Sync zoneinfo database with tzdata2011j from elsie.nci.nih.gov
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34850bd5 1# <pre>
939d3005 2# @(#)africa 8.33
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3# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
4# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
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5
6# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
7# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
8# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
9
bd7414aa 10# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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11#
12# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
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13# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
14# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
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15#
16# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
17# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
18# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
19# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
20# of the IATA's data after 1990.
21#
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22# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
23# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
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24#
25# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
26# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
27# I found in the UCLA library.
28#
29# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
30# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
31#
32# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
33# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
9ffe4b14 34# but Mark R V Murray reports that
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35# `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
36# `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
37# `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
38# the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
39# He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
40#
41# To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
42# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
43# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
44# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
45# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
46#
47# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
48# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
49# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
50# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
51# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
52# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
53# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
54# I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
55# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
56# until we get more information.
57#
58# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
59# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
60# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
939d3005 61# 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
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62# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
63# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
64# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
65# 4:00 EAST East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
66
67# Algeria
68# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
69Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
bd7414aa 70Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
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71Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
72Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
73Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
74Rule Algeria 1920 only - Feb 14 23:00s 1:00 S
75Rule Algeria 1920 only - Oct 23 23:00s 0 -
76Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
77Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
78Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
79Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
bd7414aa 80Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
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81Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
82Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
83Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
84Rule Algeria 1971 only - Sep 26 23:00s 0 -
85Rule Algeria 1977 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 S
86Rule Algeria 1977 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
87Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
88Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
89Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
90Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
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91# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
92# more precise 0:09:21.
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93# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
94Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
95 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
96 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
97 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
98 0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
99 1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
100 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1977 Oct 21
101 1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1979 Oct 26
102 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1981 May
103 1:00 - CET
104
105# Angola
106# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
107Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
108 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
109 1:00 - WAT
110
111# Benin
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112# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
113# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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114# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
115Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
116 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
117 1:00 - WAT
118
119# Botswana
120# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
121Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
122 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
123 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
124 2:00 - CAT
125
126# Burkina Faso
127# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
128Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
129 0:00 - GMT
130
131# Burundi
132# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
133Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
134 2:00 - CAT
135
136# Cameroon
bd7414aa 137# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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138# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
139Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
140 1:00 - WAT
141
142# Cape Verde
143# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
144Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
145 -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
146 -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
147 -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
148 -1:00 - CVT
149
150# Central African Republic
151# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
152Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
153 1:00 - WAT
154
155# Chad
156# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
157Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912
158 1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
159 1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
160 1:00 - WAT
161
162# Comoros
163# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
164Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
165 3:00 - EAT
166
167# Democratic Republic of Congo
168# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
169Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
170 1:00 - WAT
171Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
172 2:00 - CAT
173
174# Republic of the Congo
175# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
176Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
177 1:00 - WAT
178
179# Cote D'Ivoire
180# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
181Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
182 0:00 - GMT
183
184# Djibouti
185# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
186Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
187 3:00 - EAT
188
189###############################################################################
190
191# Egypt
192
193# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
194Rule Egypt 1940 only - Jul 15 0:00 1:00 S
195Rule Egypt 1940 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
196Rule Egypt 1941 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
197Rule Egypt 1941 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
198Rule Egypt 1942 1944 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
199Rule Egypt 1942 only - Oct 27 0:00 0 -
200Rule Egypt 1943 1945 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
201Rule Egypt 1945 only - Apr 16 0:00 1:00 S
202Rule Egypt 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
203Rule Egypt 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
204Rule Egypt 1958 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
205Rule Egypt 1959 1981 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
206Rule Egypt 1959 1965 - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
207Rule Egypt 1966 1994 - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
208Rule Egypt 1982 only - Jul 25 1:00 1:00 S
209Rule Egypt 1983 only - Jul 12 1:00 1:00 S
210Rule Egypt 1984 1988 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
211Rule Egypt 1989 only - May 6 1:00 1:00 S
212Rule Egypt 1990 1994 - May 1 1:00 1:00 S
213# IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
214# Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
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215
216# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
217# "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
218# saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
219# Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
220#
221# Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
222# <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168">
223# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
224# </a>
225# or
226# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html">
227# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
228# </a>
229Rule Egypt 1995 2010 - Apr lastFri 0:00s 1:00 S
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230Rule Egypt 1995 2005 - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
231# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
232# The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
233# Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
234# after observing the daylight saving time since May.
