sound: Remove debugging messages
[dragonfly.git] / UPDATING
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1# Updating Information for DragonFly users.
2#
3#
4# This file should warn you of any pitfalls which you might need to work around
5# when trying to update your DragonFly system. The information below is
6# in reverse-time order, with the latest information at the top.
7#
8# If you discover any problem, please contact the bugs@lists.dragonflybsd.org
9# mailing list with the details.
d2a0decc 10
2a617999
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11+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
12+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 4.0 TO LATER VERSIONS +
13+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
14
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15SCTP SUPPORT DROPPED
16--------------------
17
18Support for the SCTP protocol has been removed.
19
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20OLD USB DRIVERS REMOVED
21-----------------------
22
23The old USB stack, along with the kernel config option "device oldusb"
24and the make.conf variable "WANT_OLDUSB" have been removed. This means
25that for custom kernel configuration files which were derived from a
26GENERIC or X86_64_GENERIC file prior to making the usb4bsd stack default,
27various (old USB stack specific) devices will now complain about being
28unknown:
29
30 * oldusb (obviously)
31 * natausb (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
32 * rue (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
33 * ugen (no longer needed in usb4bsd)
34 * urio (not yet ported to usb4bsd)
35 * uscanner (no longer needed in usb4bsd)
36
37They should be removed or commented out in such custom kernel configs.
38
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39+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
40+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.8 TO LATER VERSIONS +
41+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
42
2a617999 43SMP AND DEVICE_POLLING OPTIONS MADE UNKNOWN
39b3e0a1
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44-------------------------------------------
45
46DEVICE_POLLING was replaced by IFPOLL_ENABLE and the former SMP code is
47the default now (even on single-core systems), both for, like, 21 months.
48We kept the options around as no-ops as a convenience, to allow people
49using the same config for the then current release and the then current
50master. That period is now over, so any configs still having those
51options have to be adjusted.
52
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53SYSVIPC SYSCALLS MADE NON-OPTIONAL
54----------------------------------
55
56The code related to the SYSVMSG, SYSVSEM and SYSVSHM kernel options is
57now compiled in by default. The options are no-ops for now.
58
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59DEFAULT DRIVER CHANGED FOR LSI "THUNDERBOLT" SERIES RAID CONTROLLERS
60--------------------------------------------------------------------
61
62The default driver for those controllers is now mrsas(4) due to reports
63of file system corruption using the mfi(4) driver. The whole issue (and
64how to deal with potential problems when switching) was explained here:
65
66http://lists.dragonflybsd.org/pipermail/users/2014-July/128703.html
67
68A tunable is provided for letting those controllers still attach via
69the mfi(4) driver, hw.mrsas.mfi_enable (see mrsas(4) manual page).
70
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71OLDER NETWORK DRIVERS MOVED TO I386 ONLY
72----------------------------------------
73
74The following drivers have been made i386 only: ed(4), sr(4), ng_sync_ar
75and ng_sync_sr. ed(4) used to be in X86_64_GENERIC, so it has to be
76removed in kernel configs derived from X86_64_GENERIC.
77
e19e3c77 78+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 79+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.6 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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80+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
81
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82UPDATE FROM MOST RECENT 3.6
83---------------------------
84
85Versions of 3.6 built before June 25th have a bug where installworld might
86crash during installation of the new initrd. Upgrade to the latest version
87of 3.6 before updating to 3.8 or later.
88
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89ATM, IPX, NCP AND NWFS SUPPORT DROPPED
90--------------------------------------
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91
92Support for the IPX and NCP network protocols and for mouting NetWare
7c87aae6 93file systems has been dropped. Dito for ATM protocol support.
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94
95INITRD IMAGES NOW INSTALLED BY DEFAULT
96--------------------------------------
97
98An initial ramdisk image is now installed in /boot/kernel/initrd.img.gz
99
100Older images installed under the file name of initrd.img will be removed
101automatically by the make upgrade process.
