libthread_xu: disable use of version script
[dragonfly.git] / share / zoneinfo / africa
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2047e903 1# @(#)africa 8.19
34850bd5 2# <pre>
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3
4# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
5# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
6# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
7
bd7414aa 8# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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9#
10# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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11# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
12# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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13#
14# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
15# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
16# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
17# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
18# of the IATA's data after 1990.
19#
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20# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
21# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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22#
23# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
24# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
25# I found in the UCLA library.
26#
27# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
28# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
29#
30# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
31# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
9ffe4b14 32# but Mark R V Murray reports that
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33# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
34# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
35# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
36# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
37# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
38#
39# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
40# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
41# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
42# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
43# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
44#
45# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
46# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
47# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
48# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
49# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
50# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
51# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
52# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
53# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
54# until we get more information.
55#
56# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
57# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
58# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
59# 2:44:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
60# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
61# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
62# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
63# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
64
65# Algeria
66# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
67Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 68Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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69Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
70Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
71Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
74Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
75Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
76Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
77Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 78Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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79Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
80Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
81Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
82Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
83Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
84Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
85Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
86Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
87Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
88Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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89# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
90# more precise 0:09:21.
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91# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
92Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
93 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
94 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
95 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
96 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
97 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
98 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
99 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
100 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
101 1:00 - CET
102
103# Angola
104# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
105Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
106 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
107 1:00 - WAT
108
109# Benin
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110# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
111# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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112# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
113Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
114 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
115 1:00 - WAT
116
117# Botswana
118# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
119Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
120 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
121 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
122 2:00 - CAT
123
124# Burkina Faso
125# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
126Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
127 0:00 - GMT
128
129# Burundi
130# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
131Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
132 2:00 - CAT
133
134# Cameroon
bd7414aa 135# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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136# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
137Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
138 1:00 - WAT
139
140# Cape Verde
141# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
142Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
143 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
144 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
145 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
146 -1:00 - CVT
147
148# Central African Republic
149# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
150Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
151 1:00 - WAT
152
153# Chad
154# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
155Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
156 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
157 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
158 1:00 - WAT
159
160# Comoros
161# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
162Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
163 3:00 - EAT
164
165# Democratic Republic of Congo
166# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
167Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
168 1:00 - WAT
169Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
170 2:00 - CAT
171
172# Republic of the Congo
173# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
174Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
175 1:00 - WAT
176
177# Cote D'Ivoire
178# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
179Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
180 0:00 - GMT
181
182# Djibouti
183# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
184Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
185 3:00 - EAT
186
187###############################################################################
188
189# Egypt
190
191# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
192Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
193Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
194Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
196Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
198Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
199Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
200Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
201Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
202Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
203Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
204Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
205Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
206Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
207Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
208Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
209Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
210Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
211# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
212# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
213Rule Egypt 1995 max - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
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214Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
215# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
216# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
217# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
218# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
219# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
220Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 -
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221# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
222# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
223# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
224# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
225# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
226# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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227# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
228# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
229Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 -
230# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
231# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
232# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
233# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
234# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
235# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
236# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 237# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 238# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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239
240# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
241# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
242#
243# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
244# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC =3D Thu =
245# Apr 23
246# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=3D0 gmtoff=3D7200
247# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC =3D Fri =
248# Apr 24
249# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=3D1 gmtoff=3D10800
250# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC =3D Thu =
251# Aug 27
252# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=3D1 gmtoff=3D10800
253# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC =3D Thu =
254# Aug 27
255# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=3D0 gmtoff=3D7200
256#
257# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
258# :59)
259# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
260#
261# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
262#
263# [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=3D492263">
264# https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=3D492263
265# </a>
266# [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=3D53">
267# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=3D53
268# </a>
269# [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
270# http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
271# </a>
272
273# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
274# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
275# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
276# in September.
277Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 -
278Rule Egypt 2009 max - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
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279
280# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
281Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct
282 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
283
284# Equatorial Guinea
285# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
286Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
287 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
288 1:00 - WAT
289
290# Eritrea
291# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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292Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
293 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
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294 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
295 3:00 - EAT
296
297# Ethiopia
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298# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
299# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
300# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
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301# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
302# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
303Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
304 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
305 3:00 - EAT
306
307# Gabon
308# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
309Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
310 1:00 - WAT
311
312# Gambia
313# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
314Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
315 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
316 -1:00 - WAT 1964
317 0:00 - GMT
318
319# Ghana
320# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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321# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
322# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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323Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
324Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
325# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
326Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
327 0:00 Ghana %s
328
329# Guinea
330# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
331Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
332 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
333 -1:00 - WAT 1960
334 0:00 - GMT
335
336# Guinea-Bissau
337# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
338Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
339 -1:00 - WAT 1975
340 0:00 - GMT
341
342# Kenya
343# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
344Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
345 3:00 - EAT 1930
346 2:30 - BEAT 1940
347 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1960
348 3:00 - EAT
349
350# Lesotho
351# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
352Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
353 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
354 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
355 2:00 - SAST
356
357# Liberia
bd7414aa 358# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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359# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
360# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
361# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
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362# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
363# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
364# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
365# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
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366# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
367Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
368 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
369 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
370 0:00 - GMT
371
372###############################################################################
373
374# Libya
375
376# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
377Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
378Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
379Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
380Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
381Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
382Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
383Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
384Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
385Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
386Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
387Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
388Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 389Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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390# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
391Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
392 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
393 2:00 - EET 1982
394 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
bd7414aa 395# The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
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396# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
397 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
398 1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
399 1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4
400 2:00 - EET
401
402# Madagascar
403# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
404Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
405 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
406 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
407 3:00 - EAT
408
409# Malawi
410# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
411Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
412 2:00 - CAT
413
414# Mali
415# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
416Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
417 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
418 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
419 0:00 - GMT
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420
421# Mauritania
422# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
423Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
424 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
425 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
426 0:00 - GMT
427
428# Mauritius
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429
430# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
431# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
432# basis....
433# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
434# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
435# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 436
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437# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
438# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 439
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440# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
441# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
442# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
443# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 444
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445# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
446# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
447
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448# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
449# According to
450# <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
451# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
452# </a>
453# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
454# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
455# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
456# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
457#
458# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
459# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
460# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
461# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
462# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
463# changes two days later.
464
465# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
466# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
467# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
468# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
469#
470# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
471# de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
472# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one.
473# ...
474# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
475# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
476# </a>
477
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478# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
479# The Government of Mauritius weblink
480# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=3D4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
481# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=3D4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
482# </a>
483# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
484#
485# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
486# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
487# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
488# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
489# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
490# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
491# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
492# year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
493# and end on 29 March 2009.
494
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495# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
496# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
497# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
498# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
499# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
500# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
501# </a>
502
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503# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
504Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
505Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
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506Rule Mauritius 2008 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
507Rule Mauritius 2009 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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508# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
509Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
a36b983e 510 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
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511# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
512# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
513
514# Mayotte
515# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
516Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
517 3:00 - EAT
518
519# Morocco
520# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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521
522# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
523# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
524# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
525#
526# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
527# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
528# Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
529#
530# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
531# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
532# </a>
533# OR
534# <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
535# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
536# </a>
537
538# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
539# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
540# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view">
541# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
542# </a>
543#
544# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
545# spokesman.
546
547# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
548# According to this article:
549# <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
550# http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
551# </a>
552# (and republished here:
553# <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html">
554# http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html
555# </a>
556# )
557# the changes occurs at midnight:
558#
559# saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be
560# intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday)
561# sunday night the 28th at midnight
562#
563# Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
564# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
565# monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
566# june1st to sept 27th.
567#
568# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
569# published on the web.
570#
571# It's also confirmed here:
3f249718 572# <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
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573# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
574# </a>
575# on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet
576# posted in english).
577#
578# The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
579# <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
580# http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
581# </a>
582
583# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
584# Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow
585# Morocco DST changes? Any information? What about other part of
586# Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named
587# SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)?
588
589# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09):
590# XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now.