235# http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
236Rule Egypt 2006 only - Sep 21 23:00s 0 -
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237# From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
238# I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
239# saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
240# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
ef5158c8 241# http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
0e49ec84 242# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
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243# From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
244# http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
245Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 23:00s 0 -
246# From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
247# Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
248# than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
249# year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
250# hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
251# shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
252# unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
0e49ec84 253# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
bbe9957d 254# For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
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255
256# From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
257# The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
258#
259# > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
3dbe7164 260# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 261# Apr 23
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262# > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
263# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
2047e903 264# Apr 24
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265# > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
266# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 267# Aug 27
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268# > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
269# > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
2047e903 270# Aug 27
3dbe7164 271# > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
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272#
273# > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
274# :59)
275# > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
276#
277# timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
278#
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279# [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263">
280# https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
2047e903 281# </a>
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282# [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53">
283# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
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284# </a>
285# [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
286# http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
287# </a>
288
289# From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
290# In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
291# Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
292# in September.
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293
294# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
295# We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
296# Information and Decision Support Center:
297# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html">
298# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
299# </a>
300#
301# The Middle East News Agency
302# <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx">
303# http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
304# </a>
305# also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
306# today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
307# Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
308# and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
309# (at least today).
310
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311# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
312# According to News from Egypt - Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
313# decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
314# Ramadan.
315#
316# Arabic translation:
317# "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again"
318# <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again">
319# http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
320# </a>
321# or
322# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html">
323# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
324# </a>
325
2047e903 326Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 23:00s 0 -
d2e76e66 327Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 23:00s 0 -
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328Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 11 0:00 0 -
329Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep 10 0:00 1:00 S
e01e21dd 330Rule Egypt 2010 only - Sep lastThu 23:00s 0 -
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331
332# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
333Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:00 - LMT 1900 Oct
334 2:00 Egypt EE%sT
335
336# Equatorial Guinea
337# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
338Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
339 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
340 1:00 - WAT
341
342# Eritrea
343# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
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344Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
345 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
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346 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
347 3:00 - EAT
348
349# Ethiopia
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350# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
351# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
352# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
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353# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
354# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
355Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
356 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
357 3:00 - EAT
358
359# Gabon
360# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
361Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
362 1:00 - WAT
363
364# Gambia
365# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
366Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
367 -1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
368 -1:00 - WAT 1964
369 0:00 - GMT
370
371# Ghana
372# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
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373# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
374# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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375Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
376Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
377# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
378Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
379 0:00 Ghana %s
380
381# Guinea
382# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
383Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
384 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
385 -1:00 - WAT 1960
386 0:00 - GMT
387
388# Guinea-Bissau
389# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
390Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
391 -1:00 - WAT 1975
392 0:00 - GMT
393
394# Kenya
395# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
396Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
397 3:00 - EAT 1930
398 2:30 - BEAT 1940
939d3005 399 2:45 - BEAUT 1960
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400 3:00 - EAT
401
402# Lesotho
403# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
404Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
405 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
406 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
407 2:00 - SAST
408
409# Liberia
bd7414aa 410# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
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411# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
412# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
413# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
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414# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
415# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
416# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
417# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
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418# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
419Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
420 -0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
421 -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
422 0:00 - GMT
423
424###############################################################################
425
426# Libya
427
428# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
429Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
430Rule Libya 1952 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
431Rule Libya 1953 only - Oct 9 2:00 1:00 S
432Rule Libya 1954 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
433Rule Libya 1955 only - Sep 30 0:00 1:00 S
434Rule Libya 1956 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
435Rule Libya 1982 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
436Rule Libya 1982 1985 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
437Rule Libya 1985 only - Apr 6 0:00 1:00 S
438Rule Libya 1986 only - Apr 4 0:00 1:00 S
439Rule Libya 1986 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
440Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
bc95ec93 441Rule Libya 1987 1989 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
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442# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
443Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
444 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
445 2:00 - EET 1982
446 1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
bd7414aa 447# The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
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448# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
449 2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
450 1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
451 1:00 1:00 CEST 1997 Oct 4
452 2:00 - EET
453
454# Madagascar
455# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
456Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
457 3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
458 3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
459 3:00 - EAT
460
461# Malawi
462# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
463Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
464 2:00 - CAT
465
466# Mali
467# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
468Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
469 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
470 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
471 0:00 - GMT
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472
473# Mauritania
474# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
475Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
476 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
477 -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
478 0:00 - GMT
479
480# Mauritius
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481
482# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
483# Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
484# basis....
