing from your password file. Use vipw and
680add any that are missing:
681
682smmsp:*:25:25::0:0:Sendmail Submission User:/var/spool/clientmqueue:/sbin/nologin
dcf85892 683_pflogd:*:64:64::0:0:pflogd privsep user:/var/empty:/sbin/nologin
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684
685The following groups may be missing from your group file. Use vi /etc/group
686and add any that are missing:
687
688smmsp:*:25:
689authpf:*:63:
dcf85892 690_pflogd:*:64:
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691
692
f419daca 693> Upgrading to DragonFly from FreeBSD
5e0ae0d4 694---------------------
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696You can build the DragonFly world and DragonFly kernels on a FreeBSD-4.x or
697FreeBSD-5.x machine and then install DragonFly over FreeBSD, replacing
698FreeBSD. Note that the DragonFly buildworld target does not try to reuse
699make depend information, it starts from scratch, so no pre-cleaning of the
700object hierarchy is necessary.
701
466bbc10 702 # get the CVS repository (it is placed in /home/dcvs, 500MB).
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703 # Please use the -h option and a mirror site to pull the
704 # initial repository, but feel free to use the main repository
705 # machine to pull updates.
5010eeb3 706 cvsup /usr/share/examples/cvsup/DragonFly-cvs-supfile
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707 # install the source from the CVS hierarchy (remove preexisting
708 # FreeBSD src first) (500MB)
709 cd /usr
710 rm -rf src
50172b1c 711 cvs -R -d /home/dcvs checkout -P src
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712
713 # build it (500MB used in /usr/obj)
714 #
715 cd /usr/src
716 make buildworld
717 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
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719Once you have built DragonFly you have to install it over FreeBSD. Since
720DragonFly does not track changes made by FreeBSD to its include file
721hierarchy and include file pollution can cause all sorts of unexpected
722compilation issues to come up, it is best to wipe your include hierarchy
723prior to installing DragonFly. Note that you should not wipe any installed
724FreeBSD header files or binaries until after you have successfully completed
725the build steps above.
fb12f484 726
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727 rm -rf /usr/include
728 mkdir /usr/include
729 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
730 make installworld
fb12f484 731
b8cbf045 732Then you need to upgrade your system. DragonFly's 'make upgrade' target
f419daca 733will unconditionally upgrade the /etc files that sysops do not usually
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734mess around with, such as the files in /etc/rc.d. It will also remove any
735obsolete files such as utilities and manpages that have been removed from
736the system since the version you're coming from. If you are unsure we
737recommend that you make a backup of at least your /etc before applying
738this step. Note that DragonFly's RC system is basically RCNG from
739FreeBSD-5, but there are some differences in the contents of the RC files.
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740
741 make upgrade
742
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743NOTE! Never do a 'make upgrade' before 'make installworld' has been run.
744Doing so might leave your system in an unusable state.
745
f419daca 746Finally we recommend that you do an 'ls -lta BLAH' for /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin,
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747/usr/bin, and /usr/lib, and remove any stale files that you find. Please
748report these files to the DragonFly developers so that they can be added to
749the 'upgrade' target.
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