102
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103USB4BSD IS NOW THE DEFAULT USB STACK
104------------------------------------
105
106To get back to the old stack, put "WANT_OLDUSB=yes" in /etc/make.conf and
107replace "device usb" with "device oldusb" in the kernel configuration.
108
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109MORE ISA SUPPORT DROPPED
110------------------------
111
112ISA support has been dropped from the following drivers: adv(4), an(4),
113ar(4), cs(4), digi(4), ed(4), ep(4), ex(4), fe(4), lnc(4), sbni(4),
114si(4), sn(4), and stg(4).
115
9332798a 116+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 117+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.4 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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118+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
119
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120ABI CHANGE
121----------
122
123Installed third-party software (dports) will have to be rebuilt after upgrade,
124or reinstalled from binary packages.
125
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126UPDATING FROM 3.4 TO 3.6
127------------------------
128
129This only applies for this specific upgrade due to locale changes; it is
130not needed for upgrades after 3.6. Please update in this order:
131
132make buildworld
133make buildkernel
134make installworld
135make installkernel
136*reboot*
137make upgrade
138
139See this mailing list post for details:
140http://lists.dragonflybsd.org/pipermail/users/2013-September/090163.html
141
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142CYRIX OPTIONS REMOVED
143---------------------
144
145The following Cyrix related options have been removed: CPU_BTB_EN,
146CPU_CYRIX_NO_LOCK, CPU_DIRECT_MAPPED_CACHE, CPU_DISABLE_5X86_LSSER,
147CPU_FASTER_5X86_FPU, CPU_IORT, CPU_LOOP_EN, CPU_RSTK_EN, CPU_SUSP_HLT,
148CYRIX_CACHE_WORKS, and CYRIX_CACHE_REALLY_WORKS
149
150ISA SUPPORT REMOVED FROM RP(4)
151------------------------------
152
153ISA support has been removed from the rp(4) driver. It is now PCI only.
154
64aeb497 155+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 156+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.2 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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157+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
158
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159COMPAT_SUNOS OPTION REMOVED
160---------------------------
161
162The COMPAT_SUNOS option has been removed. It was meant to provide binary
163compatibility with SunOS 4.x for the sparc32 port of 4.4BSD.
164
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165ISA SOUND CARD SUPPORT REMOVED
166------------------------------
167
168The following modules have been removed (all for ISA sound cards):
169snd_ad1816.ko, snd_ess.ko, snd_mss.ko, snd_sb8.ko, snd_sb16.ko, snd_sbc.ko
170
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171GCC 4.7
172-------
173
174DragonFly has switched base compilers. GCC 4.7 is now the default
175compiler and GCC 4.4 is the alternative compiler. The "NO_GCC47" make
176variable ceases to work now.
177
178Users who wish to build only GCC 4.7 have to use NO_GCC44 in the
179/etc/make.conf to prohibit GCC 4.4 from building. However, using it is
180highly discouraged. There are a few packages in pkgsrc that do not build
181with GCC 4.7 and the new "DPorts" system uses GCC 4.4 by default. At
182this time, it is recommended to keep both compilers on the base system.
183
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184SMP OPTION REMOVED
185------------------
186
187The SMP kernel option has been made a no-op. All kernels now feature SMP
188support. If you have 'options SMP' in your kernel config, you can as well
189remove it.
190
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191DEVICE_POLLING OPTION REPLACED BY IFPOLL_ENABLE OPTION, KTR_POLLING REMOVED
192---------------------------------------------------------------------------
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193
194The DEVICE_POLLING kernel option has been made a no-op and it has been
195replaced by IFPOLL_ENABLE. If you have 'options DEVICE_POLLING' in your
196kernel config, you need to change it to IFPOLL_ENABLE.
197
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198Also, the KTR_POLLING kernel option has been removed, so it must be
199removed from kernel configs that have it.
200
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201BUSLOGIC, CYCLADES AND STALLION ISA SUPPORT REMOVED
202---------------------------------------------------
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203
204The bt(4) driver for Buslogic SCSI adapters has been made PCI only. ISA
205cards will no longer be detected.