ef5158c8 485# It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
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486# 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
487# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
3f249718 488
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489# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
490# http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
3f249718 491
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492# From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
493# The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
494# final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
495# would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
3f249718 496
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497# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
498# Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
499
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500# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
501# According to
502# <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
503# http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
504# </a>
505# (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
506# than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31). The new start
507# date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
508# given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
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509#
510# A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
511# to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
512# but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
513# USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
514# why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
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515# changes two days later.
516
517# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
518# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
519# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
520# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
521#
522# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
523# de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
524# and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one.
525# ...
526# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
527# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
528# </a>
529
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530# From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
531# The Government of Mauritius weblink
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532# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
533# http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
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534# </a>
535# Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
536#
537# 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
538# of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
539# Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
540# the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
541# States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
542# last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
543# the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
544# year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
545# and end on 29 March 2009.
546
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547# From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
548# THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
549# beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
550# morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
551# <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
552# http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
553# </a>
554
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555# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
556# According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
557# DST the coming summer...
558#
559# Some sources, in French:
560# <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB">
561# http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
562# </a>
563# <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-">
564# http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
565# </a>
566#
567# Our wrap-up:
568# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html">
569# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
570# </a>
571
572# From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
573# The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
574# "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
575# at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
576
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577# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
578Rule Mauritius 1982 only - Oct 10 0:00 1:00 S
579Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
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580Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
581Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
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582# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
583Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
a36b983e 584 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
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585# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
586# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
587
588# Mayotte
589# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
590Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
591 3:00 - EAT
592
593# Morocco
594# See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
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595
596# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
597# Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
598# 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
599#
600# "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
601# be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
602# Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
603#
604# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
605# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
606# </a>
607# OR
608# <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
609# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
610# </a>
611
612# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
613# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
614# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view">
615# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
616# </a>
617#
618# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
619# spokesman.
620
621# From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
622# According to this article:
623# <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
624# http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
625# </a>
626# (and republished here:
627# <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html">
628# http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html
629# </a>
630# )
631# the changes occurs at midnight:
632#
633# saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be
634# intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday)
635# sunday night the 28th at midnight
636#
637# Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
638# the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
639# monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
640# june1st to sept 27th.
641#
642# The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
643# published on the web.
644#
645# It's also confirmed here:
3f249718 646# <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
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647# http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
648# </a>
649# on a government portal as being between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet
650# posted in english).
651#
652# The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
653# <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
654# http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
655# </a>
656
657# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
658# Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow
659# Morocco DST changes? Any information? What about other part of
660# Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named
661# SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)?
662
663# From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09):
664# XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now.
