Fix typo in cloud -> in a cloud.
[dragonfly.git] / games / fortune / Notes
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1# @(#)Notes 8.1 (Berkeley) 5/31/93
2
3Warning:
4 The fortunes contained in the fortune database have been collected
5 haphazardly from a cacophony of sources, in number so huge it
6 boggles the mind. It is impossible to do any meaningful quality
7 control on attributions, or lack thereof, or exactness of the quote.
8 Since this database is not used for profit, and since entire works
9 are not published, it falls under fair use, as we understand it.
10 However, if any half-assed idiot decides to make a profit off of
11 this, they will need to double check it all, and nobody not involved
12 of such an effort makes any warranty that anything in the database
13 bears any relation to the real world of literature, law, or other
14 bizzarrity.
15
16==> GENERAL INFORMATION
17 By default, fortune retrieves its fortune files from the directory
18/usr/share/games/fortune. A fortune file has two parts: the source file
19(which contains the fortunes themselves) and the data file which describes
20the fortunes. The data fil always has the same name as the fortune file
21with the string ".dat" concatenated, i.e. "fort" is the standard fortune
22database, and "fort.dat" is the data file which describes it. See
23strfile(8) for more information on creating the data files.
24 Fortunes are split into potentially offensive and not potentially
25offensive parts. The offensive version of a file has the same name as the
26non-offensive version with "-o" concatenated, i.e. "fort" is the standard
27fortune database, and "fort-o" is the standard offensive database. The
28fortune program automatically assumes that any file with a name ending in
29"-o" is potentially offensive, and should therefore only be displayed if
30explicitly requested, either with the -o option or by specifying a file name
31on the command line.
32 Potentially offensive fortune files should NEVER be maintained in
33clear text on the system. They are rotated (see caesar(6)) 13 positions.
34To create a new, potentially offensive database, use caesar to rotate it,
35and then create its data file with the -x option to strfile(8). The fortune
36program automatically decrypts the text when it prints entries from such
37databases.
38 Anything which would not make it onto network prime time programming
39(or which would only be broadcast if some discredited kind of guy said it)
40MUST be in the potentially offensive database. Fortunes containing any
41explicit language (see George Carlin's recent updated list) MUST be in the
42potentially offensive database. Political and religious opinions are often
43sequestered in the potentially offensive section as well. Anything which
44assumes as a world view blatantly racist, mysogynist (sexist), or homophobic
45ideas should not be in either, since they are not really funny unless *you*
46are racist, mysogynist, or homophobic.
47 The point of this is that people have should have a reasonable
48expectation that, should they just run "fortune", they will not be offended.
49We know that some people take offense at anything, but normal people do have
50opinions, too, and have a right not to have their sensibilities offended by
51a program which is supposed to be entertaining. People who run "fortune
52-o" or "fortune -a" are saying, in effect, that they are willing to have
53their sensibilities tweaked. However, they should not have their personal
54worth seriously (i.e., not in jest) assaulted. Jokes which depend for their
55humor on racist, mysogynist, or homophobic stereotypes *do* seriously
56assault individual personal worth, and in an general entertainment medium
57we should be able to get by without it.
58
59==> FORMATTING
60 This file describes the format for fortunes in the database. This
61is done in detail to make it easier to keep track of things. Any rule given
62here may be broken to make a better joke.
63
64[All examples are indented by one tab stop -- KCRCA]
65
66Numbers should be given in parentheses, e.g.,
67
68 (1) Everything depends.
69 (2) Nothing is always.
70 (3) Everything is sometimes.
71
72Attributions are two tab stops, followed by two hyphens, followed by a
73space, followed by the attribution, and are *not* preceded by blank
74lines. Book, journal, movie, and all other titles are in quotes, e.g.,
75
76 $100 invested at 7% interest for 100 years will become $100,000, at
77 which time it will be worth absolutely nothing.
78 -- Lazarus Long, "Time Enough for Love"
79
80Attributions which do not fit on one (72 char) line should be continued
81on a line which lines up below the first text of the attribution, e.g.,
82
83 -- A very long attribution which might not fit on one
84 line, "Ken Arnold's Stupid Sayings"
85
86Single paragraph fortunes are in left justified (non-indented) paragraphs
87unless they fall into another category listed below (see example above).
88Longer fortunes should also be in left justified paragraphs, but if this
89makes it too long, try indented paragraphs, with indentations of either one
90tab stop or 5 chars. Indentations of less than 5 are too hard to read.
91
92Laws have the title left justified and capitalized, followed by a colon,
93with all the text of the law itself indented one tab stop, initially
94capitalized, e.g.,
95
96 A Law of Computer Programming:
97 Make it possible for programmers to write in English and
98 you will find the programmers cannot write in English.
99
100Limericks are indented as follows, all lines capitalized:
101
102 A computer, to print out a fact,
103 Will divide, multiply, and subtract.
104 But this output can be
105 No more than debris,
106 If the input was short of exact.
107
108Accents precede the letter they are over, e.g., "`^He" for e with a grave
109accent. Underlining is done on a word-by-word basis, with the underlines
110preceding the word, e.g., "__^H^Hhi ____^H^H^H^Hthere".
111
112No fortune should run beyond 72 characters on a single line without good
113justification (er, no pun intended). And no right margin justification,
114either. Sorry. For BSD people, there is a program called "fmt" which can
115make this kind of formatting easier.
116
117Definitions are given with the word or phrase left justified, followed by
118the part of speech (if appropriate) and a colon. The definition starts
119indented by one tab stop, with subsequent lines left justified, e.g.,
120
121 Afternoon, n.:
122 That part of the day we spend worrying about how we wasted
123 the morning.
124
125Quotes are sometimes put around statements which are funnier or make more
126sense if they are understood as being spoken, rather than written,
127communication, e.g.,
128
129 "All my friends and I are crazy. That's the only thing that
130 keeps us sane."
131
132Ellipses are always surrounded by spaces, except when next to punctuation,
133and are three dots long.
134
135 "... all the modern inconveniences ..."
136 -- Mark Twain
137
138Human initials always have spaces after the periods, e.g, "P. T. Barnum",
139not "P.T. Barnum". However, "P.T.A.", not "P. T. A.".
140
141All fortunes should be attributed, but if and only if they are original with
142somebody. Many people have said things that are folk sayings (i.e., are
143common among the folk (i.e., us common slobs)). There is nothing wrong with
144this, of course, but such statements should not be attributed to individuals
145who did not invent them.
146
147Horoscopes should have the sign indented by one tab stop, followed by the
148dates of the sign, with the text left justified below it, e.g.,
149
150 AQUARIUS (Jan 20 - Feb 18)
151 You have an inventive mind and are inclined to be progressive. You
152 lie a great deal. On the other hand, you are inclined to be
153 careless and impractical, causing you to make the same mistakes over
154 and over again. People think you are stupid.
155
156Single quotes should not be used except as quotes within quotes. Not even
157single quotes masquerading as double quotes are to be used, e.g., don't say
158``hi there'' or `hi there' or 'hi there', but "hi there". However, you
159*can* say "I said, `hi there'".
160
161A long poem or song can be ordered as follows in order to make it fit on a
162screen (fortunes should be 19 lines or less if at all possible) (numbers
163here are stanza numbers):
164
165 11111111111111111111
166 11111111111111111111
167 11111111111111111111 22222222222222222222
168 11111111111111111111 22222222222222222222
169 22222222222222222222
170 33333333333333333333 22222222222222222222
171 33333333333333333333
172 33333333333333333333 44444444444444444444
173 33333333333333333333 44444444444444444444
174 44444444444444444444
175 44444444444444444444
176
177