206
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207The same has been done for Stallion multiport serial controllers. stli(4)
208has been completely removed (along with the stlload(8) and stlstty(8)
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209utilities) and stl(4) was changed to support only PCI cards. Similarly,
210ISA support was removed from cy(4) too. All these drivers are i386 only.
e6f626a1 211
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212COMPAT_OLDISA OPTION GONE
213-------------------------
214
215The i386 specific COMPAT_OLDISA kernel option has been removed, since
216nothing needs it anymore.
217
c691bb43 218+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 219+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 3.0 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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220+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
221
222APIC_IO OPTION REMOVED
223----------------------
224
225The APIC_IO kernel option is no longer accepted after having been without
226effect for a while. The hw.ioapic_enable tunable now serves its purpose.
227If you have 'options APIC_IO' in your kernel config, you'll have to
228remove it.
229
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230WATCHDOG_ENABLE & HW_WDOG OPTIONS REMOVED
231-----------------------------------------
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232
233The wdog framework is now compiled into our kernels by default, so the
6d488cc3 234options are no longer needed.
cf03d6cd 235
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236DOSCMD(1) REMOVED
237-----------------
238
239doscmd(1) has been removed. It was i386 only. The doscmd(1) specific
240NO_X make.conf option was removed too.
241
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242GCC 4.7
243-------
244
245GCC 4.7 has been brought in and replaces GCC 4.1 as DragonFly's non-
246default compiler in base (default is still GCC 4.4).
247
248Users who wish to build only GCC 4.4 have to replace NO_GCC41 with
249NO_GCC47 in /etc/make.conf.
250
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251USB4BSD
252-------
253
254A new USB stack (from FreeBSD) has been brought in. The following
255modules have been ported so far: usb, uhci, ohci, ehci, xhci, umass,
256usfs, uether, if_axe, if_udav, ukbd, ums, uep, uhid, usb_quirk,
257and uaudio.
258
259It is not yet the default. To activate it, WANT_USB4BSD=yes has to
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260be put in make.conf and device "usb4bsd" (quotes needed) has to
261replace device usb in the kernel config. After that, a full
262build/install/upgrade cycle is needed.
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263
264Note that this is experimental and incomplete, but we are interested
265in hearing about issues with it, of course.
266
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267ISA SUPPORT REMOVED FROM AIC-6260/6360 DRIVER
268---------------------------------------------
269
270ISA adapter support was dropped from the aic(4) driver.
271
96386d4b 272+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 273+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.10 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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274+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
275
276SEVERAL ISA DRIVERS REMOVED
277---------------------------
278
279The following ISA only drivers have been removed along with a couple of
280associated userland tools:
281
282aha(4)
283asc(4) & sasc(1)
284ctx
285dgb(4)
286el(4)
287gpib
288gsc(4) & sgsc(1)
289ie(4)
290labpc(4)
291le(4)
292mse(4)
293rc(4)
294rdp(4)
295spigot
296tw(4) & xten(1) & xtend(8)
297wl(4) & wlconfig(8)
298wt(4)
299
300Note that two of these drivers (aha(4) and ie(4)) are in our GENERIC
301config and one (aha(4)) is in our X86_64_GENERIC kernel configuration
302file.
303
304If buildkernel complains about any of these drivers, just remove them
305from your kernel configuration.
306
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307BINUTILS 2.20
308-------------
37c5a0db 309Binutils 2.20 has been removed in favor of Binutils 2.22. The accepted
e685772e 310values of BINUTILSVERS are now binutils221 and binutils222 (default).
919eb219 311
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312BUILDWORLD/-KERNEL PARALLELIZATION WORK
313---------------------------------------
314Due to changes in the way we build with more than one make job, you
315will have to update install(1) and mkdir(1) prior to buildworld if you
316want to build with 'make -j':
317
318cd /usr/src/usr.bin/xinstall; make; make install; make clean
319cd /usr/src/bin/mkdir; make; make install; make clean
320
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321DMA(8) UPGRADE
322--------------
323dma(8) has been upgraded to v0.7 which no longer supports the
324/etc/dma/virtusertable. Some of its functionality has been replaced
325with the MASQUERADE keyword and the EMAIL environment variable (see
326the dma(8) manual page).