665
234dfcd0 666# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
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667# Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
668# and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
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669# of September:
670#
671# One article about it (in French):
672# <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
673# http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
674# </a>
675#
676# We have some further details posted here:
677# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
678# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
679# </a>
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680
681# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
682# Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
683# to many sources, such as
684# <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
685# http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
686# </a>
687# <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
688# http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
689# </a>
690# (French)
691#
692# Our summary:
693# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
694# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
695# </a>
696
697# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
698# Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
699# Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
700#
701# Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
702# concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
703# Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
704# advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
705#
706# <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
707# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
708# </a>
709#
710# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
711# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
712# </a>
713
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714# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
715# Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
716# of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
717# 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
718#
719# Example:
720# <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html">
721# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
722# </a>
723# (French)
724# Our page:
725# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html">
726# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
727# </a>
728
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729# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
730# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
731# The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00
732# The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00
733# ...Official links of change in morocco
734# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
735# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
736# +212.537.71.84.00
737# <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/">
738# http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
739# </a>
740# They said that
741# <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view">
742# http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
743# </a>
744# is the official publication to look at.
745# They said that the decision was already taken.
746#
747# More articles in the press
748# <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev">
749# http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev
750# </a>
751# e.html
752# <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923">
753# http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
754# </a>
755# <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim">
756# http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
757# anche-prochain-5538.html
758# </a>
759
760# From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
761# They have it written in English here:
762# <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view">
763# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
764# </a>
765#
766# It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
767# 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
768# wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
769# also been like that in the past.
770
984263bc 771# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
234dfcd0 772
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773Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 S
774Rule Morocco 1939 only - Nov 19 0:00 0 -
775Rule Morocco 1940 only - Feb 25 0:00 1:00 S
776Rule Morocco 1945 only - Nov 18 0:00 0 -
777Rule Morocco 1950 only - Jun 11 0:00 1:00 S
778Rule Morocco 1950 only - Oct 29 0:00 0 -
779Rule Morocco 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
780Rule Morocco 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
781Rule Morocco 1974 only - Jun 24 0:00 1:00 S
782Rule Morocco 1974 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
783Rule Morocco 1976 1977 - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
784Rule Morocco 1976 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
785Rule Morocco 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
786Rule Morocco 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
787Rule Morocco 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
fcf6e80e 788Rule Morocco 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
234dfcd0 789Rule Morocco 2008 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
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790Rule Morocco 2009 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
791Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
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792Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
793Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
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794Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
795Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 -
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796# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
797Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
798 0:00 Morocco WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
799 1:00 - CET 1986
fcf6e80e 800 0:00 Morocco WE%sT
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801# Western Sahara
802Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan
803 -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
804 0:00 - WET
805
806# Mozambique
807# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
808Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
809 2:00 - CAT
810
811# Namibia
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812# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
813# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
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814
815# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
816# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
817# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
818# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
819# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
820# Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
821# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
822# of the country.
ef5158c8 823#
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824# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
825# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
826# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
827
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828# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
829Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
830Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
831# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
832Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
833 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
834 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
835 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
836 2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
837 2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
838 1:00 Namibia WA%sT
839
840# Niger
841# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
842Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
843 -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
844 0:00 - GMT 1960
845 1:00 - WAT
846
847# Nigeria
848# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
849Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
850 1:00 - WAT
851
852# Reunion
853# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
854Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
855 4:00 - RET # Reunion Time
856#
857# Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
858# The following information about them is taken from
859# Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
860# no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
861# We have no info about their time zone histories.
