/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Huffman coding low-level stuff ---*/
/*--- huffman.c ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--
This file is a part of bzip2 and/or libbzip2, a program and
library for lossless, block-sorting data compression.
Copyright (C) 1996-2005 Julian R Seward. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must
not claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this
software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product
documentation would be appreciated but is not required.
3. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must
not be misrepresented as being the original software.
4. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Julian Seward, Cambridge, UK.
jseward@bzip.org
bzip2/libbzip2 version 1.0 of 21 March 2000
This program is based on (at least) the work of:
Mike Burrows
David Wheeler
Peter Fenwick
Alistair Moffat
Radford Neal
Ian H. Witten
Robert Sedgewick
Jon L. Bentley
For more information on these sources, see the manual.
--*/
#include "bzlib_private.h"
/*---------------------------------------------------*/
#define WEIGHTOF(zz0) ((zz0) & 0xffffff00)
#define DEPTHOF(zz1) ((zz1) & 0x000000ff)
#define MYMAX(zz2,zz3) ((zz2) > (zz3) ? (zz2) : (zz3))
#define ADDWEIGHTS(zw1,zw2) \
(WEIGHTOF(zw1)+WEIGHTOF(zw2)) | \
(1 + MYMAX(DEPTHOF(zw1),DEPTHOF(zw2)))
#define UPHEAP(z) \
{ \
Int32 zz, tmp; \
zz = z; tmp = heap[zz]; \
while (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[zz >> 1]]) { \
heap[zz] = heap[zz >> 1]; \
zz >>= 1; \
} \
heap[zz] = tmp; \
}
#define DOWNHEAP(z) \
{ \
Int32 zz, yy, tmp; \
zz = z; tmp = heap[zz]; \
while (True) { \
yy = zz << 1; \
if (yy > nHeap) break; \
if (yy < nHeap && \
weight[heap[yy+1]] < weight[heap[yy]]) \
yy++; \
if (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[yy]]) break; \
heap[zz] = heap[yy]; \
zz = yy; \
} \
heap[zz] = tmp; \
}
/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void BZ2_hbMakeCodeLengths ( UChar *len,
Int32 *freq,
Int32 alphaSize,
Int32 maxLen )
{
/*--
Nodes and heap entries run from 1. Entry 0
for both the heap and nodes is a sentinel.
--*/
Int32 nNodes, nHeap, n1, n2, i, j, k;
Bool tooLong;
Int32 heap [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE + 2 ];
Int32 weight [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ];
Int32 parent [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ];
for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++)
weight[i+1] = (freq[i] == 0 ? 1 : freq[i]) << 8;
while (True) {
nNodes = alphaSize;
nHeap = 0;
heap[0] = 0;
weight[0] = 0;
parent[0] = -2;
for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
parent[i] = -1;
nHeap++;
heap[nHeap] = i;
UPHEAP(nHeap);
}
AssertH( nHeap < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE+2), 2001 );
while (nHeap > 1) {
n1 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1);
n2 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1);
nNodes++;
parent[n1] = parent[n2] = nNodes;
weight[nNodes] = ADDWEIGHTS(weight[n1], weight[n2]);
parent[nNodes] = -1;
nHeap++;
heap[nHeap] = nNodes;
UPHEAP(nHeap);
}
AssertH( nNodes < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2), 2002 );
tooLong = False;
for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
j = 0;
k = i;
while (parent[k] >= 0) { k = parent[k]; j++; }
len[i-1] = j;
if (j > maxLen) tooLong = True;
}
if (! tooLong) break;
/* 17 Oct 04: keep-going condition for the following loop used
to be 'i < alphaSize', which missed the last element,
theoretically leading to the possibility of the compressor
looping. However, this count-scaling step is only needed if
one of the generated Huffman code words is longer than
maxLen, which up to and including version 1.0.2 was 20 bits,
which is extremely unlikely. In version 1.0.3 maxLen was
changed to 17 bits, which has minimal effect on compression
ratio, but does mean this scaling step is used from time to
time, enough to verify that it works.
This means that bzip2-1.0.3 and later will only produce
Huffman codes with a maximum length of 17 bits. However, in
order to preserve backwards compatibility with bitstreams
produced by versions pre-1.0.3, the decompressor must still
handle lengths of up to 20. */
for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
j = weight[i] >> 8;
j = 1 + (j / 2);
weight[i] = j << 8;
}
}
}
/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void BZ2_hbAssignCodes ( Int32 *code,
UChar *length,
Int32 minLen,
Int32 maxLen,
Int32 alphaSize )
{
Int32 n, vec, i;
vec = 0;
for (n = minLen; n <= maxLen; n++) {
for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++)
if (length[i] == n) { code[i] = vec; vec++; };
vec <<= 1;
}
}
/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void BZ2_hbCreateDecodeTables ( Int32 *limit,
Int32 *base,
Int32 *perm,
UChar *length,
Int32 minLen,
Int32 maxLen,
Int32 alphaSize )
{
Int32 pp, i, j, vec;
pp = 0;
for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++)
for (j = 0; j < alphaSize; j++)
if (length[j] == i) { perm[pp] = j; pp++; };
for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] = 0;
for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) base[length[i]+1]++;
for (i = 1; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] += base[i-1];
for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) limit[i] = 0;
vec = 0;
for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++) {
vec += (base[i+1] - base[i]);
limit[i] = vec-1;
vec <<= 1;
}
for (i = minLen + 1; i <= maxLen; i++)
base[i] = ((limit[i-1] + 1) << 1) - base[i];
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end huffman.c ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/