327
a4a39c94 328+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
62d4130d 329+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.8 TO LATER VERSIONS +
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330+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
331
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332GCC 4.4 & BINUTILS 2.21
333-----------------------
30c91f0c 334
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335GCC 4.4 has been made DragonFly's default compiler and Binutils 2.21 has
336been made DragonFly's default Binutils.
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337
338That means that any settings that set CCVER to 'gcc44' are not needed
339anymore. Instead, CCVER can be set to 'gcc41' to go back to using
340GCC 4.1.
341
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342It also means that 'binutils221' as a value for BINUTILSVER has no
343effect anymore. 2.17 has been removed and 'binutils220' is available
344as an option.
345
5738210d 346The NO_GCC44 option has been removed and will not affect the build
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347anymore. There is now a NO_GCC41 option that will prevent GCC 4.1 from
348building in a similar fashion.
349
80abb3be 350Note that you must do a full buildworld/buildkernel for upgrading.
30c91f0c 351
a4a39c94 352pkg_radd settings
c983d16e 353-----------------
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354
355The config file for pkg_radd has moved from /etc/settings.conf to
356/etc/pkg_radd.conf. Save the contents of settings.conf before upgrading
357if this is needed. This warning only applies if /etc/settings.conf
358exists. pkg_radd will continue to work with defaults.
359
b79f66dd 360+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
72fe41d3 361+ 20100927 +
1bb1cc14 362+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY FROM 2.6 to 2.8 or HEAD +
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363+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
364
72fe41d3 365OpenSSL
c983d16e 366--------
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367
368OpenSSL has been upgraded, and SHLIB_MAJOR was bumped for libssh and libcrypto.
369This shouldn't break any 3rd-party software, but you'll need to recompile your
3703rd-party software if you want it to link against the new version of OpenSSL.
371
8eb0b612 372Loader
c983d16e 373-------
8eb0b612 374
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375A new loader (dloader) has been added which better handles booting from
376multiple kernel/module versions.
377
378To upgrade (Only for this upgrade, for post 2.8 upgrades see GENERAL below)
379
380 cd /usr/src
381 make buildworld
382 make installworld
383 make upgrade
384 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
385 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
386
387Note that you must installworld and run the 'upgrade' target before
388installing the new kernel.
389
8eb0b612 390BIND
c983d16e 391-----
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392
393BIND has been removed from the base system. The ldns and drill tools have
394been added for basic functionality. Use 'drill' where you would normally
395use nslookup or dig, or install BIND from pkgsrc. It's available as
396net/bind95, net/bind96, or net/bind97 as of this writing.
397
398This only affects older systems upgrading to 2.8. New 2.8+ installs
399include BIND as a pkgsrc package.
400
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401+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
402+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY ON AN EXISTING DRAGONFLY SYSTEM +
403+ GENERAL +
404+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
984263bc 405
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406Instructions on how to obtain and maintain DragonFly source code using git
407are in the development(7) manual page.
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408
409To upgrade a DragonFly system from sources you run the following sequence:
410
411 cd /usr/src
412 make buildworld
413 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
414 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
415 make installworld
416
417You will also want to run the 'upgrade' target to upgrade your /etc and the
418rest of your system. The upgrade target is aware of stale files created by
419older DragonFly installations and should delete them automatically.
420
421 make upgrade
422
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423See the build(7) manual page for further information.
424
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425Once you've done a full build of the world and kernel you can do incremental
426upgrades of either by using the 'quickworld' and 'quickkernel' targets
427instead of 'buildworld' and 'buildkernel'. If you have any problems with
a700883c 428the quick targets, try updating your repo first, and then a full buildworld
d2a0decc 429and buildkernel as shown above, before asking for help.