862#
863# Bassas da India - uninhabited
864# Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
865# Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
866# Juan de Nova - uninhabited
867# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
868
869# Rwanda
870# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
871Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
872 2:00 - CAT
873
874# St Helena
875# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
876Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
877 -0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
878 0:00 - GMT
879# The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
880# Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
881# Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
882# Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
883# on GMT, says the CIA
884# Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
885
886# Sao Tome and Principe
887# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
888Zone Africa/Sao_Tome 0:26:56 - LMT 1884
889 -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 # Lisbon Mean Time
890 0:00 - GMT
891
892# Senegal
893# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
894Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
895 -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
896 0:00 - GMT
897
898# Seychelles
899# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
900Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
901 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
902# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
903# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
904# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
905# in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976. We don't know
906# whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
907# Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
908
909# Sierra Leone
910# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
bd7414aa 911# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
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912Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
913Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
914Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
915Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
916# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
917Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
918 -0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
919 -1:00 SL %s 1957
920 0:00 SL %s
921
922# Somalia
923# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
924Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
925 3:00 - EAT 1931
926 2:30 - BEAT 1957
927 3:00 - EAT
928
929# South Africa
930# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
931Rule SA 1942 1943 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 -
932Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
933# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
934Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
935 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
936 2:00 SA SAST
937# Marion and Prince Edward Is
938# scientific station since 1947
939# no information
940
941# Sudan
942#
943# From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
944# Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
945# </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
946# Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
947# Saturday.... This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
948# Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
949#
950# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
951Rule Sudan 1970 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
952Rule Sudan 1970 1985 - Oct 15 0:00 0 -
953Rule Sudan 1971 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 S
954Rule Sudan 1972 1985 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
955# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
956Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
957 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
958 3:00 - EAT
959
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960# South Sudan
961Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:24 - LMT 1931
962 2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
963 3:00 - EAT
964
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965# Swaziland
966# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
967Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
968 2:00 - SAST
969
970# Tanzania
971# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
972Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
973 3:00 - EAT 1948
939d3005 974 2:45 - BEAUT 1961
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975 3:00 - EAT
976
977# Togo
978# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
979Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
980 0:00 - GMT
981
982# Tunisia
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983
984# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
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985# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
986# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
987# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
988# and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
989# one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1. Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
990# UTC+2 instead of UTC+1. The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
991# Saturday." (My translation)
992#
993# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
994# LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
995# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
996# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
997# 1h standard time.
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998#
999# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1000# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1001# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1002# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1003# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
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1005# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1006# According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1007# (Arabic)
1008# <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
1009# http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
1010# </a>
1011# <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
1012# http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
1013# </a>
1014#
1015# We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1016# We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
1017# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
1018# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
1019# </a>
1020
1021# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1022# Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1023#
1024# Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1025#
1026# (in English)
1027# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
1028# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
1029# </a>
1030#
1031# (in Arabic)
1032# <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
1033# http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
1034# </a>
1035
1036# From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18):
1037# The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact
1038# that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time.
1039# Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long."
1040# So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the future).
1041
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1042# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1043# According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1044#
1045# (translation):
1046# "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1047# Sunday...
1048# Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1049# coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1050#
1051# (in Arabic)
1052# <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1">
1053# http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
1054# <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036">
1055# http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
1056# or
1057# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html">
1058# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1059
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1060# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
1061Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
1062Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
1063Rule Tunisia 1940 only - Feb 25 23:00s 1:00 S
1064Rule Tunisia 1941 only - Oct 6 0:00 0 -
1065Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Mar 9 0:00 1:00 S
1066Rule Tunisia 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
1067Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00 1:00 S
1068Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 17 2:00 0 -
1069Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Apr 25 2:00 1:00 S
1070Rule Tunisia 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
1071Rule Tunisia 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
1072Rule Tunisia 1944 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
1073Rule Tunisia 1945 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 -
1074Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Apr 30 0:00s 1:00 S
1075Rule Tunisia 1977 only - Sep 24 0:00s 0 -
1076Rule Tunisia 1978 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1077Rule Tunisia 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
1078Rule Tunisia 1988 only - Jun 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1079Rule Tunisia 1988 1990 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
1080Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
1081Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
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1082Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
1083Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
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1084Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
1085Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
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1087# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1088# more precise 0:09:21.
1089# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
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1090# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1091Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
1092 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
1093 1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
1094
1095# Uganda
1096# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1097Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
1098 3:00 - EAT 1930
1099 2:30 - BEAT 1948
939d3005 1100 2:45 - BEAUT 1957
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1101 3:00 - EAT
1102
1103# Zambia
1104# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1105Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
1106 2:00 - CAT
1107
1108# Zimbabwe
1109# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
1110Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
1111 2:00 - CAT