591
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592# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
593# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
594# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
595# of September:
596#
597# One article about it (in French):
598# <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
599# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
600# </a>
601#
602# We have some further details posted here:
603# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
604# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
605# </a>
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606
607# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
608# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
609# to many sources, such as
610# <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
611# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
612# </a>
613# <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
614# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
615# </a>
616# (French)
617#
618# Our summary:
619# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
620# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
621# </a>
622
623# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
624# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
625# Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
626#
627# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
628# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
629# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
630# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
631#
632# <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
633# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
634# </a>
635#
636# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
637# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
638# </a>
639
984263bc 640# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
234dfcd0 641
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642Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
643Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
644Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
645Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
646Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
647Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
648Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
649Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
650Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
651Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
652Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
653Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
654Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
655Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
656Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
fcf6e80e 657Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 658Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
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659Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
660Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
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661# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
662Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
663 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
664 1:00 - CET 1986
fcf6e80e 665 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
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666# Western Sahara
667Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
668 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
669 0:00 - WET
670
671# Mozambique
672# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
673Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
674 2:00 - CAT
675
676# Namibia
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677# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
678# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
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679
680# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
681# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
682# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
683# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
684# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
685# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
686# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
687# of the country.
688#
689# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
690# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
691# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
692
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693# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
694Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
695Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
696# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
697Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
698 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
699 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
700 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
701 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
702 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
703 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
704
705# Niger
706# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
707Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
708 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
709 0:00 - GMT 1960
710 1:00 - WAT
711
712# Nigeria
713# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
714Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
715 1:00 - WAT
716
717# Reunion
718# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
719Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
720 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
721#
722# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
723# The following information about them is taken from
724# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
725# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
726# We have no info about their time zone histories.
727#
728# Bassas da India - uninhabited
729# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
730# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
731# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
732# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
733
734# Rwanda
735# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
736Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
737 2:00 - CAT
738
739# St Helena
740# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
741Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
742 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
743 0:00 - GMT
744# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
745# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
746# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
747# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
748# on GMT, says the CIA
749# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
750
751# Sao Tome and Principe
752# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
753Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
754 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
755 0:00 - GMT
756
757# Senegal
758# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
759Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
760 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
761 0:00 - GMT
762
763# Seychelles
764# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
765Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
766 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
767# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
768# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
769# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
770# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
771# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
772# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
773
774# Sierra Leone
775# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
bd7414aa 776# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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777Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
778Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
779Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
780Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
781# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
782Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
783 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
784 -1:00 SL %s 1957
785 0:00 SL %s
786
787# Somalia
788# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
789Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
790 3:00 - EAT 1931
791 2:30 - BEAT 1957
792 3:00 - EAT
793
794# South Africa
795# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
796Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
797Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
798# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
799Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
800 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
801 2:00 SA SAST
802# Marion and Prince Edward Is
803# scientific station since 1947
804# no information
805
806# Sudan
807#
808# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
809# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
810# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
811# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
812# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
813# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
814#
815# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
816Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
817Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
818Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
819Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
820# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
821Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
822 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
823 3:00 - EAT
824
825# Swaziland
826# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
827Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
828 2:00 - SAST
829
830# Tanzania
831# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
832Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
833 3:00 - EAT 1948
834 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1961
835 3:00 - EAT
836
837# Togo
838# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
839Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
840 0:00 - GMT
841
842# Tunisia
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843
844# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
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845# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
846# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
847# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
848# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
849# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
850# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
851# Saturday." (My translation)
852#
853# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
854# LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
855# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
856# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
857# 1h standard time.
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858#
859# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
860# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
861# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
862# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
863# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
9ffe4b14 864
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865# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
866# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
867# (Arabic)
868# <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
869# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
870# </a>
871# <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
872# http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
873# </a>
874#
875# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
876# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
877# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
878# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
879# </a>
880
881# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
882# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
883#
884# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
885#
886# (in English)
887# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
888# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
889# </a>
890#
891# (in Arabic)
892# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
893# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
894# </a>
895
896# From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18):
897# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact
898# that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time.
899# Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long."
900# So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
901
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902# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
903Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
904Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
905Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
906Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
907Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
908Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
909Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
910Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
911Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
912Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
913Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
914Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
915Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
916Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
917Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
918Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
919Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
920Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
921Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
922Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
923Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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924Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
925Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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926Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
927Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
928Rule Tunisia 2010 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
929Rule Tunisia 2010 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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930# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
931# more precise 0:09:21.
932# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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933# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
934Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
935 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
936 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
937
938# Uganda
939# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
940Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
941 3:00 - EAT 1930
942 2:30 - BEAT 1948
943 2:44:45 - BEAUT 1957
944 3:00 - EAT
945
946# Zambia
947# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
948Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
949 2:00 - CAT
950
951# Zimbabwe
952# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
953Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
954 2:00 - CAT