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430
431+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
432+ UPGRADING FROM DRAGONFLY <= 2.0 TO DRAGONFLY >= 2.1 +
433+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
434
435In 2.1 kernel and modules has moved to boot directory. For most cases
436this is handled automatically by 'make upgrade'. A few cases needs manual
437intervention:
438
439 * When installing a kernel without first doing a make buildworld,
440 installworld and upgrade to the same DESTDIR as kernel:
441 make DESTDIR/boot directory and move kernel and modules into this boot
442 directory; also move kernel.old and modules.old.
443 Typical example is vkernel(7), use (no modules used):
444
445 cd /var/vkernel
446 mkdir boot
447 chflags noschg kernel
448 mv kernel kernel.old boot
449 chflags schg boot/kernel
450
451 * When using a boot-only partition, /boot/loader.rc needs to be edited:
452 delete occurrences of '/boot/'.
453 These occurences can normally be deleted in any case, see loader(8).
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454
455+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
456+ UPGRADING FROM DRAGONFLY <= 1.8 TO DRAGONFLY >= 1.9 +
457+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
458
459In 1.9 major changes to the disk management infrastructure have taken
460place. make upgrade may not catch all of your disk devices in /dev,
461so after upgrading be sure to cd /dev; ./MAKEDEV <blah> where <blah>
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462are all of your disk devices. HOWEVER, from late 2.3 on we run devfs
463and MAKEDEV no longer exists.
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464
465The biggest changes in 1.9 are:
466
467(1) That whole-slice devices such as da0s1 no longer share the same device
468 id as partition c devices such as da0s1c.
469
470(2) The whole-disk device (e.g. da0) is full raw access to the disk,
471 with no snooping or reserved sectors. Consequently you cannot run
472 disklabel on this device. Instead you must run disklabel on a
473 whole-slice device.
474
475(3) The 'compatibility' partitions now use slice 0 in the device name,
476 so instead of da0a you must specify da0s0a. Also, as per (1) above,
477 accessing the disklabel for the compatibility partitions must be
478 done via slice 0 (da0s0).
479
480(4) Many device drivers that used to fake up labels, such as CD, ACD, VN,
481 and CCD now run through the disk management layer and are assigned
482 real disk management devices. VN and CCD in particular do not usually
483 use a MBR and disklabels must be accessed through the compatibility
484 slice 0. Your /etc/ccd.conf file still specifies 'ccd0', though, you
485 don't name it 'ccd0s0' in the config file.
486
487Generally speaking, you have to get used to running fdisk and disklabel on
488the correctly specified device names. A lot of the wiggle, such as running
489disklabel on a partition, has been removed.
490
491+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
492+ UPGRADING FROM OLDER VERSIONS OF DRAGONFLY OR FREEBSD +
493+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
494
495> Kerberos IV
496-------------
497
498Kerberos IV (eBones) was removed from the tree, please consider moving to
499Kerberos 5 (Heimdal).
500
501> Package Management System
502---------------------------
503
504Starting with the 1.4 release, DragonFly uses NetBSD's pkgsrc package
505management system. The necessary tools to build and maintain packages
506are provided in /usr/pkg/bin and /usr/pkg/sbin. Make sure that these
507directories are in your PATH variable.
508
509In order to obtain a reasonably current snapshot of the pkgsrc tree, use
510the tarball from NetBSD:
511
512 fetch -o /tmp/pkgsrc.tar.gz ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/packages/pkgsrc.tar.gz
513 cd /usr; tar -xzf /tmp/pkgsrc.tar.gz; chown -R root:wheel pkgsrc
514
515This tree can then be kept up to date with cvs update:
516
517 cd /usr/pkgsrc; cvs up
518
519NOTE! If you upgraded from a pre-1.4 system to 1.4 or later, you need to
520build and install the pkgsrc bootstrap manually:
521
522 cd /usr/pkgsrc/bootstrap
523 ./bootstrap --pkgdbdir /var/db/pkg --prefix /usr/pkg
524
525+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
526+ UPGRADING DRAGONFLY ON AN EXISTING DRAGONFLY SYSTEM +
527+ UPDATING FROM PRE-1.2 SYSTEMS OR FreeBSD 4.x TO +
528+ DRAGONFLY 1.3+ (EITHER PREVIEW or HEAD) +
529+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
58116288 530
114580ac 531The compatibility shims for the build environment have been removed, you
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532have to update to DragonFly 1.2 release branch first.
533
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534The default PAM configuration has moved from /etc/pam.conf to /etc/pam.d/.
535The existing configuration can be converted using /etc/pam.d/convert.sh.
536Entries in /etc/pam.d/ override entries in /etc/pam.conf. In addition
537the pam_skey.so module was retired, you have to remove it manually from
538your configuration, when you convert it.
58116288 539
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540> Required user and group IDs when upgrading from either FreeBSD or DragonFly
541---------------------
542
543The following users may be missing from your password file. Use vipw and
544add any that are missing:
545
546smmsp:*:25:25::0:0:Sendmail Submission User:/var/spool/clientmqueue:/sbin/nologin
dcf85892 547_pflogd:*:64:64::0:0:pflogd privsep user:/var/empty:/sbin/nologin
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548
549The following groups may be missing from your group file. Use vi /etc/group
550and add any that are missing:
551
552smmsp:*:25:
553authpf:*:63:
dcf85892 554_pflogd:*:64:
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555
556
f419daca 557> Upgrading to DragonFly from FreeBSD
5e0ae0d4 558---------------------
984263bc 559
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560You can build the DragonFly world and DragonFly kernels on a FreeBSD-4.x or
561FreeBSD-5.x machine and then install DragonFly over FreeBSD, replacing
562FreeBSD. Note that the DragonFly buildworld target does not try to reuse
563make depend information, it starts from scratch, so no pre-cleaning of the
564object hierarchy is necessary.
565
466bbc10 566 # get the CVS repository (it is placed in /home/dcvs, 500MB).
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567 # Please use the -h option and a mirror site to pull the
568 # initial repository, but feel free to use the main repository
569 # machine to pull updates.
5010eeb3 570 cvsup /usr/share/examples/cvsup/DragonFly-cvs-supfile
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571 # install the source from the CVS hierarchy (remove preexisting
572 # FreeBSD src first) (500MB)
573 cd /usr
574 rm -rf src
50172b1c 575 cvs -R -d /home/dcvs checkout -P src
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576
577 # build it (500MB used in /usr/obj)
578 #
579 cd /usr/src
580 make buildworld
581 make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
984263bc 582
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583Once you have built DragonFly you have to install it over FreeBSD. Since
584DragonFly does not track changes made by FreeBSD to its include file
585hierarchy and include file pollution can cause all sorts of unexpected
586compilation issues to come up, it is best to wipe your include hierarchy
587prior to installing DragonFly. Note that you should not wipe any installed
588FreeBSD header files or binaries until after you have successfully completed
589the build steps above.
fb12f484 590
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591 rm -rf /usr/include
592 mkdir /usr/include
593 make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
594 make installworld
fb12f484 595
b8cbf045 596Then you need to upgrade your system. DragonFly's 'make upgrade' target
f419daca 597will unconditionally upgrade the /etc files that sysops do not usually
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598mess around with, such as the files in /etc/rc.d. It will also remove any
599obsolete files such as utilities and manpages that have been removed from
600the system since the version you're coming from. If you are unsure we
601recommend that you make a backup of at least your /etc before applying
602this step. Note that DragonFly's RC system is basically RCNG from
603FreeBSD-5, but there are some differences in the contents of the RC files.
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604
605 make upgrade
606
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607NOTE! Never do a 'make upgrade' before 'make installworld' has been run.
608Doing so might leave your system in an unusable state.
609
f419daca 610Finally we recommend that you do an 'ls -lta BLAH' for /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin,
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611/usr/bin, and /usr/lib, and remove any stale files that you find. Please
612report these files to the DragonFly developers so that they can be added to
613the 'upgrade' target.
f419daca 614